historical dictionary of kazakhstan historical dictionaries of asia oceania and the middle east

Download Book Historical Dictionary Of Kazakhstan Historical Dictionaries Of Asia Oceania And The Middle East in PDF format. You can Read Online Historical Dictionary Of Kazakhstan Historical Dictionaries Of Asia Oceania And The Middle East here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

Historical Dictionary Of Kazakhstan

Author : Didar Kassymova
ISBN : 9780810879836
Genre : History
File Size : 72. 14 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 458
Read : 1250

Download Now


Kazakhstan is in some ways a very old nation dating back to the Kazakh Khanate of 1458, but it dramatically transformed within the Russian Empire and even more so during the period when it was part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Since 1991 it has been independent and has had to forge its own policy in all fields. Kazakhstan is in an enviable position in terms of exportable natural resources, but at the same time it is faced with many domestic problems, such as an inadequate infrastructure. Along with solving a multitude of social problems, Kazakhstan has had to simultaneously create a normal functioning state, which added to its political difficulties. The situation at present is a state run by a strong ruler, which solves some problems but creates others. The Historical Dictionary of Kazakhstan covers the history of Kazakhstan through a chronology, an introductory essay, appendixes, and a bibliography. The dictionary section has over 400 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Kazakhstan.

Historical Dictionary Of Turkmenistan

Author : Rafis Abazov
ISBN : 0810853620
Genre : History
File Size : 30. 73 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 303
Read : 1031

Download Now


Historical Dictionary of Turkmenistan, the first comprehensive reference book in English, provides a concise overview of the historical development of Turkmenistan. The introduction and chronology outline Turkmen history, with a focus on the 20th century; political and economic development; ethnic policies; and nation building. The dictionary consists of approximately 300 entries and is cross-referenced for easy use by international consultants, NGO activists, policymakers, scholars, and students. The substantial bibliography helps readers find materials and resources in specialized subject areas.

2004

Author : Massimo Mastrogregori
ISBN : 9783110971231
Genre : History
File Size : 35. 27 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 747
Read : 1220

Download Now


Die IBOHS verzeichnet jährlich die bedeutendsten Neuerscheinungen geschichtswissenschaftlicher Monographien und Zeitschriftenartikel weltweit, die inhaltlich von der Vor- und Frühgeschichte bis zur jüngsten Vergangenheit reichen. Sie ist damit die derzeit einzige laufende Bibliographie dieser Art, die thematisch, zeitlich und geographisch ein derart breites Spektrum abdeckt. Innerhalb der systematischen Gliederung nach Zeitalter, Region oder historischer Disziplin sind die Werke nach Autorennamen oder charakteristischem Titelhauptwort aufgelistet.

Historical Dictionary Of Tajikistan

Author : Kamoludin Abdullaev
ISBN : 9780810873797
Genre : History
File Size : 84. 61 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 718
Read : 935

Download Now


The emergence of the independent Republic of Tajikistan (Jumhurii Tojikiston) was one of the most painful state building attempts in post-Soviet history. Since 1990, this country has experienced a rise in political activism, freedom of speech, sharp political debates, collapse of state institutions, civic disorder, civil war, an internationally led peace process, return of exiled opposition and their militias, and redistribution of power. As of 2009, Tajikistan continues its gradual shift from the fragile, postwar recovery period towards a more stable, peaceful, conventional and transparent political order and an era of steady economic development. The second edition of the Historical Dictionary of Tajikistan examines this country through a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and over 600 cross-referenced dictionary entries on important persons, places, events, and institutions, as well as significant political, economic, social, and cultural aspects. It is an extremely useful aid in understanding the current situation in Tajikistan.

Historical Dictionary Of Mongolia

Author : Alan J. K. Sanders
ISBN : 9781538102275
Genre : History
File Size : 78. 34 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 414
Read : 1217

Download Now


This fourth edition of Historical Dictionary of Mongolia covers the people and organizations that brought Mongolia from revolution and oppression to independence and democracy, and its current unprecedented level of national wealth and international growth. This is done through a chronology, an introduction, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 1,200 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture. This book is an excellent resource for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Mongolia.

Historical Dictionary Of Azerbaijan

Author : Zaur Gasimov
ISBN : 9781538110423
Genre : History
File Size : 48. 50 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 868
Read : 297

Download Now


Azerbaijan, a souverain republic as broad as Austria and located on the Caspian Sea’s western shore and sharing common borders with Russian Federation, Georgia, Armenia, Turkey and Iran. Having enjoyed a short-lived independence as intermezzo between 1918 and 1920, Azerbaijan was a part of Russian Empire and then one of the 15 Soviet Socialist Republics for almost two centuries. While its history, political and economic culture of 19th and particularly of 20th century are intertwined with that of Russia, Azerbaijan shares common religious, language, literary and folk traditions with Turkey, neighboring Georgia and Armenia and particularly with Iran. It has a predominantly Shiite Muslim population and it’s been independent since 1991. This new edition of Historical Dictionary of Azerbaijan contains a chronology, an introduction, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 500 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture. This book is an excellent resource for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Azerbaijan.

Historical Dictionary Of Malaysia

Author : Ooi Keat Gin
ISBN : 9781538108857
Genre : History
File Size : 52. 83 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 654
Read : 1165

Download Now


Malaysia is one of the most intriguing countries in Asia in many respects. It consists of several distinct areas, not only geographically but ethnically as well; along with Malays and related groups, the country has a very large Indian and Chinese population. The spoken languages obviously vary at home, although Bahasa Malaysia is the official language and nearly everyone speaks English. There is also a mixture of religions, with Islam predominating among the Malays and others, Hinduism and Sikhism among the Indians, mainly Daoism and Confucianism among the Chinese, but also some Christians as well as older indigenous beliefs in certain places. This second edition of Historical Dictionary of Malaysia contains a chronology, an introduction, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 500 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture. This book is an excellent resource for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Malaysia.

Historical Dictionary Of Israel

Author : Bernard Reich
ISBN : 9781442271852
Genre : History
File Size : 23. 23 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 376
Read : 686

Download Now


Since its creation, the State of Israel has been a magnet for attention. A country beset by conflict in its region and faced with the need to integrate mainly Jewish immigrants of disparate backgrounds into a modern and advanced democratic state and society, Israel has preoccupied observers, scholars and journalists since its independence in May 1948. Although a Jewish state Israel is also a democratic state that guarantees the rights of all of its citizens, including its large Arab and Moslem minority, in law and in practice. Israel and its modern history and politics have been the subject of substantial and often highly partisan literature, being hotly and vigorously debated both at home and abroad. This third edition of Historical Dictionary of Israel contains a chronology, an introduction, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 1100 cross-referenced entries onsignificant persons, places, events, government institutions, political parties, and battles, as well as entries on Israel’s economy, society, and culture. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about the various diplomatic and political personalities, institutions, organizations, events, concepts, and documents that together define the political life of the Jewish state of Israel.

Historical Dictionary Of Malaysia

Author : Ooi Keat Gin
ISBN : 9781538108857
Genre : History
File Size : 49. 56 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 467
Read : 728

Download Now


Malaysia is one of the most intriguing countries in Asia in many respects. It consists of several distinct areas, not only geographically but ethnically as well; along with Malays and related groups, the country has a very large Indian and Chinese population. The spoken languages obviously vary at home, although Bahasa Malaysia is the official language and nearly everyone speaks English. There is also a mixture of religions, with Islam predominating among the Malays and others, Hinduism and Sikhism among the Indians, mainly Daoism and Confucianism among the Chinese, but also some Christians as well as older indigenous beliefs in certain places. This second edition of Historical Dictionary of Malaysia contains a chronology, an introduction, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 500 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture. This book is an excellent resource for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Malaysia.

Historical Dictionary Of Pakistan

Author : Shahid Javed Burki
ISBN : 9781442241480
Genre : History
File Size : 63. 5 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 754
Read : 585

Download Now


Pakistan is unlike most other countries in the emerging world. It is one of the two nations – the other being the state of Israel – founded on the basis of religion. Although it was created to provide a homeland for the Muslim community of British India, in its original form it was able to accommodate only about half of the people of Islamic faith who lived in the subcontinent. Pakistan’s birth in 1947 resulted in one of the largest movements of people in human history when some 14 million people left their homes, with 8 million Muslims leaving India for what is now Pakistan and 6 million Hindus and Sikhs moving in the opposite direction. This was the first large-scale incidence of ethnic cleansing the world was to witness. This fourth edition of Historical Dictionary of Pakistan covers its history through a chronology, an introductory essay, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 700 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Pakistan.

Top Download:

Best Books