historical dictionary of kazakhstan historical dictionaries of asia oceania and the middle east

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Historical Dictionary Of Kazakhstan

Author : Didar Kassymova
ISBN : 9780810879836
Genre : History
File Size : 26. 11 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Kazakhstan is in some ways a very old nation dating back to the Kazakh Khanate of 1458, but it dramatically transformed within the Russian Empire and even more so during the period when it was part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Since 1991 it has been independent and has had to forge its own policy in all fields. Kazakhstan is in an enviable position in terms of exportable natural resources, but at the same time it is faced with many domestic problems, such as an inadequate infrastructure. Along with solving a multitude of social problems, Kazakhstan has had to simultaneously create a normal functioning state, which added to its political difficulties. The situation at present is a state run by a strong ruler, which solves some problems but creates others. The Historical Dictionary of Kazakhstan covers the history of Kazakhstan through a chronology, an introductory essay, appendixes, and a bibliography. The dictionary section has over 400 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Kazakhstan.

Historical Dictionary Of Turkmenistan

Author : Rafis Abazov
ISBN : 0810853620
Genre : History
File Size : 40. 17 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Historical Dictionary of Turkmenistan, the first comprehensive reference book in English, provides a concise overview of the historical development of Turkmenistan. The introduction and chronology outline Turkmen history, with a focus on the 20th century; political and economic development; ethnic policies; and nation building. The dictionary consists of approximately 300 entries and is cross-referenced for easy use by international consultants, NGO activists, policymakers, scholars, and students. The substantial bibliography helps readers find materials and resources in specialized subject areas.

Historical Dictionary Of Mongolia

Author : Alan J. K. Sanders
ISBN : 0810874520
Genre : History
File Size : 63. 82 MB
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Mongolia borders Russia to the north and the People's Republic of China to the south, east, and west. The Mongol Empire was founded by Genghis Khan in the 13th century. It eventually submitted to the Manchu rulers of Qing China in the 17th century. After the Soviet-backed revolution of 1921 it became a one-party state known from 1924 as the Mongolian People's Republic. Following the democratic revolution of 1990, which ushered in multiparty politics and a market economy, the new constitution adopted in 1992 renamed the country Mongolia. The third edition of the Historical Dictionary of Mongolia greatly expands on the previous edition through a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, appendixes, and over 1000 cross-referenced dictionary entries on important people, places, events, and institutions, as well as significant political, economic, social, and cultural aspects.

Historical Dictionary Of Tajikistan

Author : Kamoludin Abdullaev
ISBN : 9780810873797
Genre : History
File Size : 56. 32 MB
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The emergence of the independent Republic of Tajikistan (Jumhurii Tojikiston) was one of the most painful state building attempts in post-Soviet history. Since 1990, this country has experienced a rise in political activism, freedom of speech, sharp political debates, collapse of state institutions, civic disorder, civil war, an internationally led peace process, return of exiled opposition and their militias, and redistribution of power. As of 2009, Tajikistan continues its gradual shift from the fragile, postwar recovery period towards a more stable, peaceful, conventional and transparent political order and an era of steady economic development. The second edition of the Historical Dictionary of Tajikistan examines this country through a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and over 600 cross-referenced dictionary entries on important persons, places, events, and institutions, as well as significant political, economic, social, and cultural aspects. It is an extremely useful aid in understanding the current situation in Tajikistan.

2012

Author : Massimo Mastrogregori
ISBN : 9783110464870
Genre : History
File Size : 33. 33 MB
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Die Bibliographie verzeichnet jährlich die bedeutendsten Neuerscheinungen geschichtswissenschaftlicher Monographien und Zeitschriftenartikel weltweit, die inhaltlich von der Vor- und Frühgeschichte bis zur jüngsten Vergangenheit reichen. Innerhalb der systematischen Gliederung nach Zeitalter, Region oder historischer Disziplin sind die Werke nach Autorennamen oder charakteristischem Titelhauptwort aufgelistet.

Historical Dictionary Of Mongolia

Author : Alan J. K. Sanders
ISBN : 0810861917
Genre : History
File Size : 23. 43 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Mongolia borders Russia to the north and the People's Republic of China to the south, east, and west. The Mongol Empire was founded by Genghis Khan in the 13th century. It eventually submitted to the Manchu rulers of Qing China in the 17th century. After the Soviet-backed revolution of 1921 it became a one-party state known from 1924 as the Mongolian People's Republic. Following the democratic revolution of 1990, which ushered in multiparty politics and a market economy, the new constitution adopted in 1992 renamed the country Mongolia. The third edition of the Historical Dictionary of Mongolia greatly expands on the previous edition through a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, appendixes, and over 1000 cross-referenced dictionary entries on important people, places, events, and institutions, as well as significant political, economic, social, and cultural aspects.

Learner English

Author : Michael Swan
ISBN : 0521779391
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 58. 58 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
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"As a teacher of English as a foreign or second language have you ever wished you knew more about your students' mother-tongues?" "Learner English is a practical reference book which compares the relevant features of the students' own languages with English, helping teachers to predict and understand the problems their students have." "The book is accompanied by a cassette and CD with authentic examples of the various accents described in the book."--BOOK JACKET.

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