homeroom security school discipline in an age of fear youth crime and justice

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Homeroom Security

Author : Aaron Kupchik
ISBN : 9780814748213
Genre : Education
File Size : 56. 46 MB
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Police officers, armed security guards, surveillance cameras, and metal detectors are common features of the disturbing new landscape at many of today's high schools. You will also find new and harsher disciplinary practices: zero-tolerance policies, random searches with drug-sniffing dogs, and mandatory suspensions, expulsions, and arrests, despite the fact that school crime and violence have been decreasing in the US for the past two decades. While most educators, students, and parents accept these harsh policing and punishment strategies based on the assumption that they keep children safe, Aaron Kupchik argues that we need to think more carefully about how we protect and punish students. In Homeroom Security, Kupchik shows that these policies lead schools to prioritize the rules instead of students, so that students' real problems--often the very reasons for their misbehaviour--get ignored. Based on years of impressive field research, Kupchik demonstrates that the policies we have zealously adopted in schools across the country are the opposite of the strategies that are known to successfully reduce student misbehaviour and violence. As a result, contemporary school discipline is often unhelpful, and can be hurtful to students in ways likely to make schools more violent places. Furthermore, those students who are most at-risk of problems in schools and dropping out are the ones who are most affected by these counterproductive policies. Schools and students can and should be safe, and Homeroom Security offers real strategies for making them so.

The Real School Safety Problem

Author : Aaron Kupchik
ISBN : 9780520959842
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 33. 3 MB
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Schools across the U.S. look very different today than they did a generation ago. Police officers, drug-sniffing dogs, surveillance cameras, and high suspension rates have become commonplace. The Real School Safety Problem uncovers the unintended but far-reaching effects of harsh school discipline climates. Evidence shows that current school security practices may do more harm than good by broadly affecting the entire family, encouraging less civic participation in adulthood, and garnering future financial costs in the form of high rates of arrests, incarceration, and unemployment. This text presents a blueprint for reform that emphasizes problem-solving and accountability while encouraging the need to implement smarter school policies.

States Of Delinquency

Author : Miroslava Chavez-Garcia
ISBN : 9780520951556
Genre : History
File Size : 58. 5 MB
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This unique analysis of the rise of the juvenile justice system from the nineteenth to twentieth centuries uses one of the harshest states—California—as a case study for examining racism in the treatment of incarcerated young people of color. Using rich new untapped archives, States of Delinquency is the first book to explore the experiences of young Mexican Americans, African Americans, and ethnic Euro-Americans in California correctional facilities including Whittier State School for Boys and the Preston School of Industry. Miroslava Chávez-García examines the ideologies and practices used by state institutions as they began to replace families and communities in punishing youth, and explores the application of science and pseudo-scientific research in the disproportionate classification of youths of color as degenerate. She also shows how these boys and girls, and their families, resisted increasingly harsh treatment and various kinds of abuse, including sterilization.

Choosing The Future For American Juvenile Justice

Author : Franklin E. Zimring
ISBN : 9781479841561
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 48. 94 MB
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This is a hopeful but complicated era for those with ambitions to reform the juvenile courts and youth-serving public institutions in the United States. As advocates plea for major reforms, many fear the public backlash in making dramatic changes. Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice provides a look at the recent trends in juvenile justice as well as suggestions for reforms and policy changes in the future. Should youth be treated as adults when they break the law? How can youth be deterred from crime? What factors should be considered in how youth are punished?What role should the police have in schools? This essential volume, edited by two of the leading scholars on juvenile justice, and with contributors who are among the key experts on each issue, the volume focuses on the most pressing issues of the day: the impact of neuroscience on our understanding of brain development and subsequent sentencing, the relationship of schools and the police, the issue of the school-to-prison pipeline, the impact of immigration, the privacy of juvenile records, and the need for national policies—including registration requirements--for juvenile sex offenders. Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice is not only a timely collection, based on the most current research, but also a forward-thinking volume that anticipates the needs for substantive and future changes in juvenile justice.

Juvenile Crime

Author : Aaron Kupchik
ISBN : 081607917X
Genre : Law
File Size : 83. 52 MB
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Praise for the previous edition: "...provides a good general introduction to the topic of juvenile crime...recommended for academic and public libraries."—American Reference Books Annual "A well-done and useful research guide...Recommended."—Choice "Recommended for school and public libraries. Where high school students do regular research, this is a must add title."—Christian Library Journal Crime committed by people under the age of 18 draws great public attention and concern. By highlighting the deficits of young people today, it confirms fears of a dangerous society and it stirs sympathies for youth gone astray. Policies and statutes regarding juvenile crime are evolving as Americans struggle with these rival concerns. In Roper v. Simmons (2005), the Supreme Court ruled it unconstitutional to execute offenders for crimes committed when they were younger than 18, but the Court restricted students' free speech rights at public schools in Morse v. Frederick (2007). Meanwhile, U.S. states are calling for more juvenile offenses to be prosecuted in adult courts, a course of action that is condemned by many child psychologists. At the local level, more schools have installed full-time police officers and more jurisdictions are increasing punishments for crimes committed at school. Juvenile Crime, Revised Edition examines juvenile offenders, their crimes, and the consequences they cause to themselves, their victims, and society. With up-to-date statistics and scholarship, this comprehensive revision gives an overview of the American juvenile justice system, how it works, and its impact on minors. Coverage includes: Up-to-date statistics showing trends in status offenses, youth gangs, rates of drug and alcohol use, and crimes committed in public schools against students ages 12 to 18 A recent Centers for Disease Control report detailing the effects of transferring youth to adult criminal court, an increasingly common practice Evolving scholarly explanations for the problem of delinquency, including female delinquency Safford Unified School District v. Redding, in which the Supreme Court ruled in favor of allowing school authorities to search the belongings and outer clothing of students but disallowed invasive strip searches Reauthorization of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act, now before Congress.

Punishment And Culture

Author : Philip Smith
ISBN : 9780226766102
Genre : Law
File Size : 47. 13 MB
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Philip Smith attacks the comfortable notion that punishment is about justice, reason and law. Instead, he argues that punishment is an essentially irrational act founded in ritual as a means to control evil without creating more of it in the process.

The Handbook Of Measurement Issues In Criminology And Criminal Justice

Author : Beth M. Huebner
ISBN : 9781118868782
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 48. 61 MB
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This volume of the series was designed to provide a comprehensive primer on the existing best practices and emerging developments in the study and design research on crime and criminology. The work as a whole includes chapters on the measurement of criminal typologies, the offenders, offending and victimization, criminal justice organizations, and specialized measurement techniques. Each chapter is written by experts in the field and they provide an excellent survey of the literature in the relevant area. More importantly, each chapter provides a description of the various methodological and substantive challenges presented in conducting research on these issues and denotes possible solutions to these dilemmas. An emphasis was placed on research that has been conducted outside of the United States and was designed to give the reader a broader more global understanding of the social context of research. The goal of this volume is to provide a definitive reference for professionals in the field, researchers, and students. This volume in the Handbooks in Criminology and Criminal Justice series identifies the principal topical areas of research in this field and summarizes the various methodological and substantive challenges presented in conducting research on these issues. In each chapter, authors provide a summary of the prominent data collection efforts in the topical area, provide an overview of the current methodological work, discuss the challenges in the measurement of central concepts in the subject area, and identify new horizons emerging in data collection and measurement. We encouraged authors to discuss work conducted in an international context and to incorporate discussion of qualitative methodologies when appropriate.

Harsh Justice

Author : James Q. Whitman
ISBN : 0198035314
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 53. 39 MB
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Criminal punishment in America is harsh and degrading--more so than anywhere else in the liberal west. Executions and long prison terms are commonplace in America. Countries like France and Germany, by contrast, are systematically mild. European offenders are rarely sent to prison, and when they are, they serve far shorter terms than their American counterparts. Why is America so comparatively harsh? In this novel work of comparative legal history, James Whitman argues that the answer lies in America's triumphant embrace of a non-hierarchical social system and distrust of state power which have contributed to a law of punishment that is more willing to degrade offenders.

Delinquency And Juvenile Justice In American Society

Author : Randall G. Shelden
ISBN : 9781478610175
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 42. 1 MB
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Extensively revised, the second edition blends theory, research, and applications into a superb overview of the complex issues surrounding juvenile delinquency and societys attempts to address juvenile crime. After providing an excellent historical foundation, Shelden presents the theories essential to understanding crime and delinquency. He then explores the system and its effects on juveniles and society, including comprehensive coverage of female delinquency. The social, legal, and political influences on how the public perceives juveniles and the inequality in U.S. society that affects families, communities, and schools are highlighted throughout the book. The concluding chapter looks at solutions that have worked and identifies trends in treating juvenile delinquency. The authors almost four decades of teaching about and researching juveniles and the system make him eminently qualified to offer readers the tools necessary to think critically about delinquency and to evaluate the policies enacted to manage the juveniles who violate the laws. Delinquency and Juvenile Justice in American Society, 2/E provides affordable, up-to-date, easily accessible, and thorough analysis of a significant topic.

The Palgrave International Handbook Of School Discipline Surveillance And Social Control

Author : Jo Deakin
ISBN : 9783319715599
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 57. 67 MB
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Truly international in scope, this Handbook focuses on approaches to discipline, surveillance and social control from around the world, critically examining the strategies and practices schools employ to monitor students and control their behavior. Bringing together leading scholars from a range of disciplinary backgrounds, the chapters scrutinize, analyze and compare schools' practices across the globe, providing a critical review of existing evidence, debates and understandings, while looking forward to address emerging important questions and key policy issues. The chapters are divided into four sections. Part 1 offers accounts of international trends in school discipline, surveillance and punishment; Part 2 examines the merging of school strategies with criminal justice practices; Part 3 focuses on developments in school technological surveillance; and Part 4 concludes by discussing restorative and balanced approaches to school discipline and behavior management. As the first Handbook to draw together these multiple themes into one text, and the first international comparative collection on school discipline, surveillance and social control, it will appeal to scholars across a range of fields including sociology, education, criminology, critical security studies and psychology, providing a unique, timely, and indispensable resource for undergraduate educators and researchers.

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