horizontal gene transfer in the evolution of pathogenesis advances in molecular and cellular microbiology

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Horizontal Gene Transfer In The Evolution Of Pathogenesis

Author : Michael Hensel
ISBN : 0521862973
Genre : Science
File Size : 27. 49 MB
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Horizontal gene transfer is a major driving force in the evolution of many bacterial pathogens. The development of high-throughput sequencing tools and more sophisticated genomic and proteomic techniques in recent years has resulted in a better understanding of this phenomenon. Written by leading experts in the field, this edited volume is aimed at graduate students and researchers and provides an overview of current knowledge relating to the evolution of microbial pathogenicity. This volume provides an overview of the mechanisms and biological consequences of the genome rearrangements resulting from horizontal gene transfer, in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, as well as overviews of the key mobile genetic elements involved. Subsequent chapters focus on paradigms for the evolution of important bacterial pathogens, including Salmonella enterica, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Staphylococcus aureus. The influence of socioeconomic parameters in the dissemination of transferable elements, such as antibiotic resistant genes in bacteria is also discussed.

Horizontal Gene Transfer

Author : Michael Syvanen
ISBN : 0080534120
Genre : Science
File Size : 59. 37 MB
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The second edition of Horizontal Gene Transfer has been organized to provide a concise and up-to-date coverage of the most important discoveries in this fascinating field. Written by the most prominent gene transfer and genome analytical scientists, this book details experimental evidence for the phenomenon of horizontal gene transfer and discusses further evidence provided by the recent completion of genomic sequences from Archea, Bacteria, and Eucarya members. The relevance of horizontal gene transfer to plant and metazoan taxonomy, GM foods, antibiotic resistance, paleontology, and phylogenetic reconstruction is also explored. Horizontal Gene Transfer is essential for microbiologists, geneticists, biochemists, evolutionary biologists, infectious disease specialists, paleontologists, ecologists, and researchers working in plant/animal systematics and agriculture with an interest in gene transfer. This includes scientific researchers from government and industry concerned with the release of genetically modified organisms. Up-to-the-minute reviews, maps, conclusions, urls to relevant websites and colour figures Unique chapters, for example one written by paleontologists presents data for horizontal gene transfer from fingerprints form the fossil record

Molecular Medical Microbiology Three Volume Set

Author : Yi-Wei Tang
ISBN : 9780080536880
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 90 MB
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The molecular age has brought about dramatic changes in medical microbiology, and great leaps in our understanding of the mechanisms of infectious disease. Molecular Medical Microbiology is the first book to synthesise the many new developments in both molecular and clinical research in a single comprehensive resource. This timely and authoritative 3-volume work is an invaluable reference source of medical bacteriology. Comprising over 100 chapters, organised into 17 major sections, the scope of this impressive work is wide-ranging. Written by experts in the field, chapters include cutting edge information, and clinical overviews for each major bacterial group, in addition to the latest updates on vaccine development, molecular technology and diagnostic technology. * The first comprehensive and accessible reference on Molecular Medical Microbiology * Two color presentation throughout * Full colour plate section * Fully integrated and meticulously organised * In depth discussion of individual pathogenic bacteria in a system-oriented approach * Includes a clinical overview for each major bacterial group * Presents the latest information on vaccine development, molecular technology and diagnostic technology * Extensive indexing and cross-referencing throughout * Over 100 chapters covering all major groups of bacteria * Written by an international panel of authors expert in their respective disciplines * Over 2300 pages in three volumes

The Human Microbiota And Microbiome

Author : Julian R Marchesi
ISBN : 9781780640495
Genre : Medical
File Size : 90. 67 MB
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Thousands of different microbial species colonize the human body, and are essential for our survival. This book presents a review of the current understanding of human microbiomes, the functions that they bring to the host, how we can model them, their role in health and disease and the methods used to explore them. Current research into areas such as the long-term effect of antibiotics makes this a subject of considerable interest. This title is essential reading for researchers and students of microbiology.

Evolution Of Virulence In Eukaryotic Microbes

Author : L. David Sibley
ISBN : 9781118308134
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 11 MB
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A unique and timely review of the emergence of eukaryotic virulence in fungi, oomycetes, and protozoa, as they affect both animals and plants Evolution of Virulence in Eukaryotic Microbes addresses new developments in defining the molecular basis of virulence in eukaryotic pathogens. By examining how pathogenic determinants have evolved in concert with their hosts, often overcoming innate and adaptive immune mechanisms, the book takes a fresh look at the selective processes that have shaped their evolution. Introductory chapters ground the reader in principal evolutionary themes such as phylogenetics and genetic exchange, building a basis of knowledge for later chapters covering advances in genetic tools, how pathogens exchange genetic material in nature, and the common themes of evolutionary adaptation that lead to disease in different hosts. With the goal of linking the research findings of the many disparate scientific communities in the field, the book: Assembles for the first time a collection of chapters on the diversity of eukaryotic microorganisms and the influence of evolutionary forces on the origins and emergence of their virulent attributes Highlights examples from three important, divergent groups of eukaryotic microorganisms that cause disease in animals and plants: oomycetes, protozoan parasites, and fungi Covers how the development of genetic tools has fostered the identification and functional analyses of virulence determinants Addresses how pathogens exchange genetic material in nature via classical or modified meiotic processes, horizontal gene transfer, and sexual cycles including those that are cryptic or even unisexual Provides a broad framework for formulating future studies by illustrating themes common to different pathogenic microbes Evolution of Virulence in Eukaryotic Microbes is an ideal book for microbiologists, evolutionary biologists and medical professionals, as well as graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and faculty members working on the evolution of pathogens.

Microbial Population Genetics

Author : Jianping Xu
ISBN : 9781904455592
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 12 MB
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Microbial population genetics is a rapidly advancing field of investigation with relevance to many areas of science. The subject encompasses theoretical issues, such as the origins and evolution of species, sex, and recombination. Population genetics lays the foundations for tracking the origin and evolution of antibiotic resistance and deadly infectious pathogens and is also an essential tool in the utilization of beneficial microbes. This invaluable book, written by leading researchers in the field, details the current major advances in microbial population genetics and genomics. Distinguished international scientists introduce fundamental concepts, describe genetic tools, and comprehensively review recent data from SNP surveys, whole-genome DNA sequences, and microarray hybridizations. The chapters cover broad groups of microorganisms including viruses, bacteria, archaea, fungi, protozoa, and algae. A major focus is the application of molecular tools in the study of genetic variation. Topics covered include microbial systematics, comparative microbial genomics, horizontal gene transfer, pathogenic bacteria, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, cyanobacteria, microalgae, fungi, malaria parasites, viral pathogens, and metagenomics. Microbial Population Genetics is an essential volume for everyone interested in population genetics, and it is highly recommended reading for all microbiologists.

Molecular Phylogeny Of Microorganisms

Author : Aharon Oren
ISBN : 9781904455677
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 88 MB
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An introduction to molecular phylogeny, this text provides an overview of the diversity, systematics and nomenclature of microbes in many branches of biological science.

The Dynamic Bacterial Genome

Author : Peter Mullany
ISBN : 0521821576
Genre : Medical
File Size : 24. 34 MB
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This book is concerned with the mechanisms underlying recombination in bacterial DNA.

Applications Of Molecular Microbiological Methods

Author : Sean M. Caffrey Torben L. Skovhus
ISBN : 9781908230690
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 81 MB
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Innovative, constructive and continually evolving technologies are propelling microbiology into an exciting new era. This new era will witness the harnessing and control of complex microbial communities in a huge variety of applications in the industrial, medical and environmental spheres. State-of-the-art tools are being developed and utilized to analyse the molecules that microorganisms possess and generate, including DNA, RNA, proteins, lipids and cellular metabolites. This book, written by international experts in the field, presents emerging molecular methods that allow the diversity of a microbial community to be surveyed and its functions to be investigated. The first part of the book provides examples of the application of molecular microbiological methods in various industrial applications. Part two deals with the identification of microorganisms in medical settings while the third part presents case studies that use molecular methods to assess the structure and function of microbial communities in natural environments. The fourth part of the book describes in greater detail the methods and technologies featured in the preceding case studies including metagenomics, stable isotope probing, fluorescence in situ hybridization, quantitative PCR, reverse transcription PCR and single cell methods. These detailed descriptions enable readers to evaluate the applicability of various tools for approaching questions and case studies of their own. This practical, authoritative and up-to-date volume is a valuable resource for anyone applying or developing molecular methods in any area of microbiology and is a recommended acquisition for all microbiology laboratories.

Campylobacter Ecology And Evolution

Author : Samuel K. Sheppard
ISBN : 9781908230980
Genre : Science
File Size : 68. 77 MB
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Members of the genus Campylobacter are commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract of mammals and birds, and can be commensal or pathogenic in nature. For example, Campylobacter jejuni can be a harmless commensal organism in poultry and other avian and animal hosts but in humans, it is pathogenic and the most common cause of bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide. In recent years, the application of DNA sequencing and 'omics' technologies to large numbers of isolates has allowed Campylobacter research to advance rapidly revealing fascinating new insights into the cellular biology and evolution of this highly variable group of bacteria. In this book, internationally recognised experts critically review and provide novel insights into important aspects Campylobacter research. The book is divided into four sections: Mechanisms of evolution; Adaptations to host colonisation; Molecular epidemiology; and Ecology in poultry. The topics covered range from the mechanisms of evolution through the processes of host colonisation and within host adaptation, and epidemiology to considerations of their broader biochemical and ecological properties. An important resource summarising our current knowledge of Campylobacter ecology and evolution, this book is essential reading for all researchers working with Campylobacter and related organisms.

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