how can the human mind occur in the physical universe

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How Can The Human Mind Occur In The Physical Universe

Author : John R. Anderson
ISBN : 9780199741267
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 77. 49 MB
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"The question for me is how can the human mind occur in the physical universe. We now know that the world is governed by physics. We now understand the way biology nestles comfortably within that. The issue is how will the mind do that as well."--Allen Newell, December 4, 1991, Carnegie Mellon University The argument John Anderson gives in this book was inspired by the passage above, from the last lecture by one of the pioneers of cognitive science. Newell describes what, for him, is the pivotal question of scientific inquiry, and Anderson gives an answer that is emerging from the study of brain and behavior. Humans share the same basic cognitive architecture with all primates, but they have evolved abilities to exercise abstract control over cognition and process more complex relational patterns. The human cognitive architecture consists of a set of largely independent modules associated with different brain regions. In this book, Anderson discusses in detail how these various modules can combine to produce behaviors as varied as driving a car and solving an algebraic equation, but focuses principally on two of the modules: the declarative and procedural. The declarative module involves a memory system that, moment by moment, attempts to give each person the most appropriate possible window into his or her past. The procedural module involves a central system that strives to develop a set of productions that will enable the most adaptive response from any state of the modules. Newell argued that the answer to his question must take the form of a cognitive architecture, and Anderson organizes his answer around the ACT-R architecture, but broadens it by bringing in research from all areas of cognitive science, including how recent work in brain imaging maps onto the cognitive architecture.

How Can The Human Mind Occur In The Physical Universe

Author : John Robert Anderson
ISBN : 1435620321
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 42. 38 MB
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The argument John Anderson illustrates in this book was inspired by the last lecture given by one of the pioneers of cognitive science, Alan Newell. Newell describes what, for him, is the pivotal question of scientific inquiry, and Anderson gives an answer that emerges from the study of brain and behaviour.

Allgemeine Psychologie Denken Und Sprache

Author : Sieghard Beller
ISBN : 9783840921414
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 39. 58 MB
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Der Band informiert über zwei zentrale kognitive Fähigkeiten des Menschen: Denken und Sprache. Denken und Sprache sind eng mit der Intelligenz des Menschen verbunden, mit Rationalität und Kreativität, mit Reflexion und Einsicht, mit Kommunikation und Kultur. Der erste Teil des Buches widmet sich Fragen zum Denken: Nach welchen Strategien ziehen wir induktive und deduktive Schlüsse? Sind unsere Urteile und Entscheidungen eigentlich rational? Wie lösen wir Probleme, und was haben Experten uns darin voraus? Wie kommen wir zu neuen Einsichten, und welche Rolle spielt dabei die Kreativität? Der zweite Teil des Buches ist Fragen zur Sprache gewidmet: Was zeichnet die Sprachkompetenz des Menschen im Vergleich zu Tieren aus? Wie entwickeln sich Sprachen und wie entwickelt sich die Sprache beim Kind? Aus welchen Bausteinen ist unsere Sprache aufgebaut? Welche Prozesse laufen beim Verstehen ab und welche bei der Produktion von Sprache? Und schließlich: In welcher Beziehung steht das Denken zur Sprache? Der Band stellt in zwölf Kapiteln aktuelle Erkenntnisse zu diesen Fragen vor, vermittelt aber auch klassische Theorien und Befunde. Das Buch ist aus einer kognitionspsychologischen Perspektive geschrieben und fokussiert, wie wir Menschen Informationen repräsentieren und nach welchen Strategien wir sie verarbeiten. Ergänzt wird dies durch neurowissenschaftliche Ergebnisse zu ausgewählten Themen. Zahlreiche Aufgaben und Übungen dienen zur Prüfungsvorbereitung und dazu, das Gelernte anzuwenden.

The Blank Slate

Author : Steven Pinker
ISBN : 1101200324
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 74. 29 MB
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A brilliant inquiry into the origins of human nature. "Sweeping, erudite, sharply argued, and fun to read..also highly persuasive." -Time Now updated with a new afterword One of the world's leading experts on language and the mind explores the idea of human nature and its moral, emotional, and political colorings. With characteristic wit, lucidity, and insight, Pinker argues that the dogma that the mind has no innate traits-a doctrine held by many intellectuals during the past century-denies our common humanity and our individual preferences, replaces objective analyses of social problems with feel-good slogans, and distorts our understanding of politics, violence, parenting, and the arts. Injecting calm and rationality into debates that are notorious for ax-grinding and mud-slinging, Pinker shows the importance of an honest acknowledgment of human nature based on science and common sense.

Cognitive Neuroscience Society Annual Meeting Abstract Program

Author : Cognitive Neuroscience Society. Meeting
ISBN : UVA:X030364658
Genre : Cognitive neuroscience
File Size : 67. 13 MB
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Proceedings Of The Twenty Third Aaai 08 Conference On Artificial Intelligence And The Twenteenth Innovative Applications Of Artificial Intelligence Conference 13 17 July 2008 Chicago Illinois Usa

Author :
ISBN : 1577353684
Genre :
File Size : 46. 61 MB
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The View From Nowhere

Author : Thomas Nagel
ISBN : 0195056442
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 25. 91 MB
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Discusses the mind-body problem, knowledge, personal identity, free will, ethics, death, reality, values, and the meaning of life.

Cognitive Fatigue

Author : Phillip Lawrence Ackerman
ISBN : STANFORD:36105215383303
Genre : Medical
File Size : 33. 84 MB
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The years since World War II have seen remarkable progress in the field of cognitive fatigue. Many fascinating and encouraging lines of research have been explored, including performance effects associated with cognitive fatigue; task characteristics leading to fatigue; feelings, motivational determinants, biological, and neuropsychological aspects of cognitive fatigue; and drug effects on cognitive fatigue. However, in all this time there has been no book-length treatment of cognitive fatigue, and little effort to bring together these diverse research strands into an integrated whole. In this long-awaited book, editor Phillip L. Ackerman has gathered a group of leading experts to assess both basic research and future applications relevant to cognitive fatigue. Broad in scope, the book covers human factors and ergonomics; clinical and applied differential psychology; and applications in industrial, military, and non-work domains. A balance of theoretical and empirical research, reviewed from several different countries, makes this a truly multinational and interdisciplinary collection. Each chapter concludes with a lively discussion among authors, and the book itself concludes with a provocative open panel discussion regarding promising avenues for research and application. The result is a book that displays the breadth and the emerging unity of the field of cognitive fatigue today.

Understanding Second Language Acquisition

Author : Lourdes Ortega
ISBN : 034090559X
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 36. 63 MB
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Second Language Acquisition (SLA) is a theoretical and experimental field of study which looks at the phenomenon of the acquisition of second languages. Understanding Second Language Acquisition provides an approachable but authoritative introduction to this area of linguistics. The basics are carefully explained and there are pointers for further study. In this book, the author concentrates on the essential notions involved rather than argue for a particular theoretical position.The book has broad appeal as it offers a balanced treatment of the linguistic, social, psychological and educational dimensions of SLA research. It will be illustrated with examples of English and other languages. This is the ideal book for both beginning students of Applied Linguistics, or anyone in a related discipline looking for a first introduction to second language learning.

Unser Mathematisches Universum

Author : Max Tegmark
ISBN : 9783843710787
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 82. 56 MB
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„Max Tegmark, Prophet der Parallelwelten, flirtet mit der Unendlichkeit.“ ULF VON RAUCHHAUPT, FRANKFURTER ALLGEMEINE SONNTAGSZEITUNG WORUM GEHT ES? Max Tegmark entwickelt eine neue Theorie des Kosmos: Das Universum selbst ist reine Mathematik. In diesem Buch geht es um die physikalische Realität des Kosmos, um den Urknall und die „Zeit davor“ und um die Evolution des Weltalls. Welche Rollen spielen wir dabei – die Wesen, die klug genug sind, das alles verstehen zu wollen? Tegmark findet, dieses Terrain sollte nicht länger den Philosophen überlassen bleiben. Denn die Physiker von heute haben die besseren Antworten auf die ewigen Fragen. WAS IST BESONDERS? „Eine hinreißende Expedition, die jenseits des konventionellen Denkens nach der wahren Bedeutung von Realität sucht.“ BBC „Tegmark behandelt die großen Fragen der Kosmologie und der Teilchenphysik weitaus verständlicher als Stephen Hawking.“ THE TIMES WER LIEST? • Jeder, der das Universum verstehen will • Die Leser von Richard Dawkins und Markus Gabriel

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