human ict implants technical legal and ethical considerations 23 information technology and law series

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Human Ict Implants Technical Legal And Ethical Considerations

Author : Mark N. Gasson
ISBN : 9789067048705
Genre : Law
File Size : 46. 90 MB
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Human information and communication technology (ICT) implants have developed for many years in a medical context. Such applications have become increasingly advanced, in some cases modifying fundamental brain function. Today, comparatively low-tech implants are being increasingly employed in non-therapeutic contexts, with applications ranging from the use of ICT implants for VIP entry into nightclubs, automated payments for goods, access to secure facilities and for those with a high risk of being kidnapped. Commercialisation and growing potential of human ICT implants have generated debate over the ethical, legal and social aspects of the technology, its products and application. Despite stakeholders calling for greater policy and legal certainty within this area, gaps have already begun to emerge between the commercial reality of human ICT implants and the current legal frameworks designed to regulate these products. This book focuses on the latest technological developments and on the legal, social and ethical implications of the use and further application of these technologies.

Virtuality And Capabilities In A World Of Ambient Intelligence

Author : Luiz Costa
ISBN : 9783319391984
Genre : Law
File Size : 22. 15 MB
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This book is about power and freedoms in our technological world and has two main objectives. The first is to demonstrate that a theoretical exploration of the algorithmic governmentality hypothesis combined with the capability approach is useful for a better understanding of power and freedoms in Ambient Intelligence, a world where information and communication technologies are invisible, interconnected, context aware, personalized, adaptive to humans and act autonomously. The second is to argue that these theories are useful for a better comprehension of privacy and data protection concepts and the evolution of their regulation. Having these objectives in mind, the book outlines a number of theses based on two threads: first, the elimination of the social effects of uncertainty and the risks to freedoms and, second, the vindication of rights. Inspired by and building on the outcomes of different philosophical and legal approaches, this book embodies an effort to better understand the challenges posed by Ambient Intelligence technologies, opening paths for more effective realization of rights and rooting legal norms in the preservation of the potentiality of human capabilities.

Nanobiotechnology Nanomedicine And Human Enhancement

Author : Johann S. Ach
ISBN : 9783825808068
Genre : Religion
File Size : 62. 91 MB
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The Handbook Of Information Security For Advanced Neuroprosthetics

Author : Matthew E. Gladden
ISBN : 9780692501610
Genre :
File Size : 35. 45 MB
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How do we ensure information security for a computer that is entangled with the neural processes of a human mind - and for the human mind that is interconnected with such a device?The need to provide information security for neuroprosthetic devices grows more pressing as increasing numbers of people utilize technologies such as cochlear implants, artificial retinas, robotic prosthetic limbs, and deep brain stimulation. Moreover, more advanced neuroprosthetic technologies designed for human enhancement are expected to someday transform their users' sensory, motor, and cognitive capacities in ways so radical that their nature can best be described as "posthuman." It is essential not only to ensure the information security of such neuroprosthetic devices themselves but - more importantly - to ensure the physical and psychological health, autonomy, and personal identity of the human beings whose cognitive processes are inextricably linked with such devices. Information security practitioners must not only guard against threats to the confidentiality and integrity of data stored within a neuroprosthetic device's internal memory; they must also guard against threats to the confidentiality and integrity of thoughts, memories, and desires existing within the mind the of the device's human host.This volume is the first book dedicated to studying these issues comprehensively from both theoretical and practical perspectives, and it establishes important new conceptual frameworks to guide the development of this emerging field. It provides an introduction to the current state of neuroprosthetics and expected future trends, along with an introduction to fundamental principles of information security and an analysis of why they must be re-envisioned to address the unique challenges posed by advanced neuroprosthetics. A device ontology for neuroprosthetics is formulated, and a two-dimensional cognitional security framework is developed whose security goals are designed to protect a device's human host in his or her roles as a sapient metavolitional agent, embodied embedded organism, and social and economic actor. Practical consideration is given to information security responsibilities and to management, operational, and technical controls. Finally, a biocybernetic model is developed for classifying neuroprosthetic devices according to their participation in the neural activity of their human hosts.

Ageing And Invisibility

Author : Emilio Mordini
ISBN : 9781607506140
Genre : Medical
File Size : 66. 90 MB
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Providing an overview of the process of e-inclusion for older people and addressing the ethical, social and legal aspects of the process, this book is suitable for researchers, policy-makers, organisations and companies, as well as for those with an interest in the identification and promotion of good practice within an ageing society.

Uberveillance And The Social Implications Of Microchip Implants Emerging Technologies

Author : Michael, M.G.
ISBN : 9781466645837
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 67. 47 MB
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"This book presents case studies, literature reviews, ethnographies, and frameworks supporting the emerging technologies of RFID implants while also highlighting the current and predicted social implications of human-centric technologies"--Provided by publisher.

European Law And New Health Technologies

Author : Mark L Flear
ISBN : 9780199659210
Genre : Law
File Size : 68. 83 MB
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New health technologies promise great things but they also pose significant challenges for governments, particularly around safety concerns, effectiveness, and value for money. This collection analyses the defining features of the relationship between EU law and new technologies, and the roles of risk, rights, ethics, and markets.

Ethical Aspects Of Ict Implants In The Human Body

Author : Fabienne Nsanze
ISBN : 1422302172
Genre :
File Size : 40. 36 MB
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Opinion by the European Group on Ethics in Science & New Technol. Info. & Communication Technol. (ICT) pervade our lives & are becoming more & more a part of our bodies, either because we wear them (wearable computing) or because they are implanted in our bodies. Although ICT implants (such as cardiac pacemakers) may be used to repair deficient bodily capabilities, they can also be misused, particularly if these devices are accessible via digital networks. This Opinion will raise awareness & questions concerning the ethical dilemmas created by a range of ICT implants in this field. Proposes clear ethical boundaries, legal principles & suggests several steps that should be taken by responsible regulators. Text in English, French & German. Illus.

The Future Of Drone Use

Author : Bart Custers
ISBN : 9789462651326
Genre : Law
File Size : 40. 97 MB
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Given the popularity of drones and the fact that they are easy and cheap to buy, it is generally expected that the ubiquity of drones will significantly increase within the next few years. This raises questions as to what is technologically feasible (now and in the future), what is acceptable from an ethical point of view and what is allowed from a legal point of view. Drone technology is to some extent already available and to some extent still in development. The aim and scope of this book is to map the opportunities and threats associated with the use of drones and to discuss the ethical and legal issues of the use of drones. This book provides an overview of current drone technologies and applications and of what to expect in the next few years. The question of how to regulate the use of drones in the future is addressed, by considering conditions and contents of future drone legislation and by analyzing issues surrounding privacy and safeguards that can be taken. As such, this book is valuable to scholars in several disciplines, such as law, ethics, sociology, politics and public administration, as well as to practitioners and others who may be confronted with the use of drones in their work, such as professionals working in the military, law enforcement, disaster management and infrastructure management. Individuals and businesses with a specific interest in drone use may also find in the nineteen contributions contained in this volume unexpected perspectives on this new field of research and innovation. Bart Custers is Associate Professor and Head of Research at eLaw, the Center for Law and Digital Technologies at Leiden University, The Netherlands. He has presented his work at international conferences in the United States, China, Japan, the Middle East and throughout Europe and has published over 80 scientific, professional and popularizing publications, including three books.

Computers Privacy And Data Protection An Element Of Choice

Author : Serge Gutwirth
ISBN : 9400706413
Genre : Law
File Size : 43. 50 MB
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This timely interdisciplinary work on current developments in ICT and privacy/data protection, coincides as it does with the rethinking of the Data Protection Directive, the contentious debates on data sharing with the USA (SWIFT, PNR) and the judicial and political resistance against data retention. The authors of the contributions focus on particular and pertinent issues from the perspective of their different disciplines which range from the legal through sociology, surveillance studies and technology assessment, to computer sciences. Such issues include cutting-edge developments in the field of cloud computing, ambient intelligence and PETs; data retention, PNR-agreements, property in personal data and the right to personal identity; electronic road tolling, HIV-related information, criminal records and teenager's online conduct, to name but a few.

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