human physiology in extreme environments

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Human Physiology In Extreme Environments

Author : Hanns-Christian Gunga
ISBN : 9780123869982
Genre : Science
File Size : 27. 38 MB
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Human Physiology in Extreme Environments is the one publication that offers how human biology and physiology is affected by extreme environments while highlighting technological innovations that allow us to adapt and regulate environments. Covering a broad range of extreme environments, including high altitude, underwater, tropical climates, and desert and arctic climates as well as space travel, this book will include case studies for practical application. Graduate students, medical students and researchers will find Human Physiology in Extreme Environments an interesting, informative and useful resource for human physiology, environmental physiology and medical studies. Presents human physiological challenges in Extreme Environments combined in one single resource Provides an excellent source of information regarding paleontological and anthropological aspects Offers practical medical and scientific use of current concepts

The Biology Of Human Survival

Author : Claude A. Piantadosi
ISBN : 0199748071
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 61 MB
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The range of environments in which people can survive is extensive, yet most of the natural world cannot support human life. The Biology of Human Survival identifies the key determinants of life or death in extreme environments from a physiologist's perspective, integrating modern concepts of stress, tolerance, and adaptation into explanations of life under Nature's most austere conditions. The book examines how individuals survive when faced with extremes of immersion, heat, cold or altitude, emphasizing the body's recognition of stress and the brain's role in optimizing physiological function in order to provide time to escape or to adapt. In illustrating how human biology adapts to extremes, the book also explains how we learn to cope by blending behavior and biology, first by trial and error, then by rigorous scientific observation, and finally by technological innovation. The book describes life-support technology and how it enables humans to enter once unendurable realm, from the depths of the ocean to the upper reaches of the atmosphere and beyond. Finally, it explores the role that advanced technology might play in special environments of the future, such as long journeys into space.

Geschichte Der Physiologie

Author : Karl E. Rothschuh
ISBN : 9783642510427
Genre : Science
File Size : 33. 43 MB
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"Geschichte ist die geistige Form, in der sich eine Kultur über ihre Vergangen heit Rechenschaft gibt" (J. HUIZINGA [208J). In diesem Sinne berichtet diese Ge schichte der Physiologie von den Wegen und Umwegen, Erkenntnissen und Irr tümern, welche in der historischen Entwicklung dieser Wissenschaft von wesent licher Bedeutung gewesen sind. Für die Art der Darstellung waren teils äußere Momente, teils bestimmte Absichten des Verfassers maßgeblich. Auf dem knappen Raum, der zur Verfügung stand, konnten nur die großen Linien des geschicht lichen Werdegangs unter Verzicht auf viele Einzelheiten wiedergegeben werden. Deshalb entfiel auch die Möglichkeit, den Entwicklungsgang spezieller Einzel probleme ausführlich zu schildern, wie es etwa F. LIEBEN [244] in seiner Ge schichte der physiologischen Chemie getan hat. Ich konnte aber mit guten Gründen in diesem Buche darauf verzichten, da ich kürzlich eine" Entwicklungsgeschichte physiologischer Probleme in Tabellenform" [342b] veröffentlicht habe, in welcher die schrittweise wachsende Einsicht in die Ursachen und die Bedeutung spezieller physiologischer Vorgänge seit Beginn der Neuzeit nach Autor, ,Jahr, Gegenstand und Veröffentlichungsort dargestellt wurde.

Man In Extreme Environments

Author : Archibald Walker Sloan
ISBN : 0398039410
Genre : Medical
File Size : 71. 29 MB
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Studien Zu Einer Physiologie Des Marsches

Author : Nathan Zuntz
ISBN : 0270556281
Genre : History
File Size : 85. 41 MB
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Jenseits Von Natur Und Kultur

Author : Philippe Descola
ISBN : 9783518768402
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 59. 90 MB
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Seit der Zeit der Renaissance ist unser Weltbild von einer zentralen Unterscheidung bestimmt: der zwischen Natur und Kultur. Dort die von Naturgesetzen regierte, unpersönliche Welt der Tiere und Dinge, hier die Menschenwelt mit ihrer individuellen und kulturellen Vielfalt. Diese fundamentale Trennung beherrscht unser ganzes Denken und Handeln. In seinem faszinierenden Buch zeigt der große französische Anthropologe und Schüler von Claude Lévi-Strauss, Philippe Descola, daß diese Kosmologie alles andere als selbstverständlich ist. Dabei stützt er sich auf reiches Material aus zum Teil eigenen anthropologischen Feldforschungen bei Naturvölkern und indigenen Kulturen in Afrika, Amazonien, Neuguinea oder Sibirien. Descola führt uns vor Augen, daß deren Weltbilder ganz andersartig aufgebaut sind als das unsere mit seinen »zwei Etagen« von Natur und Kultur. So betrachten manche Kulturen Dinge als beseelt oder glauben, daß verwandtschaftliche Beziehungen zwischen Tieren und Menschen bestehen. Descola plädiert für eine monistische Anthropologie und entwirft eine Typologie unterschiedlichster Weltbilder. Auf diesem Wege lassen sich neben dem westlichen dualistischen Naturalismus totemistische, animistische oder analogistische Kosmologien entdecken. Eine fesselnde Reise in fremde Welten, die uns unsere eigene mit anderen Augen sehen läßt.

Life At The Extremes

Author : Frances Ashcroft
ISBN : 0520234200
Genre : Medical
File Size : 81. 94 MB
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From the oxygen-deprived heights of Everest to the high-pressure ocean depths, the limits of human endurance are probed in this fascinating look at the borderlands of physical potential.

Performing In Extreme Environments

Author : Lawrence E. Armstrong
ISBN : 0880118377
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 58. 98 MB
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Do you work or exercise in intense heat, frigid cold, high altitude, deep water, or polluted air? If so, Dr. Lawrence Armstrong will help you perform in those elements. This one-of-a-kind reference is your best guide to surviving and thriving in harsh environmental conditions.

Human Interface And The Management Of Information Applications And Services

Author : Sakae Yamamoto
ISBN : 9783319403977
Genre : Computers
File Size : 85. 86 MB
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The two-volume set LNCS 9734 and 9735 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Human Interface and the Management of Information thematic track, held as part of the 18th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2016, held in Toronto, Canada, in July 2016. HCII 2016 received a total of 4354 submissions of which 1287 papers were accepted for publication after a careful reviewing process. These papers address the latest research and development efforts and highlight the human aspects of design and use of computing systems. The papers accepted for presentation thoroughly cover the entire field of human-computer interaction, addressing major advances in knowledge and effective use of computers in a variety of application areas This volume contains papers addressing the following major topics: communication, collaboration and decision-making support, information in e-learning and e-education, access to cultural heritage, creativity and art, e-science and e-research, information in health and well-being.

Human Environmental Physiology

Author : Michael Tipton
ISBN : 0415491002
Genre : Medical
File Size : 84. 35 MB
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Most of the Earth’s surface is covered by water, desert, ice or mountains. Thus for humans (a sub-tropical, low altitude, air-breathing animal) most of the planet represents a hostile environment. This important new book presents an in-depth introduction to human physiological and psychological responses to extreme environments, as well as methods for selecting, preparing and protecting individuals that enter those environments. Drawing on a wide range of cutting edge scientific sources, including the latest research in molecular biology, the book examines human responses to short and long term exposure to heat, cold air and water, pressure, altitude, microgravity and environmental pollution. Each section contains a detailed introduction to the core science, outlines the typical hazards associated with each environment and includes recommendations for mitigating decrements in performance and threats to life – such as acclimatization and protective clothing. The book also traces an important evolutionary theme, explaining the physiological implications of mankind’s migration from sub-tropical origins to all corners of the planet and into space. Human Environmental Physiology contains case studies, data, summaries and illustrations throughout, as well as an appendix outlining the most important methodologies and techniques employed in environmental research. It is essential reading for all students and researchers working in sport and exercise, physiology, medicine or biomedical science.

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