human rights and humanitarian intervention law and practice in the field global institutions

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Human Rights And Humanitarian Intervention

Author : Elizabeth M. Bruch
ISBN : 9781317274957
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 52. 92 MB
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Human rights, peacekeeping, and humanitarian intervention have emerged in the past decades as important components of international law and practice. Adopting a methodology of Institutional Ethnography informed by Actor-Network Theory, this book traces the practices of law and expertise from global IGO headquarters to the ‘field’ and back again, and through various contemporary field missions from Bosnia to Afghanistan and East Timor to Sierra Leone. It answers several fundamental questions: How is human rights law engaged in ‘establishing the peace,’ ‘rebuilding the nation,’ and ‘restoring the rule of law’ in post-conflict situations? How do human rights experts use law in their everyday work in the context of humanitarian intervention? How are law and expertise established, sustained and transformed in the field? Offering a complex and nuanced explanation of humanitarian intervention based upon a multi-dimensional understanding of law and power, this book will be of interest and use to scholars, students and practitioners in international law and policy, human rights, and humanitarian intervention. Its cross-disciplinary approach should also appeal to the professional communities engaged directly and indirectly with projects of humanitarian intervention – including staff at inter-governmental organizations, international lawyers and practitioners, and activists.

The Practice Of Humanitarian Intervention

Author : Kai Koddenbrock
ISBN : 9781317481003
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 31. 61 MB
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This book examines the practices in Western and local spheres of humanitarian intervention, and shows how the divide between these spheres helps to perpetuate Western involvement. Using the Democratic Republic of the Congo as a case study – an object of Western intervention since colonial times – this book scrutinizes the contemporary practice of humanitarian intervention from the inside. It seeks to expose how humanitarian aid and peacekeeping works, what obstacles they encounter and how they manage to retain their legitimacy. By examining the relationship between the West and the DR Congo, this volume asks why intervention continues to be so central for the relationship between Western and local spheres. Why is it normal and self-evident? The main answer developed here is that the separation of these two spheres allows intervention to enjoy sufficient degrees of legitimacy to be sustained. Owing to the contradictions that surface when juxtaposing the Western and Congolese spheres, this book highlights how keeping them separate is key to sustaining intervention. Bridging the divide between the liberal peace debate in International Relations and anthropologies of humanitarianism, this volume thus presents an important contribution to taking both the legitimizing proclamations and ‘local’ realities of intervention seriously. The book will be of much interest to students of statebuilding, peacebuilding, peacekeeping, anthropology, research methods and IR in general.

The Politics Of International Law

Author : Martti Koskenniemi
ISBN : 9781847317766
Genre : Law
File Size : 52. 48 MB
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Today international law is everywhere. Wars are fought and opposed in its name. It is invoked to claim rights and to challenge them, to indict or support political leaders, to distribute resources and to expand or limit the powers of domestic and international institutions. International law is part of the way political (and economic) power is used, critiqued, and sometimes limited. Despite its claim for neutrality and impartiality, it is implicit in what is just, as well as what is unjust in the world. To understand its operation requires shedding its ideological spell and examining it with a cold eye. Who are its winners, and who are its losers? How - if at all - can it be used to make a better or a less unjust world? In this collection of essays Professor Martti Koskenniemi, a well-known practitioner and a leading theorist and historian of international law, examines the recent debates on humanitarian intervention, collective security, protection of human rights and the 'fight against impunity' and reflects on the use of the professional techniques of international law to intervene politically. The essays both illustrate and expand his influential theory of the role of international law in international politics. The book is prefaced with an introduction by Professor Emmanuelle Jouannet (Sorbonne Law School), which locates the texts in the overall thought and work of Martti Koskenniemi.

International Human Rights Law And Practice

Author : Ilias Bantekas
ISBN : 9781107354470
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 67. 39 MB
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Human rights law is a complex but compelling subject that fascinates students but also confuses them. This innovative textbook explores human rights law from a theoretical and practical perspective. Case studies and interviews with specialist practitioners, NGO activists and policy-makers show how theory is applied in real life. The up-to-date coverage includes introductions to important emerging fields such as globalisation, poverty and advocacy. Student learning is supported by questions to stimulate seminar discussion and further reading sections that encourage independent study. The authors' combined expertise, engaging writing style and ability to clarify not simplify ensures that this important new book will become required reading for all students of human rights law.

Reading Humanitarian Intervention

Author : Anne Orford
ISBN : 113943571X
Genre : Law
File Size : 23. 52 MB
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During the 1990s, humanitarian intervention seemed to promise a world in which democracy, self-determination and human rights would be privileged over national interests or imperial ambitions. Orford provides critical readings of the narratives that accompanied such interventions and shaped legal justifications for the use of force by the international community. Through a close reading of legal texts and institutional practice, she argues that a far more circumscribed, exploitative and conservative interpretation of the ends of intervention was adopted during this period. The book draws on a wide range of sources, including critical legal theory, feminist and postcolonial theory, psychoanalytic theory and critical geography, to develop ways of reading directed at thinking through the cultural and economic effects of militarized humanitarianism. The book concludes by asking what, if anything, has been lost in the move from the era of humanitarian intervention to an international relations dominated by wars on terror.

Military Civilian Interactions

Author : Thomas George Weiss
ISBN : 0742530175
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 88. 16 MB
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Updated to include discussion of Afghanistan & Iraq, this text explores the recent history of military-civilian interaction in the context of international military intervention, & develops a framework for assessing military costs against civilian benefits.

The Right To Leave And Return In International Law And Practice

Author : Hurst Hannum
ISBN : 9789024734450
Genre : Law
File Size : 34. 62 MB
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Human Rights And Humanitarian Intervention

Author : Norbert Frei
ISBN : 9783835340879
Genre : History
File Size : 82. 51 MB
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Wie Menschenrechte zu einer Legitimationsgrundlage für militärische Interventionen wurden. Die Balkankriege der neunziger Jahre, der Völkermord in Ruanda und die Darfur-Krise dienten als Katalysatoren einer Debatte, die die Koordinaten internationaler Politik und des Völkerrechts nachhaltig verändert hat: Der Verweis auf humanitäre Notlagen und Menschenrechtsverletzungen wurde zu einem der zugkräftigsten Argumente, um Eingriffe einzelner Staaten oder Staatenbündnisse auf fremdem Territorium zu legitimieren. Die dadurch angestoßene Neuverhandlung internationaler Normen ging einher mit einer Relativierung des Souveränitätsprinzips und des Gewaltverbots. Der Aufstieg des sogenannten »New Humanitarianism" während der neunziger Jahre war nicht zuletzt das Resultat politischer und kultureller Wandlungsprozesse, deren Wurzeln in der Zeit vor dem Ende der bipolaren Weltordnung lagen. Die Aushöhlung des Unparteilichkeitsgebots humanitärer Akteure, der Aktivismus einer Neuen Linken und die Entstehung einer neuen Ethik der Dringlichkeit haben die Formen und Ziele des Humanitarismus grundlegend verändert. Der Band nimmt gleichermaßen die Rolle von Regierungen, suprastaatliche und nichtstaatliche Akteure wie NGOs, Medien und Sozialwissenschaften in den Blick.

Domesticating Human Rights

Author : Fidèle Ingiyimbere
ISBN : 9783319576213
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 70. 2 MB
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This book develops a philosophical conception of human rights that responds satisfactorily to the challenges raised by cultural and political critics of human rights, who contend that the contemporary human rights movement is promoting an imperialist ideology, and that the humanitarian intervention for protecting human rights is a neo-colonialism. These claims affect the normativity and effectiveness of human rights; that is why they have to be taken seriously. At the same time, the same philosophical account dismisses the imperialist crusaders who support the imperialistic use of human rights by the West to advance liberal culture. Thus, after elaborating and exposing these criticisms, the book confronts them to the human rights theories of John Rawls and Jürgen Habermas, in order to see whether they can be addressed. Unfortunately, they are not. Therefore, having shown that these two philosophical accounts of human rights do not respond convincingly to those the postcolonial challenges, the book provides an alternative conception that draws the understanding of human rights from local practices. It is a multilayer conception which is not centered on state, but rather integrates it in a larger web of actors involved in shaping the practice and meaning of human rights. Confronted to the challenges, this new conception offers a promising way for addressing them satisfactorily, and it even sheds new light to the classical questions of universality of human rights, as well as the tension between universalism and relativism.

Human Rights In The War On Terror

Author : Richard Wilson
ISBN : 0521853192
Genre : Law
File Size : 22. 4 MB
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This book reviews the war on terror since 9/11 from a human rights perspective.

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