imbeciles the supreme court american eugenics and the sterilization of carrie buck

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Imbeciles

Author : Adam Cohen
ISBN : 9781101980835
Genre : History
File Size : 20. 70 MB
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Longlisted for the 2016 National Book Award for Nonfiction One of America’s great miscarriages of justice, the Supreme Court’s infamous 1927 Buck v. Bell ruling made government sterilization of “undesirable” citizens the law of the land In 1927, the Supreme Court handed down a ruling so disturbing, ignorant, and cruel that it stands as one of the great injustices in American history. In Imbeciles, bestselling author Adam Cohen exposes the court’s decision to allow the sterilization of a young woman it wrongly thought to be “feebleminded” and to champion the mass eugenic sterilization of undesirable citizens for the greater good of the country. The 8–1 ruling was signed by some of the most revered figures in American law—including Chief Justice William Howard Taft, a former U.S. president; and Louis Brandeis, a progressive icon. Oliver Wendell Holmes, considered by many the greatest Supreme Court justice in history, wrote the majority opinion, including the court’s famous declaration “Three generations of imbeciles are enough.” Imbeciles is the shocking story of Buck v. Bell, a legal case that challenges our faith in American justice. A gripping courtroom drama, it pits a helpless young woman against powerful scientists, lawyers, and judges who believed that eugenic measures were necessary to save the nation from being “swamped with incompetence.” At the center was Carrie Buck, who was born into a poor family in Charlottesville, Virginia, and taken in by a foster family, until she became pregnant out of wedlock. She was then declared “feebleminded” and shipped off to the Colony for Epileptics and Feeble-Minded. Buck v. Bell unfolded against the backdrop of a nation in the thrall of eugenics, which many Americans thought would uplift the human race. Congress embraced this fervor, enacting the first laws designed to prevent immigration by Italians, Jews, and other groups charged with being genetically inferior. Cohen shows how Buck arrived at the colony at just the wrong time, when influential scientists and politicians were looking for a “test case” to determine whether Virginia’s new eugenic sterilization law could withstand a legal challenge. A cabal of powerful men lined up against her, and no one stood up for her—not even her lawyer, who, it is now clear, was in collusion with the men who wanted her sterilized. In the end, Buck’s case was heard by the Supreme Court, the institution established by the founders to ensure that justice would prevail. The court could have seen through the false claim that Buck was a threat to the gene pool, or it could have found that forced sterilization was a violation of her rights. Instead, Holmes, a scion of several prominent Boston Brahmin families, who was raised to believe in the superiority of his own bloodlines, wrote a vicious, haunting decision upholding Buck’s sterilization and imploring the nation to sterilize many more. Holmes got his wish, and before the madness ended some sixty to seventy thousand Americans were sterilized. Cohen overturns cherished myths and demolishes lauded figures in relentless pursuit of the truth. With the intellectual force of a legal brief and the passion of a front-page exposé, Imbeciles is an ardent indictment of our champions of justice and our optimistic faith in progress, as well as a triumph of American legal and social history. From the Hardcover edition.

Das Gen

Author : Siddhartha Mukherjee
ISBN : 9783104033273
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 65. 9 MB
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Großartig, fesselnd und folgenreich: Pulitzer-Preisträger Siddhartha Mukherjee erzählt meisterhaft die Geschichte der Entzifferung des Mastercodes, der unser Menschsein bestimmt. Als Siddhartha Mukherjee seinen Bestseller ›Der König aller Krankheiten‹ beendet hatte, machte er sich auf eine Reise in die indische Heimat. Er besucht Cousin Moni, der an Schizophrenie leidet – wie auffällig viele seiner Verwandten. Fasziniert beginnt Mukherjee sich mit der Geschichte der Gene zu beschäftigen: Von den Erbsenkreuzungen Mendels bis zur neuesten Gen-Bearbeitungs-Methode CRISPR schreibt Mukherjee den spannenden Roman einer wissenschaftlichen Suche und verwebt ihn mit der Geschichte seiner Familie. Das große Buch eines begnadeten Erzählers und Arztes, das gewaltige Panorama einer machtvollen Entdeckung, die man nun endlich versteht. Packend und einzigartig. »Wer wissen will, was es bedeutet, Mensch zu sein, sollte dieses Buch lesen.« Boston Globe »Lesen Sie dieses Buch, so werden Sie auf die Zukunft bestens vorbereitet sein. « Sunday Times »Meisterhaft aufgebaut, wunderbar erzählt [...] Mukherjee ist ein Genie darin, zutiefst menschliche Geschichten hinter abstrakten Ideen zu entdecken.« Andrew Solomon, Washington Post »Eine inspirierende und ungemein bewegende Lektüre.« San Francisco Chronicle

Three Generations No Imbeciles

Author : Paul A. Lombardo
ISBN : 9780801890109
Genre : History
File Size : 27. 65 MB
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Looks at the case Buck v. Bell, covering the events of the trial and the 1927 Supreme Court case which upheld Virginia's compulsory sterilization of "feebleminded" individuals.

Das L Cheln Des Flamingos

Author : Stephen Jay Gould
ISBN : 3518287710
Genre : Biologie - Aufsatzsammlung
File Size : 78. 42 MB
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Blattgefl Ster

Author : Hope Jahren
ISBN : 9783641114381
Genre : Science
File Size : 81. 57 MB
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Eine hinreißende Geschichte über Pflanzen, Liebe und die Wissenschaft Hope Jahren hat das, wovon viele Menschen träumen: einen Beruf, der ihr Herz und ihr Leben erfüllt. Seit sie denken kann, ist die Geo-Biologin fasziniert von der Natur – von Pflanzen, Bäumen, Blättern, Samenkörnern und den unglaublichen Geschichten, die sie uns erzählen, sogar noch in fossiler Form. Wie ist es beispielsweise möglich, dass ein Kirschkern hundert Jahre lang geduldig warten kann, bis er sich auf einmal dazu entscheidet zu keimen? Hope Jahrens Werdegang von der kindlichen Forscherin zur angesehenen Wissenschaftlerin, die sich trotz zahlreicher Hindernisse in einer Männerwelt behauptet, ist eine inspirierende und mitreißende Geschichte voller Leidenschaft, Durchhaltevermögen und ewiger Neugierde. Ein wunderbares Gleichnis über die Kraft der Natur und die Freude des Entdeckens, das einen ganz neuen Blick auf die Pflanzenwelt eröffnet. Seite für Seite. Blatt für Blatt. Für die New York Times ist Hope Jahrens »Blattgeflüster« eines der 100 besten Bücher des Jahres 2016.

The Kelloggs

Author : Howard Markel
ISBN : 9780307907288
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 89. 67 MB
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"What's more American than Corn Flakes?" —Bing Crosby From the much admired medical historian (“Markel shows just how compelling the medical history can be”—Andrea Barrett) and author of An Anatomy of Addiction (“Absorbing, vivid”—Sherwin Nuland, The New York Times Book Review, front page)—the story of America’s empire builders: John and Will Kellogg. John Harvey Kellogg was one of America’s most beloved physicians; a best-selling author, lecturer, and health-magazine publisher; founder of the Battle Creek Sanitarium; and patron saint of the pursuit of wellness. His youngest brother, Will, was the founder of the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company, which revolutionized the mass production of food and what we eat for breakfast. In The Kelloggs, Howard Markel tells the sweeping saga of these two extraordinary men, whose lifelong competition and enmity toward one another changed America’s notion of health and wellness from the mid-nineteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries, and who helped change the course of American medicine, nutrition, wellness, and diet. The Kelloggs were of Puritan stock, a family that came to the shores of New England in the mid-seventeenth century, that became one of the biggest in the county, and then renounced it all for the religious calling of Ellen Harmon White, a self-proclaimed prophetess, and James White, whose new Seventh-day Adventist theology was based on Christian principles and sound body, mind, and hygiene rules—Ellen called it “health reform.” The Whites groomed the young John Kellogg for a central role in the Seventh-day Adventist Church and sent him to America’s finest Medical College. Kellogg’s main medical focus—and America’s number one malady: indigestion (Walt Whitman described it as “the great American evil”). Markel gives us the life and times of the Kellogg brothers of Battle Creek: Dr. John Harvey Kellogg and his world-famous Battle Creek Sanitarium medical center, spa, and grand hotel attracted thousands actively pursuing health and well-being. Among the guests: Mary Todd Lincoln, Amelia Earhart, Booker T. Washington, Johnny Weissmuller, Dale Carnegie, Sojourner Truth, Henry Ford, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., and George Bernard Shaw. And the presidents he advised: Taft, Harding, Hoover, and Roosevelt, with first lady Eleanor. The brothers Kellogg experimented on malt, wheat, and corn meal, and, tinkering with special ovens and toasting devices, came up with a ready-to-eat, easily digested cereal they called Corn Flakes. As Markel chronicles the Kelloggs’ fascinating, Magnificent Ambersons–like ascent into the pantheon of American industrialists, we see the cast changes in American social mores that took shape in diet, health, medicine, philanthropy, and food manufacturing during seven decades—changing the lives of millions and helping to shape our industrial age.

Der Falsch Vermessene Mensch

Author : GOULD
ISBN : 9783034867726
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 44. 5 MB
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The Perfect Store

Author : Adam Cohen
ISBN : 9780316054645
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 56. 56 MB
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When Pierre Omidyar launched a clunky website from a spare bedroom over Labor Day weekend of 1995, he wanted to see if he could use the Internet to create a perfect market. He never guessed his old-computer-parts and Beanie Baby exchange would revolutionize the world of commerce. Now, Adam Cohen, the only journalist ever to get full access to the company, tells the remarkable story of eBay's rise. He describes how eBay built the most passionate community ever to form in cyberspace and forged a business that triumphed over larger, better-funded rivals. And he explores the ever-widening array of enlistees in the eBay revolution, from a stay-at-home mom who had to rent a warehouse for her thriving business selling bubble-wrap on eBay to the young MBA who started eBay Motors (which within months of its launch was on track to sell $1 billion in cars a year), to collectors nervously bidding thousands of dollars on antique clothing-irons. Adam Cohen's fascinating look inside eBay is essential reading for anyone trying to figure out what's next. If you want to truly understand the Internet economy, "The Perfect Store" is indispensable.

Rosenstunden

Author : Debbie Macomber
ISBN : 9783641205799
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 26. 42 MB
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Alte Leidenschaften, neues Glück ... Vor neun Monaten gestand Mark Taylor Jo Marie Rose seine Liebe. Und verließ sie und das Städtchen Cedar Cove danach Hals über Kopf. Doch Jo Marie will sich nicht ein weiteres Mal in Trauer um einen Mann verlieren – sie ist fest entschlossen, ihr Glück wieder selbst in die Hand zu nehmen. Auch Emily Gaffney, ihr neuester Gast, hat Pläne für die Zukunft: Sie sucht in Cedar Cove nach ihrem Traumhaus – und hat auch schon eines im Auge. Der Besitzer, Nick Schwartz, ist allerdings alles andere als begeistert, als sie ihn kontaktiert. Doch Emily gibt nicht auf, und aus einem holprigen Start wird bald eine enge Freundschaft – oder sogar mehr ...

B Se Seelen

Author : Linda Castillo
ISBN : 9783104903460
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 30. 78 MB
Format : PDF
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Wenn das Böse im Verborgenen lauert Der fesselnde Thriller von Spiegel-Bestsellerautorin Linda Castillo führt Polizeichefin Kate Burkholder in eine isolierte und verschwiegene Amisch-Gemeinde im Bundesstaat New York, in der der Schrecken zu Hause ist. Der achte Fall für Polizeichefin Kate Burkholder. Die junge Rachel Esh wird tot im Wald gefunden. Sie war fünfzehn und erfror jämmerlich. Offenbar wollte sie weg von zu Hause. Böse Gerüchte machen die Runde über diese isolierte Amisch-Gemeinde im Bundesstaat New York. Aber niemand will offen sprechen. Deshalb bittet der örtliche Sheriff Kate Burkholder um Hilfe. Allein und auf sich selbst gestellt, soll sie herausfinden, was sich dort wirklich abspielt. Kate gibt sich als trauernde Witwe aus und taucht ein in eine Welt, die voller Verbrechen und Grausamkeit ist. Und in dieser Welt steht ihr der gefährlichste Kampf noch bevor: Sie muss ihr eigenes Leben retten.

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