imitation of life how biology is inspiring computing mit press

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Imitation Of Life

Author : Nancy Forbes
ISBN : 0262562154
Genre : Computers
File Size : 90. 45 MB
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As computers and the tasks they perform become increasingly complex, researchers are looking to nature -- as model and as metaphor -- for inspiration. The organization and behavior of biological organisms present scientists with an invitation to reinvent computing for the complex tasks of the future. In Imitation of Life, Nancy Forbes surveys the emerging field of biologically inspired computing, looking at some of the most impressive and influential examples of this fertile synergy.Forbes points out that the influence of biology on computing goes back to the early days of computer science -- John von Neumann, the architect of the first digital computer, used the human brain as the model for his design. Inspired by von Neumann and other early visionaries, as well as by her work on the "Ultrascale Computing" project at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), Forbes describes the exciting potential of these revolutionary new technologies. She identifies three strains of biologically inspired computing: the use of biology as a metaphor or inspiration for the development of algorithms; the construction of information processing systems that use biological materials or are modeled on biological processes, or both; and the effort to understand how biological organisms "compute," or process information.Forbes then shows us how current researchers are using these approaches. In successive chapters, she looks at artificial neural networks; evolutionary and genetic algorithms, which search for the "fittest" among a generation of solutions; cellular automata; artificial life -- not just a simulation, but "alive" in the internal ecosystem of the computer; DNA computation, which uses the encoding capability of DNA to devise algorithms; self-assembly and its potential use in nanotechnology; amorphous computing, modeled on the kind of cooperation seen in a colony of cells or a swarm of bees; computer immune systems; bio-hardware and how bioelectronics compares to silicon; and the "computational" properties of cells.

Sensortechnik

Author : Hans-Rolf Tränkler
ISBN : 9783642299421
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 64. 53 MB
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Das Handbuch ermöglicht Anwendern der Sensortechnik schnellen Zugriff auf fundiertes und aktuelles Fachwissen. Grundlagen und Anwendungen für alle Bereiche der Sensortechnik werden behandelt – im Interesse der Anwender zunächst gegliedert nach der zu messenden Größe. Erst im Anschluss daran sind die Inhalte entsprechend der verschiedenen Sensortypen strukturiert. Die 2., gründlich überarbeitete und aktualisierte Auflage wurde um die Themen akustische Sensoren, Zuverlässigkeit sowie drahtlose energieautarke Sensorsysteme ergänzt.

Catalyzing Inquiry At The Interface Of Computing And Biology

Author : Committee on Frontiers at the Interface of Computing and Biology
ISBN : 9780309096126
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 37 MB
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Advances in computer science and technology and in biology over the last several years have opened up the possibility for computing to help answer fundamental questions in biology and for biology to help with new approaches to computing. Making the most of the research opportunities at the interface of computing and biology requires the active participation of people from both fields. While past attempts have been made in this direction, circumstances today appear to be much more favorable for progress. To help take advantage of these opportunities, this study was requested of the NRC by the National Science Foundation, the Department of Defense, the National Institutes of Health, and the Department of Energy. The report provides the basis for establishing cross-disciplinary collaboration between biology and computing including an analysis of potential impediments and strategies for overcoming them. The report also presents a wealth of examples that should encourage students in the biological sciences to look for ways to enable them to be more effective users of computing in their studies.

Fundamentals Of Natural Computing

Author : Leandro Nunes de Castro
ISBN : 9781420011449
Genre : Science
File Size : 81. 43 MB
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Natural computing brings together nature and computing to develop new computational tools for problem solving; to synthesize natural patterns and behaviors in computers; and to potentially design novel types of computers. Fundamentals of Natural Computing: Basic Concepts, Algorithms, and Applications presents a wide-ranging survey of novel techniques and important applications of nature-based computing. This book presents theoretical and philosophical discussions, pseudocodes for algorithms, and computing paradigms that illustrate how computational techniques can be used to solve complex problems, simulate nature, explain natural phenomena, and possibly allow the development of new computing technologies. The author features a consistent and approachable, textbook-style format that includes lucid figures, tables, real-world examples, and different types of exercises that complement the concepts while encouraging readers to apply the computational tools in each chapter. Building progressively upon core concepts of nature-inspired techniques, the topics include evolutionary computing, neurocomputing, swarm intelligence, immunocomputing, fractal geometry, artificial life, quantum computing, and DNA computing. Fundamentals of Natural Computing is a self-contained introduction and a practical guide to nature-based computational approaches that will find numerous applications in a variety of growing fields including engineering, computer science, biological modeling, and bioinformatics.

Engineering Optimization

Author : Singiresu S. Rao
ISBN : 9780470183526
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 62. 77 MB
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Technology/Engineering/Mechanical Helps you move from theory to optimizing engineering systems in almost any industry Now in its Fourth Edition, Professor Singiresu Rao's acclaimed text Engineering Optimization enables readers to quickly master and apply all the important optimization methods in use today across a broad range of industries. Covering both the latest and classical optimization methods, the text starts off with the basics and then progressively builds to advanced principles and applications. This comprehensive text covers nonlinear, linear, geometric, dynamic, and stochastic programming techniques as well as more specialized methods such as multiobjective, genetic algorithms, simulated annealing, neural networks, particle swarm optimization, ant colony optimization, and fuzzy optimization. Each method is presented in clear, straightforward language, making even the more sophisticated techniques easy to grasp. Moreover, the author provides: Case examples that show how each method is applied to solve real-world problems across a variety of industries Review questions and problems at the end of each chapter to engage readers in applying their newfound skills and knowledge Examples that demonstrate the use of MATLAB® for the solution of different types of practical optimization problems References and bibliography at the end of each chapter for exploring topics in greater depth Answers to Review Questions available on the author's Web site to help readers to test their understanding of the basic concepts With its emphasis on problem-solving and applications, Engineering Optimization is ideal for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students in mechanical, civil, electrical, chemical, and aerospace engineering. In addition, the text helps practicing engineers in almost any industry design improved, more efficient systems at less cost.

Art In The Age Of Technoscience

Author : Ingeborg Reichle
ISBN : 3211781609
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 43. 34 MB
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Is science the new art? Starting from this provocative question, art historian Ingeborg Reichle examines in her book fascinating responses of contemporary artists when faced with recent scientific and technological advances. In the last two decades a growing number of artists has left the traditional artistic playground to work instead in scientific contexts such as the laboratories of molecular biology, robotics, and artificial life. New art forms like 'Transgenic Art" and "Bio-Art' have emerged from the laboratory. These art forms differ dramatically from traditional artistic approaches that explore the natural: they have crossed the boundaries between the artificial and the natural, and thus provoke passionate debates about the growing influence of science and technology. This first comprehensive survey presents a well-selected number of significant artworks and with over 280 colour illustrations provides a broad overview of this new and relevant development in art.

History And Philosophy Of The Life Sciences

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105120247734
Genre : Biology
File Size : 21. 60 MB
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American Book Publishing Record

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015066043194
Genre : American literature
File Size : 48. 39 MB
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Digital Contagions

Author : Jussi Parikka
ISBN : NWU:35556038847554
Genre : Computers
File Size : 30. 48 MB
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Digital Contagions is the first book to offer a comprehensive and critical analysis of the culture and history of the computer virus phenomenon. The book maps the anomalies of network culture from the angles of security concerns, the biopolitics of digital systems, and the aspirations for artificial life in software. The genealogy of network culture is approached from the standpoint of accidents that are endemic to the digital media ecology. Viruses, worms, and other software objects are not, then, seen merely from the perspective of anti-virus research or practical security concerns, but as cultural and historical expressions that traverse a non-linear field from fiction to technical media, from net art to politics of software. Jussi Parikka mobilizes an extensive array of source materials and intertwines them with an inventive new materialist cultural analysis. Digital Contagions draws from the cultural theories of Gilles Deleuze and F�lix Guattari, Friedrich Kittler, and Paul Virilio, among others, and offers novel insights into historical media analysis.

Bridges

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015078373266
Genre : Theology
File Size : 25. 71 MB
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