in search of land and housing in the new south africa world bank working papers

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In Search Of Land And Housing In The New South Africa

Author : Stephen Berrisford
ISBN : 0821373749
Genre : Law
File Size : 65. 12 MB
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This study outlines the difficulties poor communities face in accessing peri-urban land in South Africa that could have implications and lessons for similar communities in other countries facing spatial segregation issues. 'In Search of Land and Housing in the New South Africa' focused on one community, composed largely of laid-off farm workers that wanted to buy their own farm in a peri-urban area west of Johannesburg. Their dream was to establish a mixed-use settlement. They wanted to call the village Ethambalethu 'Our Hope.' About 250 families started their own association and savings scheme to make their dream a reality. By 1997, they had saved enough money to make their first purchase offer. A decade later, the community's dream is still not a reality. The families have faced numerous obstacles: two cancelled sale agreements, wrongful arrest, being sued in court, an out-of-court settlement for which community members were paid to not move into the white neighborhood, and large sums of their own money spent on consultants and environmental impact studies. In an agreement with the Mogale City Municipality, where the land is located, the community now has at least a confirmed right to occupy the land. But it does not yet legally own the land, and is still trying to get permission to build on and work the land. The case of Ethembalethu is not unique. Millions of black South Africans live in peri-urban areas. Yet, government programs, development planning and environmental regulations, and the current land and housing markets do not support realization of their aspirations to become homeowners on sites of their choice.

In Search Of Land And Housing In The New South Africa

Author : Stephen Berrisford
ISBN : UCSD:31822034690826
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 85. 74 MB
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This study describes the saga of how one community, instead of squatting in an informal settlement or invading a new plot of land, attempted to buy land legally and build their own houses in a peri-urban area, using their own savings. The Ethembalethu story draws attention to the many challenges that poor people face accessing land and housing in South Africa. The purpose of this case study is to highlight the complex challenges that face poor communities that attempt to secure their constitutionally mandated rights to adequate housing. These challenges stem from inconsistent or inadequate policies and legislation, confusion between the myriad agencies involved, lack of clarity over responsibilities and accountability, lack of capacity of the implementing agencies, the rising costs and delays in accessing building materials, corruption, and the absence of information and training of both government officials and the housing hopefuls. Finally, the case highlights the Not-In-My-Back-Yard (NIMBY) ferocity with which wealthier citizens may still resist change in the new South Africa. This report draws practical lessons from the case study and makes suggestions for reforms. This report is organized as follows. It begins with a narrative of events, starting in1996 and ending in 2006. It draws the key lessons emerging from this experience. It then investigates the main issues, and suggests reforms and improvements in the following areas: (i) improving access to land; (ii) simplifying and aligning legal procedures; (iii) designing a land and housing program for peri-urban areas; and (iv) reforming the land market. The report concludes with a call for further participatory action research.

The Challenge Of Informal Settlement Upgrading

Author : Ehebrecht, Daniel
ISBN : 9783869563008
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 31 MB
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Despite its many challenges and limitations the concept of in situ upgrading of informal settlements has become one of the most favoured approaches to the housing crisis in the ‘Global South’. Due to its inherent principles of incremental in situ development, prevention of relocations, protection of local livelihoods and democratic participation and cooperation, this approach is often perceived to be more sustainable than other housing approaches that often rely on quantitative housing delivery and top down planning methodologies. While this study does not question the benefits of the in situ upgrading approach, it seeks to identify problems of its practical implementation within a specific national and local context. The study discusses the origin and importance of this approach on the basis of a review of international housing policy development and analyses the broader political and social context of the incorporation of this approach into South African housing policy. It further uses insights from a recent case study in Cape Town to determine complications and conflicts that can arise when applying in situ upgrading of informal settlements in a complex local context. On that basis benefits and limitations of the in situ upgrading approach are specified and prerequisites for its successful implementation formulated.

Oecd Territorial Reviews Oecd Territorial Reviews Cape Town South Africa 2008

Author : OECD
ISBN : 9789264049642
Genre :
File Size : 38. 39 MB
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This report provides a platform for the development of a forward-looking, cross-cutting regional development strategy in Cape Town, South Africa and proposes new "second generation" governance reforms to consolidate previous achievements and respond to emerging obstacles.

The World Bank Legal Review Volume 5

Author : Hassane Cisse
ISBN : 9781464800382
Genre : Law
File Size : 77. 90 MB
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This volume explores the potentially transformative role of effective laws and legal institutions in providing people with more opportunity that is both inclusive and equitable.

Knowledge For Development

Author :
ISBN : 0195211189
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 66. 6 MB
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World Development Report 1998-1999, now in its twenty-first edition, focuses on the role of knowledge and information as a factor of development, including the important trade-offs in strategies and policies and many other challenges. It examines such important questions as why have some developing countries been able to exploit the rapidly increasing stock of global knowledge more than others and what can be done to help those falling behind? The Report also looks at the challenge of finding the balance between private initiative and public intervention that encourages innovation and manages attendant risks. It deals with the role of international assistance and international organizations, which can help develop understanding about these complex processes, help to transfer lessons of development experience across countries, and help finance crucial knowledge investments of importance to developing countries. Known as the standard reference for international economic data, the World Development Report 1998-1999 provides a set of Selected World Development Indicators as an appendix, presenting social and economic statistics for more than 200 countries.

Environment And Planning

Author :
ISBN : UCSC:32106019463667
Genre : Policy sciences
File Size : 81. 32 MB
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Well Located Affordable Housing

Author : Roger B. Behrens
ISBN : STANFORD:36105073369345
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 74. 57 MB
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Publications Catalog

Author :
ISBN : UCBK:C077559415
Genre : Developing countries
File Size : 48. 61 MB
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Reclaiming The Land

Author : Sam Moyo
ISBN : 1842774247
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 51. 78 MB
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Reclaiming the Land brings together original investigations of the new generation of rural social movements in Asia, Latin America and Africa. Dispossessed peasants and unemployed workers of diverse political and ideological orientation have used land occupations and other tactics systematically to confront the neoliberal state. This book provides both national and micro-level case studies of these movements. They seek to identify their social composition, strategies, tactics, and ideologies; to assess their relations with other social actors, including political parties, urban social movements, and international aid agencies and other institutions; and to examine more closely their most common tactic, the land occupation, as well as the responses of governments and landowners.

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