in the light of evolution

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In The Light Of Evolution

Author : Jonathan B. Losos
ISBN : 0981519490
Genre : Science
File Size : 20. 72 MB
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Evolution Emerging is a collection of essays by leading scientists. The essays are fascinating stories in themselves, but they also give an insiders view into how these researchers go about their work. Contributors include Edmund Brodie III, James Curtsinger, Ted Daeschler, Douglas Emlen, Harry Greene, Luke Harmon, Daniel Lieberman, Jonathan Losos, Axel Meyer, David C. Queller, Neil Shubin, David Reznick, Michael Ryan, and Marlene Zuk. The book also includes an essay by award-winning science writer Carl Zimmer and a foreword by David Quammen.

In The Light Of Evolution

Author : John C. Avise
ISBN : 030910405X
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 26 MB
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In The Light Of Evolution

Author : National Academy of Sciences
ISBN : 9780309261753
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 26 MB
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The central goal of the In the Light of Evolution (ILE) series is to promote the evolutionary sciences through state-of-the-art colloquia--in the series of Arthur M. Sackler colloquia sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences--and their published proceedings. Each installment explores evolutionary perspectives on a particular biological topic that is scientifically intriguing but also has special relevance to contemporary societal issues or challenges. This book is the outgrowth of the Arthur M. Sackler Colloquium "Brain and Behavior," which was sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences on January 20-21, 2012, at the Academy's Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center in Irvine, CA. It is the sixth in a series of Colloquia under the general title "In the Light of Evolution." Specifically, In Light of Evolution: Brain and Behavior focuses on the field of evolutionary neuroscience that now includes a vast array of different approaches, data types, and species. This volume is also available for purchase with the In the Light of Evolution six-volume set.

The Origins Of Meaning

Author : James R. Hurford
ISBN : 9780199207855
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 77. 32 MB
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"In this engagingly written and broadly interdisciplinary book, Jim Hurford integrates findings from ethology and neuroscience with concepts from philosophy and linguistics to make an explicit and convincing case that animals have rich concepts, and thus that meaning predated language. This is a work of broad scope and significance." W. Tecumesh Fitch, Lecturer in Psychology, University of St. Andrews,from the bookjacket.

In The Light Of Evolution V

Author : National Academy of Sciences
ISBN : 9780309218375
Genre : Science
File Size : 27. 82 MB
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Biodiversity--the genetic variety of life--is an exuberant product of the evolutionary past, a vast human-supportive resource (aesthetic, intellectual, and material) of the present, and a rich legacy to cherish and preserve for the future. Two urgent challenges, and opportunities, for 21st-century science are to gain deeper insights into the evolutionary processes that foster biotic diversity, and to translate that understanding into workable solutions for the regional and global crises that biodiversity currently faces. A grasp of evolutionary principles and processes is important in other societal arenas as well, such as education, medicine, sociology, and other applied fields including agriculture, pharmacology, and biotechnology. The ramifications of evolutionary thought also extend into learned realms traditionally reserved for philosophy and religion. The central goal of the In the Light of Evolution (ILE) series is to promote the evolutionary sciences through state-of-the-art colloquia--in the series of Arthur M. Sackler colloquia sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences--and their published proceedings. Each installment explores evolutionary perspectives on a particular biological topic that is scientifically intriguing but also has special relevance to contemporary societal issues or challenges. This book is the outgrowth of the Arthur M. Sackler Colloquium "Cooperation and Conflict," which was sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences on January 7-8, 2011, at the Academy's Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center in Irvine, California. It is the fifth in a series of colloquia under the general title "In the Light of Evolution." The current volume explores recent developments in the study of cooperation and conflict, ranging from the level of the gene to societies and symbioses. Humans can be vicious, but paradoxically we are also among nature's great cooperators. Even our great conflicts-wars-are extremely cooperative endeavors on each side. Some of this cooperation is best understood culturally, but we are also products of evolution, with bodies, brains, and behaviors molded by natural selection. How cooperation evolves has been one of the big questions in evolutionary biology, and how it pays or does not pay is a great intellectual puzzle. The puzzle of cooperation was the dominant theme of research in the early years of Darwin's research, whereas recent work has emphasized its importance and ubiquity. Far from being a rare trait shown by social insects and a few others, cooperation is both widespread taxonomically and essential to life. The depth of research on cooperation and conflict has increased greatly, most notably in the direction of small organisms. Although most of In the Light of Evolution V: Cooperation and Conflict is about the new topics that are being treated as part of social evolution, such as genes, microbes, and medicine, the old fundamental subjects still matter and remain the object of vigorous research. The first four chapters revisit some of these standard arenas, including social insects, cooperatively breeding birds, mutualisms, and how to model social evolution.

Animal Models In Light Of Evolution

Author : Niall Shanks
ISBN : 9781599425023
Genre : Medical
File Size : 66. 58 MB
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The central concern of this book is with the "prediction problem" in biomedical research. In particular, the authors examine the use of animal models to predict human responses in drug and disease research. The arguments discussed are drawn from both biological and biomedical theory (with numerous examples and case studies drawn from evolutionary biology, complex systems theory, oncology, teratology, and AIDS research), and analyses of empirical evidence (concerning, for example, data on intra- and inter-species differences revealed by recent results from genome analyses of various species, human population studies, and statistical studies of the predictive utility of animal models). This book comes to the unique conclusion that while animals can be successfully used for many endeavors in science such as basic and comparative research, they cannot be used to predict drug and disease response in humans. The arguments presented are rooted in the history, philosophy, and methodology of biomedical research. This book will be of interest to anyone involved, directly or indirectly, in biomedical research (including physicians, veterinarians and scientists), and anyone interested in the history, philosophy and methodology of science. In contrast to books written by and for the animal rights movement and books written by and for the animal-based research industry, this book honestly examines all sides of the scientific arguments for using animals in science and concludes that each group in turn exaggerates the flaws or strengths of using animals. There are areas in science where animals can be viably used but there are also areas where they cannot be so used. REVIEWS See Philosophies, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 17 August 2010

In The Light Of Evolution

Author : National Academy of Sciences
ISBN : 9780309444224
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 57 MB
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Biodiversity--the genetic variety of life--is an exuberant product of the evolutionary past, a vast human-supportive resource (aesthetic, intellectual, and material) of the present, and a rich legacy to cherish and preserve for the future. Two urgent challenges, and opportunities, for 21st-century science are to gain deeper insights into the evolutionary processes that foster biotic diversity, and to translate that understanding into workable solutions for the regional and global crises that biodiversity currently faces. A grasp of evolutionary principles and processes is important in other societal arenas as well, such as education, medicine, sociology, and other applied fields including agriculture, pharmacology, and biotechnology. The ramifications of evolutionary thought also extend into learned realms traditionally reserved for philosophy and religion. The central goal of the In the Light of Evolution (ILE) series is to promote the evolutionary sciences through state-of-the-art colloquia--in the series of Arthur M. Sackler colloquia sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences--and their published proceedings. Each installment explores evolutionary perspectives on a particular biological topic that is scientifically intriguing but also has special relevance to contemporary societal issues or challenges. This tenth and final edition of the In the Light of Evolution series focuses on recent developments in phylogeographic research and their relevance to past accomplishments and future research directions.

Man In The Light Of Evolution

Author : John Mason Tyler
ISBN : NYPL:33433087347260
Genre : Evolution
File Size : 79. 77 MB
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In The Light Of Evolution

Author : National Academy of Sciences
ISBN : 0309185289
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 5 MB
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The Human Condition is a collection of papers by leading evolutionary biologists and philosophers of science that reflect on the Darwinian Revolution as it relates to the human condition at levels ranging from the molecular to the theological. The book focuses on understanding the evolutionary origin of humans and their biological and cultural traits. The Human Condition is organized into three parts: Human Phylogenetic History and the Paleontological Record; Structure and Function of the Human Genome; and Cultural Evolution and the Uniqueness of Being Human. This fourth volume from the In the Light of Evolution (ILE) series, based on a series of Arthur M. Sackler colloquia, was designed to promote the evolutionary sciences. Each volume explores evolutionary perspectives on a particular biological topic that is scientifically intriguing but also has special relevance to contemporary societal issues or challenges. Individually and collectively, the ILE series interprets phenomena in various areas of biology through the lens of evolution, addresses some of the most intellectually engaging as well as pragmatically important societal issues of our times, and fosters a greater appreciation of evolutionary biology as a consolidating foundation for the life sciences.

Human Well Being In The Light Of Evolution

Author : Kevin Holbrook
ISBN : 0692229329
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 39. 65 MB
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"Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution." - Theodosius Dobzhansky, prominent early geneticist Can evolution advance our understanding of human well-being? The emerging sciences of Darwinian Medicine, Evolutionary Psychology, and Ancestral Health certainly confirm that it can, and that it does. Bringing these and other disciplines together, science writer Kevin Holbrook tells a compelling story about our species, one that embeds scientific knowledge within the logical framework of evolution, drawing from the diverse world of evolutionary theory in order to shed light on what it means to be healthy, happy, and human. Evolution is the guiding principle of biology. It is the unifying theory of the life sciences. It is considered by many to be the most important idea to have ever occurred to anyone in the history of human thought. And like Dobzhansky's famous dictum, nothing in life makes sense except in the light of evolution. In this far-reaching and important work, Holbrook tells a compelling story about our species that identifies the true causes of modern mental and physical disease, and lists practical strategies to attain well-being at the end of each chapter. Using the tools of science, logic, and strategy, Holbrook looks closely at diet, movement, sleep, happiness, nature, sociality, virtue, and sustainability in order to integrate these parts into a cohesive whole. Far more than a health book, this comprehensive work inspires an understanding of the nature of the world, ourselves, and the miracle of life, covering an impressive array of topics relevant to one's well-being, including longevity, stress, muscle building, fat loss, nutrition, exercise, posture, energy, productivity, life satisfaction, bonding mechanisms, social status, attraction, beauty, and much more. In candid language, this book takes you on a journey to discover the human animal of yesterday in order to decipher what it means for the human being today.

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