indoor air quality sampling methodologies

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Indoor Air Quality

Author : Kathleen Hess-Kosa
ISBN : 1420032577
Genre : Nature
File Size : 63. 83 MB
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Indoor Air Quality: Sampling Methodologies provides environmental professionals and industrial hygienists with the latest information available in "indoor air quality sampling." In most instances, there are no established government protocols. In this book, the author presents prominent contributions and discusses the practical concerns that determine which sampling approach is best for a given situation. The author defines and clarifies indoor air quality and its historic background. She presents a diagnostic approach to addressing health concerns, brief overview of air handling systems, observations to be made regarding indoor activities, information regarding air emissions from other buildings, and a discussion of individual susceptibilities to various substances. The book covers sampling strategies, sampling/analytical protocols, suggested uses for these protocols, and a means for interpreting results. A one-of-a-kind, practical guide for assessing indoor air quality, this book gives you step-by-step instructions for all sampling tasks and includes background information, occurrence and uses of contaminants, exposure and diagnostic sampling and analytical protocols, and helpful hints based on the author's observations and experience. It shows you how to develop a theory and follow it through to identification of unknown air contaminants. The book contains more than 150 charts, tables, photographs, and drawings and includes an extensive glossary and symptoms index. No other book offers you the concise, in-depth, and practical coverage you will find in Indoor Air Quality: Sampling Methodologies.

Indoor Air Quality

Author : Kathleen Hess-Kosa
ISBN : 9781439826669
Genre : Nature
File Size : 62. 20 MB
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In the new millennium, indoor air quality methodologies have expanded, evolved, and morphed. This book addresses the old and the new. The focus is shifting from a knee-jerk to a more proactive response. Although indoor air quality in older buildings will continue to present old challenges, new construction is going forward with new challenges. Indoor Air Quality: The Latest Sampling Methods, Second Edition covers basic concepts and details various approaches to the identification and assessment of indoor air contaminants that contribute to building-related illness in commercial buildings, institutions, and residences. Included are newly added topics focusing on less common concerns in indoor air quality such as psychological and building comfort factors and approaches to assessing air movement within buildings. Expanded appendices and three new chapters provide the reader with 30 percent new material, including the most recent approaches to indoor air quality as well as more inclusive information to further address quality problems. Coverage includes: New Sewage Gases and HV AC Systems, assessment guidelines, "tainted Chinese drywall," green buildings, and the LEED Rating System and ASHRAE 189.1 A historic overview with regulatory limits and guidelines; preliminary investigation methods including means for assessing complaints; and a means for speculation, narrowing the hunt for offenders Sampling methodologies for volatile organic compounds; microbial volatile organic compounds; carbon dioxide; carbon monoxide; formaldehyde; and product emissions Sampling methodologies for animals allergens such as dust mites and forensic methods for identifying dust components The book is a "practical guide" for developing a theory and following it through to the sampling methodologies, identification and interpretation of suspect/known air contaminants, and assessing HVAC and sewage systems.

Air Pollution

Author : Bhola R. Gurjar
ISBN : 1439809631
Genre : Nature
File Size : 68. 81 MB
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Air pollution is recognized as one of the leading contributors to the global environmental burden of disease, even in countries with relatively low concentrations of air pollution. Air Pollution: Health and Environmental Impacts examines the effect of this complex problem on human health and the environment in different settings around the world. It not only covers general modeling, monitoring, and characterization techniques but also includes field studies and cases that offer valuable insight into region-specific issues. With contributions from a distinguished group of international experts, the book explores ways of controlling air pollution and mitigating its adverse effects on human health and the environment. Often taking a regional and global perspective, it discusses the monitoring and source characterization of air pollution, the theory and application of air quality modeling, health effects and risk assessment, and the environmental impacts of air pollution. The book also addresses air quality management and relevant policy issues. Along with providing an understanding of the scientific basis of air pollution, this volume helps readers better appreciate social and environmental determinants of public health and apply country-based research evidence to reduce health disparities and environmental inequalities. It also encourages future research and policy action on the health and environmental consequences of air pollution from the local to global level.

Indoor Air Quality

Author : M. Maroni
ISBN : 0080534627
Genre : Science
File Size : 28. 27 MB
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People spend most of their time indoors, and indoor air pollutants can cause both long and short term health effects. Awareness of indoor air pollution as an environmental issue, however, is relatively new. This book has been prepared to offer an up-to-date, comprehensive reference manual on indoor air quality to scientists and professionals active in this area. The intention of the book is to bring together a collection of contributions from specialists in the specific disciplines of indoor air quality, covering all points of view from various angles, from building design and building sciences, to health effects and medical diagnosis, toxicology of indoor air pollutants, and air sampling and analysis. One of the characteristics of this book is the multidisciplinary approach that integrates the expertise of medical doctors, architects, engineers, chemists, biologists, physicists and toxicologists. The resulting product is of great educational value and recommended for consultation as well as teaching purposes. The panel of conrtibuting authors includes top experts on indoor air worldwide, who have participated in international workshops and led the development of indoor air sciences over the recent years.

Environmental Sampling For Unknowns

Author : Kathleen Hess-Kosa
ISBN : 9781351450102
Genre : Science
File Size : 64. 11 MB
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Environmental Sampling for Unknowns covers modern approaches to indoor and outdoor environmental sampling, with an emphasis on identifying unknown substances.

Ashrae Handbook Of Heating Ventilating And Air Conditioner Applications Mark S Owen 2015

Author : ASHRAE Publication
ISBN :
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 23. 29 MB
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ASHRAE Research: Improving the Quality of Life ASHRAE is the world’s foremost technical society in the fields of heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and refrigeration. Its members worldwide are individuals who share ideas, identify needs, support research, and write the industry’s standards for testing and practice. The result is that engineers are better able to keep indoor environments safe and productive while protecting and preserving the outdoors for generations to come. One of the ways that ASHRAE supports its members’ and industry’s need for information is through ASHRAE Research. Thousands of individuals and companies support ASHRAE Research annually, enabling ASHRAE to report new data about material properties and building physics and to promote the application of innovative technologies. Chapters in the ASHRAE Handbook are updated through the experience of members of ASHRAE Technical Committees and through results of ASHRAE Research reported at ASHRAE conferences and published in ASHRAE special publications, ASHRAE Transactions, and ASHRAE’s journal of archival research, Science and Technology for the Built Environment. For information about ASHRAE Research or to become a member, contact ASHRAE, 1791 Tullie Circle, Atlanta, GA 30329; telephone: 404-636-8400; www.ashrae.org. Preface The 2015 ASHRAE Handbook—HVAC Applications comprises more than 60 chapters covering a broad range of facilities and topics, written to help engineers design and use equipment and systems described in other Handbook volumes. Main sections cover comfort, industrial, energy-related, general applications, and building operations and management. ASHRAE Technical Committees in each subject area have reviewed all chapters and revised them as needed for current technology and design practice. An accompanying CD-ROM contains all the volume’s chapters in both I-P and SI units. This edition includes two new chapters: • Chapter 61, Smart Building Systems, covers smart systems and technologies for automated fault detection and diagnostics, sensors, and actuators, and the emerging modernized electric power grid and its relationship to buildings and facilities. • Chapter 62, Moisture Management in Buildings, addresses avoiding or reducing risks associated with damp buildings, with suggestions for architectural and HVAC system design, operation, and occupancy. Other selected highlights include the following: • Chapter 1, Residences, has updated guidance on duct system design and communicating control systems. • Chapter 4, Tall Buildings, has new content on supertall and megatall buildings; improved stack effect discussion and calculations; and new information on chilled beams, code references, split central plants, and elevator shaft pressurization. • Chapter 7, Educational Facilities, provides new design criteria updated for current standards, a new section on energy measurement and verification, and a newly compiled list of case studies from ASHRAE Journal. • Chapter 8, Health Care Facilities, has been extensively revised to ANSI/ASHRAE/ASHE Standard 170-2013, with new content on regulatory resources, hospital-acquired infections, sustainability, and operations, and expanded text on control measures, outpatient care, isolation and bronchoscopy rooms, plus research results from RP-1343 on heat gain from imaging systems. • Chapter 16, Laboratories, includes updates on applying usage factors, pressurization control, and energy efficiency measures. • Chapter 18, Clean Spaces, has extensive new content on demand control, computational fluid dynamics analysis, pharmaceutical manufacturing facilities, safety, environmental systems, installation and testing, and sustainability and energy conservation. • Chapter 19, Data Centers and Telecommunication Facilities, has been completely rewritten for current best practices as in the ASHRAE Datacom Series. • Chapter 33, Kitchen Ventilation, was updated for the latest revisions to relevant standards, with new sections added on commissioning and the design process (for the first-time designer), and the chapter content restructured to reflect the sequence of the design process. • Chapter 34, Geothermal Energy, has significant new content and examples on ground-coupled heat pump systems design, hybrid ground-source heat pumps, piping, pressure considerations, purging, deep boreholes, central plants, open-loop/surface-water direct cooling, and simulation. • Chapter 35, Solar Energy Use, has revised examples and figures, plus new content on solar-combi systems; design, control, and operation of solar cooling; and grid-connected photovoltaic systems. • Chapter 49, Water Treatment, has major revisions on corrosion, deposition, microbiological growth and control, filtration and closed-loop systems, alternative water sources, Legionnaires’ disease, thermal storage, and steam boiler systems. • Chapter 50, Service Water Heating, describes new technologies for hot-water generation and distribution and reducing consumption at end-use fixtures. • Chapter 53, Fire and Smoke Control, has been revised to align with ASHRAE’s Handbook of Smoke Control Engineering, with many new figures and examples. This volume is published, as a bound print volume and in electronic format on CD-ROM and online, in two editions: one using inch-pound (I-P) units of measurement, the other using the International System of Units (SI). Corrections to the 2012, 2013, and 2014 Handbook volumes can be found on the ASHRAE web site at http://www.ashrae.org and in the Additions and Corrections section of this volume. Corrections for this volume will be listed in subsequent volumes and on the ASHRAE web site. Reader comments are enthusiastically invited. To suggest improvements for a chapter, please comment using the form on the ASHRAE web site or, using the cutout page(s) at the end of this volume’s index, write to Handbook Editor, ASHRAE, 1791 Tullie Circle, Atlanta, GA 30329, or fax 678-539-2187, or e-mail [email protected] Mark S. Owen Editor

Indoor Air Quality In Healthcare Facilities

Author : Stefano Capolongo
ISBN : 9783319491608
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39. 59 MB
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This interdisciplinary guide offers background, research findings, and practical strategies for assessing and improving air quality in hospitals and other healthcare settings. Positing good air quality as critical to patient and staff well-being, it identifies disease-carrying microbes, pollutants, and other airborne toxins and their health risks, and provides localized interventions for reducing transmission of pathogens. Effective large-scale approaches to air quality control are also outlined, from green building materials to hygienic HVAC and air treatment practices. Its thoroughness of coverage makes this book a vital resource for professionals involved in every aspect of health service facilities, from planning and construction to maintenance and management. Among the topics covered: Existing guidelines in indoor air quality: the case study of hospital environments Hospital environments and epidemiology of healthcare-associated infections Analysis of microorganisms in hospital environments and potential risks Legionella indoor air contamination in healthcare environments HVAC system design in healthcare facilities and control of aerosol contaminants Assessment of indoor air quality in inpatient wards Indoor Air Quality in Healthcare Facilities imparts up-to-date expertise to a variety of professional readers, including hospitals' technical and management departments, healthcare facilities' chief medical officers, hospital planners, sport and thermal building designers, public health departments, and students of universities and schools of hygiene.

Indoor Air

Author :
ISBN : UCR:31210012660138
Genre : Indoor air pollution
File Size : 42. 30 MB
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Monitoring Ambient Air Quality For Health Impact Assessment

Author :
ISBN : 9289013516
Genre : Medical
File Size : 89. 19 MB
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A guide to the principles and methods of air quality assessment aimed at measuring population exposure to ambient air pollutants and estimating the effects on health. Addressed to policy-makers as well as scientists engaged in air quality monitoring, the book responds to the failure of most monitoring systems to provide data that are useful in estimating and managing threats to health. The need for exposure data on populations at special risk is also addressed. Throughout, emphasis is placed on methods of monitoring and modelling that are cost-effective, targeted, and appropriate to local and national conditions. The report has six chapters. The first introduces WHO activities related to air quality management and explains the need for monitoring systems capable of assessing health impact. The types of information required for health impact assessment are described in chapter two, which outlines several methods of monitoring and modelling that can be used to measure the level and distribution of exposure to air pollutants in populations, identify population groups with high exposure, and estimate adverse effects on health. Chapter three formulates a general concept of air quality assessment, offering advice on principles for designing a monitoring network, interpreting and reporting data, and solving problems with quality assurance. Also included is a comparison of the advantages, disadvantages, and costs of different methods for air quality monitoring. Against this background, the fourth and most extensive chapter describes specific methods for the monitoring of carbon monoxide, ozone, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter, benzene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, lead, and atmospheric cadmium. Monitoring strategies for each pollutant are presented according to a standard format, which covers health effects, sources and exposure patterns, monitoring methods, recommended strategies for monitoring and assessment, and a practical example. The remaining chapters offer advice on the collation, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of data, and summarize the main conclusions and recommendations of the report. Detailed technical guidelines for the use of various methods and models are provided in a series of annexes. The report also reproduces the newly revised WHO air quality guidelines for Europe.

Indoor Air Pollution

Author : Jonathan M. Samet
ISBN : 0801841259
Genre : Medical
File Size : 40. 52 MB
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Contributors including epidemiologists, clinicians, risk assessors, experts in air monitoring, microbiologists, and engineers discuss methodologies used in measuring exposures to pollution, strategies for improving indoor air quality, and other issues. They also assess the health effects of specific

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