indoor air quality sampling methodologies

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Indoor Air Quality

Author : Kathleen Hess-Kosa
ISBN : 1420032577
Genre : Nature
File Size : 76. 86 MB
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Indoor Air Quality: Sampling Methodologies provides environmental professionals and industrial hygienists with the latest information available in "indoor air quality sampling." In most instances, there are no established government protocols. In this book, the author presents prominent contributions and discusses the practical concerns that determine which sampling approach is best for a given situation. The author defines and clarifies indoor air quality and its historic background. She presents a diagnostic approach to addressing health concerns, brief overview of air handling systems, observations to be made regarding indoor activities, information regarding air emissions from other buildings, and a discussion of individual susceptibilities to various substances. The book covers sampling strategies, sampling/analytical protocols, suggested uses for these protocols, and a means for interpreting results. A one-of-a-kind, practical guide for assessing indoor air quality, this book gives you step-by-step instructions for all sampling tasks and includes background information, occurrence and uses of contaminants, exposure and diagnostic sampling and analytical protocols, and helpful hints based on the author's observations and experience. It shows you how to develop a theory and follow it through to identification of unknown air contaminants. The book contains more than 150 charts, tables, photographs, and drawings and includes an extensive glossary and symptoms index. No other book offers you the concise, in-depth, and practical coverage you will find in Indoor Air Quality: Sampling Methodologies.

Air Pollution

Author : Bhola R. Gurjar
ISBN : 1439809631
Genre : Nature
File Size : 63. 58 MB
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Air pollution is recognized as one of the leading contributors to the global environmental burden of disease, even in countries with relatively low concentrations of air pollution. Air Pollution: Health and Environmental Impacts examines the effect of this complex problem on human health and the environment in different settings around the world. It not only covers general modeling, monitoring, and characterization techniques but also includes field studies and cases that offer valuable insight into region-specific issues. With contributions from a distinguished group of international experts, the book explores ways of controlling air pollution and mitigating its adverse effects on human health and the environment. Often taking a regional and global perspective, it discusses the monitoring and source characterization of air pollution, the theory and application of air quality modeling, health effects and risk assessment, and the environmental impacts of air pollution. The book also addresses air quality management and relevant policy issues. Along with providing an understanding of the scientific basis of air pollution, this volume helps readers better appreciate social and environmental determinants of public health and apply country-based research evidence to reduce health disparities and environmental inequalities. It also encourages future research and policy action on the health and environmental consequences of air pollution from the local to global level.

Ashrae Handbook Of Heating Ventilating And Air Conditioner Applications Mark S Owen 2015

Author : ASHRAE Publication
ISBN :
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 32. 11 MB
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ASHRAE Research: Improving the Quality of Life ASHRAE is the world’s foremost technical society in the fields of heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and refrigeration. Its members worldwide are individuals who share ideas, identify needs, support research, and write the industry’s standards for testing and practice. The result is that engineers are better able to keep indoor environments safe and productive while protecting and preserving the outdoors for generations to come. One of the ways that ASHRAE supports its members’ and industry’s need for information is through ASHRAE Research. Thousands of individuals and companies support ASHRAE Research annually, enabling ASHRAE to report new data about material properties and building physics and to promote the application of innovative technologies. Chapters in the ASHRAE Handbook are updated through the experience of members of ASHRAE Technical Committees and through results of ASHRAE Research reported at ASHRAE conferences and published in ASHRAE special publications, ASHRAE Transactions, and ASHRAE’s journal of archival research, Science and Technology for the Built Environment. For information about ASHRAE Research or to become a member, contact ASHRAE, 1791 Tullie Circle, Atlanta, GA 30329; telephone: 404-636-8400; www.ashrae.org. Preface The 2015 ASHRAE Handbook—HVAC Applications comprises more than 60 chapters covering a broad range of facilities and topics, written to help engineers design and use equipment and systems described in other Handbook volumes. Main sections cover comfort, industrial, energy-related, general applications, and building operations and management. ASHRAE Technical Committees in each subject area have reviewed all chapters and revised them as needed for current technology and design practice. An accompanying CD-ROM contains all the volume’s chapters in both I-P and SI units. This edition includes two new chapters: • Chapter 61, Smart Building Systems, covers smart systems and technologies for automated fault detection and diagnostics, sensors, and actuators, and the emerging modernized electric power grid and its relationship to buildings and facilities. • Chapter 62, Moisture Management in Buildings, addresses avoiding or reducing risks associated with damp buildings, with suggestions for architectural and HVAC system design, operation, and occupancy. Other selected highlights include the following: • Chapter 1, Residences, has updated guidance on duct system design and communicating control systems. • Chapter 4, Tall Buildings, has new content on supertall and megatall buildings; improved stack effect discussion and calculations; and new information on chilled beams, code references, split central plants, and elevator shaft pressurization. • Chapter 7, Educational Facilities, provides new design criteria updated for current standards, a new section on energy measurement and verification, and a newly compiled list of case studies from ASHRAE Journal. • Chapter 8, Health Care Facilities, has been extensively revised to ANSI/ASHRAE/ASHE Standard 170-2013, with new content on regulatory resources, hospital-acquired infections, sustainability, and operations, and expanded text on control measures, outpatient care, isolation and bronchoscopy rooms, plus research results from RP-1343 on heat gain from imaging systems. • Chapter 16, Laboratories, includes updates on applying usage factors, pressurization control, and energy efficiency measures. • Chapter 18, Clean Spaces, has extensive new content on demand control, computational fluid dynamics analysis, pharmaceutical manufacturing facilities, safety, environmental systems, installation and testing, and sustainability and energy conservation. • Chapter 19, Data Centers and Telecommunication Facilities, has been completely rewritten for current best practices as in the ASHRAE Datacom Series. • Chapter 33, Kitchen Ventilation, was updated for the latest revisions to relevant standards, with new sections added on commissioning and the design process (for the first-time designer), and the chapter content restructured to reflect the sequence of the design process. • Chapter 34, Geothermal Energy, has significant new content and examples on ground-coupled heat pump systems design, hybrid ground-source heat pumps, piping, pressure considerations, purging, deep boreholes, central plants, open-loop/surface-water direct cooling, and simulation. • Chapter 35, Solar Energy Use, has revised examples and figures, plus new content on solar-combi systems; design, control, and operation of solar cooling; and grid-connected photovoltaic systems. • Chapter 49, Water Treatment, has major revisions on corrosion, deposition, microbiological growth and control, filtration and closed-loop systems, alternative water sources, Legionnaires’ disease, thermal storage, and steam boiler systems. • Chapter 50, Service Water Heating, describes new technologies for hot-water generation and distribution and reducing consumption at end-use fixtures. • Chapter 53, Fire and Smoke Control, has been revised to align with ASHRAE’s Handbook of Smoke Control Engineering, with many new figures and examples. This volume is published, as a bound print volume and in electronic format on CD-ROM and online, in two editions: one using inch-pound (I-P) units of measurement, the other using the International System of Units (SI). Corrections to the 2012, 2013, and 2014 Handbook volumes can be found on the ASHRAE web site at http://www.ashrae.org and in the Additions and Corrections section of this volume. Corrections for this volume will be listed in subsequent volumes and on the ASHRAE web site. Reader comments are enthusiastically invited. To suggest improvements for a chapter, please comment using the form on the ASHRAE web site or, using the cutout page(s) at the end of this volume’s index, write to Handbook Editor, ASHRAE, 1791 Tullie Circle, Atlanta, GA 30329, or fax 678-539-2187, or e-mail [email protected] Mark S. Owen Editor

Indoor Air

Author :
ISBN : UCR:31210012660138
Genre : Indoor air pollution
File Size : 22. 18 MB
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Combustion Efficiency And Air Quality

Author : István Hargittai
ISBN : 0306448483
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 54 MB
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Papers demonstrate methods of energy production using efficient combustion for protection of air quality, with contributions from the fields of physical chemistry, analytical chemistry, and chemical engineering. Topics include models for environmental and chemical systems, structural investigation o

Indoor Air Quality

Author : Phillip J. Walsh
ISBN : 0849350158
Genre : Nature
File Size : 64. 93 MB
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Indoor Air Quality presents usable data and information on a range of subjects-from legislation to emission and ventilation rates-in tabular, graphical or schematic forms. Each chapter is thoroughly referenced so that readers can seek original documents as desired. This single volume collects the expertise of researchers in a range of disciplines, and presents it in a manner that is understandable to all professional working in the area. Readers have the opportunity to learn how chemists, biologists, physicists, engineers, physicians, epidemiologists, environmentalists, toxicologists, and public health scientists are contributing to the study of indoor air quality.

Building Materials

Author : Kathleen Hess-Kosa
ISBN : 9781315354088
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 98 MB
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The construction industry is bombarded with ever-changing building materials—components of which are more and more difficult, if not impossible, to identify. Building material emissions have been implicated as a major source of indoor air pollution, and toxic gases, often unidentified, are generated in building fires. Building Materials: Product Emission and Combustion Health Hazards undertakes the task of identifying building materials emission and combustion health hazards. This practical guide introduces the complex world of polymers commonly used in building materials along with plasticizers and additives that are not regulated by OSHA. It also explores the topic of building materials as they relate to function and their emissions/combustion products along with thermal decomposition and combustion products as they relate to fire first responders. Engaging environmental professionals, construction management firms, architects, first respondents, and students, this valuable reference delivers a comprehensive spectrum of knowledge needed to face the challenges of managing building materials in the twenty-first century. Awareness is the first line of defense!

National Air Toxics Information Clearinghouse

Author : Carol A. Owen
ISBN : STANFORD:36105112103226
Genre : Air
File Size : 35. 82 MB
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Bioaerosols

Author : Harriet A. Burge
ISBN : 0873717244
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61. 21 MB
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Written by an illustrious group of experts in microbiology and aerobiology, Bioaerosols brings together current information on the nature and health effects of bioaerosol-related problems. The book presents up-to-date coverage of methods for sampling and analysis, as well as various approaches to the investigation of health problems caused by exposure to biological contaminants in indoor air. Its comprehensive treatment of the various aspects of this subject makes it a valuable reference for industrial hygienists, public health officials and researchers, and physicians interested in environmentally caused disease.

Improving Indoor Air Quality Through Design Operation And Maintenance

Author : Milton Meckler
ISBN : STANFORD:36105018387105
Genre : Air quality management
File Size : 66. 23 MB
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Beginning with specific guidelines for assessing and measuring indoor air contaminants, this hands-on reference details engineering, maintenance and operational procedures which may be applied to correct problems associated with "sick building syndrome," and generally to assure the safety and quality of indoor air. Among the solutions examined are retrofitting of VAV systems with IAQ sensors, use of desiccants to remove air contaminants, and new ventilation efficiency techniques. Guidelines for optimizing operation and maintenance in terms of their impact on indoor air quality are also provided. The techniques presented are those which can provide for the quality of air in indoor environments while not sacrificing energy efficiency. While emphasizing practical IAQ solutions which can be readily implemented in new as well as in older buildings, the author has also included a number of state-of-the-art techniques and new methods for which testing has only recently been completed.

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