industrial accelerators and their applications

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Industrial Accelerators And Their Applications

Author : Robert Wray Hamm
ISBN : 9789814307048
Genre : Science
File Size : 21. 63 MB
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This unique new book is a comprehensive review of the many current industrial applications of particle accelerators, written by experts in each of these fields. Readers will gain a broad understanding of the principles of these applications, the extent to which they are employed, and the accelerator technology utilized. The book also serves as a thorough introduction to these fields for non-experts and laymen. Due to the increased interest in industrial applications, there is a growing interest among accelerator physicists and many other scientists worldwide in understanding how accelerators are used in various applications. The government agencies that fund scientific research with accelerators are also seeking more information on the many commercial applications that have been or can be developed with the technology developments they are funding. Many industries are also doing more research on how they can improve their products or processes using particle beams

Industrial Accelerators And Their Applications

Author : Robert W Hamm
ISBN : 9789814434614
Genre :
File Size : 20. 60 MB
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This unique new book is a comprehensive review of the many current industrial applications of particle accelerators, written by experts in each of these fields. Readers will gain a broad understanding of the principles of these applications, the extent to which they are employed, and the accelerator technology utilized. The book also serves as a thorough introduction to these fields for non-experts and laymen. Due to the increased interest in industrial applications, there is a growing interest among accelerator physicists and many other scientists worldwide in understanding how accelerators are used in various applications. The government agencies that fund scientific research with accelerators are also seeking more information on the many commercial applications that have been or can be developed with the technology developments they are funding. Many industries are also doing more research on how they can improve their products or processes using particle beams Contents: Introduction to the Beam Business (Robert W Hamm and Marianne E Hamm)Ion Implantation for Fabrication of Semiconductor Devices and Materials (Michael I Current)Electron Beam Materials Processing (Donald E Powers)Electron Beam Materials Irradiators (Marshall R Cleland)Accelerator Production of Radionuclides (David J Schlyer and Thomas J Ruth)Industrial Aspects of Ion Beam Analysis (Ragnar Hellborg and Harry J Whitlow)Production and Applications of Neutrons Using Particle Accelerators (David L Chichester)Nondestructive Testing and Inspection Using Electron Linacs (William A Reed)Industrial Use of Synchrotron Radiation: Love at Second Sight (Josef Hormes and Jeffrey Warner) Readership: Physicists, engineers and practitioners in accelerator technology and applications.

Rf Linear Accelerators For Medical And Industrial Applications

Author : Samy Hanna
ISBN : 9781608070909
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 52. 46 MB
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This unique resource offers you a clear overview of medical and industrial accelerators. Using minimal mathematics, this book focuses on offering thorough explanations of basic concepts surrounding the operation of accelerators. You find well illustrated discussions designed to help you use accelerator-based systems in a safer, more productive, and more reliable manner. This practical book details the manufacturing process for producing accelerators for medical and industrial applications. You become knowledgeable about the commonly encountered real-world manufacturing issues and potential sources of defects which help you avoid costly production problems. From principles of operation and the role of accelerators in cancer radiation therapy, to manufacturing techniques and future trends in accelerator design and applications, this easy-to-comprehend volume quickly brings you up-to-speed with the critical concepts you need to understand for your work in the field.

Electrostatic Accelerators

Author : Ragnar Hellborg
ISBN : 9783540270959
Genre : Science
File Size : 28. 34 MB
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Electrostatic accelerators are an important and widespread subgroup within the broad spectrum of modern, large particle acceleration devices. They are specifically designed for applications that require high-quality ion beams in terms of energy stability and emittance at comparatively low energies (a few MeV). Their ability to accelerate virtually any kind of ion over a continuously tunable range of energies makes them a highly versatile tool for investigations in many research fields including, but not limited to, atomic and nuclear spectroscopy, heavy ion reactions, accelerator mass spectroscopy as well as ion-beam analysis and modification. The book is divided into three parts. The first part concisely introduces the field of accelerator technology and techniques that emphasize their major modern applications. The second part treats the electrostatic accelerator per se: its construction and operational principles as well as its maintenance. The third part covers all relevant applications in which electrostatic accelerators are the preferred tool for accelerator-based investigations. Since some topics are common to all types of accelerators, Electrostatic Accelerators will also be of value for those more familiar with other types of accelerators.

Particle Accelerators And Their Uses

Author : Waldemar H. Scharf
ISBN : 3718605341
Genre :
File Size : 64. 30 MB
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Industrial Electron Accelerators And Applications

Author : Evgenij A. Abramjan
ISBN : 3540188444
Genre : Electron accelerators
File Size : 48. 4 MB
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Beams of accelerated particles are of particular importance in researching the structure of matter, for example, the structure of elementary particles and nature of nuclear forces. The present book reviews the problems concerned both with generation of accelerated particles and with application of electron beams for exerting chemical, thermal and other effects on matter. The book is designed for experts specializing in designing and servicing electron accelerators or developing new production processes with the use of accelerated particles.

Reviews Of Accelerator Science And Technology

Author : Alexander W. Chao
ISBN : 9789814340380
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 31 MB
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Over the last half century we have witnessed tremendous progress in the production of high-quality photons by electrons in accelerators. This dramatic evolution has seen four generations of accelerators as photon sources. The 1st generation used the electron storage rings built primarily for high-energy physics experiments, and the synchrotron radiation from the bending magnets was used parasitically. The 2nd generation involved rings dedicated to synchrotron radiation applications, with the radiation again from the bending magnets. The 3rd generation, currently the workhorse of these photon sources, is dedicated advanced storage rings that employ not only bending magnets but also insertion devices (wigglers and undulators) as the source of the radiation. The 4th generation, which is now entering operation, is photon sources based on the free electron laser (FEL), an invention made in the early 1970s. Each generation yielded growths in brightness and time resolution that were unimaginable just a few years earlier. In particular, the progression from the 3rd to 4th generation is a true revolution; the peak brilliance of coherent soft and hard x-rays has increased by 7-10 orders of magnitude, and the image resolution has reached the angstrom (1  = 10-10 meters) and femto-second (1 fs = 10-15 second) scales. These impressive capabilities have fostered fundamental scientific advances and led to an explosion of numerous possibilities in many important research areas including material science, chemistry, molecular biology and the life sciences. Even more remarkably, this field of photon source invention and development shows no signs of slowing down. Studies have already been started on the next generation of x-ray sources, which would have a time resolution in the atto-second (1 as = 10-18 second) regime, comparable to the time of electron motion inside atoms. It can be fully expected that these photon sources will stand out among the most powerful future science research tools. The physics community as well as the entire scientific community will hear of many pioneering and groundbreaking research results using these sources in the coming years. This volume contains fifteen articles, all written by leading scientists in their respective fields. It is aimed at the designers, builders and users of accelerator-based photon sources as well as general audience who are interested in this topic.

Reviews Of Accelerator Science And Technology

Author : Alexander W Chao
ISBN : 9789814452793
Genre : Science
File Size : 33. 69 MB
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Since their debut in the late 1920s, particle accelerators have evolved into a backbone for the development of science and technology in modern society. Of about 30,000 accelerators at work in the world today, a majority is for applications in industry (about 20,000 systems worldwide). There are two major categories of industrial applications: materials processing and treatment, and materials analysis. Materials processing and treatment includes ion implantation (semi-conductor materials, metals, ceramics, etc.) and electron beam irradiation (sterilization of medical devices, food pasteurization, treatment of carcasses and tires, cross-linking of polymers, cutting and welding, curing of composites, etc.). Materials analysis covers ion beam analysis (IBA), non-destructive detection using photons and neutrons, as well as accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). All the products that are processed, treated and inspected using beams from particle accelerators are estimated to have a collective value of US$500 billion per annum worldwide. Accelerators are also applied for environment protection, such as purifying drinking water, treating waste water, disinfecting sewage sludge and removing pollutants from flue gases. Industrial accelerators continue to evolve, in terms of new applications, qualities and capabilities, and reduction of their costs. Breakthroughs are encountered whenever a new product is made, or an existing product becomes more cost effective. Their impact on our society continues to grow with the potential to address key issues in economics or the society of today. This volume contains fourteen articles, all authored by renowned scientists in their respective fields. Contents:Trends for Electron Beam Accelerator Applications in Industry (Sueo Machi)Ion Implantation for Semiconductor Doping and Materials Modification (Lawrence A Larson, Justin M Williams and Michael I Current)Ion Beam Analysis: A Century of Exploiting the Electronic and Nuclear Structure of the Atom for Materials Characterisation (Chris Jeynes, Roger P Webb and Annika Lohstroh)Neutrons and Photons in Non-Destructive Detection (J F Harmon, D P Wells and A W Hunt)Review of Cyclotrons for the Production of Radioactive Isotopes for Medical and Industrial Applications (Paul Schmor)Development of Accelerator Mass Spectrometry and Its Applications (Jiaer Chen, Zhiyu Guo, Kexin Liu and Liping Zhou)Electron Accelerators for Environment Protection (Andrzej G Chmielewski)Studying Radiation Damage in Structural Materials by Using Ion Accelerators (Peter Hosemann)Direct Current Accelerators for Industrial Applications (Ragnar Hellborg and Harry J Whitlow)Radio-Frequency Electron Accelerators for Industrial Applications (Marshall R Cleland)Accelerators for Neutron Generation and Their Applications (Guenter Mank, Guenter Bauer and Françoise Mulhauser)Prospects for Accelerator Technology (Alan Todd)CERN: From Birth to Success (Herwig Schopper)Simon van der Meer (1925–2011): A Modest Genius of Accelerator Science (Vinod C Chohan) Readership: Physicists and engineers in accelerator science and industry. Keywords:Particle Accelerators;Materials Processing and Treatment;Materials Analysis;Industrial Accelerators;LHC;EnvironmentReviews: "The book is a very helpful way to be introduced in the world of accelerators as powerful tools to carry out quite a big number of applications that play a significant role in common life." IL Nuovo Saggiatore

Reviews Of Accelerator Science And Technology

Author : Alex Chao
ISBN : 9789814383981
Genre : Science
File Size : 90. 72 MB
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Trends for electron beam accelerator applications in industry / Sueo Machi -- Ion implantation for semiconductor doping and materials modification / Lawrence A. Larson, Justin M. Williams and Michael I. Current -- Ion beam analysis: a century of exploiting the electronic and nuclear structure of the atom for materials characterisation / Chris Jeynes, Roger P. Webb and Annika Lohstroh -- Neutrons and photons in nondestructive detection / J. F. Harmon, D. P. Wells and A. W. Hunt -- Review of cyclotrons for the production of radioactive isotopes for medical and industrial applications / Paul Schmor -- Development of accelerator mass spectrometry and its applications / Jiaer Chen ... [et al.] -- Electron accelerators for environmental protection / Andrzej G. Chmielewski -- Studying radiation damage in structural materials by using ion accelerators / Peter Hosemann -- Direct current accelerators for industrial applications / Ragnar Hellborg and Harry J. Whitlow -- Radio-frequency electron accelerators for industrial applications / Marshall R. Cleland -- Accelerators for neutron generation and their applications / Guenter Mank, Guenter Bauer and Francoise Mulhauser -- Prospects for accelerator technology / Alan Todd -- CERN: from birth to success / Herwig Schopper -- Simon van der Meer (1925-2011): a modest genius of accelerator science / Vinod C. Chohan

Accelerator Physics Technology And Applications

Author : Alexander Wu Chao
ISBN : 9789814482998
Genre : Science
File Size : 48. 40 MB
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Originally invented for generating the first artificial nuclear reactions, particle accelerators have undergone, during the past 80 years, a fascinating development that is an impressive example of the inventiveness and perseverance of scientists and engineers. Since the early 1980s, accelerator science and technology has been booming. Today, accelerators are the prime tool for high energy physics to probe the structure of matter to an unknown depth. They are also, as synchrotron radiation sources, the most versatile tool for characterizing materials and processes and for producing micro- and nanostructured devices. The determination of the structure of large biomolecules is presently among the best examples of the application of synchrotron radiation. Finally, accelerators have grown more and more important for medicine, which is relying on them for advanced cancer therapy and radio-surgery. And there are more applications, including the generation of neutrons for materials science, the transmutation of nuclear waste with simultaneous production of electrical power, the sterilization of medical supplies and of foodstuff, and the inspection of trucks by customs or security services. This book is meant to provide basic training in modern accelerators for students, teachers, and interested scientists and engineers working in other fields. It is a result of the 3rd International Accelerator School, held in 2002 in Singapore under the auspices of the Overseas Chinese Physics Association (OCPA). Reputable experts, including a recent prize-winner, cover the field of cyclic and linear accelerators from the basic theoretical tools to forefront developments such as the X-ray free electron laser or the latest proton therapy facilities under construction. Accelerators, the art of building them, and the science for understanding their function have become a very exciting field of research. This book conveys the excitement of the experts to the reader. The proceedings have been selected for coverage in: • Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings® (ISTP® / ISI Proceedings) • Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (ISTP CDROM version / ISI Proceedings) • CC Proceedings — Engineering & Physical Sciences Contents:Particle Accelerators: An Introduction (C Zhang)A Guided Survey of Synchrotron Radiation Sources (H O Moser)Transverse Beam Dynamics: Linear Optics (Q Qin)Transverse Beam Dynamics: Closed Orbit Correction and Injection (C-C Kuo)Transverse Beam Dynamics: Dynamic Aperture (Q Qin)Longitudinal Beam Dynamics — Energy Oscillation in an Electron Storage Ring (Y Jin)Photoinjectors (I Ben-Zvi)Synchrotron Radiation (C T Lee)Lattice Design for Synchrotron Radiation Source Storage Rings (Y Jin)Spallation Neutron Source and Other High Intensity Proton Sources (W Chou)RF Electron Linac and Microton (S-H Wang)Collective Beam Effects in Storage Rings (Z Guo)Designing Superconducting Cavities for Accelerators (H Padamsee)Accelerator Magnets: Dipole, Quadrupole and Sextupole (C S Hwang)Emittance and Cooling (C T Lee)RF Systems for Light Source Storage Rings (Z T Zhao)Vacuum System (J R Chen)RFQ Design and Performance (J Fang)Insertion Devices: Wigglers and Undulators (C S Hwang)Medical and Industrial Applications of Electron Accelerators (Y Lin)High Gain Free Electron Lasers (L H Yu)Proton Therapy: Accelerator Aspects and Procedures (H-U Klein & D Krischel)Introduction to Synchrotron Radiation Applications (H O Moser et al.) Readership: Researchers, practitioners, academics and graduate students in accelerator physics. Keywords:Accelerator Physics;Particle Accelerators Synchrotron Radiation;Micro and Nanostructured Devices;Electron Laser X-Ray Free

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