industrial espionage and technology transfer britain and france in the eighteenth century

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Industrial Espionage And Technology Transfer

Author : John R Harris
ISBN : 9781351927772
Genre :
File Size : 74. 9 MB
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Britain and France were the leading industrial nations in 18th-century Europe. This book examines the rivalry which existed between the two nations and the methods used by France to obtain the skilled manpower and technology which had given Britain the edge - particularly in the new coal-based technologies. Despite the British Act of 1719 which outlawed industrial espionage and technology transfer, France continued to bring key industrial workers from Britain and to acquire British machinery and production methods. Drawing on a mass of unpublished archival material, this book investigates the nature and application of British laws and the involvement of some major British industrialists in these issues, and discusses the extent to which French espionage had any real success. In the process it presents an in-depth understanding of 18th-century economies, and the cultures and bureaucracies which were so important in shaping economic life. Above all, the late John Harris saw the history of industrial espionage as 'one means of restoring the thoughts and activities of human beings to the centre stage of industrial history'. These are the stories of individuals - Holkers, Trudaines, Wilkinsons, or Milnes - and their impact on the world.

An Administrative Bureau During The Old Regime

Author : Harold Talbot Parker
ISBN : 0874134676
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 26. 19 MB
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"This scholarly work throws light on the qualities of the French royal administration during the reign of Louis XVI, which was one of the most enduring legacies of the French monarchy to later regimes, and on the relations of that administration to the French economy and people." "In the Controller General's department, the Bureau of Commerce was the center of administrative thought about the relations of the French royal government to French industry. Through a flow-of-activity, flow-of-consciousness narrative, author Harold T. Parker seeks to discover and to communicate how the Bureau's four executive intendants of commerce, individually and collegially, operated during twenty-nine months in routine performance and in the management of two major crises: the mass mutiny of most French textile artisans against the Bureau's new textile regulations and the developing surge of British inventions, productivity, and competitiveness, especially in textiles and iron and steel." "This book thus bears on the nature of the royal administration on the eve of the French Revolution. It tends to confirm and illustrate the thesis advanced in other monographs that, except in the realm of financing the deficit, Louis XVI was a dutiful and reasonably successful administrative monarch. He appointed professionals to head his major administrative departments - War (Army), Navy, Foreign Affairs, and Controller-Generalcy. He himself did his part in hearing reports and reaching decisions, and together with his ministers and their subordinate civil servants he was restoring French strength in the army, navy, foreign affairs, and administrative/industrial effort." "Not only were the four intendants hampered by the two crises in industry but also by the encrusted legal legacy of multitudinous privileges of provinces, towns, clergy, nobles, semipublic agencies (Farmers General), and other ministerial departments. Nevertheless, in their own minds the intendants thought they were making solid advances toward the development of a balanced French economy." "The response of the French people, it seems, varied. Between the managers at the center of legal authority and power and the subordinate subjects the relationship was not necessarily one of automatic obedience to royal command. Rather there was often a gray zone of stalling and negotiation, always with the lurking possibility of successful defiance of any royal order." "Dr. Parker's study is also a quiet comment on how narrative history ought to be written. Most narrative historians purport to represent symbolically what actually happened - yet they introduce a degree of narrative order and abstraction that never existed. History is actually often meandering and frequently a surprise, and the narrative in this book tries to suggest that. The account is therefore rich both in what it says and in what it suggests."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Die Weltausstellung Von 1851 Und Ihre Folgen The Great Exhibition And Its Legacy

Author : Franz Bosbach
ISBN : 9783110960198
Genre : History
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Luxury And Pleasure In Eighteenth Century Britain

Author : Maxine Berg
ISBN : 9780199272082
Genre : History
File Size : 35. 68 MB
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Luxury and Pleasure in Eighteenth-Century Britain explores the invention, making, and buying of new, semi-luxury, and fashionable consumer goods during the eighteenth century. It follows these goods, from china tea ware to all sorts of metal ornaments such as candlesticks, cutlery, buckles, and buttons, as they were made and shopped for, then displayed in the private domestic settings of Britain's urban middling classes. It tells the stories and analyses the developmentsthat led from a global trade in Eastern luxuries beginning in the sixteenth century to the new global trade in British-made consumer goods by the end of the eighteenth century.These new products, regarded as luxuries by the rapidly growing urban and middling-class people of the eighteenth century, played an important part in helping to proclaim personal identities,and guide social interaction. Customers enjoyed shopping for them; they took pleasure in their beauty, ingenuity or convenience. All manner of new products appeared in shop windows; sophisticated mixed-media advertising seduced customers and created new wants. This unparalleled 'product revolution' provokedphilosophers and pundits to proclaim a 'new luxury', one that reached out to the middling and trading classes, unlike the elite and corrupt luxury of old.Luxury and Pleasure in Eighteenth-Century Britain is cultural history at its best, built on a fresh empirical base drawn directly from customs accounts, advertising material, company papers, and contemporary correspondence. Maxine Berg traces how this new consumer society of the eighteenth century and the products first traded, then invented to satisfy it, stimulated industrialization itself. Global markets for the consumer goods of private and domestic life inspired the industrialrevolution and British products 'won the world'.

Enzyklop Die Der Neuzeit

Author : Friedrich Jaeger
ISBN : 9783476000620
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 90. 41 MB
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So viel Neuzeit muss sein. 400 Jahre Geschichte der Neuzeit in einer Enzyklopädie - das ist einmalig! Wissenschaftler aus der ganzen Welt führen die Kenntnisse über das bedeutsame Zeitalter von der Mitte des 15. bis zur Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts in 16 reich illustrierten Bänden zusammen. Zeitgemäß neu. Die Enzyklopädie gründet auf einem neuen wissenschaftlichen Fundament. Sie liefert aktuelle Antworten auf die Kernfragen: Welche Ideen, Erfindungen und Ereignisse veränderten das Leben? Wie greifen politische, gesellschaftliche und ökonomische Entwicklungen ineinander? Welche großen kulturellen Strömungen kristallisieren sich heraus? Wie wandelte sich die Deutung historischer Ereignisse? Die Enzyklopädie mit Sogwirkung. Wer einmal die Enzyklopädie aufgeschlagen hat, will mehr wissen. Die einzelnen Artikel sind durch zahlreiche Querverweise miteinander verflochten. Wer ihnen folgt, erschließt überraschend neue Zusammenhänge.

The Bourgeois Revolution In France 1789 1815

Author : Henry Heller
ISBN : 1845451694
Genre : History
File Size : 32. 88 MB
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In the last generation the classic Marxist interpretation of the French Revolution has been challenged by the so-called revisionist school. The Marxist view that the Revolution was a bourgeois and capitalist revolution has been questioned by Anglo-Saxon revisionists like Alfred Cobban and William Doyle as well as a French school of criticism headed by Francois Furet. Today revisionism is the dominant interpretation of the Revolution both in the academic world and among the educated public. Against this conception, this book reasserts the view that the Revolution - the capital event of the modern age - was indeed a capitalist and bourgeois revolution. Based on an analysis of the latest historical scholarship as well as on knowledge of Marxist theories of the transition from feudalism to capitalism, the work confutes the main arguments and contentions of the revisionist school while laying out a narrative of the causes and unfolding of the Revolution from the eighteenth century to the Napoleonic Age.

Der Entfesselte Prometheus

Author : David S. Landes
ISBN : 3423044187
Genre :
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International Technology Transfer

Author : David J. Jeremy
ISBN : UOM:39015019850588
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 65. 42 MB
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Technology transfer is widely recognized as a principal means of relieving world poverty. In the absence of a comprehensive theory of transfer, developing countries must rely on the experience of their predecessors, that is on case studies of earlier transfers. This volume provides ten such case studies. Ranging over the period 1700 1914 and across Britain, France, Germany, Russia, the United States and Japan, the cases span technologies as diverse as textiles, iron and steel, railways, heavy chemicals, the telegraph, the telephone and electric lamp manufacture. While focused on a particular technology or range of technologies, each study examines one or more aspects of the transfer process: inhibiting factors in the originating society, vehicles and routes of transfer, conditions for successful adoption in a receptor economy, circumstances shaping modifications and benefits from reverse flows.

Ffentliche Wissenschaft

Author : Oliver Hochadel
ISBN : 3892446296
Genre : Electric power
File Size : 60. 67 MB
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Statistik In Bewegter Zeit

Author : Egon Hölder
ISBN : 3791006622
Genre : Statistics
File Size : 80. 7 MB
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