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Inside Cern S Large Hadron Collider From The Proton To The Higgs Boson

Author : Campanelli Mario
ISBN : 9789814656672
Genre : Science
File Size : 63. 66 MB
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The book aims to explain the historical development of particle physics, with special emphasis on CERN and collider physics. It describes in detail the LHC accelerator and its detectors, describing the science involved as well as the sociology of big collaborations, culminating with the discovery of the Higgs boson. Readers are led step-by-step to understanding why we do particle physics, as well as the tools and problems involved in the field. It provides an insider's view on the experiments at the Large Hadron Collider.

The Large Hadron Collider

Author : Lyndon R. Evans
ISBN : 2940222347
Genre : Hadron colliders
File Size : 22. 22 MB
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Design Study Of The Large Hadron Collider Lhc

Author : LHC Study Group
ISBN : 9290830344
Genre : Science
File Size : 27. 39 MB
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Discovery Of The Higgs Boson

Author : Aleandro Nisati
ISBN : 9789814425469
Genre : Science
File Size : 68. 42 MB
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The recent observation of the Higgs boson has been hailed as the scientific discovery of the century and led to the 2013 Nobel Prize in physics. This book describes the detailed science behind the decades-long search for this elusive particle at the Large Electron Positron Collider at CERN and at the Tevatron at Fermilab and its subsequent discovery and characterization at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. Written by physicists who played leading roles in this epic search and discovery, this book is an authoritative and pedagogical exposition of the portrait of the Higgs boson that has emerged from a large number of experimental measurements. As the first of its kind, this book should be of interest to graduate students and researchers in particle physics.

The High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider

Author : Oliver Brüning
ISBN : 9789814675475
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 56 MB
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This book provides a broad introduction to the physics and technology of the High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC). This new configuration of the LHC is one of the major accelerator projects for the next 20 years and will give new life to the LHC after its first 15-year operation. Not only will it allow more precise measurements of the Higgs boson and of any new particles that might be discovered in the next LHC run, but also extend the mass limit reach for detecting new particles. The HL-LHC is based on the innovative accelerator magnet technologies capable of generating 11–13 Tesla fields, with effectiveness enhanced by use of the new Achromatic Telescopic Squeezing scheme, and other state-of-the-art accelerator technologies, such as superconducting compact RF crab cavities, advanced collimation concepts, and novel power technology based on high temperature superconducting links. The book consists of a series of chapters touching on all issues of technology and design, and each chapter can be read independently. The first few chapters give a summary of the whole project, of the physics motivation and of the accelerator challenges. The subsequent chapters cover the novel technologies, the new configurations of LHC and of its injectors as well as the expected operational implications. Altogether, the book brings the reader to the heart of technologies for the leading edge accelerator and gives insights into next generation hadron colliders.

Large Hadron Collider Phenomenology

Author : M. Kramer
ISBN : 1420034081
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 26 MB
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With the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) under construction and due to come online in 2007, it is appropriate to engage in a focused review on LHC phenomenology. At a time when most of the experimental effort is centered on detector construction and software development, it is vitally important to direct the experimental community and, in particular, new researchers on the physics phenomena expected from the LHC. Large Hadron Collider Phenomenology covers the capabilities of LHC, from searches for the Higgs boson and physics beyond the standard model to detailed studies of quantum chromodynamics, the B-physics sectors, and the properties of hadronic matter at high energy density as realized in heavy-ion collisions. Written by experienced researchers and experimentalists, this reference examines the basic properties and potentials of the machine, detectors, and software required for physics analyses. The book starts with a basic introduction to the standard model and its applications to the phenomena observed at high energy collisions. Later chapters describe the key technological challenges facing the construction of the LHC machine, the operating detectors of the LHC, and the vast computing grid needed to analyze the data. In the final sections, the contributors discuss the quark-gluon plasma (QGP), explore questions and predictions for the LHC program, and examine the physics opportunities of the LHC using information from the forward region. By surveying the difficult challenges of the LHC development while also assessing the novel processes that the LHC will perform, Large Hadron Collider Phenomenology aids less seasoned physicists as well as existing researchers in discovering the numerous possibilities of the LHC.

The Large Hadron Collider

Author : Andrew J Millington
ISBN : 9781786341396
Genre : Science
File Size : 21. 95 MB
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When the discovery of the Higgs Boson at CERN hit the headlines in 2012, the world was stunned by this achievement of modern science. Less well appreciated, however, were the many ways in which this benefited wider society. The Large Hadron Collider — The Greatest Adventure in Town charts a path through the cultural, economic and medical gains of modern particle physics. It illustrates these messages through the ATLAS experiment at CERN, one of the two big experiments which found the Higgs particle. Moving clear of in-depth physics analysis, it draws on the unparalleled curiosity about particle physics aroused by the Higgs discovery, and relates it to developments familiar in the modern world, including the Internet, its successor "The Grid", and the latest cancer treatments. In this book, advances made from developing the 27 kilometre particle accelerator and its detectors are presented with the benefit of first hand interviews and are extensively illustrated throughout. Interviewees are leading physicists including successive heads of ATLAS, a top historian of science, a highly original economic strategist, a Nobel Prize-winning geneticist and President of the Royal Society in London, and experts in many other fields. These informative and entertaining insights provide both specialists and non-specialists alike with a unique window into the world of modern international research and its often surprising consequences, as exemplified by the ATLAS experiment. The narrative reveals the extent and style of international collaboration necessary to achieve success, and how big companies as well as start-ups enhance their products in the process.

Reviews Of Accelerator Science And Technology

Author : Alexander W Chao
ISBN : 9789814462020
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 30 MB
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Over the last half century we have witnessed tremendous progress in the production of high-quality photons by electrons in accelerators. This dramatic evolution has seen four generations of accelerators as photon sources. The 1st generation used the electron storage rings built primarily for high-energy physics experiments, and the synchrotron radiation from the bending magnets was used parasitically. The 2nd generation involved rings dedicated to synchrotron radiation applications, with the radiation again from the bending magnets. The 3rd generation, currently the workhorse of these photon sources, is dedicated advanced storage rings that employ not only bending magnets but also insertion devices (wigglers and undulators) as the source of the radiation. The 4th generation, which is now entering operation, is photon sources based on the free electron laser (FEL), an invention made in the early 1970s. Each generation yielded growths in brightness and time resolution that were unimaginable just a few years earlier. In particular, the progression from the 3rd to 4th generation is a true revolution; the peak brilliance of coherent soft and hard x-rays has increased by 7-10 orders of magnitude, and the image resolution has reached the angstrom (1 Å = 10-10 meters) and femto-second (1 fs = 10-15 second) scales. These impressive capabilities have fostered fundamental scientific advances and led to an explosion of numerous possibilities in many important research areas including material science, chemistry, molecular biology and the life sciences. Even more remarkably, this field of photon source invention and development shows no signs of slowing down. Studies have already been started on the next generation of x-ray sources, which would have a time resolution in the atto-second (1 as = 10-18 second) regime, comparable to the time of electron motion inside atoms. It can be fully expected that these photon sources will stand out among the most powerful future science research tools. The physics community as well as the entire scientific community will hear of many pioneering and groundbreaking research results using these sources in the coming years. This volume contains fifteen articles, all written by leading scientists in their respective fields. It is aimed at the designers, builders and users of accelerator-based photon sources as well as general audience who are interested in this topic. Contents:Invention of the Free Electron Laser (J M J Madey)Photon Science at Accelerator-Based Light Sources (J R Schneider)Electromagnetic Radiation in Accelerator Physics (G Stupakov)Storage Ring Light Sources (Z T Zhao)Low-Gain Free Electron Lasers (N Vinokurov)Soft and Hard X-Ray SASE Free Electron Lasers (S Schreiber)Energy Recovery Linacs for Light Sources (R Hajima)Compton Sources of Electromagnetic Radiation (G A Krafft & G Priebe)Accelerator-Based Sources of Infrared and Terahertz Radiation (A-S Müller)The Next Generation of X-Ray Sources (C Pellegrini)Undulators and Other Insertion Devices (E Levichev & N Vinokurov)High Performance Electron Injectors (M Ferrario & T Shintake)Electron-Beam-Based Sources of Ultra-Short X-Ray Pulses (A Zholents)The Large Hadron Collider from Conception to Commissioning: A Personal Recollection (L Evans)G I Budker: Brilliant Physicist, Great Scientific Leader (A N Skrinsky) Readership: Physicists and engineers in accelerator science. Keywords:Free Electron Laser;Photon Sources;Hadron Colliders;Light Sources;Electromagnetic Radiation

The Large Hadron Collider

Author : Thomas Schörner-Sadenius
ISBN : 9783319150017
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 14 MB
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This comprehensive volume summarizes and structures the multitude of results obtained at the LHC in its first running period and draws the grand picture of today’s physics at a hadron collider. Topics covered are Standard Model measurements, Higgs and top-quark physics, flavour physics, heavy-ion physics, and searches for supersymmetry and other extensions of the Standard Model. Emphasis is placed on overview and presentation of the lessons learned. Chapters on detectors and the LHC machine and a thorough outlook into the future complement the book. The individual chapters are written by teams of expert authors working at the forefront of LHC research.

A Zeptospace Odyssey A Journey Into The Physics Of The Lhc

Author : Gian Francesco Giudice
ISBN : 9780199581917
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 79 MB
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This book provides an everyman's guide for understanding and following the discoveries that will soon take place at the famous Large Hadron Collider experiments at CERN. The material is presented accurately yet accessibly, and the book is infectious in its enthusiasm for the project.

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