integration of modern taxonomic methods for penicillium and aspergillus classification

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Integration Of Modern Taxonomic Methods For Penicillium And Aspergillus Classification

Author : Robert A. Samson
ISBN : 9781482284188
Genre : Medical
File Size : 56. 45 MB
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Many species of penicillium and aspergillus are important in biotechnology, food, medicine, biodeterioration and other applied fields, so a practical and stable taxonomy is of vital importance. Recent developments in science and technology mean that taxonomic classification is no longer confined to classical morphological concepts, and the integration of molecular, physiological and biochemical methods now plays an important role in understanding the classification of these fungi. Integration of Modern Taxonomic Methods for Penicillium and Aspergillus Classification brings together a collection of chapters from international experts in this field. It will be of value to researchers and professionals in mycology, biotechnology, medicine and regulatory agencies interested in the identification of these fungi.

Aspergillus

Author : Masayuki Machida
ISBN : 9781904455530
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 43 MB
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The aspergilli are a fascinating group of fungi exhibiting immense ecological and metabolic diversity. These include notorious pathogens such as Aspergillus flavus, which produces aflatoxin, one of the most potent, naturally occurring, compounds known to man. Conversely, also included are other fungi, such as A. oryzae, involved in the industrial production of soy sauce and sake, or A. niger, used for the production of citric acid and enzymes, such as glucose oxidase and lysozyme. Such is the interest in Aspergillus that, to date, the sequences of fifteen different Aspergillus genomes have been determined, providing scientists with an exciting resource to improve the understanding of Aspergillus molecular genomics and acting as a spring board for mining for new metabolites and novel genes of industrial or medical importance. In this book, leading Aspergillus researchers review and summarize the most important aspects of Aspergillus molecular biology and genomics. The book opens with a fascinating overview of the genus Aspergillus. This is followed by in-depth reviews of: the Aspergillus molecular systematics * comparative genomics * bioinformatics and systems biology of Aspergillus * transcriptional regulation * genetics and genomics of sexual development of A. nidulans * genomics and secondary metabolism * ecology * development and gene regulation in A. flavus * functional systems biology * and novel industrial applications of A. oryzae genomics.

Taxonomy Of Mycotoxigenic Fungi

Author : Girisham, S
ISBN : 9789386102232
Genre : Mycotoxicoses
File Size : 58. 54 MB
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Mycotoxins, toxic metabolites of molds elaborated during their colonization of foods and feeds, pose a threat to human and animal life. Molds are the diverse group of fungi, which grow in compatatively dry and warm environments, produce copious amount of spores and promote the elaboration of these mycotoxins. Mycotoxigenic fungi, which are unique their sporulating apparatus and exhibit wide variation in their morphology, poses a challenge in their identification. There are numerous examples of their misidentification leading to wrong conclusions. Precise information on taxonomy of these fungi is lacking. Therefore, this book fulfills the need of providing comprehensive information and keys helpful for the accurate identification of these moulds. The book also provides comprehensive account of morphology, mycotoxins produced and factors leading to the elaboration of mycotoxins. Information on their molecular detection, anamorphic and teleomorphic relationships is also included.

Molecular Markers In Mycology

Author : Bhim Pratap Singh
ISBN : 9783319341064
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 80 MB
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The Kingdom fungi encompass a massive diversity of taxa with wide-ranging ecologies, life cycles, and morphologies ranging from unicellular aquatic chytrids to large mushrooms. Before molecular methods came in existence, taxonomists considered this Kingdom to be a member of the plant kingdom due to certain life styles like immobility and growth habitats. Molecular markers (also known as DNA markers), facilitated a better alternative method over traditional morphological methods, employed for the identification, characterization, and to understand the evolution of fungi. The morphological methods used for identification are mainly dependent on spore color or microscopic features whereas molecular markers are based on DNA polymorphism in the genomic organization. Phylogenetic studies reported in last decade, based on molecular markers, have reshaped the classification system of Kingdom fungi, which divided into one subkingdom, seven phyla, and ten subphyla. Recent advances in molecular mycology have opened the way for researchers to identify and characterize novel fungal species from unique environments. Mycology is concerned with the systematic study of fungi, including their genetic and biochemical properties, their use to humans as a source of medicine and food, as well as their dangers, such as poisoning and infections. In the 21st century with the development of DNA sequencing technologies and phylogenetic analysis based on molecular markers, new insights into fungal taxonomy were provided. This book contains a thorough discussion of molecular characterization and detection of different groups of fungi by using PCR-based markers and provides a comprehensive view of the applications and uses of different molecular markers in molecular mycology. It also addresses the recent molecular markers employed to solve the problems of identification and discusses current approaches used in molecular characterization and detection of fungi.

Aspergillus Fumigatus

Author : Axel A. Brakhage
ISBN : 9783805567145
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 58 MB
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Aspergillus fumigatus has become one of the most important fungal human pathogens in industrialized countries. It causes different diseases like allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, aspergilloma, and invasive aspergillosis depending on the underlying disease as well as the immunological status of the host. A. fumigatus is today one of the most threatening aerial fungal pathogens because nosocomially acquired invasive aspergillosis typically occurs in the treatment setting for hematological malignancy. With the increasing number of immuno-compromised individuals such as AIDS and cancer patients or transplant recipients, systemic Aspergillus infections are often life-threatening with a very high mortality rate even after anti-mycotic therapy. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the classical and molecular techniques used in the isolation, analysis, diagnosis, and the identification of potential virulence factors of A. fumigatus. The pathogenesis and clinical presentation, the epidemiology and the therapy of A. fumigatus infections are discussed extensively. Compiling the most up-to-date information available, this volume will be a useful reference source for both clinical investigators and basic research scientists.

Fundamentals Of Mold Growth In Indoor Environments And Strategies For Healthy Living

Author : Olaf C. G. Adan
ISBN : 9789086867226
Genre : NATURE
File Size : 55. 58 MB
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Today, indoor mold and moisture, and their associated health effects, are a society-wide problem. The economic consequences of indoor mold and moisture are enormous. Their global dimension has been emphasized in several recent international publications, stressing that the most important means for avoiding adverse health effects is the prevention (or minimization) of persistent dampness and microbial growth on interior surfaces and in building structures.This book aims to describe the fundamentals of indoor mold growth as a prerequisite to tackle mold growth in the existing building stock as well as in future energy efficient buildings. It brings together different disciplinary points of view on indoor mold, ranging from physics and material science to microbiology and health sciences. The contents have been outlined according to three main issues: Fundamentals, particularly addressing the crucial roles of water and materials, Health, including a state-of-the-art description of the health-related effects of indoor molds, and Strategies, integrating remediation, prevention and policies.

Biological Control Programmes In Canada 1981 2000

Author : Peter G. Mason
ISBN : 9780851995274
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 52. 93 MB
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This book summarizes the biological control programmes in Canada since 1981. The book includes three chapters on the relationships of invasive species, pesticides and taxonomy to biological control, and contains sections on insects and mites (55 chapters, including crop pests, forest pests, public health pests and livestock pests), weeds (25 chapters), and pathogens (19 chapters). Some emphasis is given on pathogens and nematodes either as targets for control or as biological control agents acting directly as hyperparasites or pathogens, or indirectly as antagonists competing successfully for the same resources as the target pest. Appendices provide details of noteworthy publications on biological control from 1981-2000 and Canadian suppliers of biological control organisms .

Biodiversity Of Fungi

Author : Sunil K. Deshmukh
ISBN : 1578083680
Genre : Science
File Size : 59. 10 MB
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Fungi are the largest group among living organisms after insects. The total fungal species is estimated to be 1.5 million, of which 72,000 have been reported and ~1500 are added every year. Fungi are used in various biotechnological applications such as in the pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries, in bioremediation, biological control, as natural scavengers, for recycling of elements, dyes, etc. This book attempts to cover the various aspects of fungi. This book will add substantially to the knowledge of fungal diversity and its applications in specific areas and bring the information under one umbrella.

Penicillium Subgenus Penicillium

Author : Robert A. Samson
ISBN : 9070351536
Genre : Electronic books
File Size : 57. 77 MB
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Advances In Penicillium And Aspergillus Systematics

Author : Robert Samson
ISBN : 9781475718560
Genre : Science
File Size : 21. 61 MB
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