intellectual property rights and competition in standard setting objectives and tensions routledge research in intellectual property

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Intellectual Property Rights And Competition In Standard Setting

Author : Valerio Torti
ISBN : 9781317376644
Genre : Law
File Size : 45. 68 MB
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Competition and intellectual property rights (IPRs) are both necessary for a market to work efficiently and to promote consumer welfare. Properly applied, intellectual property rules define a legal framework which allows undertakings to profit from their inventions. This in turn encourages competition among firms and enhances dynamic efficiency, to the benefit of consumer welfare. Standard setting represents one of the fields where the interaction between competition law and IPRs clearly comes to light. The collaborative goal of standard setting organizations (SSOs) is to adopt and promote standards that either do not conflict with anyone’s right or, if they do, are developed under condition that patents are licensed under defined terms. This book examines the tension between IPRs and competition in the standard setting field which can arise when innovators over-exploit the rights they have been granted and hold up an entire industry. The book compares EU and U.S. jurisdictions with a particular focus on the IT and telecommunication sectors. It scrutinizes those practices which could harm standard setting and its goals, looking at misleading conducts by SSOs’ members which may lead to breach the EU and U.S. antitrust provisions on abuse of market power. Recent developments in EU and U.S. standard setting are analysed highlighting the differences in enforcement approaches. The book considers how the optimal balance between IPRs and industry standards can be struck, suggesting a policy model which takes into account both innovators’ interests and SSOs’ goals.

Intellectual Property Policy Law And Administration In Africa

Author : Caroline B. Ncube
ISBN : 9781317589952
Genre : Law
File Size : 83. 3 MB
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This book examines the harmonisation of Intellectual Property (IP) policy, law and administration in Africa. Two recent developments have brought this topic to the fore. The first is the escalation of long-standing efforts to establish a Pan-African Intellectual Property Organisation (PAIPO), a continental initiative. The second is the current sub-regional attempt to operationalise the IP provisions of the Southern African Development Community (SADC)’s Protocol on Trade (articles 9b and 24) and its Protocol on Science, Technology and Innovation (article 2m). Intellectual Property Policy, Law and Administration in Africa discusses the viability of such initiatives with particular reference to the current socio-economic status of Africa’s nations. With a view to contributing to future developments in Africa at both a continental and sub-regional level, the author considers this issue through the lens of advancing the public interest in IP. Ncube argues that harmonisation initiatives ought to be crafted in a way that is supportive of the development aspirations of African states. Consequently, she urges due consideration of individual states’ unique conditions and aspirations in any harmonisation venture, a necessity outlined in article 7 of the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights. This book will be of great relevance to scholars and policy makers with an interest in IP law and African law in general.

Rethinking Intellectual Property

Author : Gustavo Ghidini
ISBN : 9781783478019
Genre : LAW
File Size : 40. 85 MB
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Intellectual property law is built on constitutional foundations and is underpinned by the twin freedoms of freedom of expression and freedom of economic enterprise. In this thoughtful evaluation, Gustavo Ghidini offers up a reconstruction of the core features of each intellectual property paradigm, including patents, copyright, and trademarks, suggesting measures for reform to allow intellectual property to become socially beneficial for all.

Das Schwarzbuch Des Globalisierten Verbrechens

Author : Moisés Naím
ISBN : 3492248519
Genre :
File Size : 79. 14 MB
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Science Public Policy

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015081522867
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 87 MB
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Nutzergenerierte Inhalte Als Gegenstand Des Privatrechts

Author : Henning Große Ruse-Khan
ISBN : 9783642124112
Genre : Law
File Size : 29. 48 MB
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Nutzergenerierte Inhalte im Internet gewinnen immer mehr an Bedeutung und stellen das Recht täglich vor neue Herausforderungen. In Blogs, Wikis und Videoportalen wie YouTube und MyVideo, aber auch in sozialen Netzwerken wie MySpace interagieren Nutzer und schaffen Inhalte. Damit legen sie zunehmend die Rolle des passiven Rezipienten ab und werden zum Produzenten. Die Autoren gehen den urheberrechtlichen, kollisionsrechtlichen und haftungsrechtlichen Fragen auf den Grund, die sich rund um das Thema nutzergenerierte Inhalte ergeben.

Public Policy In International Economic Law

Author : Diane Desierto
ISBN : 9780191026485
Genre : Law
File Size : 24. 88 MB
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States reject inequality when they choose to ratify the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), but to date the ICESCR has not yet figured prominently in the policy calculus behind States' international economic decisions. This book responds to the modern challenge of operationalizing the ICESCR, particularly in the context of States' decisions within international trade, finance, and investment. Differentiating between public policy mechanisms and institutional functional mandates in the international trade, finance, and investment systems, this book shows legal and policy gateways for States to feasibly translate their fundamental duties to respect, protect, and fulfil economic, social and cultural rights into their trade, finance, and investment commitments, agreements, and contracts. It approaches the problem of harmonizing social protection objectives under the ICESCR with a State's international economic treaty obligations, from the designing and interpreting international treaty texts, up to the institutional monitoring and empirical analysis of ICESCR compliance. In examining public policy options, the book takes into account around five decades of States' implementation of social protection commitments under the ICESCR; its normative evolution through the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the Committee's expanded fact-finding and adjudicative competences under the Optional Protocol to the ICESCR; as well as the critical, dialectical, and deliberative roles of diverse functional interpretive communities within international trade, finance, and investment law. Ultimately, the book shoes how States' ICESCR commitments operate as the normative foundation of their trade, finance, and investment decisions.

Freie Kultur

Author : Lawrence Lessig
ISBN : 3937514155
Genre :
File Size : 61. 15 MB
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Der Europ Ische Investitionsschutz F R Datenbanken Vor Dem Hintergrund Internationaler Abkommen

Author : Henning Große Ruse- Khan
ISBN : 3631526970
Genre : Databases
File Size : 47. 44 MB
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Die EU-Datenbankrichtlinie macht die Gewahrung des Investitionsschutzrechtes <I>sui generis davon abhangig, dass der jeweilige Datenbankhersteller hinreichende Anknupfungspunkte zu einem Mitgliedsstaat der EU vorweisen kann. Andernfalls werden drittlandische Hersteller nur auf der Basis materieller Gegenseitigkeit geschutzt. Dieser Ruckgriff auf das im internationalen Immaterialguterrecht oft als uberholt bezeichnete Prinzip der Gegenseitigkeit ist vielfach kritisiert und als Verstoss gegen internationale Vertrage beurteilt worden. Die Arbeit geht diesen Vorwurfen nach und untersucht verschiedene Moglichkeiten, den Rechtsschutz <I>sui generis urheberrechtlich, wettbewerbsrechtlich und handelsrechtlich in das internationale Gefuge einzuordnen. Hieraus ergeben sich eine Vielzahl weitergehender Fragen zur Auslegungskompetenz nationaler oder internationaler Stellen und zum Verhaltnis der unterschiedlichen Konventionen zueinander sowie zum nationalen Recht."

Geistiges Eigentum Und Gemeinfreiheit

Author : Ansgar Ohly
ISBN : 3161494695
Genre : Law
File Size : 30. 5 MB
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English summary: The contributions to this volume analyze the delicate balance between the need for effective protection of intellectual property rights and the public interest in access to information and in free competition. From the perspective of constitutional law, economic theory, patent law, copyright law, trade mark law and competition law, the authors investigate whether the currently existing system of national, European and international intellectual property law adequately balances rights owners' interests and the public interest in a general access to information. German description: Dieser Band enthalt die Vortrage, die auf dem Eroffnungssymposium des Bayreuther DFG-Graduiertenkollegs Geistiges Eigentum und Gemeinfreiheit im Mai 2006 gehalten wurden. Die Autoren befassen sich aus verfassungsrechtlicher, okonomischer und zivilrechtlicher Perspektive mit dem Spannungsverhaltnis, das zwischen dem Interesse von Erfindern und Kreativen am effektiven Schutz ihres geistigen Eigentums und den Zugangsinteressen der Allgemeinheit besteht. Nach einer Einfuhrung, die wesentliche Gedanken des Symposiums zusammenfasst und in die aktuelle Diskussion einordnet, werden okonomische und verfassungsrechtliche Grundlagen untersucht. Uberlegt wird, ob das heutige Urheberrechtssystem noch zeitgemass ist und welche Perspektiven sich im europaischen Patentrecht abzeichnen. Das Verhaltnis zwischen Marken- und Lauterkeitsrecht bestimmen zwei Beitrage mit unterschiedlichen Akzenten. Inwieweit das internationale Recht des geistigen Eigentums einer Erganzung durch ein internationales Kartellrecht bedarf, wird abschliessend erortert.

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