intellectual property rights and competition in standard setting objectives and tensions routledge research in intellectual property

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Intellectual Property Rights And Competition In Standard Setting

Author : Valerio Torti
ISBN : 9781317376644
Genre : Law
File Size : 39. 8 MB
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Competition and intellectual property rights (IPRs) are both necessary for a market to work efficiently and to promote consumer welfare. Properly applied, intellectual property rules define a legal framework which allows undertakings to profit from their inventions. This in turn encourages competition among firms and enhances dynamic efficiency, to the benefit of consumer welfare. Standard setting represents one of the fields where the interaction between competition law and IPRs clearly comes to light. The collaborative goal of standard setting organizations (SSOs) is to adopt and promote standards that either do not conflict with anyone’s right or, if they do, are developed under condition that patents are licensed under defined terms. This book examines the tension between IPRs and competition in the standard setting field which can arise when innovators over-exploit the rights they have been granted and hold up an entire industry. The book compares EU and U.S. jurisdictions with a particular focus on the IT and telecommunication sectors. It scrutinizes those practices which could harm standard setting and its goals, looking at misleading conducts by SSOs’ members which may lead to breach the EU and U.S. antitrust provisions on abuse of market power. Recent developments in EU and U.S. standard setting are analysed highlighting the differences in enforcement approaches. The book considers how the optimal balance between IPRs and industry standards can be struck, suggesting a policy model which takes into account both innovators’ interests and SSOs’ goals.

Intellectual Property Policy Law And Administration In Africa

Author : Caroline B. Ncube
ISBN : 9781317589952
Genre : Law
File Size : 28. 84 MB
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This book examines the harmonisation of Intellectual Property (IP) policy, law and administration in Africa. Two recent developments have brought this topic to the fore. The first is the escalation of long-standing efforts to establish a Pan-African Intellectual Property Organisation (PAIPO), a continental initiative. The second is the current sub-regional attempt to operationalise the IP provisions of the Southern African Development Community (SADC)’s Protocol on Trade (articles 9b and 24) and its Protocol on Science, Technology and Innovation (article 2m). Intellectual Property Policy, Law and Administration in Africa discusses the viability of such initiatives with particular reference to the current socio-economic status of Africa’s nations. With a view to contributing to future developments in Africa at both a continental and sub-regional level, the author considers this issue through the lens of advancing the public interest in IP. Ncube argues that harmonisation initiatives ought to be crafted in a way that is supportive of the development aspirations of African states. Consequently, she urges due consideration of individual states’ unique conditions and aspirations in any harmonisation venture, a necessity outlined in article 7 of the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights. This book will be of great relevance to scholars and policy makers with an interest in IP law and African law in general.

Rethinking Intellectual Property

Author : Gustavo Ghidini
ISBN : 9781783478019
Genre : LAW
File Size : 64. 9 MB
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Intellectual property law is built on constitutional foundations and is underpinned by the twin freedoms of freedom of expression and freedom of economic enterprise. In this thoughtful evaluation, Gustavo Ghidini offers up a reconstruction of the core features of each intellectual property paradigm, including patents, copyright, and trademarks, suggesting measures for reform to allow intellectual property to become socially beneficial for all.

Organizational Behaviour In Sport

Author : James Skinner
ISBN : 9781136476747
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 90. 50 MB
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What makes a sport enterprise successful? How can managers working in sport improve organizational effectiveness through strategic behaviour management? This comprehensive and accessible textbook addresses these important questions and examines the theories that underpin organizational analysis in sport. Helping both students and practitioners to understand the different types of behaviour that occur within a sports enterprise, it also demonstrates how to develop ways of managing behaviour more effectively for the benefit of all stakeholders. The book explores behaviour on individual, interpersonal, group and whole-organization levels, and presents an evidence-based framework for analysis built around key concepts such as: Change and culture Leadership Motivation, rewards and incentives Power and influence Conflict, disputes and grievances Equity, diversity and inclusion. With international case studies, learning objectives, review questions and guides to further reading included in every chapter, no other textbook develops critical skills or an awareness of ethical issues in such detail and depth. Organizational Behaviour in Sport is essential reading for all students and practitioners working in sport, leisure or recreation management.

Information Feudalism

Author : Peter Drahos
ISBN : 1853839175
Genre : Law
File Size : 53. 77 MB
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Based on extensive interviews with key players, this text shows how the "knowledge economy" is making serfs of everyone bar a few multinational companies. The authors argue that in the globalized information society, the rich have found new ways to rob the poor, using intellectual property rules. Authors from ANU.

Biodiversity Genetic Resources And Intellectual Property

Author : Kamalesh Adhikari
ISBN : 9781351580335
Genre : Law
File Size : 56. 17 MB
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Debates about Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) have moved on in recent years. An initial focus on the legal obligations established by international agreements like the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity and the form of obligations for collecting physical biological materials have now moved to a far more complex series of disputes and challenges about the ways ABS should be implemented and enforced: repatriation of resources, technology transfer, traditional knowledge and cultural expressions; open access to information and knowledge, naming conventions, farmers’ rights, new schemes for accessing pandemic viruses and sharing DNA sequences, and so on. Unfortunately, most of this debate is now crystallised into apparently intractable discussions such as implementing the certificates of origin, recognising traditional knowledge and traditional cultural expression as a form of intellectual property, and sovereignty for Indigenous peoples. Not everything in this new marketplace of ABS has been created de novo. Like most new entrants, ABS has disrupted existing legal and governance arrangements. This collection of chapters examines what is new, what has been changed, and what might be changed in response to the growing acceptance and prevalence of ABS of genetic resources. Biodiversity, Genetic Resources and Intellectual Property: Developments in Access and Benefit Sharing of Genetic Resources addresses current issues arising from recent developments in the enduring and topical debates about managing genetic resources through the ABS regime. The book explores key historical, doctrinal, and theoretical issues in the field, at the same time developing new ideas and perspectives around ABS. It shows the latest state of knowledge and will be of interest to researchers, academics, policymakers, and students in the fields of intellectual property, governance, biodiversity and conservation, sustainable development, and agriculture.

Managing Sport Development

Author : Emma Sherry
ISBN : 9781317622963
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 37. 58 MB
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Sport development has become a significant part of the international sport industry. The development of sport (creating pathways for participation and talent development) and sport for development (using sport as a tool to achieve outcomes beyond sport) are now fundamental aspects of the organisation and governance of sport around the world. Consequently, any manager working in sport today needs to understand what sport development is and how sport development programs can be managed, implemented and evaluated. This is the first undergraduate textbook to offer a complete introduction to sport development, covering theory and its application to managerial practice, with examples from international contexts. The book integrates discussion of the development of sport and sport for development in every chapter, with international case studies to illustrate the significance and application of both. Each chapter introduces key theory, examines the implications of theory for practice and critically analyses practical managerial issues. Discussion of both able-bodied and disability sport are embedded throughout, and the book includes a range of useful features to aid understanding, such as learning objectives, real world data and examples, key terms, review questions, and a companion website containing slides and a test bank for instructors. Managing Sport Development is an essential text for any introductory sport development course, and invaluable reading for any course on international sport management, sport policy, sport governance, sport and social issues, or coach education.

The Routledge Companion To Human Resource Development

Author : Rob F. Poell
ISBN : 9781136727139
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 60. 90 MB
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The field of Human Resource Development (HRD) has grown in prominence as an independent discipline from its roots in both management and education since the 1980s. There has been continual debate about the boundaries of HRD ever since. Drawing on a wide and respected international contributor base and with a focus on international markets, this book provides a thematic overview of current knowledge in HRD across the globe. The text is separated into nine sections which explore the origins of the field, adjacent and related fields, theoretical approaches, policy perspectives, interventions, core issues and concerns, HRD as a profession, HRD around the world, and emerging topics and future trends. An epilogue rounds off the volume by considering the present and future states of the discipline, and suggesting areas for further research. The Routledge Companion to Human Resource Development is an essential resource for researchers, students and HRD professionals alike.

Internet And Society

Author : Christian Fuchs
ISBN : 9781135898823
Genre : Computers
File Size : 69. 74 MB
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In this exceptional study, Christian Fuchs discusses how the internet has transformed the lives of human beings and social relationships in contemporary society. By outlining a social theory of the internet and the information society, he demonstrates how the ecological, economic, political, and cultural systems of contemporary society have been transformed by new ICTs. Fuchs highlights how new forms of cooperation and competition are advanced and supported by the internet in subsystems of society and also discusses opportunities and risks of the information society.

Open Development

Author : Matthew L. Smith
ISBN : 9780262525411
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 59. 22 MB
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Experts explore current theory and practice in the application of digitally enabled open networked social models to international development.

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