interaction of radiation with matter

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Interaction Of Radiation With Matter

Author : Hooshang Nikjoo
ISBN : 9781466509603
Genre : Science
File Size : 78. 2 MB
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Interaction of Radiation with Matter focuses on the physics of the interactions of ionizing radiation in living matter and the Monte Carlo simulation of radiation tracks. Clearly progressing from an elementary level to the state of the art, the text explores the classical physics of track description as well as modern aspects based on condensed matter physics. The first section of the book discusses the fundamentals of the radiation field. In the second section, the authors describe the cross sections for electrons and heavy ions—the most important information needed for simulating radiation track at the molecular level. The third section details the inelastic scattering and energy loss of charged particles in condensed media, particularly liquid water. The final section contains a large number of questions and problems to reinforce learning. Designed for radiation interaction courses, this textbook is the ideal platform for teaching students in medical/health physics and nuclear engineering. It gives students a solid grounding in the physical understanding of radiation track structure in living matter, enabling them to pursue further work in radiological physics and radiation dosimetry.

Interaction Of Particles And Radiation With Matter

Author : Vsevolod V. Balashov
ISBN : 3642643833
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 20 MB
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Beginning with a concise introduction on the constituents of matter (elementary particles, atomic nuclei, atoms and molecules), this course on the structure of matter focuses on the interaction of particles and radiation with matter. The course is divided into fourteen lectures with each ranging from physical fundamentals to current topics in subatomic and atomic research, thus making links to modern applications. Currently important topics such as channeling, the interaction between molecular ions and matter, and muon-catalyzed fusion are also discussed. The text is suitable as an introduction for graduate students and as a reference for scientists.

Interaction Of Photons And Neutrons With Matter

Author : Sow-Hsin Chen
ISBN : 981022026X
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 2 MB
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This book is based on lecture notes developed for a one-semester graduate course entitled The Interaction of Radiation with Matter, taught in the Department of Nuclear Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The main objective of the course is to teach enough quantum and classical radiation theory to allow students in engineering and the applied sciences to understand and have access to the vast literature on applications of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation in materials research. Besides presenting the fundamental physics of radiation interactions, the book devotes individual chapters to some of the important modern-day experimental tools, such as nuclear magnetic resonance, photon correlation spectroscopy, and the various types of neutron, x-ray and light-scattering techniques.

Basics Of Interaction Of Laser Radiation With Matter

Author : N. B. Delone
ISBN : 2863321277
Genre : Laser beams
File Size : 66. 13 MB
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Principles Of Radiation Interaction In Matter And Detection

Author : Claude Leroy
ISBN : 9789814360524
Genre : Detectors
File Size : 55. 10 MB
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This book, like the first and second editions, addresses the fundamental principles of interaction between radiation and matter and the principles of particle detection and detectors in a wide scope of fields, from low to high energy, including space physics and medical environment. It provides abundant information about the processes of electromagnetic and hadronic energy deposition in matter, detecting systems, performance of detectors and their optimization. The third edition includes additional material covering, for instance: mechanisms of energy loss like the inverse Compton scattering, corrections due to the LandauOCoPomeranchukOCoMigdal effect, an extended relativistic treatment of nucleusOConucleus screened Coulomb scattering, and transport of charged particles inside the heliosphere. Furthermore, the displacement damage (NIEL) in semiconductors has been revisited to account for recent experimental data and more comprehensive comparisons with results previously obtained. This book will be of great use to graduate students and final-year undergraduates as a reference and supplement for courses in particle, astroparticle, space physics and instrumentation. A part of the book is directed toward courses in medical physics. The book can also be used by researchers in experimental particle physics at low, medium, and high energy who are dealing with instrumentation."

Corpuscles And Radiation In Matter

Author : T. Åberg
ISBN : 3540113134
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 78 MB
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Principles Of Radiation Interaction In Matter And Detection

Author : Claude Leroy
ISBN : 9789814482387
Genre : Science
File Size : 20. 21 MB
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Data analysis and instrumentation applications require an excellent knowledge of the interactions between radiation and matter, radiation and particle detectors, the principles and conditions of detector operation, as well as the limitations and advantages. This book provides abundant information about the energy deposition in detecting systems, the performance and optimization of detectors. It also addresses the situation where detectors (scanners of various types, etc.) have to be modified and improved to full optimization by the users. Furthermore, the book offers a description of detectors and techniques used in medical physics and covers physics principles and instrumentation knowledge needed in radioprotection and nuclear engineering. This book will benefit graduate (MSc and PhD) and final year BSc students as a reference and a supplement for courses in particle/astroparticle/space physics and instrumentation. A large part of it is directed toward courses in medical physics. The book can also be used by researchers in experimental particle physics at low, medium and high energy who are dealing with instrumentation. Contents:Electromagnetic Interaction of Radiation in MatterNuclear Interactions in MatterScintillating Media and Scintillator DetectorsSolid State DetectorsIonization ChambersPrinciples of Particle Energy DeterminationSuperheated Droplet (Bubble) DetectorsMedical Physics Applications Readership: PhD students, academics and researchers in applied, medical, accelerator and particle physics. Keywords:Energy Loss;Energy Straggling;Radiation Interaction;Hadronic Shower;Electromagnetic Shower;Calorimetry;Compensation;Semiconductor;Silicon Detector;Medical Imaging;Droplet Detector;Scintillator;Ionization Chamber

Charged Particle And Photon Interactions With Matter

Author : A. Mozumder
ISBN : 0203913280
Genre : Science
File Size : 35. 62 MB
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Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter offers in-depth perspectives on phenomena of ionization and excitation induced by charged particle and photon interactions with matter in vivo and in vitro. This reference probes concepts not only in radiation and photochemistry, but also in radiation physics, radiation biochemistry, and radiation biology as well as recent applications in medicine and material, environmental, space, and biological science and engineering. It studies reports on the interactions of high-energy photons, specifically in the vacuum ultraviolet-soft X-ray region to offer fundamental information on the primary processes of the interactions of charged particles with matter.

Physics And Engineering Of Radiation Detection

Author : Syed Naeem Ahmed
ISBN : 0080569641
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 5 MB
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This book presents an overview of the physics of radiation detection and its applications. It covers the origins and properties of different kinds of ionizing radiation, their detection and measurement, and the procedures used to protect people and the environment from their potentially harmful effects. It details the experimental techniques and instrumentation used in different detection systems in a very practical way without sacrificing the physics content. It provides useful formulae and explains methodologies to solve problems related to radiation measurements. With abundance of worked-out examples and end-of-chapter problems, this book enables the reader to understand the underlying physical principles and their applications. Detailed discussions on different detection media, such as gases, liquids, liquefied gases, semiconductors, and scintillators make this book an excellent source of information for students as well as professionals working in related fields. Chapters on statistics, data analysis techniques, software for data analysis, and data acquisition systems provide the reader with necessary skills to design and build practical systems and perform data analysis. * Covers the modern techniques involved in detection and measurement of radiation and the underlying physical principles * Illustrates theoretical and practical details with an abundance of practical, worked-out examples * Provides practice problems at the end of each chapter

Atoms Radiation And Radiation Protection

Author : James E. Turner
ISBN : 3527616985
Genre : Science
File Size : 48. 46 MB
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Atoms, Radiation, and Radiation Protection offers professionals and advanced students a comprehensive coverage of the major concepts that underlie the origins and transport of ionizing radiation in matter. Understanding atomic structure and the physical mechanisms of radiation interactions is the foundation on which much of the current practice of radiological health protection is based. The work covers the detection and measurement of radiation and the statistical interpretation of the data. The procedures that are used to protect man and the environment from the potential harmful effects of radiation are thoroughly described. Basic principles are illustrated with an abundance of worked examples that exemplify practical applications. Chapters include problem sets (with partial answers) and extensive tables and graphs for continued use as a reference work. This completely revised and enlarged third edition includes thorough updates of the material, including the latest recommendations of the ICRP and NCRP.

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