international judicial integration and fragmentation international courts and tribunals

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International Judicial Integration And Fragmentation

Author : Philippa Webb
ISBN : 9780199671151
Genre : Law
File Size : 59. 55 MB
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Fragmentation is a potential problem in an international legal system that has seen the creation of new courts and tribunals around the world, with the chance for different judicial approaches to develop in different courts. This book addresses this issue by analysing judicial practice in three areas: genocide, immunities, and the use of force.

V Lkerrecht

Author : Andreas von Arnauld
ISBN : 9783811463233
Genre : Law
File Size : 23. 24 MB
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Der Inhalt: Dieses Lehrbuch behandelt klar und einprägsam das Spektrum völkerrechtlicher Themen entsprechend dem Zuschnitt der Schwerpunktbereiche an den verschiedenen Juristischen Fakultäten. Es ist ein idealer Begleiter für das gesamte Schwerpunktstudium - von der ersten Beschäftigung mit der Materie über Hausarbeiten bis hin zur Vorbereitung auf abschließende Klausuren oder mündliche Prüfungen. Neben den allgemeinen Fragen des Völkerrechts werden zahlreiche Teilgebiete des Friedens- und des Konfliktvölkerrechts systematisch und vertieft dargestellt: Diplomatenrecht, Menschenrechte, Seerecht und Recht der Gemeinschaftsräume, Umwelt und Entwicklung, Wirtschaftsvölkerrecht, Friedenssicherungsrecht, Humanitäres Völkerrecht, Völkerstrafrecht. Anhand zahlreicher Fallbeispiele aus der Entscheidungspraxis sowie ausführlich dargestellter Fälle mit Lösungshinweisen werden Besonderheiten und Zusammenhänge veranschaulicht. Kontrollfragen am Ende jedes Kapitels dienen ebenso der Wiederholung wie eine didaktisch aufbereitete Kurzfassung zentraler Leitentscheidungen. Optimal ergänzt wird das Lehrbuch durch den „Klausurenkurs im Völkerrecht“ desselben Autors.

The Foundations Of International Investment Law

Author : Zachary Douglas
ISBN : 9780191508585
Genre : Law
File Size : 20. 33 MB
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International investment law is one of the fastest growing areas of international law. It has led to the signing of thousands of agreements, mostly in the form of investment contracts and bilateral investment treaties. Also, in the last two decades, there has been an exponential growth in the number of disputes being resolved by investment arbitration tribunals. Yet the legal principles at the basis of international investment law and arbitration remain in a state of flux. Perhaps the best illustration of this phenomenon is the wide disagreement among investment tribunals on some of the core concepts underpinning the regime, such as investment, property, regulatory powers, scope of jurisdiction, applicable law, or the interactions with other areas of international law. The purpose of this book is to revisit these conceptual foundations in order to shed light on the practice of international investment law. It is an attempt to bridge the growing gap between the theory and the practice of this thriving area of international law. The first part of the book focuses on the 'infrastructure' of the investment regime or, more specifically, on the structural arrangements that have been developed to manage foreign investment transactions and the potential disputes arising from them. The second part of the book identifies the common conceptual bases of an array of seemingly unconnected practical problems in order to clarify the main stakes and offer balanced solutions. The third part addresses the main sources of 'regime stress' as well as the main legal mechanisms available to manage such challenges to the operation of the regime. Overall, the book offers a thorough investigation of the conflicting theoretical positions underlying international investment law, testing their worth by reference to concrete issues that have arisen in the jurisprudence. It demonstrates that many of the most important practical questions arising in practice can be addressed by a carefully dosed resort to theory.

Die Berechnung Von Entsch Digung Und Schadenersatz In Der Internationalen Rechtsprechung

Author : Irmgard Marboe
ISBN : 3631573251
Genre : Law
File Size : 49. 37 MB
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Originally presented as the author's thesis (habil.)--Univ. Wien, 2006.

The Evolutionary Interpretation Of Treaties

Author : Eirik Bjorge
ISBN : 9780191025778
Genre : Law
File Size : 63. 10 MB
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If an old treaty regulating 'commerce' or forbidding 'degrading treatment of persons' is to be interpreted decades after its conclusion, does 'commerce' or 'degrading treatment of persons' have the same meaning at the time of interpretation as they had when the treaty was concluded? The evolutionary interpretation of treaties has proven one of the most controversial topics in the practice of international law. Indeed, it has been seen as going against the very grain of the law of treaties, and has been argued to be contrary to the intention of the parties, breaching the principle of consent. This book asks what the place of evolutionary interpretation is within the understanding of treaties, at a time when many important international legal instruments are over five decades old. It sets out to place the evolutionary interpretation of treaties on a firm footing within the Vienna rules of interpretation, as codified in Articles 3133 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. The book demonstrates that the evolutionary interpretation of treatiesin common with all other types of interpretationis in fact based upon an objective understanding of the intention of the parties. In order to marry intention and evolution, the book argues that, on the one hand, evolutionary interpretation is the product of the correct application of Articles 3133 and, on the other, that Articles 3133 are geared towards the objective establishment of the intention of the parties. The evolutionary interpretation of treaties is therefore shown to represent an intended evolution.

The Principle Of Systemic Integration

Author : Gabriel Orellana Zabalza
ISBN : 9783643902672
Genre : Law
File Size : 57. 51 MB
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This dissertation analyzes whether or not the principle of systemic integration - as expounded in Article 31(3)(c) of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties - contributes to attainment of a coherent international legal system. For this purpose, the book considers three general ideas: the "unity" of the international legal system and fragmentation; the general rule on treaty interpretation and the principle of systemic integration; and the role of systemic integration in the achievement of coherence. Each one involves specific issues and considerations which ultimately assist in addressing the main question as to the usefulness of the principle in the curtailment of fragmentation in the international legal system. Dissertation. (Series: Cologne Studies in International and European Law / Kolner Schriften zum internationalen und europaischen Recht - Vol. 24)

The Special Tribunal For Lebanon

Author : Amal Alamuddin
ISBN : 9780191511165
Genre : Law
File Size : 67. 66 MB
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This book provides a full analytical overview of the establishment and functioning of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, the newest and most controversial of the UN-sponsored international criminal courts. In 2005, Lebanese Prime Minister Rafic Hariri was assassinated in a huge blast that reverberated across Lebanon and the region. The Tribunal was established with a mandate to try the perpetrators of the Hariri killing, as well as those responsible for other killings that are 'connected' to this core crime. Individuals associated with the Hezbollah group have been indicted to be tried in the court in The Hague-but in their absence as their locations are unknown. The Tribunal is the UN's first attempt at addressing terrorism in an international criminal court, and the first attempt to set up international trials following crimes committed in the Middle East region. The court's narrow mandate and unique procedures have led many to question what kind of precedent it will set in a volatile region. This book looks at how the court was established, its foundational principles based on the Statute of the International Criminal Court and Lebanese domestic law, and the possible further development of its case law. It provides an authoritative guide to the procedure of the Tribunal,the status of the Registry, the rights of suspects and accused, trials in absentia, and the regulation of the conduct of counsel, drawing on comparisons to other international courts. The authors include those involved in setting up the court, prosecutors, defence counsel for the suspects, as well as judges and academic commentators who are experts on the issues covered in the book. They provide a probing insight into how the Tribunal came into being, its challenges, controversies, and its achievements to date.

Preservation Of Ecosystems Of International Watercourses And The Integration Of Relevant Rules

Author : Lee Jing
ISBN : 9789004268395
Genre : Law
File Size : 55. 79 MB
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In Preservation of Ecosystems of International Watercourses and the Integration of Relevant Rules: An Interpretative Mechanism to Address the Fragmentation of International Law, Lee Jing takes an innovative approach to developing an international legal framework for preserving ecosystems. Deploying Article 31(3)(c) of the 1969 Vienna Convention an analytical approached is devised that examines ‘the ecosystem approach’ under international law through the prism of Article 20 of the UN Watercourses Convention.

Deference In International Courts And Tribunals

Author : Lukasz Gruszczynski
ISBN : 9780191026508
Genre : Law
File Size : 42. 1 MB
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International courts and tribunals are often asked to review decisions originally made by domestic decision-makers. This can often be a source of tension, as the international courts and tribunals need to judge how far to defer to the original decisions of the national bodies. As international courts and tribunals have proliferated, different courts have applied differing levels of deference to those originial decisions, which can lead to a fragmentation in international law. International courts in such positions rely on two key doctrines: the standard of review and the margin of appreciation. The standard of review establishes the extent to which national decisions relating to factual, legal, or political issues arising in the case are re-examined in the international court. The margin of appreciation is the extent to which national legislative, executive, and judicial decision-makers are allowed to reflect diversity in their interpretation of human rights obligations. The book begins by providing an overview of the margin of appreciation and standard of review, recognising that while the margin of appreciation explicitly acknowledges the existence of such deference, the standard of review does not: it is rather a procedural mechanism. It looks in-depth at how the public policy exception has been assessed by the European Court of Justice and the WTO dispute settlement bodies. It examines how the European Court of Human Rights has taken an evidence-based approach towards the margin of appreciation, as well as how it has addressed issues of hate speech. The Inter-American system is also investigated, and it is established how far deference is possible within that legal organisation. Finally, the book studies how a range of other international courts, such as the International Criminal Court, and the Law of the Sea Tribunal, have approached these two core doctrines.

Interpretation In International Law

Author : Andrea Bianchi
ISBN : 9780191038709
Genre : Law
File Size : 59. 87 MB
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International lawyers have long recognised the importance of interpretation to their academic discipline and professional practice. As new insights on interpretation abound in other fields, international law and international lawyers have largely remained wedded to a rule-based approach, focusing almost exclusively on the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. Such an approach neglects interpretation as a distinct and broader field of theoretical inquiry. Interpretation in International Law brings international legal scholars together to engage in sustained reflection on the theme of interpretation. The book is creatively structured around the metaphor of the game, which captures and illuminates the constituent elements of an act of interpretation. The object of the game of interpretation is to persuade the audience that one's interpretation of the law is correct. The rules of play are known and complied with by the players, even though much is left to their skills and strategies. There is also a meta-discourse about the game of interpretation - 'playing the game of game-playing' - which involves consideration of the nature of the game, its underlying stakes, and who gets to decide by what rules one should play. Through a series of diverse contributions, Interpretation in International Law reveals interpretation as an inescapable feature of all areas of international law. It will be of interest and utility to all international lawyers whose work touches upon theoretical or practical aspects of interpretation.

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