intestinal microbiota in health and disease modern concepts

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Intestinal Microbiota In Health And Disease

Author : Eduardo J. Schiffrin
ISBN : 9781482226768
Genre : Medical
File Size : 85. 58 MB
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Now considered an organ with defensive and metabolic capabilities, the intestinal microbiota plays a major role in the local host immune system development and education. It contributes to the generation of a homeostatic balance characterized by the capacity to react against pathogens while remaining hyperresponsive/tolerant against commensals. This homeostatic response depends on bacteria and bacterial product sensing by innate immune cells and their molecular asset at the intestinal mucosa. This book captures the enormous progress that has been accomplished in this field in recent years.

Human Microbiota In Health And Disease

Author : Bryan Tungland
ISBN : 9780128146507
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 25 MB
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Human Gut Microbiota in Health and Disease: From Pathogenesis to Therapy is a comprehensive discussion on all the aspects associated with the early colonization of gut microbiota, its development and maintenance, and its symbiotic relationship with the host in promoting health. Chapters illustrate the complex mechanisms and metabolic signaling pathways related to how the gut microbiota maintain proper regulation of glucose, lipid and energy homeostasis and immune response, all while mediating inflammatory processes involved in the etiology of many chronic disease conditions. With today's common use of pharmaceutical medicine in treating symptoms and frequent overuse of antibiotics in chronic disease within mainstream medical practice, our understanding of the etiological mechanisms of dysbiosis-induced chronic disease and natural approaches to prevention and potential cures for these diseases is of vital importance to overall human health. Details the complex relationship between human microbiota in the gut, oral cavity and skin as well as their colonization, development and impact of factors that influence the relationship Illustrates the mechanisms associated with dysbiosis-associated inflammation and its role in the onset and progression in chronic disease Provides the primary mechanisms and comprehensive scientific evidence for the use of dietary modification and pro- and prebiotics in preventing chronic disease

Nutrigenomics And Proteomics In Health And Disease

Author : Martin Kussmann
ISBN : 9781119098836
Genre : Medical
File Size : 25. 86 MB
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"This volume brings together leading experts in the areas of nutrition, nutrigenomics, metabolic programming, food-based bioactive dietary components and the gut microbiome, as well as those expert in the application of innovative tools and methods for statistical and biological network analysis, which are now at the forefront of nutritional and biomedical sciences. The articles provide a roadmap for the integration of normative science methods and approaches with more comprehensive systems biology-based investigations that deploy a multitude of omic platforms. This integration is essential to escape the bottleneck in knowledge generation by applying decades of knowledge of nutrients and their function to comprehensive omics and clinical data acquisition, processing, visualization, and interpretation. Achieving a systems-level understanding of nutrient function in health and disease will usher in an age of precision nutrition in support of maximizing human health and potential"--

Gut Microbiota

Author : Edward Ishiguro
ISBN : 9780128105429
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 30. 21 MB
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Gut Microbiota: Interactive Effects on Nutrition and Health provides a detailed account of gut microbiota research, an exploration of how diet influences gut microbiota and the implications of gut microbiota for health. The book provides a summary of how diet interacts with the gut microbiome and presents practical applications focused on food, supplements and safety. This book provides scientists and clinicians who have an interest in the microbiome with an understanding of the future potential—and limitations—of this tool, as they strive to make use of evidence-based diet information for the maintenance of good health. Consolidates new research on how gut microbiota affects nutrition Identifies how the research applies to food, supplements and safety Provides diet recommendations to improve health Includes case studies from clinical populations Explores how diet influences gut microbiota

Human Health And Disease In A Microbial World

Author : Alain Stintzi
ISBN : 9782889190041
Genre :
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Metabonomics And Gut Microbiota In Nutrition And Disease

Author : Sunil Kochhar
ISBN : 9781447165392
Genre : Medical
File Size : 44. 34 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of metabonomics and gut microbiota research from molecular analysis to population-based global health considerations. The topics include the discussion of the applications in relation to metabonomics and gut microbiota in nutritional research, in health and disease and a review of future therapeutical, nutraceutical and clinical applications. It also examines the translatability of systems biology approaches into applied clinical research and to patient health and nutrition. The rise in multifactorial disorders, the lack of understanding of the molecular processes at play and the needs for disease prediction in asymptomatic conditions are some of the many questions that system biology approaches are well suited to address. Achieving this goal lies in our ability to model and understand the complex web of interactions between genetics, metabolism, environmental factors and gut microbiota. Being the most densely populated microbial ecosystem on earth, gut microbiota co-evolved as a key component of human biology, essentially extending the physiological definition of humans. Major advances in microbiome research have shown that the contribution of the intestinal microbiota to the overall health status of the host has been so far underestimated. Human host gut microbial interaction is one of the most significant human health considerations of the present day with relevance for both prevention of disease via microbiota-oriented environmental protection as well as strategies for new therapeutic approaches using microbiota as targets and/or biomarkers. In many aspects, humans are not a complete and fully healthy organism without their appropriate microbiological components. Increasingly, scientific evidence identifies gut microbiota as a key biological interface between human genetics and environmental conditions encompassing nutrition. Microbiota dysbiosis or variation in metabolic activity has been associated with metabolic deregulation (e.g. obesity, inflammatory bowel disease), disease risk factor (e.g. coronary heart disease) and even the aetiology of various pathologies (e.g. autism, cancer), although causal role into impaired metabolism still needs to be established. Metabonomics and Gut Microbiota in Nutrition and Disease serves as a handbook for postgraduate students, researchers in life sciences or health sciences, scientists in academic and industrial environments working in application areas as diverse as health, disease, nutrition, microbial research and human clinical medicine.

The Enteric Microbiota

Author : Francisco Guarner
ISBN : 9781615041985
Genre : Science
File Size : 90. 30 MB
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The human gut is the natural habitat for a diverse and dynamic microbial ecosystem having an important impact on health and disease. Bacteria have lived in and on animal hosts since multicellular life evolved about 1 billion years ago. Hosts provide habitat and nutrition to the microbial communities and derive many benefits from their guests that contribute with metabolic (recovery of energy and nutrients), defensive (barrier effect against invaders) and trophic (immune regulation, neuro-endocrine development) functions. Several disease states or disorders have been associated with changes in the composition or function of the enteric microbiota, including inflammatory bowel diseases, obesity and the metabolic syndrome. Probiotics and prebiotics can be used to improve symbiosis between enteric microbiota and host, or correct states of dysbiosis. Table of Contents: Microbial Communities / Host-Microbe Interactions in the Gut / Composition of the Human Enteric Microbiota / Acquisition of the Enteric Microbiota / Dysfunction of the Enteric Microbiota / Therapeutic Manipulation of the Enteric Microbiota / References / Author Biography

Human Gut Microbiota Onset And Shaping Through Life Stages And Perturbations

Author : Lorenza Putignani
ISBN : 9782889190874
Genre :
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Small Animal Clinical Pharmacology And Therapeutics E Book

Author : Dawn Merton Boothe
ISBN : 9781437723571
Genre : Medical
File Size : 79. 20 MB
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Confidently utilize the rapidly growing selection of pharmaceuticals used to treat small animals. Small Animal Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 2nd Edition helps you understand both the therapeutic uses of common pharmaceuticals and the pharmacology behind them, giving you all of the information you need to design and modify dosing regimens, identify factors that cause drugs to fail, and anticipate adverse drug reactions. Comprehensive approach emphasizes the use of drugs for prevention as well as treatment. Clear, consistent organization makes it easy to find the information you need when you need it. Dosage tables help you find essential pharmaceutical information at a glance. Pharmacogenetics chapter helps you understand how to use this emerging science to find the right dose for each patient, optimizing efficiency and minimizing toxicity. Routes of administration and sample pharmaceutical calculations provide fast, efficient access to comprehensive drug administration all in one inclusive resource. Multiple chapters on Antimicrobial Drugs and Antimicrobial Therapy highlight the impact of antimicrobial resistance on current practice.

The Hologenome Concept Human Animal And Plant Microbiota

Author : Eugene Rosenberg
ISBN : 9783319042411
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 29 MB
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Groundbreaking research over the last 10 years has given rise to the hologenome concept of evolution. This concept posits that the holobiont (host plus all of its associated microorganisms) and its hologenome (sum of the genetic information of the host and its symbiotic microorganisms), acting in concert, function as a unique biological entity and therefore as a level of selection in evolution. All animals and plants harbor abundant and diverse microbiota, including viruses. Often the amount of symbiotic microorganisms and their combined genetic information far exceed that of their host. The microbiota with its microbiome, together with the host genome, can be transmitted from one generation to the next and thus propagate the unique properties of the holobiont. The microbial symbionts and the host interact in a cooperative way that affects the health of the holobiont within its environment. Beneficial microbiota protects against pathogens, provides essential nutrients, catabolizes complex polysaccharides, renders harmful chemicals inert, and contributes to the performance of the immune system. In humans and animals, the microbiota also plays a role in behavior. The sum of these cooperative interactions characterizes the holobiont as a unique biological entity. Genetic variation in the hologenome can be brought about by changes in either the host genome or the microbial population genomes (microbiome). Evolution by cooperation can occur by amplifying existing microbes, gaining novel microbiota and by acquiring microbial and viral genes. Under environmental stress, the microbiome can change more rapidly and in response to more processes than the host organism alone and thus influences the evolution of the holobiont. Prebiotics, probiotics, synbiotics and phage therapy are discussed as applied aspects of the hologenome concept.

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