introduction to cognition and communication mit press

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Introduction To Cognition And Communication

Author : Keith Stenning
ISBN : STANFORD:36105114557866
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 30. 90 MB
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An introduction to the cognitive sciences through the exploration of onesubject—human communication—from the perspectives of the component disciplinesof cognitive science—psychology, philosophy, linguistics, and AI.

Human Reasoning And Cognitive Science

Author : Keith Stenning
ISBN : 9780262293532
Genre : Medical
File Size : 89. 11 MB
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In Human Reasoning and Cognitive Science, Keith Stenning and Michiel van Lambalgen--a cognitive scientist and a logician--argue for the indispensability of modern mathematical logic to the study of human reasoning. Logic and cognition were once closely connected, they write, but were "divorced" in the past century; the psychology of deduction went from being central to the cognitive revolution to being the subject of widespread skepticism about whether human reasoning really happens outside the academy. Stenning and van Lambalgen argue that logic and reasoning have been separated because of a series of unwarranted assumptions about logic. Stenning and van Lambalgen contend that psychology cannot ignore processes of interpretation in which people, wittingly or unwittingly, frame problems for subsequent reasoning. The authors employ a neurally implementable defeasible logic for modeling part of this framing process, and show how it can be used to guide the design of experiments and interpret results.

Communication And Engagement With Science And Technology

Author : John K. Gilbert
ISBN : 9781136662683
Genre : Education
File Size : 61. 33 MB
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Science communication seeks to engage individuals and groups with evidence-based information about the nature, outcomes, and social consequences of science and technology. This text provides an overview of this burgeoning field ─ the issues with which it deals, important influences that affect it, the challenges that it faces. It introduces readers to the research-based literature about science communication and shows how it relates to actual or potential practice. A "Further Exploration" section provides suggestions for activities that readers might do to explore the issues raised. Organized around five themes, each chapter addresses a different aspect of science communication: • Models of science communication – theory into practice • Challenges in communicating science • Major themes in science communication • Informal learning • Communication of contemporary issues in science and society Relevant for all those interested in and concerned about current issues and developments in science communication, this volume is an ideal text for courses and a must-have resource for faculty, students, and professionals in this field.

Proceedings Of The Twenty Third Annual Conference Of The Cognitive Science Society

Author : Johanna D. Moore
ISBN : 0805841520
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 40. 7 MB
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Vol. includes all papers and posters presented at 2001 Cog Sci Mtg & summaries of symposia & invited addresses. Deals w/ issues of repres & model'g cog processes. Appeals to scholars in subdisciplines that comprise Cog Sci: Psych, Computr Sci, Neuro, Lin

Cognition Education And Communication Technology

ISBN : 9781135632540
Genre : Education
File Size : 56. 83 MB
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Cognition, Education, and Communication Technology presents some of the recent theoretical developments in the cognitive and educational sciences and implications for the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in the organization of school and university education. Internationally renowned researchers present theoretical perspectives with proposals for and evaluations of educational practices. Each chapter discusses different aspects of the use of ICT in education, including: *the role of perceptual processes in learning; *external cognition as support for interactive learning; *the role of meta-cognition; *simulation learning environments as cognitive tools; *the role of science controversy for knowledge integration; *the use of ICT in the development of educators; and *the role of narratives in education. ICT has great potential for revolutionizing education. Large investments of resources are being made, often without a strong understanding of how ICT will or should be implemented. The expectation is that students will show immediate improvements in terms of their motivation to learn and their learning achievements, but reality is different. Progress of ICT in education requires more than just computers in the classroom. It demands an understanding of the complex processes contributing to human learning and how they interact with new technologies. This text provides theoretical perspectives on the learning processes that can be used as a foundation for constructing pedagogically valuable tools based on ICT. The combination of results--from cognitive science and pedagogy, with more practically oriented suggestions for how ICT can be used in various forms of education--makes this book suitable for researchers and students in the cognitive and educational sciences, as well as for practitioners and planners of education.

Signs Search And Communication

Author : René J. Jorna
ISBN : 3110136589
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 71. 29 MB
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A selection of papers presented at the conference Expert Systems, Culture and Semiotics, held in Groningen, the Netherlands, December 1990. The volume is divided into three parts. The first part is about signs and representations, the second about reasoning and search, and the third about communicat

Cognition In The Wild

Author : Edwin Hutchins
ISBN : 0262581469
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 57. 86 MB
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After comparing modern Western navigation with the method practiced in Micronesia, Hutchins explores the computational and cognitive properties of systems that involve multiple individuals. He then turns to an analysis of learning or change in the organization of cognitive systems at several scales.

Cognitive Communications

Author : David Grace
ISBN : 9781118360330
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78. 35 MB
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This book discusses in-depth the concept of distributedartificial intelligence (DAI) and its application to cognitivecommunications In this book, the authors present an overview of cognitivecommunications, encompassing both cognitive radio and cognitivenetworks, and also other application areas such as cognitiveacoustics. The book also explains the specific rationale for theintegration of different forms of distributed artificialintelligence into cognitive communications, something which isoften neglected in many forms of technical contributions availabletoday. Furthermore, the chapters are divided into four disciplines:wireless communications, distributed artificial intelligence,regulatory policy and economics and implementation. The bookcontains contributions from leading experts (academia and industry)in the field. Key Features: Covers the broader field of cognitive communications as awhole, addressing application to communication systems in general(e.g. cognitive acoustics and Distributed Artificial Intelligence(DAI) Illustrates how different DAI based techniques can be used toself-organise the radio spectrum Explores the regulatory, policy and economic issues ofcognitive communications in the context of secondary spectrumaccess Discusses application and implementation of cognitivecommunications techniques in different application areas (e.g.Cognitive Femtocell Networks (CFN) Written by experts in the field from both academia andindustry Cognitive Communications will be an invaluable guide forresearch community (PhD students, researchers) in the areas ofwireless communications, and development engineers involved in thedesign and development of mobile, portable and fixed wirelesssystems., wireless network design engineer. Undergraduate andpostgraduate students on elective courses in electronic engineeringor computer science, and the research and engineering communitywill also find this book of interest.

Handbook Of Research On Educational Communications And Technology

Author : David H. Jonassen
ISBN : 9780805841459
Genre : Education
File Size : 23. 21 MB
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This edition of this handbook updates and expands its review of the research, theory, issues and methodology that constitute the field of educational communications and technology. Organized into seven sectors, it profiles and integrates the following elements of this rapidly changing field.

Comparative Approaches To Cognitive Science

Author : H. L. Roitblat
ISBN : 0262181665
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 88. 9 MB
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The book includes considerations of the perceptual and motor abilities of animals as the evolutionary and conceptual foundation of more complex abilities; modeling focused as much on connections and constraints as on language and symbols; an interest in simple adaptive processes in animals and robots as the basis for more complex forms of learning and adaptation; and a consideration of animals and robots as integrated and situated systems in contrast to the reductionist and environment-free frameworks often seen in standard cognitive science.

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