introduction to lattices and order

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Introduction To Lattices And Order

Author : B. A. Davey
ISBN : 0521784514
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 73. 35 MB
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This new edition of Introduction to Lattices and Order presents a radical reorganization and updating, though its primary aim is unchanged. The explosive development of theoretical computer science in recent years has, in particular, influenced the book's evolution: a fresh treatment of fixpoints testifies to this and Galois connections now feature prominently. An early presentation of concept analysis gives both a concrete foundation for the subsequent theory of complete lattices and a glimpse of a methodology for data analysis that is of commercial value in social science. Classroom experience has led to numerous pedagogical improvements and many new exercises have been added. As before, exposure to elementary abstract algebra and the notation of set theory are the only prerequisites, making the book suitable for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students. It will also be a valuable resource for anyone who meets ordered structures.

Introduction To Lattice Theory With Computer Science Applications

Author : Vijay K. Garg
ISBN : 9781119069737
Genre : Computers
File Size : 43. 66 MB
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A computational perspective on partial order and lattice theory, focusing on algorithms and their applications This book provides a uniform treatment of the theory and applications of lattice theory. The applications covered include tracking dependency in distributed systems, combinatorics, detecting global predicates in distributed systems, set families, and integer partitions. The book presents algorithmic proofs of theorems whenever possible. These proofs are written in the calculational style advocated by Dijkstra, with arguments explicitly spelled out step by step. The author’s intent is for readers to learn not only the proofs, but the heuristics that guide said proofs. Introduction to Lattice Theory with Computer Science Applications: Examines; posets, Dilworth’s theorem, merging algorithms, lattices, lattice completion, morphisms, modular and distributive lattices, slicing, interval orders, tractable posets, lattice enumeration algorithms, and dimension theory Provides end of chapter exercises to help readers retain newfound knowledge on each subject Includes supplementary material at Introduction to Lattice Theory with Computer Science Applications is written for students of computer science, as well as practicing mathematicians.

Concept Lattices

Author : Peter Eklund
ISBN : 9783540210436
Genre : Computers
File Size : 41. 96 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Formal Concept Analysis, ICFCA 2004, held in Sydney, Australia in February 2004. The 27 revised full papers presented together with 7 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book. Formal concept analysis emerged out of efforts to restructure lattice theory and has been extended into attribute exploration, Boolean judgment, and contextual logics in order to create a powerful general framework for knowledge representation and formal reasoning; among the application areas of formal concept analysis are data and knowledge processing, data visualization, information retrieval, machine learning, data analysis, and knowledge management. The papers in this book address all current issues in formal concept analysis, ranging from foundational and methodological issues to applications in various fields.

Models Algebras And Proofs

Author : Xavier Caicedo
ISBN : 0824719700
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 35. 25 MB
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"Contains a balanced account of recent advances in set theory, model theory, algebraic logic, and proof theory, originally presented at the Tenth Latin American Symposium on Mathematical Logic held in Bogata, Columbia. Traces new interactions among logic, mathematics, and computer science. Features original research from over 30 well-known experts worldwide."

Lattices And Ordered Sets

Author : Steven Roman
ISBN : 0387789014
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 49. 68 MB
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This book is intended to be a thorough introduction to the subject of order and lattices, with an emphasis on the latter. It can be used for a course at the graduate or advanced undergraduate level or for independent study. Prerequisites are kept to a minimum, but an introductory course in abstract algebra is highly recommended, since many of the examples are drawn from this area. This is a book on pure mathematics: I do not discuss the applications of lattice theory to physics, computer science or other disciplines. Lattice theory began in the early 1890s, when Richard Dedekind wanted to know the answer to the following question: Given three subgroups EF , and G of an abelian group K, what is the largest number of distinct subgroups that can be formed using these subgroups and the operations of intersection and sum (join), as in E?FßÐE?FÑ?GßE?ÐF?GÑ and so on? In lattice-theoretic terms, this is the number of elements in the relatively free modular lattice on three generators. Dedekind [15] answered this question (the answer is #)) and wrote two papers on the subject of lattice theory, but then the subject lay relatively dormant until Garrett Birkhoff, Oystein Ore and others picked it up in the 1930s. Since then, many noted mathematicians have contributed to the subject, including Garrett Birkhoff, Richard Dedekind, Israel Gelfand, George Grätzer, Aleksandr Kurosh, Anatoly Malcev, Oystein Ore, Gian-Carlo Rota, Alfred Tarski and Johnny von Neumann.

Lectures On Soft Computing And Fuzzy Logic

Author : Antonio Di Nola
ISBN : 3790813966
Genre : Computers
File Size : 84. 63 MB
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The present volume collects selected papers arising from lectures delivered by the authors at the School on Fuzzy Logic and Soft Computing held during the years 1996/97/98/99 and sponsored by the Salerno University. The authors contributing to this volume agreed with editors to write down, to enlarge and, in many cases, to rethink their original lectures, in order to offer to readership, a more compact presentation of the proposed topics. The aim of the volume is to offer a picture, as a job in progress, of the effort that is coming in founding and developing soft computing's techniques. The volume contains papers aimed to report on recent results containing genuinely logical aspects of fuzzy logic. The topics treated in this area cover algebraic aspects of Lukasiewicz Logic, Fuzzy Logic as the logic of continuous t-norms, Intuitionistic Fuzzy Logic. Aspects of fuzzy logic based on similar ity relation are presented in connection with the problem of flexible querying in deductive database. Departing from fuzzy logic, some papers present re sults in Probability Logic treating computational aspects, results based on indishernability relation and a non commutative version of generalized effect algebras. Several strict applications of soft computing are presented in the book. Indeed we find applications ranging among pattern recognition, image and signal processing, evolutionary agents, fuzzy cellular networks, classi fication in fuzzy environments. The volume is then intended to serve as a reference work for foundational logico-algebraic aspect of Soft Computing and for concrete applications of soft computing technologies.

Lattices And Ordered Algebraic Structures

Author : T.S. Blyth
ISBN : 9781846281273
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 23. 89 MB
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"The text can serve as an introduction to fundamentals in the respective areas from a residuated-maps perspective and with an eye on coordinatization. The historical notes that are interspersed are also worth mentioning....The exposition is thorough and all proofs that the reviewer checked were highly polished....Overall, the book is a well-done introduction from a distinct point of view and with exposure to the author’s research expertise." --MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS

Digital Libraries

Author : Maristella Agosti
ISBN : 9783642158490
Genre : Computers
File Size : 27. 98 MB
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Formal Concept Analysis

Author : Bernhard Ganter
ISBN : 9783642598302
Genre : Computers
File Size : 71. 53 MB
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This first textbook on formal concept analysis gives a systematic presentation of the mathematical foundations and their relations to applications in computer science, especially in data analysis and knowledge processing. Above all, it presents graphical methods for representing conceptual systems that have proved themselves in communicating knowledge. The mathematical foundations are treated thoroughly and are illuminated by means of numerous examples, making the basic theory readily accessible in compact form.

Ordered Sets

Author : Bernd Schroeder
ISBN : 0817641289
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 73. 87 MB
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This work is an introduction to the basic tools of the theory of (partially) ordered sets such as visualization via diagrams, subsets, homomorphisms, important order-theoretical constructions, and classes of ordered sets. Using a thematic approach, the author presents open or recently solved problems to motivate the development of constructions and investigations for new classes of ordered sets. A wide range of material is presented, from classical results such as Dilworth's, Szpilrajn's and Hashimoto's Theorems to more recent results such as the Li--Milner Structure Theorem. Major topics covered include: chains and antichains, lowest upper and greatest lower bounds, retractions, lattices, the dimension of ordered sets, interval orders, lexicographic sums, products, enumeration, algorithmic approaches and the role of algebraic topology. Since there are few prerequisites, the text can be used as a focused follow-up or companion to a first proof (set theory and relations) or graph theory class. After working through a comparatively lean core, the reader can choose from a diverse range of topics such as structure theory, enumeration or algorithmic aspects. Also presented are some key topics less customary to discrete mathematics/graph theory, including a concise introduction to homology for graphs, and the presentation of forward checking as a more efficient alternative to the standard backtracking algorithm. The coverage throughout provides a solid foundation upon which research can be started by a mathematically mature reader. Rich in exercises, illustrations, and open problems, Ordered Sets: An Introduction is an excellent text for undergraduate and graduate students and a good resource for the interested researcher. Readers will discover order theory's role in discrete mathematics as a supplier of ideas as well as an attractive source of applications.

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