introduction to numerical geodynamic modelling

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Introduction To Numerical Geodynamic Modelling

Author : Taras Gerya
ISBN : 9780521887540
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 70. 65 MB
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This user-friendly reference for students and researchers presents the basic mathematical theory, before introducing modelling of key geodynamic processes.

Computational Methods For Geodynamics

Author : Alik Ismail-Zadeh
ISBN : 9781139489355
Genre : Science
File Size : 89. 41 MB
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Written as both a textbook and a handy reference, this text deliberately avoids complex mathematics assuming only basic familiarity with geodynamic theory and calculus. Here, the authors have brought together the key numerical techniques for geodynamic modeling, demonstrations of how to solve problems including lithospheric deformation, mantle convection and the geodynamo. Building from a discussion of the fundamental principles of mathematical and numerical modeling, the text moves into critical examinations of each of the different techniques before concluding with a detailed analysis of specific geodynamic applications. Key differences between methods and their respective limitations are also discussed - showing readers when and how to apply a particular method in order to produce the most accurate results. This is an essential text for advanced courses on numerical and computational modeling in geodynamics and geophysics, and an invaluable resource for researchers looking to master cutting-edge techniques. Links to supplementary computer codes are available online.

Pythonic Geodynamics

Author : Gabriele Morra
ISBN : 9783319556826
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 86 MB
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This book addresses students and young researchers who want to learn to use numerical modeling to solve problems in geodynamics. Intended as an easy-to-use and self-learning guide, readers only need a basic background in calculus to approach most of the material. The book difficulty increases very gradually, through four distinct parts. The first is an introduction to the Python techniques necessary to visualize and run vectorial calculations. The second is an overview with several examples on classical Mechanics with examples taken from standard introductory physics books. The third part is a detailed description of how to write Lagrangian, Eulerian and Particles in Cell codes for solving linear and non-linear continuum mechanics problems. Finally the last one address advanced techniques like tree-codes, Boundary Elements, and illustrates several applications to Geodynamics. The entire book is organized around numerous examples in Python, aiming at encouraging the reader to le arn by experimenting and experiencing, not by theory.

Practical Finite Element Modeling In Earth Science Using Matlab

Author : Guy Simpson
ISBN : 9781119248620
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 83 MB
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Beginning with the finite element method -- Programming the finite element method in Matlab -- Numerical integration and local coordinates -- The finite element method in two dimensions -- The finite element method in three dimensions -- Generalization of finite element concepts -- Heat transfer -- Landscape evolution -- Fluid flow in porous media -- Lithospheric flexure -- Deformation of earth's crust -- Going further

Chemical Physical And Temporal Evolution Of Magmatic Systems

Author : L. Caricchi
ISBN : 9781862397323
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 22 MB
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Our understanding of the physical and chemical processes that regulate the evolution of magmatic systems has improved tremendously since the foundations were laid down 100 years ago by Bowen. The concept of crustal magma chambers has progressively evolved from molten-rock vats to thermally, chemically and physically heterogeneous reservoirs that are kept active by the periodic injection of magma. This new model, while more complex, provides a better framework to interpret volcanic activity and decipher the information contained in intrusive and extrusive rocks. Igneous and metamorphic petrology, geochemistry, geochronology, and numerical modelling, all contributed towards this new picture of crustal magmatic systems. This book provides an overview of the wide range of approaches that can nowadays be used to understand the chemical, physical and temporal evolution of magmatic and volcanic systems.

Research Methods For Postgraduates

Author : Tony Greenfield
ISBN : 9781118762998
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 67. 9 MB
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An indispensable reference for postgraduates, providing up to date guidance in all subject areas Methods for Postgraduates brings together guidance for postgraduate students on how to organise, plan and do research from an interdisciplinary perspective. In this new edition, the already wide-ranging coverage is enhanced by the addition of new chapters on social media, evaluating the research process, Kansei engineering and medical research reporting. The extensive updates also provide the latest guidance on issues relevant to postgraduates in all subject areas, from writing a proposal and securing research funds, to data analysis and the presentation of research, through to intellectual property protection and career opportunities. This thoroughly revised new edition provides: Clear and concise advice from distinguished international researchers on how to plan, organise and conduct research. New chapters explore social media in research, evaluate the research process, Kansei engineering and discuss the reporting of medical research. Check lists and diagrams throughout. Praise for the second edition: “... the most useful book any new postgraduate could ever buy.” (New Scientist) “The book certainly merits its acceptance as essential reading for postgraduates and will be valuable to anyone associated in any way with research or with presentation of technical or scientific information of any kind.”(Robotica) Like its predecessors, the third edition of Research Methods for Postgraduates is accessible and comprehensive, and is a must-read for any postgraduate student.

The Leading Edge

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105132739843
Genre : Prospecting
File Size : 40. 88 MB
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Data Driven Numerical Modelling In Geodynamics Methods And Applications

Author : Alik Ismail-Zadeh
ISBN : 9783319278018
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 54 MB
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This book describes the methods and numerical approaches for data assimilation in geodynamical models and presents several applications of the described methodology in relevant case studies. The book starts with a brief overview of the basic principles in data-driven geodynamic modelling, inverse problems, and data assimilation methods, which is then followed by methodological chapters on backward advection, variational (or adjoint), and quasi-reversibility methods. The chapters are accompanied by case studies presenting the applicability of the methods for solving geodynamic problems; namely, mantle plume evolution; lithosphere dynamics in and beneath two distinct geological domains – the south-eastern Carpathian Mountains and the Japanese Islands; salt diapirism in sedimentary basins; and volcanic lava flow. Applications of data-driven modelling are of interest to the industry and to experts dealing with geohazards and risk mitigation. Explanation of the sedimentary basin evolution complicated by deformations due to salt tectonics can help in oil and gas exploration; better understanding of the stress-strain evolution in the past and stress localization in the present can provide an insight into large earthquake preparation processes; volcanic lava flow assessments can advise on risk mitigation in the populated areas. The book is an essential tool for advanced courses on data assimilation and numerical modelling in geodynamics.

Numerical Modelling In Applied Geodynamics

Author : Jirí Nedoma
ISBN : UCSD:31822026150094
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 9 MB
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The aim of this monograph is to provide mathematical bases and methods for analysing geophysical problems for global geodynamic models of the Earth and planets. If presents computational methods, based on variational formulations of model problems used in all areas of geosciences. Tectonic plates, seismic waves propagation, geothermal and electromagnetic fields, global geodynamics, geomagnetic and gravity models are all addressed. Emphasis is placed on the variational approach to the problems studied, which involves numerical analysis, whilst preserving the physical nature of the problems. The book details numerous applications of geodynamic and plate tectonic models which relate to constructions such as nuclear power plants, high level radioactive waste repositories, deep mines and water dams, under critical conditions.

Ultrahigh Pressure Metamorphism

Author : Larissa Dobrzhinetskaya
ISBN : 0123851459
Genre : Science
File Size : 63. 83 MB
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Ultrahigh Pressure Metamorphism (UHPM) is a fast growing discipline that was established 25 years ago after discoveries of high pressure minerals, coesite and diamonds. The current explosion of research on UHMP terranes reflects their significance for understanding large scale mantle dynamics, major elements of plate tectonics such as continental collisions, deep subduction and exhumation, mountains building, geochemical recycling 'from surface to the core', and a deep storage of light elements participating in green-house effects in the atmosphere. This book provides insights into the formation of diamond and coesite at very high pressures and explores new ideas regarding the tectonic setting of this style of metamorphism. Important, authoritative and comprehensive one-stop resource for the growing ultrahigh pressure metamorphism UHPM research community A forward-looking approach founded upon a detailed historical perspective on UHPM presents the trends in discovery, methodology and theory over the last 25 years, allowing readers to gain a clear understanding of the current trends and the approaches that will shape the science in the future A highly diverse set of articles, covering a wide range of methods and sub-disciplines

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