introduction to the basic concepts of modern physics unitext

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Introduction To The Basic Concepts Of Modern Physics

Author : Carlo M. Becchi
ISBN : 8847006074
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 32 MB
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These notes are designed as a text book for a course on the Modern Physics Theory for undergraduate students. The purpose is providing a rigorous and self-contained presentation of the simplest theoretical framework using elementary mathematical tools. A number of examples of relevant applications and an appropriate list of exercises and answered questions are also given.

Structure Of Matter

Author : Attilio Rigamonti
ISBN : 8847011299
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 17 MB
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This textbook is based on a mixture of simplified institutional theory and solved problems. The choice has been to limit the attention to key concepts and to the most typical aspects of atoms, molecules and solids, looking at the basic "structural" aspects without dealing in detail with the properties originating from them. The problems are entangled to the formal presentation of the arguments, being designed as an intrinsic part of the pathway the student should move by in order to grasp the key concepts.

From Special Relativity To Feynman Diagrams

Author : Riccardo D'Auria
ISBN : 9783319220147
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 2 MB
Format : PDF
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This book, now in its second edition, provides an introductory course on theoretical particle physics with the aim of filling the gap that exists between basic courses of classical and quantum mechanics and advanced courses of (relativistic) quantum mechanics and field theory. After a concise but comprehensive introduction to special relativity, key aspects of relativistic dynamics are covered and some elementary concepts of general relativity introduced. Basics of the theory of groups and Lie algebras are explained, with discussion of the group of rotations and the Lorentz and Poincaré groups. In addition, a concise account of representation theory and of tensor calculus is provided. Quantization of the electromagnetic field in the radiation range is fully discussed. The essentials of the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms are reviewed, proceeding from systems with a finite number of degrees of freedom and extending the discussion to fields. The final four chapters are devoted to development of the quantum field theory, ultimately introducing the graphical description of interaction processes by means of Feynman diagrams. The book will be of value for students seeking to understand the main concepts that form the basis of contemporary theoretical particle physics and also for engineers and lecturers. An Appendix on some special relativity effects is added.

Basics Of Plasma Astrophysics

Author : Claudio Chiuderi
ISBN : 8847058708
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 51 MB
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This book is an introduction to contemporary plasma physics that discusses the most relevant recent advances in the field and covers a careful choice of applications to various branches of astrophysics and space science. The purpose of the book is to allow the student to master the basic concepts of plasma physics and to bring him or her up to date in a number of relevant areas of current research. Topics covered include orbit theory, kinetic theory, fluid models, magnetohydrodynamics, MHD turbulence, instabilities, discontinuities, and magnetic reconnection. Some prior knowledge of classical physics is required, in particular fluid mechanics, statistical physics, and electrodynamics. The mathematical developments are self-contained and explicitly detailed in the text. A number of exercises are provided at the end of each chapter, together with suggestions and solutions.

Introduction To Particle Cosmology

Author : Cosimo Bambi
ISBN : 9783662480786
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 89 MB
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This book introduces the basic concepts of particle cosmology and covers all the main aspects of the Big Bang Model (expansion of the Universe, Big Bang Nucleosynthesis, Cosmic Microwave Background, large scale structures) and the search for new physics (inflation, baryogenesis, dark matter, dark energy). It also includes the majority of recent discoveries, such as the precise determination of cosmological parameters using experiments like WMAP and Planck, the discovery of the Higgs boson at LHC, the non-discovery to date of supersymmetric particles, and the search for the imprint of gravitational waves on the CMB polarization by Planck and BICEP. This textbook is based on the authors’ courses on Cosmology, and aims at introducing Particle Cosmology to senior undergraduate and graduate students. It has been especially written to be accessible even for those students who do not have a strong background in General Relativity and quantum field theory. The content of this book is organized in an easy-to-use style and students will find it a helpful research guide.

Problems In Quantum Mechanics

Author : Emilio d'Emilio
ISBN : 9788847023062
Genre : Science
File Size : 41. 35 MB
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242 solved problems of several degrees of difficulty in nonrelativistic Quantum Mechanics, ranging from the themes of the crisis of classical physics, through the achievements in the framework of modern atomic physics, down to the still alive, more intriguing aspects connected e.g. with the EPR paradox, the Aharonov--Bohm effect, quantum teleportation.

Concepts Of Modern Physics

Author : Arthur Beiser
ISBN : 0072448482
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 8 MB
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Intended to be used in a one-semester course covering modern physics for students who have already had basic physics and calculus courses. Focusing on the ideas, this book considers relativity and quantum ideas to provide a framework for understanding the physics of atoms and nuclei.

A Textbook On Ordinary Differential Equations

Author : Shair Ahmad
ISBN : 9783319021294
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 30. 2 MB
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The book is a primer of the theory of Ordinary Differential Equations. Each chapter is completed by a broad set of exercises; the reader will also find a set of solutions of selected exercises. The book contains many interesting examples as well (like the equations for the electric circuits, the pendulum equation, the logistic equation, the Lotka-Volterra system, and many other) which introduce the reader to some interesting aspects of the theory and its applications. The work is mainly addressed to students of Mathematics, Physics, Engineering, Statistics, Computer Sciences, with knowledge of Calculus and Linear Algebra, and contains more advanced topics for further developments, such as Laplace transform; Stability theory and existence of solutions to Boundary Value problems. A complete Solutions Manual, containing solutions to all the exercises published in the book, is available. Instructors who wish to adopt the book may request the manual by writing directly to one of the authors.

Introduction To Modern Physics

Author : R. B. Singh
ISBN : 8122414087
Genre : Physics
File Size : 31. 23 MB
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The Book Presents A Comprehensive Treatment Of Quantum Mechanics At The Post Graduate Level. The Emphasis Is On The Physical Foundations And The Mathematical Framework Of Quantum Mechanics; Applications To Specific Problems Are Taken Up Only To Illustrate A Principle Or A Calculational Technique Under Discussion. The Book Begins With A Preview Of The Conceptual Problem Peculiar To Quantum Mechanics. The Introductory Chapter Also Contains A Formulation Of The Basic Laws Of Motion In Quantum Mechanics In Terms Of The Feynman Postulates. Chapter 2 Contains A Detailed Exposition Of The Linear Vector Spaces And Representation Theory. In Chapter 3 The Basic Principles Of Quantum Mechanics Are Introduced In The Form Of A Number Of Postulates.The Schrodinger, The Heisenberg And The Interaction Pictures Of Time Development Form The Subject Matter Of Chapter 4. An Indepth Study Of Angular Momentum Theory (Chapter 5) Is Followed By A Brief Account Of Space-Time Symmetries Including Time Reversal Invariance (Chapter 6). Scattering Theory (Chapter 7), Approximation Methods For Stationary As Well As Time-Dependent Problems (Chapter 8) And Identical Particles (Chapter 9) Receive Adequate Treatment. The Dirac, The Klein-Gordon And The Weyl Equations Are Discussed Extensively In Chapter 10. Chapter 11 Treats Canonical Quantization Of Both Non- Relativistic And Relativistic Fields; Topics Covered Include The Natural System Of Units, The Dyson And The Wick Chronological Products, Normal Products, Wicks Theorem And The Feynman Diagrams. The Last Chapter (12) Discusses In Detail The Interpretational Problem In Quantum Mechanics. The Epr Paradox, The Copenhagen And The Ensemble Interpretations, Hidden-Variable Theories,Neumanns And Bell S Theorems And Bells Inequality Are Among The Topics Discussed. The Appendices Incorporate A Detailed Discussion Of Matrices Both Finite-And-Infinite Dimensional, Antilinear Operators, Dirac Delta Function And Fourier Transforms. A Number Of Problems Are Included With A View To Supplementing The Text.

Statistical Physics

Author : Roberto Piazza
ISBN : 9783319445373
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 44 MB
Format : PDF
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This book, provides a general introduction to the ideas and methods of statistical mechanics with the principal aim of meeting the needs of Master’s students in chemical, mechanical, and materials science engineering. Extensive introductory information is presented on many general physics topics in which students in engineering are inadequately trained, ranging from the Hamiltonian formulation of classical mechanics to basic quantum mechanics, electromagnetic fields in matter, intermolecular forces, and transport phenomena. Since engineers should be able to apply physical concepts, the book also focuses on the practical applications of statistical physics to material science and to cutting-edge technologies, with brief but informative sections on, for example, interfacial properties, disperse systems, nucleation, magnetic materials, superfluidity, and ultralow temperature technologies. The book adopts a graded approach to learning, the opening four basic-level chapters being followed by advanced “starred” sections in which special topics are discussed. Its relatively informal style, including the use of musical metaphors to guide the reader through the text, will aid self-learning.

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