intuition in judgment and decision making

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Intuition In Judgment And Decision Making

Author : Henning Plessner
ISBN : 9781136875212
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 27. 34 MB
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The central goal of this volume is to bring the learning perspective into the discussion of intuition in judgment and decision making. The book gathers recent work on intuitive decision making that goes beyond the current dominant heuristic processing perspective. However, that does not mean that the book will strictly oppose this perspective. The unique perspective of this book will help to tie together these different conceptualizations of intuition and develop an integrative approach to the psychological understanding of intuition in judgment and decision making. Accordingly, some of the chapters reflect prior research from the heuristic processing perspective in the new light of the learning perspective. This book provides a representative overview of what we currently know about intuition in judgment and decision making. The authors provide latest theoretical developments, integrative frameworks and state-of-the-art reviews of research in the laboratory and in the field. Moreover, some chapters deal with applied topics. Intuition in Judgment and Decision Making aims not only at the interest of students and researchers of psychology, but also at scholars from neighboring social and behavioral sciences such as economy, sociology, political sciences, and neurosciences.

Judgment Misguided

Author : Jonathan Baron
ISBN : 0195354907
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 86. 32 MB
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People often follow intuitive principles of decision making, ranging from group loyalty to the belief that nature is benign. But instead of using these principles as rules of thumb, we often treat them as absolutes and ignore the consequences of following them blindly. In Judgment Misguided, Jonathan Baron explores our well-meant and deeply felt personal intuitions about what is right and wrong, and how they affect the public domain. Baron argues that when these intuitions are valued in their own right, rather than as a means to another end, they often prevent us from achieving the results we want. Focusing on cases where our intuitive principles take over public decision making, the book examines some of our most common intuitions and the ways they can be misused. According to Baron, we can avoid these problems by paying more attention to the effects of our decisions. Written in a accessible style, the book is filled with compelling case studies, such as abortion, nuclear power, immigration, and the decline of the Atlantic fishery, among others, which illustrate a range of intuitions and how they impede the public's best interests. Judgment Misguided will be important reading for those involved in public decision making, and researchers and students in psychology and the social sciences, as well as everyone looking for insight into the decisions that affect us all.

Judgment And Decision Making

Author : David K. Hardman
ISBN : 9781405123983
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 21. 38 MB
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Judgment and Decision Making is a refreshingly accessibletext that explores the wide variety of ways people make judgments. An accessible examination of the wide variety of ways peoplemake judgments Features up-to-date theoretical coverage, includingperspectives from evolutionary psychology and neuroscience Covers dynamic decision making, everyday decision making,individual differences, group decision making, and the nature ofmind and brain in relation to judgment and decision making Illustrates key concepts with boxed case studies andcartoons

Research On Judgment And Decision Making

Author : William M. Goldstein
ISBN : 0521483344
Genre : Medical
File Size : 56. 62 MB
Format : PDF
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This book offers an overview of recent research on the psychology of judgment and decision making, the field that investigates the processes by which people draw conclusions, reach evaluations, and make choices. An introductory, historically oriented chapter provides a way of viewing the overall structure of the field, its recent trends, and its possible directions. Subsequent sections present significant recent papers by prominent researchers, organized to reveal the currents, connections, and controversies that animate the field. Current trends in the field are illustrated with papers from ongoing streams of research. The papers on "connections" explore memory, explanation and argument, affect, attitudes, and motivation. Finally, a section on "controversies" presents problem representation, domain knowledge, content specificity, rule-governed versus rule-described behavior, and proposals for radical departures and new beginnings in the field. Students and researchers in psychology who have an interest in cognitive processes will find this text to be rewarding reading.

Judgement And Choice

Author : Robin M. Hogarth
ISBN : 0471914797
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 77. 11 MB
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This volume examines the intuitive basis that underlies human decision-making. Formal decision-making methods are discussed, although the emphasis is on the unstructured, natural way people make judgements and exercise choice. The major goal of the book is to help people make better decisions, and the author's psychological point of view differs from the standard texts on the subject, which stress decision-making methodology, statistical decision theory and related subjects. The author observes how people are generally unaware of how they make decisions and, often, why they prefer one alternative to others. A notable theme of this book is that intuition can be both studied and educated. Chapters cover the nature of human judgement, randomness and the probabilistic environment, the role of memory in judgement, creativity, imagination, choice, and more. Appendices.

Schnelles Denken Langsames Denken

Author : Daniel Kahneman
ISBN : 3844512705
Genre :
File Size : 44. 32 MB
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Heuristics And Biases

Author : Thomas Gilovich
ISBN : 0521796792
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 38. 51 MB
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Is our case strong enough to go to trial? Will interest rates go up? Can I trust this person? Such questions - and the judgments required to answer them - are woven into the fabric of everyday experience. This book, first published in 2002, examines how people make such judgments. The study of human judgment was transformed in the 1970s, when Kahneman and Tversky introduced their 'heuristics and biases' approach and challenged the dominance of strictly rational models. Their work highlighted the reflexive mental operations used to make complex problems manageable and illuminated how the same processes can lead to both accurate and dangerously flawed judgments. The heuristics and biases framework generated a torrent of influential research in psychology - research that reverberated widely and affected scholarship in economics, law, medicine, management, and political science. This book compiles the most influential research in the heuristics and biases tradition since the initial collection of 1982 (by Kahneman, Slovic, and Tversky).

Effective Leadership In Adventure Programming

Author : Simon Priest
ISBN : 9781492586654
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 79. 42 MB
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Some books address outdoor leadership; others focus on adventure programming. None delve into the specifics of both topics like Effective Leadership in Adventure Programming, Third Edition, does. The first edition of this book helped define the body of knowledge for an emerging profession. Two editions later, this groundbreaking text—now in full color—provides adventure leaders with the tools and evidence they need to show that their outdoor programs are effective and have a lasting impact on their participants. Internationally renowned authors Simon Priest and Michael Gass have significantly updated the content, based on the latest research, issues, and trends in the field of adventure education and leadership. They have reorganized chapters to conform to their new model of building core competencies. In addition, this third edition includes the following features: • Material on technology, social justice, cultural adaptation, sustainability, and facilitation techniques • An online instructor guide that offers activities, discussion questions, and assessments compiled from a group of acclaimed instructors • A digital field handbook that offers quick reference to key models, concepts, and checklists covered in the text • An expanded version of global perspectives, valuable for long-standing programs as well as those just beginning to enter the field Effective Leadership in Adventure Programming details both the art and science of adventure leadership, helping a new generation of outdoor leaders develop their skills. The text extends the focus on evidence-based models, theories, and best practices, showing that science and research are as important to the profession as the natural beauty of the environment. The book describes the core competencies of outdoor leadership, providing a framework that helps leaders connect with participants in meaningful ways, based on mutual goals. The focus on the science side is invaluable to new leaders and less-experienced leaders, and it is a great refresher for leaders with more experience. This new edition offers a more detailed look at diversity and cultural competencies, preparing leaders to effectively manage diverse populations of participants. In addition, the content is in line with the updated accreditation standards from the Association for Experiential Education. The opening chapters of Effective Leadership in Adventure Programming supply a solid foundation in the research, philosophy, ethics, and history of outdoor leadership. Numerous chapters explore the skills leaders need, with topics that include technical activity, safety and risk management, environment, organization, instruction, and facilitation. The authors also examine leadership styles and conditional leadership issues, communication, sound judgment, decision making, problem solving, and the trends and issues in adventure programming. Effective Leadership in Adventure Programming will help readers understand the four adventure program areas—recreation, education, development, and therapy—and how they influence the delivery of outdoor leadership. The book is a valuable resource for the training and education of future outdoor leaders. It will help readers know why they should work in the profession and understand how they can make a difference by being an effective outdoor leader.

Intuition At Work

Author : Gary A. Klein
ISBN : 0385502885
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 50. 60 MB
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A leading intuition researcher explores the key role of intuition in how we do our job and demonstrates that intuition is a learnable and essential skill, explaining the ability to recognize patterns and other cues can help us make the right decisions in crucial situations.

Handbook Of Intuition Research

Author : Marta Sinclair
ISBN : 9780857936370
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 37. 57 MB
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This groundbreaking interdisciplinary Handbook showcases the latest intuition research, integrated in a framework that reconciles various views on what intuition is and how it works. The internationally renowned group of contributors presents their findings in five areas. Part I explores different facets of the intuiting process and its outcome, the role of consciousness and affect, and alternative ways of capturing intuition. Part II deals with its function in expertise, strategy, entrepreneurship, and ethics. Part III outlines intuitive decision making in critical occupations, the legal profession, medicine, the film and wine industries, and teaching. Part IV pushes the boundaries of our current understanding by exploring the possibility of non local intuition, based on the principles of quantum holography. Part V investigates different ways of developing intuitive skills. This cutting-edge, comprehensive Handbook will prove essential for academics and research students of the social sciences, particularly management, psychology, sociology, entrepreneurship, leadership, team dynamics, HR and training. It will also be an invaluable resource for industry professionals searching for soft-core methods to increase productivity and creativity/innovation, to improve leadership and organizational climate, or to adopt new staff training and development methods.

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