ionization potentials some variations implications and applications

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Ionization Potentials

Author : L. H. Ahrens
ISBN : 9781483154770
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 29 MB
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Ionization Potentials: Some Variations, Implications and Applications covers several aspects of ionization potential that is a highly significant parameter in controlling the properties of electric discharge. Comprised of 17 chapters, the book covers topic relevant to ionization potentials, such as properties, concepts, and applications, in order to understand and fully comprehend all aspects of ionization potential. The opening chapter is a review of ionization potentials and a discussion of trends and features. The succeeding chapters then tackle complex topics such as the s and p electrons; d-transition elements; rare earth elements; screening (shielding); inert elements; cationic forces (polarizing power); and heats of hydration. This book will appeal to researchers from different fields.

A Compendium Of Geochemistry

Author : Yuan-Hui Li
ISBN : 0691009384
Genre : Science
File Size : 62. 49 MB
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An ever-increasing concern over environmental degradation, together with recent technological advances, has spawned an explosion of chemical data for a wide variety of matter found on earth and in the solar system. Yuan-Hui Li's book offers professionals and students alike an indispensable up-to-date guide to geochemistry, bringing together new information on topics ranging from nucleosynthesis to crystal chemistry, from the systematics of chemical variation in the earth's core to the composition of complex organics. The objective is to illustrate the physicochemical principles and various natural processes that can explain observed compositional changes in natural substances. A general understanding of these principles and processes (including those pertaining to cosmology, geology, and biology) is essential, maintains the author, for deciphering and predicting transport pathways and final sinks of anthropogenic pollutants in our environment. The book focuses on compositional data and related references for such substances as solar photosphere, meteorites, igneous rocks, soils, sedimentary rocks, surficial waters, marine and terrestrial organisms (including humans), and aerosols. It emphasizes the use of original raw data as much as possible, and applies the statistical technique of factor analysis to elucidate any underlying interrelationships among chemical elements and given sample sets. Whenever applicable, simple chemical thermodynamic models are introduced to explain the observed partitioning of elements among different phases.

Ion Selective Electrode Reviews

Author : J. D. R. Thomas
ISBN : 9781483190914
Genre : Science
File Size : 57. 67 MB
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Ion-Selective Electrode Reviews, Volume 6 covers new fields of application for coated-wire ion-selective electrodes (ISEs). The book discusses the practical suggestions for testing automatic equipment based on ISE; the amperometric and potentiometric determinations with immobilized enzymes and microorganisms; and the drug-type substances analysis with membrane electrodes. The text also describes coated-wire ISEs and the in vivo application of ion-sensitive field effect transistors, including a summary of laboratory research and probable future clinical detectors.

New Technical Books

Author :
ISBN : UCAL:B4259706
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 71 MB
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South African Digest

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105013676007
Genre : South Africa
File Size : 46. 18 MB
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Physikalische Berichte

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015027837155
Genre : Physics
File Size : 74. 67 MB
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Agid News

Author : Association of Geoscientists for International Development
ISBN : STANFORD:36105018625140
Genre : Earth sciences
File Size : 68. 24 MB
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Actualit Chimique Canadienne

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ISBN : UCSD:31822015416597
Genre : Chemical industry
File Size : 26. 72 MB
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Ion Selective Electrode Reviews

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ISBN : UOM:39015022396934
Genre : Electrodes, Ion selective
File Size : 62. 77 MB
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Physics And Chemistry Of Small Clusters

Author : P. Jena
ISBN : 9781475703573
Genre : Science
File Size : 28. 94 MB
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Recent advances in experimental techniques now enable researchers to produce in a laboratory clusters of atoms of desired composition from any of the elements of the periodic table. This has created a new area of research into novel materials since clusters cannot be regarded either as a "large" molecule or as a fragment of the bulk. Both experimental and theoretical studies are revealing unusual properties that are not ob served in solid state environments. The structures of micro-clusters are found to be significantly distorted from the most symmetric arrangement, some even exhibiting pentagonal symmetry commonly found in icosahedric structures. The unusual stability of certain clusters, now described as "magic number species", shows striking similarities with the nuclear shell structure. The relative stabilities of clusters depend not only on the composition of the clusters but also on their charged states. The studies on spontaneous fragmentation of mUltiply charged clusters, commonly referred to as Coulomb explosion, illustrate the role of electronic bonding mechanisms on stability of clusters. The effect of foreign atoms on geometry and stability of clusters and the interaction of gas atoms with clusters are showing promise for an indepth understanding of chemisorption and catalysis. The magnetic and optical properties are dependent not only on cluster size but also on its geometry. These findings have the potential for aiding industry in the area of micro-electronics and catalysis.

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