isosurfaces geometry topology and algorithms

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Isosurfaces

Author : Rephael Wenger
ISBN : 9781466571020
Genre : Computers
File Size : 81. 28 MB
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Ever since Lorensen and Cline published their paper on the Marching Cubes algorithm, isosurfaces have been a standard technique for the visualization of 3D volumetric data. Yet there is no book exclusively devoted to isosurfaces. Isosurfaces: Geometry, Topology, and Algorithms represents the first book to focus on basic algorithms for isosurface construction. It also gives a rigorous mathematical perspective on some of the algorithms and results. In color throughout, the book covers the Marching Cubes algorithm and variants, dual contouring algorithms, multilinear interpolation, multiresolution isosurface extraction, isosurfaces in four dimensions, interval volumes, and contour trees. It also describes data structures for faster isosurface extraction as well as methods for selecting significant isovalues. For designers of visualization software, the book presents an organized overview of the various algorithms associated with isosurfaces. For graduate students, it provides a solid introduction to research in this area. For visualization researchers, the book serves as a reference to the vast literature on isosurfaces.

Delaunay Mesh Generation

Author : Siu-Wing Cheng
ISBN : 9781584887317
Genre : Computers
File Size : 69. 31 MB
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Written by authors at the forefront of modern algorithms research, Delaunay Mesh Generation demonstrates the power and versatility of Delaunay meshers in tackling complex geometric domains ranging from polyhedra with internal boundaries to piecewise smooth surfaces. Covering both volume and surface meshes, the authors fully explain how and why these meshing algorithms work. The book is one of the first to integrate a vast amount of cutting-edge material on Delaunay triangulations. It begins with introducing the problem of mesh generation and describing algorithms for constructing Delaunay triangulations. The authors then present algorithms for generating high-quality meshes in polygonal and polyhedral domains. They also illustrate how to use restricted Delaunay triangulations to extend the algorithms to surfaces with ridges and patches and volumes with smooth surfaces. For researchers and graduate students, the book offers a rigorous theoretical analysis of mesh generation methods. It provides the necessary mathematical foundations and core theoretical results upon which researchers can build even better algorithms in the future. For engineers, the book shows how the algorithms work well in practice. It explains how to effectively implement them in the design and programming of mesh generation software.

Polygon Mesh Processing

Author : Mario Botsch
ISBN : 9781568814261
Genre : Computers
File Size : 45. 48 MB
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Geometry processing, or mesh processing, is a fast-growing area of research that uses concepts from applied mathematics, computer science, and engineering to design efficient algorithms for the acquisition, reconstruction, analysis, manipulation, simulation, and transmission of complex 3D models. Applications of geometry processing algorithms already cover a wide range of areas from multimedia, entertainment, and classical computer-aided design, to biomedical computing, reverse engineering, and scientific computing. Over the last several years, triangle meshes have become increasingly popular, as irregular triangle meshes have developed into a valuable alternative to traditional spline surfaces. This book discusses the whole geometry processing pipeline based on triangle meshes. The pipeline starts with data input, for example, a model acquired by 3D scanning techniques. This data can then go through processes of error removal, mesh creation, smoothing, conversion, morphing, and more. The authors detail techniques for those processes using triangle meshes. A supplemental website contains downloads and additional information.

Computational Topology

Author : Herbert Edelsbrunner
ISBN : 9780821849255
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 31. 29 MB
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Combining concepts from topology and algorithms, this book delivers what its title promises: an introduction to the field of computational topology. Starting with motivating problems in both mathematics and computer science and building up from classic topics in geometric and algebraic topology, the third part of the text advances to persistent homology. This point of view is critically important in turning a mostly theoretical field of mathematics into one that is relevant to a multitude of disciplines in the sciences and engineering. The main approach is the discovery of topology through algorithms. The book is ideal for teaching a graduate or advanced undergraduate course in computational topology, as it develops all the background of both the mathematical and algorithmic aspects of the subject from first principles. Thus the text could serve equally well in a course taught in a mathematics department or computer science department.

Computational Science And Its Applications Iccsa 2014

Author : Beniamino Murgante
ISBN : 9783319091297
Genre : Computers
File Size : 72. 62 MB
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The six-volume set LNCS 8579-8584 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications, ICCSA 2014, held in Guimarães, Portugal, in June/July 2014. The 347 revised papers presented in 30 workshops and a special track were carefully reviewed and selected from 1167. The 289 papers presented in the workshops cover various areas in computational science ranging from computational science technologies to specific areas of computational science such as computational geometry and security.

An Introduction To Verification Of Visualization Techniques

Author : Tiago Etiene
ISBN : 9781627058346
Genre : Computers
File Size : 57. 1 MB
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As we increase our reliance on computer-generated information, often using it as part of our decision-making process, we must devise tools to assess the correctness of that information. Consider, for example, software embedded on vehicles, used for simulating aircraft performance, or used in medical imaging. In those cases, software correctness is of paramount importance as there's little room for error. Software verification is one of the tools available to attain such goals. Verification is a well known and widely studied subfield of computer science and computational science and the goal is to help us increase confidence in the software implementation by verifying that the software does what it is supposed to do. The goal of this book is to introduce the reader to software verification in the context of visualization. In the same way we became more dependent on commercial software, we have also increased our reliance on visualization software. The reason is simple: visualization is the lens through which users can understand complex data, and as such it must be verified. The explosion in our ability to amass data requires tools not only to store and analyze data, but also to visualize it. This book is comprised of six chapters. After an introduction to the goals of the book, we present a brief description of both worlds of visualization (Chapter 2) and verification (Chapter 3). We then proceed to illustrate the main steps of the verification pipeline for visualization algorithms. We focus on two classic volume visualization techniques, namely, Isosurface Extraction (Chapter 4) and Direct Volume Rendering (Chapter 5). We explain how to verify implementations of those techniques and report the latest results in the field of verification of visualization techniques. The last chapter concludes the book and highlights new research topics for the future.

Topology Design Methods For Structural Optimization

Author : Osvaldo M. Querin
ISBN : 9780080999890
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 58. 99 MB
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Topology Design Methods for Structural Optimization provides engineers with a basic set of design tools for the development of 2D and 3D structures subjected to single and multi-load cases and experiencing linear elastic conditions. Written by an expert team who has collaborated over the past decade to develop the methods presented, the book discusses essential theories with clear guidelines on how to use them. Case studies and worked industry examples are included throughout to illustrate practical applications of topology design tools to achieve innovative structural solutions. The text is intended for professionals who are interested in using the tools provided, but does not require in-depth theoretical knowledge. It is ideal for researchers who want to expand the methods presented to new applications, and includes a companion website with related tools to assist in further study. Provides design tools and methods for innovative structural design, focusing on the essential theory Includes case studies and real-life examples to illustrate practical application, challenges, and solutions Features accompanying software on a companion website to allow users to get up and running fast with the methods introduced Includes input from an expert team who has collaborated over the past decade to develop the methods presented

Effective Computational Geometry For Curves And Surfaces

Author : Jean-Daniel Boissonnat
ISBN : 9783540332596
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 47. 89 MB
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This book covers combinatorial data structures and algorithms, algebraic issues in geometric computing, approximation of curves and surfaces, and computational topology. Each chapter fully details and provides a tutorial introduction to important concepts and results. The focus is on methods which are both well founded mathematically and efficient in practice. Coverage includes references to open source software and discussion of potential applications of the presented techniques.

A Concise Introduction To Hypercomplex Fractals

Author : Andrzej Katunin
ISBN : 9781351801201
Genre : Computers
File Size : 41. 77 MB
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This book presents concisely the full story on complex and hypercomplex fractals, starting from the very first steps in complex dynamics and resulting complex fractal sets, through the generalizations of Julia and Mandelbrot sets on a complex plane and the Holy Grail of the fractal geometry – a 3D Mandelbrot set, and ending with hypercomplex, multicomplex and multihypercomplex fractal sets which are still under consideration of scientists. I tried to write this book in a possibly simple way in order to make it understandable to most people whose math knowledge covers the fundamentals of complex numbers only. Moreover, the book is full of illustrations of generated fractals and stories concerned with great mathematicians, number spaces and related fractals. In the most cases only information required for proper understanding of a nature of a given vector space or a construction of a given fractal set is provided, nevertheless a more advanced reader may treat this book as a fundamental compendium on hypercomplex fractals with references to purely scientific issues like dynamics and stability of hypercomplex systems.

Combinatorial Maps

Author : Guillaume Damiand
ISBN : 9781482206531
Genre : Computers
File Size : 54. 85 MB
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A Versatile Framework for Handling Subdivided Geometric Objects Combinatorial Maps: Efficient Data Structures for Computer Graphics and Image Processing gathers important ideas related to combinatorial maps and explains how the maps are applied in geometric modeling and image processing. It focuses on two subclasses of combinatorial maps: n-Gmaps and n-maps. Suitable for researchers and graduate students in geometric modeling, computational and discrete geometry, computer graphics, and image processing and analysis, the book presents the data structures, operations, and algorithms that are useful in handling subdivided geometric objects. It shows how to study data structures for the explicit representation of subdivided geometric objects and describes operations for handling the structures. The book also illustrates results of the design of data structures and operations.

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