issues in science and technology

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Social Issues In Science And Technology

Author : David E. Newton
ISBN : UOM:39015047708972
Genre : Reference
File Size : 75. 62 MB
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A thought-provoking compendium exploring differing views, possible social impacts, and government policy decisions involving the impact of science and technology on human life.

How Economics Shapes Science

Author : Paula Stephan
ISBN : 0674088166
Genre :
File Size : 43. 73 MB
Format : PDF
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At a time when science is seen as an engine of economic growth, Paula Stephan brings a keen understanding of the cost benefit calculations made by individuals and institutions as they compete for resources and reputation in scientific fields. She highlights especially the growing gap between the biomedical sciences and physics/engineering."

Global Issues In Food Science And Technology

Author : Gustavo V. Barbosa-Canovas
ISBN : 0080920810
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 35. 6 MB
Format : PDF
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A selected compilation of writings by IUFoST organization supporters, Global Themes in Food Science and Technology were those identified as representing the most important and relevant subjects facing food scientists and technologists today. Chosen by an international editorial board, these subjects offer insights into current research and developments and were selected to stimulate additional interest and work in these key areas. The International Union of Food Science and Technology (IUFoST) is a country-membership organization is the sole global food science and technology organization. It is a voluntary, non-profit association of national food science organizations linking the world's best food scientists and technologists. The goals of their work include the international exchange of scientific and technical information, support of international food science and technology progress, the stimulation of appropriate education and training in these areas, and the fostering of professionalism and professional organization within the food science and technology community. *The latest insights into the topics of greatest concern to today's food science and technology professionals *Written by an international group of academic and professional peers, based on select presentations at IUFoST meeting

Emerging Issues In Science And Technology

Author :
ISBN : UCAL:$B283367
Genre : Science and state
File Size : 28. 42 MB
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Communication And Engagement With Science And Technology

Author : John K. Gilbert
ISBN : 9780415896269
Genre : Education
File Size : 46. 72 MB
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Science communication seeks to engage individuals and groups with evidence-based information about the nature, outcomes, and social consequences of science and technology. This text provides an overview of this burgeoning field - the issues with which it deals, important influences that affect it, the challenges that it faces. It introduces readers to the research-based literature about science communication and shows how it relates to actual or potential practice. A "Further Exploration" section provides suggestions for activities that readers might do to explore the issues raised. Organized around five themes, each chapter addresses a different aspect of science communication: • Models of science communication – theory into practice • Challenges in communicating science • Major themes in science communication • Informal learning • Communication of contemporary issues in science and society Relevant for all those interested in and concerned about current issues and developments in science communication, this volume is an ideal text for courses and a must-have resource for faculty, students, and professionals in this field.

National Security Issues In Science Law And Technology

Author : Thomas A. Johnson
ISBN : 1420019082
Genre : Law
File Size : 41. 27 MB
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The tragedy of 9/11 placed homeland security and the prevention of further attacks into the central focus of our national consciousness. With so many avenues of terror open to our enemies in terms of mode, medium, and location, effective management and mitigation of threat must be grounded in objective risk assessment. The structure of national security decisions should be premised on decision theory and science with minimal political posturing or emotional reactivisim. National Security Issues in Science, Law, and Technology demonstrates a mature look at a frightening subject and presents sound, unbiased tools with which to approach any situation that may threaten human lives. By applying the best of scientific decision-making practices this book introduces the concept of risk management and its application in the structure of national security decisions. It examines the acquisition and utilization of all-source intelligence, including the ability to analyze data and forecast patterns, to enable policymakers to make better informed decisions. The text addresses reaction and prevention strategies applicable to chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons; agricultural terrorism; cyberterrorism; and other potential threats to our critical infrastructure. It discusses legal issues that inevitably arise when integrating new legislation with the threads of our Constitution and illustrates the dispassionate analysis of our intelligence, law enforcement, and military operations and actions. Finally, the book considers the redirection of our national research and laboratory system to investigate the very problems terrorists can induce through the use of weapons we have as yet to confront. Taking the guesswork out of hard choices, National Security Issues in Science, Law, and Technology provides anyone burdened with the mantle of responsibility for the protection of the American people with the tools to make sound, well-informed decisions.

Science Policy And The Value Free Ideal

Author : Heather Douglas
ISBN : 082297357X
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 73. 66 MB
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The role of science in policymaking has gained unprecedented stature in the United States, raising questions about the place of science and scientific expertise in the democratic process. Some scientists have been given considerable epistemic authority in shaping policy on issues of great moral and cultural significance, and the politicizing of these issues has become highly contentious. Since World War II, most philosophers of science have purported the concept that science should be “value-free.” In Science, Policy and the Value-Free Ideal, Heather E. Douglas argues that such an ideal is neither adequate nor desirable for science. She contends that the moral responsibilities of scientists require the consideration of values even at the heart of science. She lobbies for a new ideal in which values serve an essential function throughout scientific inquiry, but where the role values play is constrained at key points, thus protecting the integrity and objectivity of science. In this vein, Douglas outlines a system for the application of values to guide scientists through points of uncertainty fraught with moral valence. Following a philosophical analysis of the historical background of science advising and the value-free ideal, Douglas defines how values should-and should not-function in science. She discusses the distinctive direct and indirect roles for values in reasoning, and outlines seven senses of objectivity, showing how each can be employed to determine the reliability of scientific claims. Douglas then uses these philosophical insights to clarify the distinction between junk science and sound science to be used in policymaking. In conclusion, she calls for greater openness on the values utilized in policymaking, and more public participation in the policymaking process, by suggesting various models for effective use of both the public and experts in key risk assessments.

Model Based Reasoning In Science And Technology

Author : Lorenzo Magnani
ISBN : 9783642374289
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 2 MB
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This book contains contributions presented during the international conference on Model-Based Reasoning (MBR ́012), held on June 21-23 in Sestri Levante, Italy. Interdisciplinary researchers discuss in this volume how scientific cognition and other kinds of cognition make use of models, abduction, and explanatory reasoning in order to produce important or creative changes in theories and concepts. Some of the contributions analyzed the problem of model-based reasoning in technology and stressed the issues of scientific and technological innovation. The book is divided in three main parts: models, mental models, representations; abduction, problem solving and practical reasoning; historical, epistemological and technological issues. The volume is based on the papers that were presented at the international

Science Policy Up Close

Author : John H. Marburger III
ISBN : 9780674417090
Genre : History
File Size : 71. 77 MB
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In a career that included Presidential Science Advisor to George W. Bush, John Marburger stood on the front line of battles that pulled science deep into the political arena. Science controversies, he discovered, are never just about science. As his reflections show, science can no longer be shielded from public scrutiny and government supervision.

Taking Sides

Author : Thomas A. Easton
ISBN : 0072484268
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 24. 61 MB
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Presents arguments pro and con on current issues in science and technology, grouped around the themes of the place of science and technology in society, the environment, the cutting edge of technology, the computer revolution, and ethics.

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