johan van benthem on logic and information dynamics outstanding contributions to logic

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Johan Van Benthem On Logic And Information Dynamics

Author : Alexandru Baltag
ISBN : 9783319060255
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 56. 26 MB
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This book illustrates the program of Logical-Informational Dynamics. Rational agents exploit the information available in the world in delicate ways, adopt a wide range of epistemic attitudes, and in that process, constantly change the world itself. Logical-Informational Dynamics is about logical systems putting such activities at center stage, focusing on the events by which we acquire information and change attitudes. Its contributions show many current logics of information and change at work, often in multi-agent settings where social behavior is essential, and often stressing Johan van Benthem's pioneering work in establishing this program. However, this is not a Festschrift, but a rich tapestry for a field with a wealth of strands of its own. The reader will see the state of the art in such topics as information update, belief change, preference, learning over time, and strategic interaction in games. Moreover, no tight boundary has been enforced, and some chapters add more general mathematical or philosophical foundations or links to current trends in computer science. The theme of this book lies at the interface of many disciplines. Logic is the main methodology, but the various chapters cross easily between mathematics, computer science, philosophy, linguistics, cognitive and social sciences, while also ranging from pure theory to empirical work. Accordingly, the authors of this book represent a wide variety of original thinkers from different research communities. And their interconnected themes challenge at the same time how we think of logic, philosophy and computation. Thus, very much in line with van Benthem's work over many decades, the volume shows how all these disciplines form a natural unity in the perspective of dynamic logicians (broadly conceived) exploring their new themes today. And at the same time, in doing so, it offers a broader conception of logic with a certain grandeur, moving its horizons beyond the traditional study of consequence relations.

J Michael Dunn On Information Based Logics

Author : Katalin Bimbo
ISBN : 9783319293004
Genre : Philosophy
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This book celebrates and expands on J. Michael Dunn’s work on informational interpretations of logic. Dunn, in his Ph.D. thesis (1966), introduced a semantics for first-degree entailments utilizing the idea that a sentence can provide positive or negative information about a topic, possibly supplying both or neither. He later published a related interpretation of the logic R-mingle, which turned out to be one of the first relational semantics for a relevance logic. An incompatibility relation between information states lends itself to a definition of negation and it has figured into Dunn's comprehensive investigations into representations of various negations. The informational view of semantics is also a prominent theme in Dunn’s research on other logics, such as quantum logic and linear logic, and led to the encompassing theory of generalized Galois logics (or "gaggles"). Dunn’s latest work addresses informational interpretations of the ternary accessibility relation and the very nature of information. The book opens with Dunn’s autobiography, followed by a list of his publications. It then presents a series of papers written by respected logicians working on different aspects of information-based logics. The topics covered include the logic R-mingle, which was introduced by Dunn, and its applications in mathematical reasoning as well as its importance in obtaining results for other relevance logics. There are also interpretations of the accessibility relation in the semantics of relevance and other non-classical logics using different notions of information. It also presents a collection of papers that develop semantics for various logics, including certain modal and many-valued logics. The publication of this book is well timed, since we are living in an "information age.” Providing new technical findings, intellectual history and careful expositions of intriguing ideas, it appeals to a wide audience of scholars and researchers.

Logic Language Information And Computation

Author : Jouko Väänänen
ISBN : 9783662529218
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 30. 46 MB
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Edited in collaboration with FoLLI, the Association of Logic, Language and Information this book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 23rd Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Communication, WoLLIC 2016, held in Puebla, Mexico, in August 2016.The 23 contributed papers, presented together with 9 invited lectures and tutorials, were carefully reviewed and selected from 33 submissions. The focus of the workshop is to provide a forum on inter-disciplinary research involving formal logic, computing and programming theory, and natural language and reasoning.

Quantifiers And Cognition Logical And Computational Perspectives

Author : Jakub Szymanik
ISBN : 9783319287492
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 47. 8 MB
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This volume on the semantic complexity of natural language explores the question why some sentences are more difficult than others. While doing so, it lays the groundwork for extending semantic theory with computational and cognitive aspects by combining linguistics and logic with computations and cognition. Quantifier expressions occur whenever we describe the world and communicate about it. Generalized quantifier theory is therefore one of the basic tools of linguistics today, studying the possible meanings and the inferential power of quantifier expressions by logical means. The classic version was developed in the 1980s, at the interface of linguistics, mathematics and philosophy. Before this volume, advances in "classic" generalized quantifier theory mainly focused on logical questions and their applications to linguistics, this volume adds a computational component, the third pillar of language use and logical activity. This book is essential reading for researchers in linguistics, philosophy, cognitive science, logic, AI, and computer science.

Logic Language Information And Computation

Author : Juliette Kennedy
ISBN : 9783662553862
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 51. 7 MB
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Edited in collaboration with FoLLI, the Association of Logic, Language and Information this book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 24th Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Communication, WoLLIC 2017, held in London, UK, in August 2017. The 28 contributed papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 61 submissions. They cover interdisciplinary research in pure and applied logic, aiming at interactions between logic and the sciences related to information and computation.

Philosophische Studien

Author : George Edward Moore
ISBN : 9783110323467
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 33. 90 MB
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Der vorliegende Band vereint Aufsätze Moores, die zwischen den Jahren 1903 und 1922 entstanden sind. Sie alle verdeutlichen Moores Bemühen, vom common sense ausgehend Antworten auf die sich ihm stellenden philosophischen Probleme zu finden. Dabei kann sein Stil auch heute noch als Musterbeispiel an Einfachheit, Klarheit und Präzision gelten. Sein in diesem Band vorgelegtes Themenspektrum ist immens, und umfasst neben seiner berühmten Kritik am Idealismus und diversen historischen Untersuchungen zur Philosophie David Humes und William James weitere Überlegungen zu verschiedenen Problemstellungen der Metaphysik und Epistemologie. Abgerundet wird die Sammlung durch zwei metaethische Aufsätze, die nach der Möglichkeit intrinsischer Werte fragen und das Wesen grundlegender moralischer Begriffe zum Thema haben. Der Band eignet sich sowohl für den Moore-Experten, der tiefere Einblicke in dessen philosophische Entwicklung erhalten möchte als auch den Studenten der Philosophie, der hier eine hervorragende Einführung in die Denk- und Argumentationsmuster analytischen Philosophierens erhält.

Language In Action

Author : Johan van Benthem
ISBN : 0262720248
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 36. 79 MB
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This volume demonstrates the viability of mathematical research into the foundations of categorial grammar, a topic at the border between logic and linguistics. A new introduction to this paperback edition updates the open research problems and records relevant results through pointers to the literature.

Nuel Belnap On Indeterminism And Free Action

Author : Thomas Müller
ISBN : 9783319017549
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 53. 77 MB
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This volume seeks to further the use of formal methods in clarifying one of the central problems of philosophy: that of our free human agency and its place in our indeterministic world. It celebrates the important contributions made in this area by Nuel Belnap, American logician and philosopher. Philosophically, indeterminism and free action can seem far apart, but in Belnap’s work, they are intimately linked. This book explores their philosophical interconnectedness through a selection of original research papers that build forth on Belnap’s logical and philosophical work. Some contributions take the form of critical discussions of Belnap's published work, some develop points made in his publications in new directions, and others provide additional insights on the topics of indeterminism and free action. In Nuel Belnap’s work on indeterminism and free action, three formal frameworks figure prominently: the simple branching histories framework known as "branching time;" its relativistic spatio-temporal extension, branching space-times; and the “seeing to it that” (stit ) logic of agency. As those frameworks provide the formal background for the contributed papers, the volume introduction gives an overview of the current state of their development. It also introduces case-intensional first order logic (CIFOL), a general intensional logic offering resources for a first-order extension of the mentioned frameworks and a recent research focus of Belnap’s. The volume also contains an extended biographical interview with Nuel Belnap.

Handbook Of Spatial Logics

Author : Marco Aiello
ISBN : 9781402055874
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 13 MB
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The aim of this handbook is to create, for the first time, a systematic account of the field of spatial logic. The book comprises a general introduction, followed by fourteen chapters by invited authors. Each chapter provides a self-contained overview of its topic, describing the principal results obtained to date, explaining the methods used to obtain them, and listing the most important open problems. Jointly, these contributions constitute a comprehensive survey of this rapidly expanding subject.

Krister Segerberg On Logic Of Actions

Author : Robert Trypuz
ISBN : 9789400770461
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 31. 4 MB
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This volume describes and analyzes in a systematic way the great contributions of the philosopher Krister Segerberg to the study of real and doxastic actions. Following an introduction which functions as a roadmap to Segerberg's works on actions, the first part of the book covers relations between actions, intentions and routines, dynamic logic as a theory of action, agency, and deontic logics built upon the logics of actions. The second section explores belief revision and update, iterated and irrevocable beliefs change, dynamic doxastic logic and hypertheories. Segerberg has worked for more than thirty years to analyze the intricacies of real and doxastic actions using formal tools - mostly modal (dynamic) logic and its semantics. He has had such a significant impact on modal logic that "It is hard to roam for long in modal logic without finding Krister Segerberg's traces," as Johan van Benthem notes in his chapter of this book.

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