judicial accountabilities in new europe from rule of law to quality of justice studies in modern law and policy

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Judicial Accountabilities In New Europe

Author : Daniela Piana
ISBN : 9781317110101
Genre : Law
File Size : 58. 21 MB
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This volume focuses on a highly challenging aspect of all European democracies, namely the issue of combining guarantees of judicial independence and mechanisms of judicial accountability. It does so by filling the gap in European scholarship between the two policy sectors of enlargement and judicial cooperation and by taking full stock of an interdisciplinary literature, spanning from comparative politics, socio-legal studies and European studies. Judicial Accountabilities in New Europe presents an insightful account of the judicial reforms adopted by new member States to embed the principle of the rule of law in their democratic institutions, along with the guidelines of quality of justice promoted by European institutions in all member States.

Judicial Application Of European Union Law In Post Communist Countries

Author : Tatjana Evas
ISBN : 9781317110071
Genre : Law
File Size : 26. 19 MB
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This book discusses how the plurality of legal norms operating in the European Union can be balanced to produce a functioning, sustainable and legitimate legal system. Presenting a conceptual framework for assessing and comparing transformations of national judicial systems in the context of EU membership, the book contributes to the EU legal theoretical debate on the relationship between 'authority' and 'coherence'. The author develops an original analytical framework of coherence to assess the application of EU law by national courts and uses interdisciplinary scientific methods and research design that combine legal doctrinal and social science methodology to the study of 'classical' legal questions. Providing an extensive database of 2004-2009 national judgments of national courts in Latvia and Estonia, the book offers an extensive comparative review of the jurisprudence of constitutional and supreme courts, as well as providing insight into the jurisprudence of ordinary national courts. It will appeal to legal scholars and political scientists studying courts and jurisprudence.

Networking The Rule Of Law

Author : Cristina Dallara
ISBN : 9781317088905
Genre : Law
File Size : 39. 73 MB
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Judicial networks have proved effective in influencing recent judicial policies enacted by both old and new EU member states. However, this influence has not been standard. This volume seeks to improve our understanding of how networks function, as well as the extent they matter in the governance of a constitutional democracy. The authors examine the judicial function of networks, the way they cross the legal and territorial borders that confine the jurisdiction of the domestic institutions, and whether or not they are independent of the capacity and the leadership of their members. A highly salient issue in contemporary law and politics, judicial networks are now qualified actors of governance. With the aim to understand how, to what extent, and with what consequences networks interact with hierarchical institutions that still exist within the States, this book is essential reading for legal experts, policy makers engaged in promoting the rule of law, members of the judicial networks in the EU and extra EU countries, as well as academics and students.

Transitional Justice Judicial Accountability And The Rule Of Law

Author : Hakeem O. Yusuf
ISBN : 9781136971631
Genre : Law
File Size : 48. 7 MB
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Transitional Justice, Judicial Accountability and the Rule of Law addresses the importance of judicial accountability in transitional justice processes. Despite a general consensus that the judiciary plays an important role in contemporary governance, accountability for the judicial role in formerly authoritarian societies remains largely elided and under-researched. Hakeem O. Yusuf argues that the purview of transitional justice mechanisms should, as a matter of policy, be extended to scrutiny of the judicial role in the past. Through a critical comparative approach that cuts through the transitioning experiences of post-authoritarian and post-conflict polities in Latin America, Asia, Europe and Africa, the book focuses specifically on Nigeria. It demonstrates that public accountability of the judiciary through the mechanism of a truth-seeking process is a necessary component in securing comprehensive accountability for the judicial role in the past. Transitional Justice, Judicial Accountability and the Rule of Law further shows that an across-the-board transformation of state institutions – an important aspiration of transitional processes – is virtually impossible without incorporating the third branch of government, the judiciary, into the accountability process.

Access To Justice And The Judiciary

Author : Alan Uzelac
ISBN : 9050959253
Genre : Law
File Size : 74. 4 MB
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Access to justice is among the most important notions in modern legal vocabulary. It is a central topic in the famous book series edited by the late Mauro Cappelletti, the case law of the European Court of Human Rights, the land-slide reforms of Lord Woolf in England, and the reform of most other modern justice systems. From all these sources, one general line of thought emerges: every individual deserves legal protection that is not only quick, but also effective and affordable. In a time when an ever growing demand for justice meets economic crisis and shrinking resources, innovative approaches to the access to justice are urgently needed. This present volume discusses a variety of such approaches from across Europe and beyond, all united by their significance in contemporary trends in legal and judicial reform. They are presented in the four sections of this book: Access to Justice and Legal Aid; Accessibility by Improvement of Quality; Access to Justice through Mediation and Arbitration; and Accessing Justice through Efficient Enforcement.

The Foundations Of Anglo American Corporate Fiduciary Law

Author : David Kershaw
ISBN : 9781108651134
Genre : Law
File Size : 38. 9 MB
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This book explores the foundations and evolution of modern corporate fiduciary law in the United States and the United Kingdom. Today US and UK fiduciary law provide very different approaches to the regulation of directorial behaviour. However, as the book shows, the law in both jurisdictions borrowed from the same sources in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century English fiduciary and commercial law. The book identifies the shared legal foundations and authorities and explores the drivers of corporate fiduciary law's contemporary divergence. In so doing it challenges the prevailing accounts of corporate legal change and stability in the US and the UK.

Transitional Justice In Latin America

Author : Elin Skaar
ISBN : 9781317526209
Genre : Law
File Size : 78. 30 MB
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This book addresses current developments in transitional justice in Latin America – effectively the first region to undergo concentrated transitional justice experiences in modern times. Using a comparative approach, it examines trajectories in truth, justice, reparations, and amnesties in countries emerging from periods of massive violations of human rights and humanitarian law. The book examines the cases of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Guatemala, El Salvador, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay, developing and applying a common analytical framework to provide a systematic, qualitative and comparative analysis of their transitional justice experiences. More specifically, the book investigates to what extent there has been a shift from impunity towards accountability for past human rights violations in Latin America. Using ‘thick’, but structured, narratives – which allow patterns to emerge, rather than being imposed – the book assesses how the quality, timing and sequencing of transitional justice mechanisms, along with the context in which they appear, have mattered for the nature and impact of transitional justice processes in the region. Offering a new approach to assessing transitional justice, and challenging many assumptions in the established literature, this book will be of enormous benefit to scholars and others working in this area.

Rhetoric And The Rule Of Law

Author : Neil MacCormick
ISBN : 9780191018787
Genre : Law
File Size : 90. 79 MB
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When cases come before courts can we predict the outcome? Is legal reasoning rationally persuasive, working within a formal structure and using recognisable forms of arguments to produce predictable results? Or is legal reasoning mere ŕhetoric ́in the pejorative sense, open to use, and abuse, to achieve whatever ends unscrupulous politicians, lawyers and judges desire? If the latter what becomes of the supposed security of living under the rule of law? This book tackles these questions by presenting a theory of legal reasoning, developing the author's classic account given in Legal Reasoning and Legal Theory (OUP, 1978). It explains the essential role syllogism plays in reasoning used to apply the law, and the elements needed in addition to deductive reasoning to give a full explanation of how law is applied and decisions justified through the use of precedent, analogy and principle. The book highlights that problems of interpretation, classification and relevance will always arise when applying general legal standards to individual cases. In justifying their conclusions about such problems, judges need to be faithful to categorical legal reasons and yet fully sensitive to the particulars of the cases before them. How can this be achieved, and how should we evaluate the possible approaches judges could take to solving these problems? By addressing these issues the book asks questions at the heart of understanding the nature of law and the moral complexity of the rule of law.

Transitional Justice And Rule Of Law Reconstruction

Author : Padraig McAuliffe
ISBN : 9781135037765
Genre : Law
File Size : 41. 31 MB
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This short and accessible book is the first to focus exclusively on the inter-relation between transitional justice and rule of law reconstruction in post-conflict and post-authoritarian states. In so doing it provides a provocative reassessment of the various tangled relationships between the two fields, exploring the blind-spots, contradictions and opportunities for mutually-beneficial synergies in practice and scholarship between them. Though it is commonly assumed that transitional justice for past human rights abuses is inherently conducive to restoring the rule of law, differences in how both fields conceptualise the rule of law, the scope of transition and obligations to citizens have resulted in divergent approaches to transitional criminal trial, international criminal law, restorative justice and traditional justice mechanisms. Adopting a critical comparative approach that assesses the experiences of post-authoritarian and post-conflict polities in Latin America, Asia, Europe and Africa undergoing transitional justice and justice sector reform simultaneously, it argues that the potential benefits of transitional justice are exaggerated and urges policy-makers to rebalance the compromises inherent in transitional justice mechanisms against the foundational demands of rule of law reconstruction. This book will be of interest to scholars in the fields of transitional justice, rule of law, legal pluralism and peace-building concerned by the failure of transitional justice to leave a positive legacy to the justice system of the states where it operates. ‘This is a bold and nuanced scrutiny of the international system’s approach to transitional justice and the much vaunted rule of law project. Dr McAulifee should be congratulated for this well-researched book which should be a must read for not only scholars and researchers in transitional justice and peace and conflict studies, but also policy-makers in the international system.’ Dr. Hakeem O. Yusuf, Senior Lecturer, University of Strathclyde and author of Transitional Justice, Judicial Accountability and the Rule of Law.

Judicial Accountability

Author : Kalraj Mishra
ISBN : 9788184301656
Genre : Judges
File Size : 76. 99 MB
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An independent, impartial and authoritative judiciary is an integral part of our judicial system. We require judges who maintain high standards of judicial behaviour to uphold the rule of law and inspire the public confidence in judicial system. This book contains the process of judicial appointments as the same lack transparency. It also analyses various aspects of judicial appointment and impeachment process for removal of corrupt and inefficient judges in view of outcome of impeachment proceedings against Justice Ramaswamy. The writer has suggested for setting up of a Judicial Commission for looking after appointments, transfers and disciplinary proceedings against errant judges. It also contains a review on crime against women and role of different organs in providing justice to common litigants. Pendeney of large number of cases and inordinate delay in disposal of cases are cause of concern for every law-knowing person in the country. The growing tendency of judicial activism is most controversial issue and matter of debate. An effort has been made to find the answers of these vital issues. The book will make a unique contribution to the legal literature and prove to be very informative to every law-loving person of our society.

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