judicial activism

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Judicial Activism

Author : Christopher Wolfe
ISBN : 0847685314
Genre : Law
File Size : 38. 81 MB
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In this revised and updated edition of a classic text, one of America's leading constitutional theorists presents a brief but well-balanced history of judicial review and summarizes the arguments both for and against judicial activism within the context of American democracy. Christopher Wolfe demonstrates how modern courts have used their power to create new "rights" with fateful political consequences and he challenges popular opinions held by many contemporary legal scholars. This is important reading for anyone interested in the role of the judiciary within American politics. Praise for the first edition of Judicial Activism: "This is a splendid contribution to the literature, integrating for the first time between two covers an extensive debate, honestly and dispassionately presented, on the role of courts in American policy. Stanley C. Brubaker, Colgate University"

Originalism Contra Judicial Activism In Der Amerikanischen Verfassungsinterpretation

Author : Gregor Kerschbaumer
ISBN : 9783640453849
Genre :
File Size : 60. 64 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich Jura - Andere Rechtssysteme, Rechtsvergleichung, Note: 14 Punkte (2), Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat Munchen (Juristische Fakultat), Veranstaltung: Seminar: Logik und Methoden des Rechts, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die Verfassung in den Vereinigten Staaten blickt auf eine lange Geschichte zuruck. Vor uber 200 Jahren wurde sie von den sog. founding fathers erarbeitet, geschrieben und nach mehreren Jahren auch durchgesetzt, nachdem sich im Jahre 1787 die Stimmen mehrten, die eine Neuordnung der Verhaltnisse und eine Starkung der Zentralgewalt forderten. Der Verfassungskonvent von Philadelphia sah zunachst eine blosse Revision der Articles Of Confederation vor, unter dem Vorsitz von George Washington war man sich aber letztendlich daruber einig, dass die Konfoderationsartikel durch eine neue Verfassung ersetzt werden sollten. Bis Mitte 1788 hatten von den damaligen 13 Staaten neun die neue Verfassung ratifiziert, so dass diese im Jahre 1789 in Kraft treten konnte. Aufgrund hoher Hurden wurde die U.S. Bundesverfassung zwischen 1789 und 2009 lediglich 27 Mal um die sog. amendments erganzt, bereits aber in den ersten beiden Jahren um die ersten zehn davon erweitert, namlich dem Grundrechtskatalog der bill of rights. Diese lange Zeitspanne ist vor dem Hintergrund zu bedenken, dass es im Folgenden um die Interpretation eines Werkes in der heutigen Zeit geht, welches seit uber zwei Jahrhunderten nahezu unverandert ist und den Vereinigten Staaten aber trotzdem seine Pragung verleiht. Auf zwei moderne Auslegungsmethoden wird dabei im Besonderen einzugehen sein, jener des originalism' und der des judicial activism'. Davor gilt es aber, die Grundstruktur und den Aufbau der Gerichtsbarkeit in den Vereinigten Staaten zu erortern, um die Besonderheiten der amerikanischen Judikative und des anglo-amerikanischen Fallrechts in Bezug auf die Verfassungsinterpretation hervorheben zu konnen

Judicial Activism

Author : Sterling Harwood
ISBN : UOM:39015040641642
Genre : Law
File Size : 57. 70 MB
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Against Judicial Activism

Author : Rory Leishman
ISBN : 9780773560017
Genre : LAW
File Size : 69. 63 MB
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Against Judicial Activism cites numerous cases to support this argument. For instance, the British Columbia Human Rights Tribunal and Supreme Court read a ban on discrimination on the ground of transsexualism as being part of the province's human rights code. On the basis of this revision of the law, the tribunal ordered the Vancouver Rape Relief Society to pay $7,500 to a transsexual man in compensation for refusing to admit him into a training course for rape crisis counsellors.

Governing With The Charter

Author : James B. Kelly
ISBN : 9780774851718
Genre : Law
File Size : 51. 40 MB
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In Governing with the Charter, James Kelly clearly demonstrates that our current democratic deficit is not the result of the Supreme Court's judicial activism. On the contrary, an activist framers' intent surrounds the Charter, and the Supreme Court has simply, and appropriately, responded to this new constitutional environment. While the Supreme Court is admittedly a political actor, it is not the sole interpreter of the Charter, as the court, the cabinet, and bureaucracy all respond to the document, which has ensured the proper functioning of constitutional supremacy in Canada. Kelly analyzes the parliamentary hearings on the Charter and also draws from interviews with public servants, senators, and members of parliament actively involved in appraising legislation to ensure that it is consistent with the Charter. He concludes that the principal institutional outcome of the Charter has been a marginalization of Parliament and that this is due to the Prime Minister's decision on how to govern with the Charter.

Judicial Activism In India

Author : Satyaranjan Purushottam Sathe
ISBN : STANFORD:36105111795238
Genre : Law
File Size : 26. 19 MB
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This Book Is An Examination Of Judicial Review And Its Role In Democracy, With Special Reference To India.

Scalia V Epstein

Author : Antonin Scalia
ISBN : 9781937184469
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 45. 7 MB
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With the appointment of William H. Rehnquist as Chief Justice of the United States and Antonin Scalia as associate justice, there is renewed interest in questions of judicial activism and the role of the courts in protecting personal and economic liberties. To further public discussion of these fundamental questions, the Cato Institute is pleased to present this debate between Judge Scalia and Richard A.Epstein, James Parker Hall Professor of Law at the University of Chicago and editor of the Journal of Legal Studies. These papers were originally delivered at the Cato Institute's conference "Economic Liberties and the Judiciary" on October 26,1984, and appeared in the Winter 1985 issue of the Cato Journal.

Judicial Activism In Post Emergency Era

Author : Dr. Swapna Deka Mandrinath
ISBN : 9789384391447
Genre : Law
File Size : 54. 32 MB
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"Since the day the Constitution of India came into force, Judicial Activism has existed in different forms under the Constitution. Judicial Activism initiated by the higher judiciary in India has started serious debates on the Court’s undefined power to place substantive as well as procedural limits on the executive as well as the legislature. The Court’s new role to make law and give directions has been criticised as the usurpation of powers that belong to the other two organs. The Court has been defending its new role to uphold the constitutional values of protecting the human rights of the people thereby upholding the principle of Rule of Law. Through this book, Dr. Deka Swapna Manindranath analyses the legitimacy of Judicial Activism in India as well as the intrusions made by the judiciary in the name of Judicial Activism. The author argues that Judicial Activism under the Constitution has been inevitable in view of the socio-economic and political conditions of the nation as well as due to the laxity of performance on the part of the other two organs. This book will be of interest to the research scholars and students of Indian Constitutional law and Political Science, judges, lawyers and general readers interested in knowing about the phenomenon of Judicial Activism in India."

The Myth Of Judicial Activism

Author : Kermit Roosevelt
ISBN : 0300129564
Genre : Law
File Size : 53. 64 MB
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Constitutional scholar Kermit Roosevelt uses plain language and compelling examples to explain how the Constitution can be both a constant and an organic document, and takes a balanced look at controversial decisions through a compelling new lens of constitutional interpretation.

Proportionality And Judicial Activism

Author : Niels Petersen
ISBN : 9781316834039
Genre : Law
File Size : 47. 96 MB
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The principle of proportionality is currently one of the most discussed topics in the field of comparative constitutional law. Many critics claim that courts use the proportionality test as an instrument of judicial self-empowerment. Proportionality and Judicial Activism tests this hypothesis empirically; it systematically and comparatively analyses the fundamental rights jurisprudence of the Canadian Supreme Court, the German Federal Constitutional Court and the South African Constitutional Court. The book shows that the proportionality test does give judges a considerable amount of discretion. However, this analytical openness does not necessarily lead to judicial activism. Instead, judges are faced with significant institutional constraints, as a result of which all three examined courts refrain from using proportionality for purposes of judicial activism.

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