jungle laboratories mexican peasants national projects and the making of the pill

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Jungle Laboratories

Author : Gabriela Soto Laveaga
ISBN : 0822391961
Genre : History
File Size : 23. 29 MB
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In the 1940s chemists discovered that barbasco, a wild yam indigenous to Mexico, could be used to mass-produce synthetic steroid hormones. Barbasco spurred the development of new drugs, including cortisone and the first viable oral contraceptives, and positioned Mexico as a major player in the global pharmaceutical industry. Yet few people today are aware of Mexico’s role in achieving these advances in modern medicine. In Jungle Laboratories, Gabriela Soto Laveaga reconstructs the story of how rural yam pickers, international pharmaceutical companies, and the Mexican state collaborated and collided over the barbasco. By so doing, she sheds important light on a crucial period in Mexican history and challenges us to reconsider who can produce science. Soto Laveaga traces the political, economic, and scientific development of the global barbasco industry from its emergence in the 1940s, through its appropriation by a populist Mexican state in 1970, to its obsolescence in the mid-1990s. She focuses primarily on the rural southern region of Tuxtepec, Oaxaca, where the yam grew most freely and where scientists relied on local, indigenous knowledge to cultivate and harvest the plant. Rural Mexicans, at first unaware of the pharmaceutical and financial value of barbasco, later acquired and deployed scientific knowledge to negotiate with pharmaceutical companies, lobby the Mexican government, and ultimately transform how urban Mexicans perceived them. By illuminating how the yam made its way from the jungles of Mexico, to domestic and foreign scientific laboratories where it was transformed into pills, to the medicine cabinets of millions of women across the globe, Jungle Laboratories urges us to recognize the ways that Mexican peasants attained social and political legitimacy in the twentieth century, and positions Latin America as a major producer of scientific knowledge.

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author : Yuval Noah Harari
ISBN : 9783641104986
Genre : History
File Size : 23. 20 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Stand Up And Fight

Author : María L. O. Muñoz
ISBN : 9780816532506
Genre : History
File Size : 50. 42 MB
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6. In Defense of Our People: The National Council of Indigenous Peoples, 1975-1985 -- Conclusion: Reimagining the Field of Force -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Index

The Drug Hunters

Author : Donald R. Kirsch
ISBN : 9781628727197
Genre : Science
File Size : 58. 41 MB
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The surprising, behind-the-scenes story of how our medicines are discovered, told by a veteran drug hunter. The search to find medicines is as old as disease, which is to say as old as the human race. Through serendipity— by chewing, brewing, and snorting—some Neolithic souls discovered opium, alcohol, snakeroot, juniper, frankincense, and other helpful substances. Ötzi the Iceman, the five-thousand-year-old hunter frozen in the Italian Alps, was found to have whipworms in his intestines and Bronze-age medicine, a worm-killing birch fungus, knotted to his leggings. Nowadays, Big Pharma conglomerates spend billions of dollars on state-of the art laboratories staffed by PhDs to discover blockbuster drugs. Yet, despite our best efforts to engineer cures, luck, trial-and-error, risk, and ingenuity are still fundamental to medical discovery. The Drug Hunters is a colorful, fact-filled narrative history of the search for new medicines from our Neolithic forebears to the professionals of today, and from quinine and aspirin to Viagra, Prozac, and Lipitor. The chapters offer a lively tour of how new drugs are actually found, the discovery strategies, the mistakes, and the rare successes. Dr. Donald R. Kirsch infuses the book with his own expertise and experiences from thirty-five years of drug hunting, whether searching for life-saving molecules in mudflats by Chesapeake Bay or as a chief science officer and research group leader at major pharmaceutical companies.

Twentieth Century Population Thinking

Author : The Population Knowledge Network
ISBN : 9781317479635
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 51. 1 MB
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This reader on the history of demography and historical perspectives on "population" in the twentieth century features a unique collection of primary sources from around the globe, written by scholars, politicians, journalists, and activists. Many of the sources are available in English for the first time. Background information is provided on each source. Together, the sources mirror the circumstances under which scientific knowledge about "population" was produced, how demography evolved as a discipline, and how demographic developments were interpreted and discussed in different political and cultural settings. Readers thereby gain insight into the historical precedents on debates on race, migration, reproduction, natural resources, development and urbanization, the role of statistics in the making of the nation state, and family structures and gender roles, among others. The reader is designed for undergraduate and graduate students as well as scholars in the fields of demography and population studies as well as to anyone interested in the history of science and knowledge.

A Short History Of Medicine

Author : Erwin H. Ackerknecht
ISBN : 9781421419541
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39. 66 MB
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Erwin H. Ackerknecht’s A Short History of Medicine is a concise narrative, long appreciated by students in the history of medicine, medical students, historians, and medical professionals as well as all those seeking to understand the history of medicine. Covering the broad sweep of discoveries from parasitic worms to bacilli and x-rays, and highlighting physicians and scientists from Hippocrates and Galen to Pasteur, Koch, and Roentgen, Ackerknecht narrates Western and Eastern civilization’s work at identifying and curing disease. He follows these discoveries from the library to the bedside, hospital, and laboratory, illuminating how basic biological sciences interacted with clinical practice over time. But his story is more than one of laudable scientific and therapeutic achievement. Ackerknecht also points toward the social, ecological, economic, and political conditions that shape the incidence of disease. Improvements in health, Ackerknecht argues, depend on more than laboratory knowledge: they also require that we improve the lives of ordinary men and women by altering social conditions such as poverty and hunger. This revised and expanded edition includes a new foreword and concluding biographical essay by Charles E. Rosenberg, Ackerknecht’s former student and a distinguished historian of medicine. A new bibliographic essay by Lisa Haushofer explores recent scholarship in the history of medicine. -- Charles E. Rosenberg, Harvard University, author of Our Present Complaint: American Medicine, Then and Now

This Man S Pill

Author : Carl Djerassi
ISBN : 9783709937167
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 69. 21 MB
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Dem Autor ist am 15. Oktober 1951, in einem kleinen Labor in Mexico City der entscheidende Schritt zur synthetischen Herstellung des Hormons Gestagen gelungen, was die "Antibabypille" ermöglicht hat. In diesem Buch verfolgt Djerassi genauer, als er das bisher getan hat, die Geschichte der "Pille" mit ihren Vorstufen, etwa den Forschungen und Ergebnissen des Innsbrucker Biologen Prof. Ludwig Haberlandt aus den zwanziger Jahren, schildert die Auswirkungen seiner Erfindung auf Gesellschaft und Politik und sinniert über die sich abzeichnende Trennung von Sex und Fortplanzung. Auch persönliche Erinnerungen an die turbulenten fünfziger und sechziger Jahre breitet der vorzügliche Erzähler Djerassi vor dem Leser der zwölf Essays aus. Aus dem Amerikanischen von Ursula-Maria Mössner

Machine Of Death

Author : Ryan North
ISBN : 9783641071882
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 21. 67 MB
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Ihr werdet alle sterben! Stellen Sie sich vor, Sie gehen zum Arzt, machen einen Bluttest und eine Maschine spuckt daraufhin einen kleinen Zettel mit der Art Ihres Todes aus. Keine Einzelheiten, kein Zeitpunkt – die einzige Information, die man erhält, ist: Tod durch Ertrinken oder Verhungern oder Alter. Gleich dem Orakel von Delphi verhängt die Machine of Death ihr Urteil über die Menschen, und die Autoren dieser einzigartigen Storysammlung schildern auf ironische, humorvolle und berührende Weise, was passiert, wenn man versucht, seinem Schicksal aus dem Weg zu gehen ...

Schurkenstaat

Author : William Blum
ISBN : 3897065304
Genre :
File Size : 31. 98 MB
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Minerals Collecting And Value Across The U S Mexico Border

Author : Elizabeth Emma Ferry
ISBN : UOM:39015092802886
Genre : History
File Size : 24. 79 MB
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Traces the movement of minerals from Mexican mines to markets, museums, and provate collections and explores their value as scientific specimens, religious offerings, works of art, and luxury collectibles.

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