just cause or just because prosecution plea bargaining r

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Just Cause Or Just Because

Author : Kevin Jack Riley
ISBN : 0833037781
Genre : Law
File Size : 76. 64 MB
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In recent years, Arizona and California overwhelmingly passed ballot initiatives that were expected to divert minor, nonviolent drug offenders from incarceration-jail and prison-to treatment. With respect to the prison population, it was unknown whether low-level drug offenders had a violent or lengthy criminal history that made prosecutors reluctant to drop the low-level drug charge, whether the quantity or type of drug involved influenced the prosecution pattern, and whether there were differences across racial groups in the prosecution of low-level drug offenders. This study was designed to fill those knowledge gaps. The evidence from the period before the implementation of the initiatives supports prosecutors' hypotheses that offenders sent to prison on low-level drug charges generally had more severe criminal histories, were involved with harder drugs, or were caught with substantial quantities. The report's findings also show that marijuana offenders are not first- or second-time offenders and are not treated more "harshly" or more "leniently" than other drug offenders. The authors generally found no differences in treatment of racial/ethnic groups, though in some cases small sample sizes made it difficult to reach definitive conclusions. Plea-bargaining for prison-bound low-level drug offenders appears to be used in a manner consistent with prosecutorial practices aimed at incarcerating drug offenders who are perceived to present a greater threat to the community.

State And Local Politics Institutions And Reform

Author : Todd Donovan
ISBN : 9781111833107
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 78. 52 MB
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In this Third Edition of STATE AND LOCAL POLITICS: INSTITUTIONS AND REFORM, Donovan, Mooney, and Smith go beyond the purely descriptive treatment usually found in state and local texts. Offering an engaging comparative approach, the Third Edition shows students how politics and government differ between states and communities, and points out the causes and effects of those variations. The text also focuses on what social scientists know about the effects of rules and institutions on politics and policy. This comparative, institutional framework enables students to think more analytically about the impact of institutions on policy outcomes, asks them to evaluate the effectiveness of one institutional approach over another, and encourages them to consider more sophisticated solutions. Written by three young, high-profile specialists who have contributed significantly to the field in the last decade, STATE AND LOCAL POLITICS: INSTITUTIONS AND REFORM incorporates the most recent scholarship available into the course, giving students access to perspectives that no other textbook on the market currently provides. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Plea Bargaining

Author : Milton Heumann
ISBN : 0226331881
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 72. 97 MB
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"That relatively few criminal cases in this country are resolved by full Perry Mason-style strials is fairly common knowledge. Most cases are settled by a guilty plea after some form of negotiation over the charge or sentence. But why? The standard explanation is case pressure: the enormous volume of criminal cases, to be processed with limited staff, time and resources. . . . But a large body of new empirical research now demands that we re-examine plea negotiation. Milton Heumann's book, Plea Bargaining, strongly and explicitly attacks the case-pressure argument and suggests an alternative explanation for plea bargaining based on the adaptation of attorneys and judges to the local criminal court. The book is a significant and welcome addition to the literature. Heumann's investigation of case pressure and plea negotiation demonstrates solid research and careful analysis."—Michigan Law Review

Plea Bargaining S Triumph

Author : George Fisher
ISBN : 0804751358
Genre : Law
File Size : 40. 85 MB
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Though originally an interloper in a system of justice mediated by courtroom battles, plea bargaining now dominates American criminal justice. This book traces the evolution of plea bargaining from its beginnings in the early nineteenth century to its present pervasive role. Through the first three quarters of the nineteenth century, judges showed far less enthusiasm for plea bargaining than did prosecutors. After all, plea bargaining did not assure judges “victory”; judges did not suffer under the workload that prosecutors faced; and judges had principled objections to dickering for justice and to sharing sentencing authority with prosecutors. The revolution in tort law, however, brought on a flood of complex civil cases, which persuaded judges of the wisdom of efficient settlement of criminal cases. Having secured the patronage of both prosecutors and judges, plea bargaining quickly grew to be the dominant institution of American criminal procedure. Indeed, it is difficult to name a single innovation in criminal procedure during the last 150 years that has been incompatible with plea bargaining’s progress and survived.

The Prosecutor In Transnational Perspective

Author : Erik Luna
ISBN : 9780199844807
Genre : Law
File Size : 48. 74 MB
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In this book, Erik Luna and Marianne Wade examine the considerable powers of the American prosecutor and look abroad in order to learn valuable lessons from a transnational examination of prosecutorial authority. They explore parallels and distinctions in the processes available to and decisions made by prosecutors in the United States and Europe. Through the varied topics covered by the contributors on both sides of the Atlantic, they demonstrate how the enhanced role of the prosecutor represents a crossroads for criminal justice with weighty legal and socio-economic consequences.

Diverting Children From A Life Of Crime

Author : Peter W. Greenwood
ISBN : 0833026232
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 65. 49 MB
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This groundbreaking work examines four early-intervention approaches: home visits by child care professionals to provide guidance in infant and child care; parent training and therapy for families with primary-school-age children who have shown aggressive behavior; cash and other incentives to induce disadvantaged high school students to graduate; and monitoring and supervising high-school-age youth who have already exhibited delinquent behavior. The authors compare the costs and effectiveness of each program and show how some intervention strategies could reduce crime by up to 15 percent.

The Last Plea Bargain

Author : Randy Singer
ISBN : 9781414369235
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 67. 72 MB
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2013 Christy Award finalist! Plea bargains may grease the rails of justice, but for Jamie Brock, prosecuting criminals is not about cutting deals. In her three years as assistant DA, she’s never plea-bargained a case and vows she never will. But when a powerful defense attorney is indicted for murder and devises a way to bring the entire justice system to a screeching halt, Jamie finds herself at a crossroads. One by one, prisoners begin rejecting deals. Prosecutors are overwhelmed, and felons start walking free on technicalities. To break the logjam and convict her nemesis, Jamie must violate every principle that has guided her young career. But she has little choice. To convict the devil, sometimes you have to cut a deal with one of his demons.

Criminal Procedure

Author : James R. Acker
ISBN : 0763731692
Genre : Law
File Size : 59. 40 MB
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This essential resource provides students with an introduction to the rules and principles of criminal procedure law. This text uses a case study approach to help students develop the analytical skills necessary to understand the origins, context, and evolutions of the law; concentrates on US Supreme Court decisions interpreting both state and federal constitutions; and introduces students to the reference materials and strategies used for basic legal research.

Plea Bargaining In National And International Law

Author : Regina Rauxloh
ISBN : 9780415597869
Genre : Law
File Size : 53. 84 MB
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Plea bargaining is one of the most important and most discussed issues in modern criminal procedure law. Based on historical and comparative legal research, the author has analysed the wide-spread use of plea bargaining in different criminal justice systems. The book sets out in-depth studies of consensual case dispositions in the UK, examining how plea bargaining has developed and spread in England and Wales. It also goes on to discusses in detail the problems that this practise poses for the rule of law by avoiding procedural safe-guards. The book draws on empirical research in its examination of the absence of informal settlements in the former GDR, offering a unique insight into criminal procedure in a socialist legal system that has been little studied. Drawing on her research findings, the author goes on to discuss the extent to which plea bargaining should be developed in the International Criminal Court in The Hague, as the question of this practise is set to be one of the seminal debates in the development of international criminal procedures in the new International Criminal Court. Plea Bargaining in National and International Law will be of particular interest to academics and students of international criminal law, criminal procedures and comparative law.

Social Work Practice And The Law

Author : Dr. Lyn K. Slater, PhD
ISBN : 9780826117670
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 70. 29 MB
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"This is the first book to give social workers the tools to understand their clients' legal needs and rights and to address them collaboratively and effectively. Lyn Slater and Kara Finck ground their text in a comprehensive grasp of the legal system and the inequities of race, class, and gender that shape clients' experiences. Social Work Practice and the Law is a powerful call for social workers to be passionate and skillful advocates for their clients. Essential reading for social workers and lawyers alike who serve low-income people entangled in systems that so often fail them." Dorothy Roberts, JD Kirkland & Ellis Professor, Northwestern University School of Law Author, Shattered Bonds: The Color of Child Welfare Based on the author's innovative and nationally recognized prototype for inter-professional work at Fordham University, this is the only volume about social work and the legal system that is written from the social worker's perspective. Devoid of "legalese," the book is designed to help social workers develop the ability to reappraise, question, and challenge the law to best serve their clients. It aims to promote the development of a more strategic relationship with the legal system-a partnership that can achieve more creative and just solutions to social problems. Exhaustive in scope, Social Work and the Law identifies current national and international trends and legal movements that support and invite inter-professional, critically competent social work participation. The book also identifies and explains the essential knowledge, skills, values, and attitudes necessary for the attainment of collaborative critical competence when interacting with the legal system. Each chapter includes vivid case studies based on actual collaborations that illustrate the application of theory to practice. Chapters also include legal, social work, and evidence-based resources. Key Features: Promotes a proactive approach to the ways in which social workers can use law to promote clients' best interests Addresses all domains of social work practice-child welfare, housing law, educational access, disability law, benefits, and more Offers abundant case studies taken from the authors' real-life work Devoid of "legalese" and written from a social worker's perspective

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