justice by insurance the general indian court of colonial mexico and the legal aides of the half real

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Justice By Insurance

Author : Woodrow Borah
ISBN : 0520048458
Genre : History
File Size : 86. 80 MB
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As Western Europe expanded its empires in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, it came to dominate many peoples, especially in America, whose cultures and legal systems differed dramatically from its own. The resulting conflicts of both law and custom posed difficult problems: How could these conflicting laws and customs be adjusted within a common political administration? And, in particular, how could legal remedy be provided for groups of lesser political weight? Woodrow Borah vividly depicts one of the more unusual institutions that arose in response to these problems--the General Indian Court of New Spain. In what is today Mexico, the conquering Spaniards had at first attempted to preserve such Indian customs as were deemed not contrary to reason or Christianity. However, as interpreted by Spanish judges, so much turned out to be "contrary" to these standards that native customs were soon recast in largely Spanish norms. At the same time, the conquered Indians discovered the uses of the Spanish courts, unleashing a flood of litigation. The ensuing social and economic upheaval sparked great concern among Spanish administrators and jurists. The result was the establishment of the General Indian Court, a remarkably innovative special jurisdiction vested in the viceroy and corps of legal aides. Expenses were paid from a small contribution by each Indian family--in effect, legal insurance. Woodrow Borah analyzes the kinds of cases that came before this court, the decisions it reached, and the policies underlying these decisions. He enriches this study by examining the separate but parallel structures in the Yucatan peninsula and on the seigneurial estate of Hern�n Cort�s, and by comparing the General Indian Court to the tribunals of Guadalajara, which had no similar special arrangements. The development of the General Indian Court and the relation of the legal aides to their Indian clients and to other lawyers form a complicated story of both service and exploitation and contribute an important chapter to the history of colonial Mexico.

Empire Of Law And Indian Justice In Colonial Mexico

Author : Brian Philip Owensby
ISBN : 9780804758635
Genre : History
File Size : 28. 77 MB
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Brian P. Owensby is Associate Professor in the University of Virginia's Corcoran Department of History. He is the author of Intimate Ironies: Modernity and the Making of Middle-Class Lives in Brazil (Stanford, 1999).

Asian Slaves In Colonial Mexico

Author : Tatiana Seijas
ISBN : 9781107063129
Genre : History
File Size : 44. 59 MB
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"During the late sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, countless slaves from culturally diverse communities in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia journeyed to Mexico on the ships of the Manila Galleon. Upon arrival in Mexico, they were grouped together and categorized as chinos. In time, chinos came to be treated under the law as Indians (the term for all native people of Spain's colonies) and became indigenous vassals of the Spanish crown after 1672. The implications of this legal change were enormous: as Indians, rather than chinos, they could no longer be held as slaves. By tracking these individuals' complex journey from the bondage of the Manila slave market to the freedom of Mexico City streets, Tatiana Seijas challenges commonly held assumptions about the uniformity of the slave experience in the Americas and shows that the history of coerced labor is necessarily connected to colonial expansion and forced global migration"--

Africans In Colonial Mexico

Author : Herman L. Bennett
ISBN : 9780253217752
Genre : History
File Size : 37. 42 MB
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"This book charts new directions in thinking about the construction of new world identities.... Bennett does a masterful job." —Judith A. Byfield, Dartmouth In this study of the largest population of free and slave Africans in the New World, Herman L. Bennett has uncovered much new information about the lives of slave and free blacks, the ways that their lives were regulated by the government and the Church, the impact upon them of the Inquisition, their legal status in marriage, and their rights and obligations as Christian subjects.

Law And People In Colonial America

Author : Peter Charles Hoffer
ISBN : 080185816X
Genre : History
File Size : 66. 95 MB
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This revised edition of Law and People in Colonial America will incorporate recent scholarship and encompass American Indians, the French, and Spaniards as people who—on the fringes of English settlement—raised interesting questions. Among them: how in legal terms did the English deal with "marginal"societies; how does this posture help us to understand English law and the changes the New World forced upon it; and how did these people on the outside themselves view English law?

Arizona Law Review

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ISBN : UCAL:B3692638
Genre : Law
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The Arizona Law Review is a student-edited publication of the James E. Rogers College of Law at the University of Arizona. The Review is committed to publishing works of high-quality, original, and thought-provoking legal scholarship.

Comparative Law

Author : John Henry Merryman
ISBN : STANFORD:36105134514616
Genre : Law
File Size : 82. 1 MB
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The Hispanic American Historical Review

Author :
ISBN : UTEXAS:059172148734460
Genre : Electronic journals
File Size : 71. 92 MB
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Includes "Bibliographical section".

The Indian Community Of Colonial Mexico

Author : Arij Ouweneel
ISBN : UVA:X001964207
Genre : History
File Size : 81. 16 MB
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This book contains fifteen essays on land tenure, corporate Organizations, ideology and village politics

Western Legal History

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ISBN : STANFORD:36105061989799
Genre : Law
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