key issues in women s work female diversity and the polarisation of women s employment contemporary issues in public policy

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Key Issues In Women S Work

Author : Catherine Hakim
ISBN : 9781135310882
Genre : Law
File Size : 67. 61 MB
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Women's employment is one of the most widely-discussed and often-misunderstood issues of modern society. Are women today oppressed, or do they have the best of both worlds? Do women have to go out to work to gain equality with men, or do they already do more than their share of domestic work, caring work and voluntary work as well as work in the informal economy? Do women seek careers on the same terms as men, or are they content to be dependent wives or secondary earners taking jobs on a short-term basis? How important is job segregation in explaining the 20% pay gap between men and women? Have equal opportunities laws had any real impact? Are women in Europe lagging behind, or are they at the forefront of developments in modern societies? This new updated edition of Catherine Hakim's classic text addresses all the key issues currently debated in relation to women's work - in the domestic sphere, as well as paid employment. Dr Hakim tests the power of patriarchy theory and preference theory against economic theories. Sex discrimination, work-life balance, part-time work, flexible hours, homeworking, career patterns across the life cycle, labour mobility, labour turnover, the returns to education, occupational segregation, the pay gap, the glass ceiling, and the impact of European Union policies are all considered. Analysis of historical developments over the twentieth century, based on censuses, is complemented by case studies of people working in occupations undergoing dramatic change. Throughout the book, comparisons are drawn between the USA, Britain, other European countries, Canada, Australia, and also China, Japan and other Far Eastern societies. The analysis draws on sociology, economics, psychology, labour law, history and social anthropology to conclude that the diversity of women's life goals and lifestyle preferences is increasing. This explains the growing polarisation of women's employment and many contradictory recent research results.

Underemployment

Author : Douglas C. Maynard
ISBN : 1441994130
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 60. 60 MB
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Underemployment – when people are employed in some way that is insufficient, such as being overqualified or working part-time when one desires full-time employment – is a challenge faced by all industrialized nations and their organizations and individuals. Just like unemployment, some level of underemployment exists even in the best of times, but it becomes more pervasive when the job market is weak. Given the current economic climate in North America and abroad, researchers and scholars in various disciplines (psychology, business, sociology, economics) are becoming more interested in investigating the effects of underemployment and identifying possible practical solutions. Underemployment synthesizes the current understanding of the phenomenon by bringing together scholars with diverse perspectives and expertise with the aim of informing and guiding the next generation of underemployment research.

Whither The Child

Author : Eric P. Kaufmann
ISBN : 9781317249122
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 67. 85 MB
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Birth rates are falling and fertility rates are well below replacement levels. At the same time, the economic crisis has forced governments to scale back public spending, reduce child support, and raise the retirement age, causing immense social conflict. Taking a step outside the disciplinary comfort zone, Whither the Child? asks how demography affects individuals and society. What does it feel like to live in a low fertility world? What are the consequences? Is there even a problem - economically, culturally and morally? No other book confronts so many dimensions of the low fertility issue and none engage with the thorny issues of child psychology, parenting, family, and social policy that are tackled head-on here.

Ethnicity And Gender At Work

Author : H. Bradley
ISBN : 9780230582101
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 77. 93 MB
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Using an international approach, this book demonstrates the way that the intersection of gendered and ethnic identities operate at work and home. It provides an authoritative account of ethnicity and gender at work, and the theoretical underpinning explanations.

Gender Management And Leadership In Initial Teacher Education

Author : Barbara Thompson
ISBN : 9781137490513
Genre : Education
File Size : 82. 32 MB
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This book highlights the difficulties that women working as managers and leaders in initial teacher education face. Teacher education is at the forefront of education reforms and yet little is known about the professional lives of those who work within it. Whereas many women are moving into positions of authority in teacher training, some existing women managers are being marginalized within new internally differentiated layers of managerial structures. Yet other female managers, mainly new appointees, seem to endorse the discourses associated with new managerialist practices. Simultaneously some women who manage in teacher training are engaged in a struggle for survival individually and professionally. In the main, men seem to be missing from authority positions and will conclude that, in the current climate, the management of teacher training is ‘no job for a man’.

Theorising And Representing Maternal Realities

Author : Marie Porter
ISBN : STANFORD:36105131703238
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 32. 8 MB
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Maternal research is a rapidly expanding, multi-disciplinary form of scholarship. Prior to second wave feminism most motherhood literature was written from a male perspective. This literature focused on telling mothers how to practice mothering without acknowledging the expertise of the mothers themselves. Research on motherhood as it is experienced in all its facets by mothers has only emerged in recent decades. This book is aimed at expanding academic knowledge of motherhood, from a feminist perspective, looking particularly at how maternal subjectivities can be represented and theorised. When mothers themselves (academic or not) are responsible for theorisation and representation of maternal 'realities', dominant theories and representations of motherhood are radically challenged. In Theorising and Representing Maternal Realities the contributors argue that it is no longer acceptable to regard mothers as mere objects of knowledge and research. They are primarily the subjects of knowledge and research.

Women Power And Politics

Author : Anne Stevens
ISBN : 0230507816
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 43. 39 MB
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A major new introduction to women's political involvement and role in the liberal democratic world drawing examples from a wide range of countries to illustrate key common features and divergences. Anne Stevens not only assesses the extent of women's participation and representation in government, and in parliaments but also in grass roots politics. The central focus throughout is on the issue of whether and how gender makes a difference.

New Books On Women And Feminism

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ISBN : MINN:31951P00999088L
Genre : Feminism
File Size : 80. 12 MB
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Work Lifestyle Choices In The 21st Century

Author : Catherine Hakim
ISBN : 0191583308
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 46. 21 MB
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In this book, Hakim presents a new, multi-disciplinary theory for explaining and predicting current and future patterns of women's choice between employment and family work. Preference theory is the first theory developed specifically to explain women's behaviour and choices. As such, it constitutes a major break from male-centred theorizing to date in sociology and economics. Preference theory is grounded on the substantial body of new research on women's work and fertility that has flourished within feminist scholarship. It identifies five major historical changes that collectively are producing a qualitatively new scenario for women in prosperous societies in the 21st century. Throughout the analysis, the USA and Britain illustrate what the new scenario means for women, how it alters their preferences and work-lifestyles choices. Hakim also reviews research evidence on contemporary developments across Europe, Canada, Australia, Japan, and the far East to develop a new theory that is genuine international in perspective.

European Women In Business And Management

Author : Marilyn J Davidson
ISBN : UOM:39015029996694
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 47. 78 MB
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This book explores the past, present and future position of women managers in each of the respective EU states. The contributors of each chapter, not only detail fully the most recent available employment statistics, but also help to unravel some of the reasons for similarities and differences between member states. Here, discrepancies based on such issues as differing traditions; historical events; education; training; legislation; attitudes towards entrepreneurship; management styles; employment conditions, rights and benefits; childcare provision; and equal opportunities policies and positive action programmes; are discussed.

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