kinetic theory and fluid dynamics modeling and simulation in science engineering and technology

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Kinetic Theory And Fluid Dynamics

Author : Yoshio Sone
ISBN : 9781461200611
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 26 MB
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This monograph is intended to provide a comprehensive description of the rela tion between kinetic theory and fluid dynamics for a time-independent behavior of a gas in a general domain. A gas in a steady (or time-independent) state in a general domain is considered, and its asymptotic behavior for small Knudsen numbers is studied on the basis of kinetic theory. Fluid-dynamic-type equations and their associated boundary conditions, together with their Knudsen-layer corrections, describing the asymptotic behavior of the gas for small Knudsen numbers are presented. In addition, various interesting physical phenomena derived from the asymptotic theory are explained. The background of the asymptotic studies is explained in Chapter 1, accord ing to which the fluid-dynamic-type equations that describe the behavior of a gas in the continuum limit are to be studied carefully. Their detailed studies depending on physical situations are treated in the following chapters. What is striking is that the classical gas dynamic system is incomplete to describe the behavior of a gas in the continuum limit (or in the limit that the mean free path of the gas molecules vanishes). Thanks to the asymptotic theory, problems for a slightly rarefied gas can be treated with the same ease as the corresponding classical fluid-dynamic problems. In a rarefied gas, a temperature field is di rectly related to a gas flow, and there are various interesting phenomena which cannot be found in a gas in the continuum limit.

Modeling In Applied Sciences

Author : Nicola Bellomo
ISBN : 9781461205135
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 84. 47 MB
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Modeling complex biological, chemical, and physical systems, in the context of spatially heterogeneous mediums, is a challenging task for scientists and engineers using traditional methods of analysis. Modeling in Applied Sciences is a comprehensive survey of modeling large systems using kinetic equations, and in particular the Boltzmann equation and its generalizations. An interdisciplinary group of leading authorities carefully develop the foundations of kinetic models and discuss the connections and interactions between model theories, qualitative and computational analysis and real-world applications. This book provides a thoroughly accessible and lucid overview of the different aspects, models, computations, and methodology for the kinetic-theory modeling process. Topics and Features: * Integrated modeling perspective utilized in all chapters * Fluid dynamics of reacting gases * Self-contained introduction to kinetic models * Becker–Doring equations * Nonlinear kinetic models with chemical reactions * Kinetic traffic-flow models * Models of granular media * Large communication networks * Thorough discussion of numerical simulations of Boltzmann equation This new book is an essential resource for all scientists and engineers who use large-scale computations for studying the dynamics of complex systems of fluids and particles. Professionals, researchers, and postgraduates will find the book a modern and authoritative guide to the topic.

Handbook Of Differential Equations Evolutionary Equations

Author : C.M. Dafermos
ISBN : 0080931979
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 52. 62 MB
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The material collected in this volume discusses the present as well as expected future directions of development of the field with particular emphasis on applications. The seven survey articles present different topics in Evolutionary PDE’s, written by leading experts. - Review of new results in the area - Continuation of previous volumes in the handbook series covering Evolutionary PDEs - Written by leading experts

Transport Phenomena And Kinetic Theory

Author : Carlo Cercignani
ISBN : 0817645543
Genre : Science
File Size : 90. 72 MB
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The study of kinetic equations related to gases, semiconductors, photons, traffic flow, and other systems has developed rapidly in recent years because of its role as a mathematical tool in areas such as engineering, meteorology, biology, chemistry, materials science, nanotechnology, and pharmacy. Written by leading specialists in their respective fields, this book presents an overview of recent developments in the field of mathematical kinetic theory with a focus on modeling complex systems, emphasizing both mathematical properties and their physical meaning. Transport Phenomena and Kinetic Theory is an excellent self-study reference for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners working in pure and applied mathematics, mathematical physics, and engineering. The work may be used in courses or seminars on selected topics in transport phenomena or applications of the Boltzmann equation.

The Princeton Companion To Applied Mathematics

Author : Nicholas J. Higham
ISBN : 9781400874477
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 79. 31 MB
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This is the most authoritative and accessible single-volume reference book on applied mathematics. Featuring numerous entries by leading experts and organized thematically, it introduces readers to applied mathematics and its uses; explains key concepts; describes important equations, laws, and functions; looks at exciting areas of research; covers modeling and simulation; explores areas of application; and more. Modeled on the popular Princeton Companion to Mathematics, this volume is an indispensable resource for undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, and practitioners in other disciplines seeking a user-friendly reference book on applied mathematics. Features nearly 200 entries organized thematically and written by an international team of distinguished contributors Presents the major ideas and branches of applied mathematics in a clear and accessible way Explains important mathematical concepts, methods, equations, and applications Introduces the language of applied mathematics and the goals of applied mathematical research Gives a wide range of examples of mathematical modeling Covers continuum mechanics, dynamical systems, numerical analysis, discrete and combinatorial mathematics, mathematical physics, and much more Explores the connections between applied mathematics and other disciplines Includes suggestions for further reading, cross-references, and a comprehensive index

Modeling Complex Living Systems

Author : Nicola Bellomo
ISBN : 9780817646004
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 56. 67 MB
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This book develops new mathematical methods and tools to model living systems. The material it presents can be used in such real-world applications as immunology, transportation engineering, and economics. The first part of the book deals with deriving general evolution equations that can be customized to particular systems of interest in the applied sciences. The second part of the book deals with various models and applications. The book will be a valuable resource to all involved in modeling complex social systems and living matter in general.

Modeling And Computational Methods For Kinetic Equations

Author : Pierre Degond
ISBN : 9780817682002
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 34. 30 MB
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In recent years kinetic theory has developed in many areas of the physical sciences and engineering, and has extended the borders of its traditional fields of application. This monograph is a self-contained presentation of such recently developed aspects of kinetic theory, as well as a comprehensive account of the fundamentals of the theory. Emphasizing modeling techniques and numerical methods, the book provides a unified treatment of kinetic equations not found in more focused works. Specific applications presented include plasma kinetic models, traffic flow models, granular media models, and coagulation-fragmentation problems. The work may be used for self-study, as a reference text, or in graduate-level courses in kinetic theory and its applications.

Bulletin Of The Institute Of Mathematics Academia Sinica

Author :
ISBN : CORNELL:31924099658936
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 39. 18 MB
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Molecular Gas Dynamics

Author : Yoshio Sone
ISBN : 9780817645731
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 29 MB
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This self-contained book is an up-to-date description of the basic theory of molecular gas dynamics and its various applications. The book, unique in the literature, presents working knowledge, theory, techniques, and typical phenomena in rarefied gases for theoretical development and application. Basic theory is developed in a systematic way and presented in a form easily applied for practical use. In this work, the ghost effect and non-Navier–Stokes effects are demonstrated for typical examples—Bénard and Taylor–Couette problems—in the context of a new framework. A new type of ghost effect is also discussed.

Direct Modeling For Computational Fluid Dynamics

Author : Kun Xu
ISBN : 9789814623735
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75. 65 MB
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Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) studies the flow motion in a discretized space. Its basic scale resolved is the mesh size and time step. The CFD algorithm can be constructed through a direct modeling of flow motion in such a space. This book presents the principle of direct modeling for the CFD algorithm development, and the construction unified gas-kinetic scheme (UGKS). The UGKS accurately captures the gas evolution from rarefied to continuum flows. Numerically it provides a continuous spectrum of governing equation in the whole flow regimes. Contents:Direct Modeling for Computational Fluid DynamicsIntroduction to Gas Kinetic TheoryIntroduction to Nonequilibrium Flow SimulationsGas Kinetic SchemeUnified Gas Kinetic SchemeLow Speed Microflow StudiesHigh Speed Flow StudiesUnified Gas Kinetic Scheme for Diatomic GasConclusion Readership: Undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and professionals interested in computational fluid dynamics. Key Features:Direct modeling for CFD is self-contained and unified in presentationIt may be used as an advanced textbook by graduate students and even ambitious undergraduates in computational fluid dynamicsIt is also suitable for experts in CFD who wish to have a new understanding of the fundamental problems in the subject and study alternative approaches in CFD algorithm development and applicationThe explanations in the book are detailed enough to capture the interest of the curious reader, and complete enough to provide the necessary background material needed to go further into the subject and explore the research literatureKeywords:Direct Modeling;Unified Gas Kinetic Scheme;Boltzmann Equation;Kinetic Collision Model;Asymptotic Preserving Method

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