kinetic theory of granular gases oxford graduate texts

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Kinetic Theory Of Granular Gases

Author : Nikolai V. Brilliantov
ISBN : 9780199588138
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 50 MB
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In contrast to molecular gases (for example, air), the particles of granular gases, such as a cloud of dust, lose part of their kinetic energy when they collide, giving rise to many exciting physical properties. The book provides a self-contained introduction to the theory of granular gases for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduates.

Handbook Of Numerical Methods For Hyperbolic Problems

Author : Remi Abgrall
ISBN : 9780444639110
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 37. 3 MB
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Handbook on Numerical Methods for Hyperbolic Problems: Applied and Modern Issues details the large amount of literature in the design, analysis, and application of various numerical algorithms for solving hyperbolic equations that has been produced in the last several decades. This volume provides concise summaries from experts in different types of algorithms, so that readers can find a variety of algorithms under different situations and become familiar with their relative advantages and limitations. Provides detailed, cutting-edge background explanations of existing algorithms and their analysis Presents a method of different algorithms for specific applications and the relative advantages and limitations of different algorithms for engineers or those involved in applications Written by leading subject experts in each field, the volumes provide breadth and depth of content coverage

Kinetic Theory And Transport Phenomena

Author : Rodrigo Soto
ISBN : 9780191025143
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 24 MB
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One of the questions about which humanity has often wondered is the arrow of time. Why does temporal evolution seem irreversible? That is, we often see objects break into pieces, but we never see them reconstitute spontaneously. This observation was first put into scientific terms by the so-called second law of thermodynamics: entropy never decreases. However, this law does not explain the origin of irreversibly; it only quantifies it. Kinetic theory gives a consistent explanation of irreversibility based on a statistical description of the motion of electrons, atoms, and molecules. The concepts of kinetic theory have been applied to innumerable situations including electronics, the production of particles in the early universe, the dynamics of astrophysical plasmas, quantum gases or the motion of small microorganisms in water, with excellent quantitative agreement. This book presents the fundamentals of kinetic theory, considering classical paradigmatic examples as well as modern applications. It covers the most important systems where kinetic theory is applied, explaining their major features. The text is balanced between exploring the fundamental concepts of kinetic theory (irreversibility, transport processes, separation of time scales, conservations, coarse graining, distribution functions, etc.) and the results and predictions of the theory, where the relevant properties of different systems are computed.

Experimental And Computational Techniques In Soft Condensed Matter Physics

Author : Jeffrey Olafsen
ISBN : 9781139489812
Genre : Science
File Size : 90. 68 MB
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Soft condensed matter physics relies on a fundamental understanding at the interface between physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering for a host of materials and circumstances that are related to, but outside, the traditional definition of condensed matter physics. Featuring contributions from leading researchers in the field, this book uniquely discusses both the contemporary experimental and computational manifestations of soft condensed matter systems. From particle tracking and image analysis, novel materials and computational methods, to confocal microscopy and bacterial assays, this book will equip the reader for collaborative and interdisciplinary research efforts relating to a range of modern problems in nonlinear and non-equilibrium systems. It will enable both graduate students and experienced researchers to supplement a more traditional understanding of thermodynamics and statistical systems with knowledge of the techniques used in contemporary investigations. Color versions of a selection of the figures are available at www.cambridge.org/9780521115902.

Principles Of Corrosion Engineering And Corrosion Control

Author : Zaki Ahmad
ISBN : 9780080480336
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 38. 8 MB
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Corrosion is a huge issue for materials, mechanical, civil and petrochemical engineers. With comprehensive coverage of the principles of corrosion engineering, this book is a one-stop text and reference for students and practicing corrosion engineers. Highly illustrated, with worked examples and definitions, it covers basic corrosion principles, and more advanced information for postgraduate students and professionals. Basic principles of electrochemistry and chemical thermodynamics are incorporated to make the book accessible for students and engineers who do not have prior knowledge of this area. Each form of corrosion covered in the book has a definition, description, mechanism, examples and preventative methods. Case histories of failure are cited for each form. End of chapter questions are accompanied by an online solutions manual. * Comprehensively covers the principles of corrosion engineering, methods of corrosion protection and corrosion processes and control in selected engineering environments * Structured for corrosion science and engineering classes at senior undergraduate and graduate level, and is an ideal reference that readers will want to use in their professional work * Worked examples, extensive end of chapter exercises and accompanying online solutions and written by an expert from a key pretochemical university

Iutam Symposium On Segregation In Granular Flows

Author : Anthony Rosato
ISBN : 9789401594981
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 29. 71 MB
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Segregation is a pervasive phenomenon whereby a flowing granular mass consisting of particles with diverse physical properties becomes spatially inhomogeneous. In the industrial sector that deals with the handling and processing of bulk solids, this non-uniformity is highly undesirable since blend homogeneity is generally a stringent requirement of most products. In the arena of geophysical flows, segregation can enhance the destructive capabilities of natural events such as avalanches and landslides. During the last 15 years, these issues have provided motivation and fostered collaborations between the communities of mathematicians, engineers, industrial researchers, and physicists to develop predictive models of segregation by integrating the perspectives and approaches of each. The collection of unique papers brings to light many of the perplexing scientific and technical issues in our current understanding of this complex phenomenon. It addresses advances in experiment, computational modeling and theory. This volume is one of the very few books devoted entirely to problems of segregation of particulate solids.

Mathematical Underpinnings Of Analytics

Author : Peter Grindrod
ISBN : 9780198725091
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 83. 52 MB
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The book focuses on the mathematical underpinnings of methods in analytics, underlying the relevance of modern mathematical methods to analytics challenges. The book contains insights from the experience of the author working within commercial sectors and leading analytics teams. The breadth of the material covered contains elements of mathematical modelling, applied statistics, network theory, matrix functions and linear algebra, computational learning methods,probability theory, and stochastic processes; so it cannot be considered as a subfield of any one of these on its own. Examples applications are given in retail, e-commerce, telecoms, energy demand,advertising and digital marketing.

Dcds A

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015085193798
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 85. 94 MB
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Powders And Grains 2009

Author : Masami Nakagawa
ISBN : UCSD:31822037778230
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 10 MB
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Powders and Grains is an international scientific conference held every 4 years that brings together engineers and physicists interested in the microcmechanics of granular media, powders and grains. The meetings are organized by AEMMG (Association pour L'Etude de la Micromecanique des Milieux Granulaires). Previous meetings were held in Clement-Ferrand, France (1989), Birmingham, England (1993), Durham, USA (1997), Sendai, Japan (2001), and in Stuttgart, Germany (2005). Powders & Grains distinguishes itself from other meetings on granular materials in two ways: (1) It brings together both engineers and physicists. (2) It emphasizes the micromechanics of granular materials. The conference program includes contributions from experts around the world related to the general topic of granular media.

Ludwig Boltzmann

Author : Carlo Cercignani
ISBN : 9780191606984
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 9 MB
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This book presents the life and personality, the scientific and philosophical work of Ludwig Boltzmann, one of the great scientists who marked the passage from 19th- to 20th-Century physics. His rich and tragic life, ending by suicide at the age of 62, is described in detail. A substantial part of the book is devoted to discussing his scientific and philosophical ideas and placing them in the context of the second half of the 19th century. The fact that Boltzmann was the man who did most to establish that there is a microscopic, atomic structure underlying macroscopic bodies is documented, as is Boltzmann's influence on modern physics, especially through the work of Planck on light quanta and of Einstein on Brownian motion. Boltzmann was the centre of a scientific upheaval, and he has been proved right on many crucial issues. He anticipated Kuhn's theory of scientific revolutions and proposed a theory of knowledge based on Darwin. His basic results, when properly understood, can also be stated as mathematical theorems. Some of these have been proved: others are still at the level of likely but unproven conjectures. The main text of this biography is written almost entirely without equations. Mathematical appendices deepen knowledge of some technical aspects of the subject.

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