las nuevas reglas de juego en uruguay incentivos e instituciones en una decada de reformas spanish edition

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Las Nuevas Reglas De Juego En Uruguay

Author : Mario Bergara
ISBN : 9974498252
Genre : Uruguay
File Size : 46. 98 MB
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Doce años después de Las reglas de juego en Uruguay, Mario Bergara vuelve a enfatizar la necesidad de incorporar el analisis institucional para entender los procesos económicos. En esta oportunidad, analiza la multiplicidad de reformas estructurales que, con diversos grados de avance y de éxito, se implementaron desde la llegada al gobierno del Frente Amplio en el año 2005. El autor plantea que este cúmulo de transformaciones ha generado una nueva constelación de reglas de juego y de estructuras de incentivos en el país, acompasada con transformaciones organizacionales, principalmente a nivel del Estado, que implica un cambio relevante en la institucionalidad que contribuye a la credibilidad de su cumplimiento. Fundamenta el pasaje hacia un esquema de funcionamiento de la economía y de la sociedad basado en la conformación de reglas transparentes, con estructuras de estímulos más consistentes y una institucionalidad de acceso abierto, más que en la preponderancia de la opacidad, reglas confusas con incentivos inconsistentes y una utilización más discrecional del poder asociada a la atención de intereses particulares.

The Making Of Economic Policy

Author : Avinash K. Dixit
ISBN : 0262540983
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 64. 26 MB
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The Making of Economic Policy begins by observing that most countries' trade policies are so blatantly contrary to all the prescriptions of the economist that there is no way to understand this discrepancy except by delving into the politics. The same is true for many other dimensions of economic policy. Avinash Dixit looks for an improved understanding of the politics of economic policy-making from a transaction cost perspective. Such costs of planning, implementing, and monitoring an exchange have proved critical to explaining many phenomena in industrial organization. Dixit discusses the variety of similar transaction costs encountered in the political process of making economic policy and how these costs affect the operation of different institutions and policies. Dixit organizes a burgeoning body of research in political economy in this framework. He uses U.S. fiscal policy and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) as two examples that illustrate the framework, and show how policy often deviates from the economist's ideal of efficiency. The approach reveals, however, that some seemingly inefficient practices are quite creditable attempts to cope with transaction costs such as opportunism and asymmetric information. Copublished with the Center for Economic Studies and the Ifo Institute

Economic Analysis Of Property Rights

Author : Yoram Barzel
ISBN : 0521597137
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 35. 3 MB
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This study offers a unified theoretical structure to analyze exchange, formation of economic rights, and organization. The cost of measuring accurately all assets' attributes is prohibitive. Therefore, rights are never fully delineated and others (using theft, adverse selection, free riding, and shirking) may appropriate one's assets. The central question is how people allocate resources and organize their activities to maximize the value of their rights. The approach emphasizes nonmarket constraints, but is also applicable to market economies. It is useful for analyzing allocations within organizations as well as allocation by voting and charity. Chapters have been extended for this second edition and a new chapter devoted to the firm has been added.

The Socialist System

Author : Janos Kornai
ISBN : 9780191521607
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 49. 25 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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This book provides a comprehensive account of the structure, conduct, and performance of the centrally planned economies of Eastern Europe, the USSR, Communist China and the Marxist LDCs, looking at 26 nations in all. The author focuses on reform, perhaps the most important issue facing countries such as the USSR, Poland, Hungary, and China. Bureaucracy, soft budget constraints, markets, and the nature of the socialist state are the central issues that arise in the course of reforming a socialist economy. The first half of the book deals with 'classical socialism' and provides a theoretical summary of the main features of a now closed period of history. The second half deals with the processes of reform and concludes that the reform of classical socialist systems is doomed to failure as they are unable to renew themselves internally.

Modelli Di Partito

Author : Angelo Panebianco
ISBN : 0521314011
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 78. 61 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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