las nuevas reglas de juego en uruguay incentivos e instituciones en una decada de reformas spanish edition

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Las Nuevas Reglas De Juego En Uruguay

Author : Mario Bergara
ISBN : 9974498252
Genre : Uruguay
File Size : 40. 24 MB
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Doce años después de Las reglas de juego en Uruguay, Mario Bergara vuelve a enfatizar la necesidad de incorporar el analisis institucional para entender los procesos económicos. En esta oportunidad, analiza la multiplicidad de reformas estructurales que, con diversos grados de avance y de éxito, se implementaron desde la llegada al gobierno del Frente Amplio en el año 2005. El autor plantea que este cúmulo de transformaciones ha generado una nueva constelación de reglas de juego y de estructuras de incentivos en el país, acompasada con transformaciones organizacionales, principalmente a nivel del Estado, que implica un cambio relevante en la institucionalidad que contribuye a la credibilidad de su cumplimiento. Fundamenta el pasaje hacia un esquema de funcionamiento de la economía y de la sociedad basado en la conformación de reglas transparentes, con estructuras de estímulos más consistentes y una institucionalidad de acceso abierto, más que en la preponderancia de la opacidad, reglas confusas con incentivos inconsistentes y una utilización más discrecional del poder asociada a la atención de intereses particulares.

The Making Of Economic Policy

Author : Avinash K. Dixit
ISBN : 0262540983
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 64. 27 MB
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The Making of Economic Policy begins by observing that most countries' trade policies are so blatantly contrary to all the prescriptions of the economist that there is no way to understand this discrepancy except by delving into the politics. The same is true for many other dimensions of economic policy. Avinash Dixit looks for an improved understanding of the politics of economic policy-making from a transaction cost perspective. Such costs of planning, implementing, and monitoring an exchange have proved critical to explaining many phenomena in industrial organization. Dixit discusses the variety of similar transaction costs encountered in the political process of making economic policy and how these costs affect the operation of different institutions and policies. Dixit organizes a burgeoning body of research in political economy in this framework. He uses U.S. fiscal policy and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) as two examples that illustrate the framework, and show how policy often deviates from the economist's ideal of efficiency. The approach reveals, however, that some seemingly inefficient practices are quite creditable attempts to cope with transaction costs such as opportunism and asymmetric information. Copublished with the Center for Economic Studies and the Ifo Institute

Regulatory And Supervisory Independence And Financial Stability

Author : Marc Quintyn
ISBN :
Genre : Banking law
File Size : 30. 43 MB
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Despite its importance, the issue of financial sector regulatory and supervisory independence (RSI) has received only marginal attention in literature and practice. However, experience has demonstrated that improper supervisory arrangements have contributed significantly to the deepening of several recent systemic banking crises. In this paper we argue that RSI is important for financial stability for the same reasons that central bank independence is important for monetary stability. The paper lays out four key dimensions of RSI-regulatory, supervisory, institutional and budgetary-and discusses ways to achieve them. We also discuss institutional arrangements needed to make independence work in practice. The key issue in this respect is that agency independence and accountability need to go hand in hand. The paper discusses a number of accountability arrangements.

Why Nations Fail

Author : Daron Acemoglu
ISBN : 9780307719225
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 77. 39 MB
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An award-winning professor of economics at MIT and a Harvard University political scientist and economist evaluate the reasons that some nations are poor while others succeed, outlining provocative perspectives that support theories about the importance of institutions. Reprint.

Who Decides The Budget

Author : Carlos G. Scartascini
ISBN : 159782089X
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 53. 95 MB
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The budget is the main tool used to allocate scarce public resources, and it is in the context of the budget process that politicians must make trade-offs between different policy priorities. This volume describes the budget practices, both formal and informal, in ten countries of Latin America and explains fiscal results in terms of these four features.

Party Government

Author : E. Schattschneider
ISBN : 9781351500739
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 81. 74 MB
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What do we need to know about political parties in order to understand them? In his classic study E. E. Schattschneider delineates six crucial points: A political party is an organized attempt to get control of the government. Parties live in a highly competitive world. The major parties manage to maintain their supremacy over the minor parties. The internal processes of the parties have not generally received the attention they deserve in treatises on American politics. The party is a process that has grown up about elections. And perhaps most important of all is the distribution of power within the party organization. But Party Government is not just about political parties. At its heart is the theory and practice of modern democracy, and it is the most cited, controversial, and probably single most influential study of political parties ever written, Schattschneider questions the purpose of government, who rules, and how government should be organized consistent with its fundamental purpose, which are the enduring fault lines of American democracy. He takes the reader through a thorough and penetrating examination of political parties and the American government. Starting with a historical overview and defense of parties, Schattschneider offers a searing analysis of politics itself, with special focus on the number of interest groups both affecting and affected by government. He describes the various types of political organizations--major parties, pressure groups, and minor parties--and offers a study of the two-party character of the American system. Sidney A. Pearson, Jr. offers a strikingly original new introduction about E. E. Schattschneider and his contribution to political science. Gracefully and wittily written, Party Government is mandatory reading for students and scholars of political science, government, and American political theory.

Beyond The Washington Consensus

Author : Shahid Javed Burki
ISBN : 0821342827
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 60. 20 MB
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This report examines the precise nature of the required institutional reforms needed to achieve higher sustained rates of growth and to make a dent in poverty reduction and provides a framework for their design and implementation. The more modest objective is to examine how the concepts of the new institutional economics are useful for analyzing and designing institutions and to evaluate how political economy concepts can be used to develop strategies for implementing institutional reforms. Employing some of these concepts, the report demonstrates that sound institutional reform can be technically and politically viable in the following key sectors: banking; capital markets and legal institutions; educational institutions; judicial reforms; and public administration.

Institutions Rule

Author : Dani Rodrik
ISBN :
Genre : Africa
File Size : 49. 21 MB
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Transitions To Good Governance

Author : Alina Mungiu-Pippidi
ISBN : 9781786439154
Genre :
File Size : 79. 9 MB
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Why have so few countries managed to leave systematic corruption behind, while in many others modernization is still a mere façade? How do we escape the trap of corruption, to reach a governance system based on ethical universalism? In this unique book, Alina Mungiu-Pippidi and Michael Johnston lead a team of eminent researchers on an illuminating path towards deconstructing the few virtuous circles in contemporary governance. The book combines a solid theoretical framework with quantitative evidence and case studies from around the world. While extracting lessons to be learned from the success cases covered, Transitions to Good Governance avoids being prescriptive and successfully contributes to the understanding of virtuous circles in contemporary good governance.

Malaise In Representation In Latin American Countries

Author : Alfredo Joignant
ISBN : 9781137599551
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 66. 44 MB
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This edited volume examines malaise with democracy within three middle-income Latin American countries - Chile, Argentina and Uruguay. In particular, the book focuses on the gap within public opinion on democratic system within the context of crisis of representation and breakdowns of democracy. Based on a study using comparative and systematic survey data, the contributors of this volume provide a solid analysis on the state of democracy in three Latin American countries, whose lessons are useful for all types of democracy, in the north and the south.

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