lenape country delaware valley society before william penn early american studies

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Lenape Country

Author : Jean R. Soderlund
ISBN : 9780812246476
Genre : History
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In 1631, when the Dutch tried to develop plantation agriculture in the Delaware Valley, the Lenape Indians destroyed the colony of Swanendael and killed its residents. The Natives and Dutch quickly negotiated peace, avoiding an extended war through diplomacy and trade. The Lenapes preserved their political sovereignty for the next fifty years as Dutch, Swedish, Finnish, and English colonists settled the Delaware Valley. The European outposts did not approach the size and strength of those in Virginia, New England, and New Netherland. Even after thousands of Quakers arrived in West New Jersey and Pennsylvania in the late 1670s and '80s, the region successfully avoided war for another seventy-five years. Lenape Country is a sweeping narrative history of the multiethnic society of the Delaware Valley in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. After Swanendael, the Natives, Swedes, and Finns avoided war by focusing on trade and forging strategic alliances in such events as the Dutch conquest, the Mercurius affair, the Long Swede conspiracy, and English attempts to seize land. Drawing on a wide range of sources, author Jean R. Soderlund demonstrates that the hallmarks of Delaware Valley society—commitment to personal freedom, religious liberty, peaceful resolution of conflict, and opposition to hierarchical government—began in the Delaware Valley not with Quaker ideals or the leadership of William Penn but with the Lenape Indians, whose culture played a key role in shaping Delaware Valley society. The first comprehensive account of the Lenape Indians and their encounters with European settlers before Pennsylvania's founding, Lenape Country places Native culture at the center of this part of North America.

New Critical Studies On Early Quaker Women 1650 1800

Author : Michele Lise Tarter
ISBN : 9780192545312
Genre : Religion
File Size : 28. 99 MB
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New Critical Studies on Early Quaker Women, 1650—1800 takes a fresh look at archival and printed sources from England and America, elucidating why women were instrumental to the Quaker movement from its inception to its establishment as a transatlantic religious body. This authoritative volume, the first collection to focus entirely on the contributions of women, is a landmark study of their distinctive religious and gendered identities. The chapters connect three richly woven threads of Quaker women's lives—Revolutions, Disruptions and Networks—by tying gendered experience to ruptures in religion across this radical, volatile period of history.

Religious Freedom

Author : Tisa Wenger
ISBN : 9781469634630
Genre : Religion
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Religious freedom is so often presented as a timeless American ideal and an inalienable right, appearing fully formed at the founding of the United States. That is simply not so, Tisa Wenger contends in this sweeping and brilliantly argued book. Instead, American ideas about religious freedom were continually reinvented through a vibrant national discourse--Wenger calls it "religious freedom talk--that cannot possibly be separated from the evolving politics of race and empire. More often than not, Wenger demonstrates, religious freedom talk worked to privilege the dominant white Christian population. At the same time, a diverse array of minority groups at home and colonized people abroad invoked and reinterpreted this ideal to defend themselves and their ways of life. In so doing they posed sharp challenges to the racial and religious exclusions of American life. People of almost every religious stripe have argued, debated, negotiated, and brought into being an ideal called American religious freedom, subtly transforming their own identities and traditions in the process. In a post-9/11 world, Wenger reflects, public attention to religious freedom and its implications is as consequential as it has ever been.

Peoples Of The River Valleys

Author : Amy C. Schutt
ISBN : 9780812203790
Genre : History
File Size : 51. 76 MB
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Seventeenth-century Indians from the Delaware and lower Hudson valleys organized their lives around small-scale groupings of kin and communities. Living through epidemics, warfare, economic change, and physical dispossession, survivors from these peoples came together in new locations, especially the eighteenth-century Susquehanna and Ohio River valleys. In the process, they did not abandon kin and community orientations, but they increasingly defined a role for themselves as Delaware Indians in early American society. Peoples of the River Valleys offers a fresh interpretation of the history of the Delaware, or Lenape, Indians in the context of events in the mid-Atlantic region and the Ohio Valley. It focuses on a broad and significant period: 1609-1783, including the years of Dutch, Swedish, and English colonization and the American Revolution. An epilogue takes the Delawares' story into the mid-nineteenth century. Amy C. Schutt examines important themes in Native American history—mediation and alliance formation—and shows their crucial role in the development of the Delawares as a people. She goes beyond familiar questions about Indian-European relations and examines how Indian-Indian associations were a major factor in the history of the Delawares. Drawing extensively upon primary sources, including treaty minutes, deeds, and Moravian mission records, Schutt reveals that Delawares approached alliances as a tool for survival at a time when Euro-Americans were encroaching on Native lands. As relations with colonists were frequently troubled, Delawares often turned instead to form alliances with other Delawares and non-Delaware Indians with whom they shared territories and resources. In vivid detail, Peoples of the River Valleys shows the link between the Delawares' approaches to land and the relationships they constructed on the land.

Der Letzte Mohikaner Vollst Ndige Deutsche Ebook Ausgabe Mit Illustrationen

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ISBN : 9783955162122
Genre :
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James Fenimore Cooper: Der letzte Mohikaner • Neu editiert, mit aktualisierter Rechtschreibung, ohne den Charakter des Textes zu verfälschen Voll verlinkt • Mit dem illustrierten Essay »Auf Lederstrumpfs Spuren« im Anhang • Mit einem aktuellen Vorwort des Herausgebers (2012) James Fenimore Cooper (* 1789 † 1851) war ein ausserordentlicher Mann. Innerhalb kürzester Zeit wurde er zu einem der weltweit meistgelesenen Schriftsteller – nachdem er sich niemals zuvor mit Literatur beschäftigt hatte. Die Lektüre eines schlechten, von seiner Frau aus England importierten Romans, ließ ihn ausrufen: »Selbst ich könnte ein besseres Buch schreiben als dieses!« Und er tat es. Seine Romane sind authentisch, denn schon als Kind hatte er erlebt, was es bedeutet, im »Frontier« zu leben: Der Zone frisch erschlossenen Landes dessen Grenze sich immer weiter westlich verschob. Coopers Vater war damit reich geworden, dass er für einen kleinen Betrag am Otsego Lake (heute im Bundesstaat New York) ein gewaltiges Stück Land erwarb, und es später in einzelnen Parzellen an Siedler weiterverkaufte. Die leidtragenden und ausgebeuteten bei diesem Geschäft waren die amerikanischen Ureinwohner, die Indianer, denen das Land »eigentlich« gehörte. Das störte damals freilich niemanden. Später thematisierte Cooper dies in seinen Büchern. Authentisch, lebensnah und mit großer Empathie für die Indianer schildert Cooper das Zurückdrängen der Ureinwohner, die der amerikanischen Eroberungswalze weichen mussten. »Der letzte Mohikaner« ist das erfolgreichste Buch Coopers überhaupt. ---- eClassica – Die Buchreihe, die Klassiker neu belebt.

Man In The Northeast

Author :
ISBN : IND:30000122790979
Genre : Anthropology
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Europad Mmerung

Author : Ivan Krastev
ISBN : 9783518752180
Genre : Political Science
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Nach 1989 waren Landkarten plötzlich nicht länger in Mode. Die Grenzen sollten geöffnet werden für Menschen, Güter, Kapital und Ideen. An die Stelle der alten Karten traten Graphiken, welche die ökonomische Verflechtung innerhalb der EU illustrierten. Heute erleben wir einen ideologischen Gezeitenwechsel: Wo die Mehrheit der Europäer noch vor einigen Jahren optimistisch auf die Globalisierung blickte, empfinden sie Migration und die Rückkehr der Geopolitik als Quelle der Unsicherheit. Ivan Krastev untersucht die Ursachen für diesen Wandel und erörtert, welche Formen die europäische Desintegration annehmen könnte. Ein Zerfall der EU, so Krastev, wäre eine Tragödie, die den Kontinent zu internationaler Bedeutungslosigkeit verurteilen würde.

Backcountry Crucibles

Author : Jean R. Soderlund
ISBN : 0934223807
Genre : History
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American historians have emphasized major cities as cultural and economic centers. This volume explores the vitality of cultural, economic, and political life beyond those cities. The Lehigh Valley is a place where integral events occurred, but is also an example of regional growth outside large cities. Its unique location, close enough to New York and Philadelphia to market grain, iron, coal, and steel, yet distant enough to develop its own cultural life, offers a regional model persisting for more than two centuries heretofore unexplored in American historical scholarship. This persistence of cultural and economic patterns, including the capacity to change, makes Lehigh Valley history particularly intriguing.

New York Insel In Der Mitte Der Welt

Author : Russell Shorto
ISBN : 349962091X
Genre :
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Early Americans

Author : Carl Bridenbaugh
ISBN : UOM:39015005202174
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 61. 70 MB
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Essays provide an accurate, and sometimes surprising view of what life was like in Colonial America

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