lese rechtschreibstorung grundlagen diagnostik intervention german edition

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Lese Rechtschreibst Rung

Author : Claudia Steinbrink
ISBN : 9783642418426
Genre : Education
File Size : 34. 94 MB
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Warum haben ca. 5% der Grundschulkinder trotz normaler Begabung und ausreichendem Schulunterricht erhebliche Schwierigkeiten beim Erlernen des Lesens und Schreibens? Wodurch ist eine solche Lese- Rechtschreibstörung gekennzeichnet, wie wirkt sie sich im Schulalltag und im späteren Leben aus? Wie kann man die Lese-Rechtschreibstörung möglichst früh diagnostizieren und wie kann man die betroffenen Kinder optimal fördern? Dies sind zentrale Fragen, die in diesem Buch auf der Basis des aktuellen Standes der internationalen Forschung behandelt werden. Zuerst wird die unbeeinträchtigte Entwicklung der Schriftsprache dargestellt. Dies ist eine wichtige Grundlage für das Verständnis der Lese-Rechtschreibstörung. Dann folgt das Erscheinungsbild der Lese-Rechtschreibstörung mit klinischer Klassifikation und die Analyse von möglichen Ursachen der Lese- Rechtschreibstörung. Dies bildet das Fundament für die Auseinandersetzung mit den dann folgenden praxis-und anwendungsbezogenen Fragen zur Diagnostik und Förderung, wie z.B.: Kann man ein Risiko für Lese-Rechtschreibschwierigkeiten bereits im Vorschulalter feststellen? Welche Verfahren werden für die Diagnostik der Lese-Rechtschreibstörung eingesetzt? Kann man der Entstehung von Lese-Rechtschreibschwierigkeiten vorbeugen? Welche Ansätze zur Intervention gibt es und welche sind besonders vielversprechend? Die Zielgruppen Studierende der Fachrichtungen (Schul-)Psychologie, Logopädie und Patholinguistik sowie Lehramtsstudenten und alle, die sich beruflich mit der Thematik auseinandersetzen, insbesondere Lehrer, Schulpsychologen, Psychologen, Lerntherapeuten, Erzieher, Psychotherapeuten, Kinder- und Jugendpsychiater sowie der interessierte Laie.

Lesen Und Schreiben Lernen

Author : Wolfgang Schneider
ISBN : 9783662503195
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 33. 33 MB
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Dieses Buch beschäftigt sich mit der Frage, welche Voraussetzungen erfüllt sein müssen, damit Kinder erfolgreich lesen und schreiben lernen. Es richtet sich an alle, die sich für die Hintergründe des Schriftspracherwerbs interessieren, d.h. Eltern, Lehrkräfte, Pädagogen unterschiedlicher Fachrichtungen und Psychologen. Lernen Sie, welche Erklärungen für den Erwerb des Lesens und Rechtschreibens eher auf Mythen beruhen und welche wirklich wissenschaftliche fundiert sind. Wesentliche Inhalte des Buchs betreffen die besondere Rolle von sogenannten „Vorläuferfertigkeiten“ des Schriftspracherwerbs, also die frühen Kompetenzen von Vorschulkindern, die Eltern und pädagogische Fachkräfte durchaus bedeutsam beeinflussen können. Die Rolle von Lese- und Rechtschreibmethoden im Anfangsunterricht wird ebenso kritisch beleuchtet wie der Einfluss von Medien auf den Erwerb der Schriftsprachkompetenz. Angesichts der weitreichenden negativen Folgen kommt der Betrachtung von Lese- Rechtschreibschwierigkeiten und Möglichkeiten ihrer Überwindung ein besonderer Stellenwert zu. Der Autor Wolfgang Schneider ist Professor für Pädagogische Psychologie. Er lehrt am Institut für Psychologie der Universität Würzburg und hat Forschungsschwerpunkte im Schriftspracherwerb, der Entwicklung des Gedächtnisses bei Kindern und Jugendlichen sowie der Entwicklung von Intelligenz, Hochbegabung und Expertise.

Fallbuch Aid

Author : Klaus D. Kubinger
ISBN : 9783840923890
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 52. 4 MB
Format : PDF
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Die Testbatterie Adaptives Intelligenz Diagnostikum (AID) dient der Erfassung komplexer und basaler intellektueller Fähigkeiten bei Kindern und Jugendlichen im Alter von 6;0 bis 15;11 Jahren. Das umfangreiche Testmaterial erlaubt es, einen weit gestreckten Fähigkeitsbereich eindimensional zu messen, wobei aufgrund der adaptiven Testvorgabe besonders testökonomisch verfahren wird. Neben der globalen Beurteilung der Intelligenz und der Profilinterpretation ermöglicht das Verfahren auch ein Screening in Bezug auf ausgewählte Teilleistungsfähigkeiten. Die Verfügbarkeit sprachfreier Instruktionen erweitert die Einsatzmöglichkeiten des Verfahrens. Dieses Fallbuch richtet sich an Praktiker der psychologischen Diagnostik. Anhand von 24 einheitlich aufgebauten Falldarstellungen werden wichtige Anwendungsbereiche und Einsatzmöglichkeiten der Intelligenztestbatterie AID dokumentiert. Dabei geht es um deren korrekten Einsatz, ihre diagnostische Relevanz für eine breite Palette von Fragestellungen und die damit verbundenen Interpretationsmöglichkeiten. Speziell eingegangen wird auf die Verwendung der sprachfreien Version, von Parallelformen bei Testwiederholung und von Kurzformen sowie auf die Vorgabe von altersabweichend leichteren Aufgabengruppen am Beginn einzelner Untertests bei vermutlich minderbegabten Kindern. Auch die Anwendung des AID außerhalb des ursprünglichen Geltungsbereichs sowie die Diagnostik von Teilleistungsschwächen (Lese-/ Rechtschreibschwäche, Dyskalkulie) bzw. fraglicher Hochbegabung ist Bestandteil dieses Bandes. Ein Glossar rundet den Band ab.

Twelve Counseling Programs For Children At Risk

Author : Susan T. Dennison
ISBN : 9780398082369
Genre : PSYCHOLOGY
File Size : 60. 74 MB
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The school counselor and related mental health professional is provided with structural curricula for treating twelve specific problem areas of children, with step-by-step guides for planning and conducting therapy. Over 150 assessment instruments, 120 session themes, 30 techniques and 150 related resources greatly reduce planning and research time. While written primarily for children counselors, the book is easily adapted by speech/language pathologists, art therapists, and for training the beginning therapist. The book targets children at risk with emotional problems but covers secondary difficulties: physical handicaps, neurological impairments, learning disabilities, hyperactivity, mental retardation, or a combination of these.

Developmental Disorders Of Language Learning And Cognition

Author : Charles Hulme
ISBN : 9781118697306
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 64. 34 MB
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This important new text is a comprehensive survey of current thinking and research on a wide range of developmental disorders. Highlights key research on normal and typical development Includes clinical case studies and diagrams to illustrate key concepts A reader-friendly writing style

Handbook Of Automated Essay Evaluation

Author : Mark D. Shermis
ISBN : 9781136334795
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 64. 95 MB
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This comprehensive, interdisciplinary handbook reviews the latest methods and technologies used in automated essay evaluation (AEE) methods and technologies. Highlights include the latest in the evaluation of performance-based writing assessments and recent advances in the teaching of writing, language testing, cognitive psychology, and computational linguistics. This greatly expanded follow-up to Automated Essay Scoring reflects the numerous advances that have taken place in the field since 2003 including automated essay scoring and diagnostic feedback. Each chapter features a common structure including an introduction and a conclusion. Ideas for diagnostic and evaluative feedback are sprinkled throughout the book. Highlights of the book’s coverage include: The latest research on automated essay evaluation. Descriptions of the major scoring engines including the E-rater®, the Intelligent Essay Assessor, the IntellimetricTM Engine, c-raterTM, and LightSIDE. Applications of the uses of the technology including a large scale system used in West Virginia. A systematic framework for evaluating research and technological results. Descriptions of AEE methods that can be replicated for languages other than English as seen in the example from China. Chapters from key researchers in the field. The book opens with an introduction to AEEs and a review of the "best practices" of teaching writing along with tips on the use of automated analysis in the classroom. Next the book highlights the capabilities and applications of several scoring engines including the E-rater®, the Intelligent Essay Assessor, the IntellimetricTM engine, c-raterTM, and LightSIDE. Here readers will find an actual application of the use of an AEE in West Virginia, psychometric issues related to AEEs such as validity, reliability, and scaling, and the use of automated scoring to detect reader drift, grammatical errors, discourse coherence quality, and the impact of human rating on AEEs. A review of the cognitive foundations underlying methods used in AEE is also provided. The book concludes with a comparison of the various AEE systems and speculation about the future of the field in light of current educational policy. Ideal for educators, professionals, curriculum specialists, and administrators responsible for developing writing programs or distance learning curricula, those who teach using AEE technologies, policy makers, and researchers in education, writing, psychometrics, cognitive psychology, and computational linguistics, this book also serves as a reference for graduate courses on automated essay evaluation taught in education, computer science, language, linguistics, and cognitive psychology.

Dyslexia Learning And The Brain

Author : Roderick Nicolson
ISBN : 9780262293129
Genre : Medical
File Size : 88. 80 MB
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Dyslexia research has made dramatic progress since the mid-1980s. Once discounted as a "middle-class myth," dyslexia is now the subject of a complex -- and confusing -- body of theoretical and empirical research. In Dyslexia, Learning, and the Brain, leading dyslexia researchers Roderick Nicolson and Angela Fawcett provide a uniquely broad and coherent analysis of dyslexia theory. Unlike most dyslexia research, which addresses the question "what is the cause of the reading disability called dyslexia?" the authors' work has addressed the deeper question of "what is the cause of the learning disability that manifests as reading problems?" This perspective allows them to place dyslexia research within the much broader disciplines of cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience and has led to a rich framework, including two established leading theories, the automatization deficit account (1990) and the cerebellar deficit hypothesis (2001). Nicolson and Fawcett show that extensive evidence has accumulated to support these two theories and that they may be seen as subsuming the established phonological deficit account and sensory processing accounts. Moving to the explanatory level of neural systems, they argue that all these disorders reflect problems in some component of the procedural learning system, a multiregion system including major components of cortical and subcortical regions. The authors' answer to the fundamental question "what is dyslexia?" offers a challenge and motivation for research throughout the learning disabilities, laying the foundations for future progress.

Children And Language

Author : Michael A. Reed
ISBN : 1606923951
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 40. 7 MB
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The theory of mind (ToM) is the ability to perceive, interpret and predict behaviours or actions of others based on their underlying mental states. The linguistic influence on the developmental neural basis of ToM is described in this book. Furthermore, the deferential effects of context and isolated word training on reading fluency is explained. Using children's literature to assist in science inquiry and in building knowledge in other subject areas has been on the rise, due to the benefits of supporting children's language and literacy learning. Such developments are explored. In addition, the authors give an overview of the electrophysiological correlates of developmental dyslexia, a reading impairment in childhood. This book describes the impact of various cognitive functions on language acquisition and language processing in different groups of children. In addition, the effects of bilingual teaching on the development of children's literacy skills during the first six years of school are explored. Furthermore, selective mutism, a disorder characterised by a lack of speech in specific unfamiliar situations or around unfamiliar people, is described. Crying represents the very first communicative channel infants can use to communicate with their environment and thus, it plays an important role in child development. Studies that have investigated expressions of distress, specifically crying, during early stages of infancy development are reviewed. In addition, studies done to test whether language input strongly influences the development of vocabulary and syntax in children are described. Children with developmental dysphasia were also studied and the outcomes of this study are reviewed. This book looks at the connection between middle ear effusion (MEE) in the first years of life compared to central auditory processing at age seven. Furthermore, problems and questions with regard to diagnosis and intervention of multilingual specific language impairment (SLI) is examined. Future areas of research in this field are also addressed. Finally, the results from a longitudinal study between apparent pain insensibility and non-verbal communication and symbolisation disorders in autism is explored.

Attachment To Pets

Author : Henri Julius
ISBN : 9781613344422
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 45. 60 MB
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The biological and psychological basis of pet therapy / animal-assisted therapy and what this means for practice “A comprehensive, scientific foundation for human-animal therapy.” (Judith Solomon) In recent years, the ancient symbiosis between humans and their pets has entered a new phase, marked by the burgeoning clinical specialty of human-animal therapy. This approach uses the relationship between humans and their (mainly) mammalian pets to support the growth of emotion regulation, social skills, and mental health in children, adolescents, and adults. But how are humans and animals able to develop close bonds at all? What makes it possible for animals to have a therapeutic effect on humans? And how can we best use this understanding in animal-assisted therapy? In this unique book, a team of expert biologists and psychologists integrate and combine sophisticated biological and psychological knowledge to answer these questions. Together they have created a comprehensive, scientific foundation for human-animal therapy, a foundation that will facilitate the development, implementation, and evaluation of effective new interventions.

Neuropsychological Treatment Of Dyslexia

Author : Dirk J. Bakker
ISBN : 0195061322
Genre : Medical
File Size : 59. 33 MB
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This volume provides a complete description of the relationship between learning to read and hemispheric functioning, which has been found to change during the course of development. Initial reading skills are controlled primarily by the right cerebral hemisphere, but as readers become more advanced, the left hemisphere becomes dominant. Some children fail to make this shift and are at risk of developing one dyslexia, while children who prematurely rely on left-hemispheric reading strategies may develop another type. These two types of dyslexia have been found to respond to different types of stimulation. The book includes comprehensive information on these treatments, with extensive discussion of their strengths, weaknesses, and limitations, along with an analysis of a number of experimental, field, and individual case studies. It is an invaluable guide for child psychologists, clinical neuropsychologists, pediatric neurologists, special educators, remedial teachers, and speech and language pathologists.

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