life cycle engineering of plastics technology economy and environment

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Life Cycle Engineering Of Plastics

Author : L. Lundquist
ISBN : 008053547X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 70. 66 MB
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"This book adds much to the already evolving field of Design for Environment; but it goes far beyond most works on this subject by surrounding the central notions of life cycle assessment with a scientific body of knowledge and with a more practical slant reflecting the reality of the organizations in which product development occurs. Through a focus on plastic products, the authors show the importance of making ties between basic technical knowledge and the process of life cycle engineering. Their approach offers a practical, deliberate way to make ecologically and economically sensible decisions about product reuse and recycling and other critical dimensions of product life behavior. They demonstrate a positive approach to designing products that fits into a sustainable economy through down-to-earth cases. While the book focuses on the life cycle engineering of plastics, it is only a short step to other materials and products. Beyond contributing to the technology of life cycle engineering, this text adds to the growing body of knowledge that argues for an fundamentally new way of thinking about economic and social activity--a new paradigm for sustainable social and industrial problem solving. Industrial ecology is such a new system for thinking about and implementing sustainability that draws its core set of ideas from the ecological world. Industrial ecology brings to the surface the idea of interdependence among members of a community-- natural or economic, and notes the material cycles that are central to a stable ecosystem. The life cycle engineering framework, coupled with sound scientific knowledge of materials behavior as articulated in this book, makes a giant step towards bringing the model of industrial ecology into everyday practice." From the Preface by John R. Ehrenfeld Director, MIT Technology, Business and Environment Program Center for Technology, Policy, and Industrial Development

Technology Development And Marketing

Author : Junmo Kim
ISBN : 9781546245766
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 82. 9 MB
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Technology development needs a market. Since technology development is from supply side, it is always crucial to pay attention to the demand side of technology. Taking this notion as an underlying assumption, this book discusses a technology development case in the realm of microelectronic packaging technology based on a real case study of a three-year consecutive research and development program conducted in Korea with expandable implications for other contexts.

Mechatronics In Action

Author : David Bradley
ISBN : 1849960801
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36. 18 MB
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Mechatronics in Action’s case-study approach provides the most effective means of illustrating how mechatronics can make products and systems more flexible, more responsive and possess higher levels of functionality than would otherwise be possible. The series of case studies serves to illustrate how a mechatronic approach has been used to achieve enhanced performance through the transfer of functionality from the mechanical domain to electronics and software. Mechatronics in Action not only provides readers with access to a range of case studies, and the experts’ view of these, but also offers case studies in course design and development to support tutors in making the best and most effective use of the technical coverage provided. It provides, in an easily accessible form, a means of increasing the understanding of the mechatronic concept, while giving both students and tutors substantial technical insight into how this concept has been developed and used.

Quantified Eco Efficiency

Author : Gjalt Huppes
ISBN : 9781402053993
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 43. 9 MB
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A central asset of eco-efficiency analysis is that it does not depend on a specific evaluation of environmental impacts against economic effects. Several evaluation methods may be used, including those based on willingness-to-pay, panel procedures, and public statements on policy goals. This volume covers all aspects of eco-efficiency analysis and offers a global perspective on the subject.

Green Composites

Author : Caroline Baillie
ISBN : 0849325765
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 26. 31 MB
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With an internationally recognized team of contributors, Green Composites examines fibre reinforced polymer composite production and explains how environmental footprints can be diminished at every stage of the life cycle. The introductory chapters examine why green composites should be considered. The book then discusses properties of cellulose and wood. It examines recyclable synthetic fibre-thermoplastic composites as alternatives, then covers polymers derived from natural sources. The text details the factors that influence properties, and considers clean processing, applications, recycling, degradation, and reprocessing. The book is essential for government agricultural departments, automotive companies, and others devoted to eco-friendly materials and production.

Re Engineering Manufacturing For Sustainability

Author : Andrew Y. C. Nee
ISBN : 9789814451482
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 45. 37 MB
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This edited volume presents the proceedings of the 20th CIRP LCE Conference, which cover various areas in life cycle engineering such as life cycle design, end-of-life management, manufacturing processes, manufacturing systems, methods and tools for sustainability, social sustainability, supply chain management, remanufacturing, etc.

Industrial Applications Of Renewable Plastics

Author : Michel Biron
ISBN : 9780323480666
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 58. 29 MB
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Industrial Applications of Renewable Plastics: Environmental, Technological, and Economic Advances provides practical information to help engineers and materials scientists deploy renewable plastics in the plastics market. It explores the uses, possibilities, and problems of renewable plastics and composites to assist in material selection and rejection. The designer’s main problems are examined, along with basic reminders that deal with structures and processing methods that can help those who are generally familiar with metals understand the unique properties of plastic materials. The book offers a candid overview of main issues, including conservation of fossil resources, geopolitical considerations, greenhouse effects, competition with food crops, deforestation, pollution, and disposal of renewable plastics. In addition, an overview of some tools related to sustainability (Life cycle assessments, CO2 emissions, carbon footprint, and more) is provided. The book is an essential resource for engineers and materials scientists involved in material selection, design, manufacturing, molding, fabrication, and other links in the supply chain of plastics. The material contained is of great relevance to many major industries, including automotive and transport, packaging, aeronautics, shipbuilding, industrial and military equipment, electrical and electronics, energy, and more. Provides key, enabling information for engineers and materials scientists looking to increase the use of renewable plastic materials in their work Presents practical guidance to assist in materials selection, processing methods, and applications development, particularly for designers more familiar with other materials, such as metals Includes a candid discussion of the pros and cons of using renewable plastics, considering the technical, economic, legal, and environmental aspects

Encyclopedia Of Polymer Science And Technology

Author : Herman F. Mark
ISBN : 0471287814
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 26. 29 MB
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This is the third Edition is a completely new version in a new century of the Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology. The new edition will bring the state-of-the-art up to the 21st century, with coverage of nanotechnology, new imaging and analytical techniques, new methods of controlled polymer architecture, biomimetics, and more. New topics covered include nanotechnology, AFM, MALDI, biomimetics, and genetic methods, of increasing importance since 1990 and will also bring up-to-date coverage of traditional topics of continuing interest. This edition will publish in 3 Parts of 4 volumes each. Each Part will be an A-Z selection of the newest articles available in the online edition of this encyclopedia. A list of the titles to appear in Part I can be viewed by clicking "What's New" at www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/epst. Titles for Parts II and III will appear there as well when available.

Mechanical Life Cycle Handbook

Author : Mahendra Hundal
ISBN : 0203908090
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 57. 63 MB
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"Explains how Design for the Environment (SFE) and Life Cycle Engineering (LCE) processes may be integrated into business an dmanufacturing practices. Examines major environmental laws and regulations in the U.S. and Europe, qualitative and quantitative analyses of ""green design"" decision variables, and heuristic search programs for a proactive future in ecological improvement."

Life Cycle Assessment And Environmental Impact Of Polymeric Products

Author : T. J. O'Neill
ISBN : 1859573649
Genre : Science
File Size : 76. 7 MB
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This review describes the process of life cycle analysis in some detail. It describes the different organisations involved in researching and applying these techniques and the database resources being used to generate comparative reports. The overview explains the factors to be considered, the terminology, the organisations involved in developing these techniques and the legislation which is driving the whole process forward. The ISO standards relating to environmental management are also discussed briefly in the document. Design for the environment is covered in the report. This review is accompanied by summaries of selected papers on life cycle analysis and environmental impact from the Rapra Polymer Library database.

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