lipidomics comprehensive mass spectrometry of lipids wiley series on mass spectrometry

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Author : Xianlin Han
ISBN : 9781119085287
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 88 MB
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Covers the area of lipidomics from fundamentals and theory to applications Presents a balanced discussion of the fundamentals, theory, experimental methods and applications of lipidomics Covers different characterizations of lipids including Glycerophospholipids; Sphingolipids; Glycerolipids and Glycolipids; and Fatty Acids and Modified Fatty Acids Includes a section on quantification of Lipids in Lipidomics such as sample preparation; factors affecting accurate quantification; and data processing and interpretation Details applications of Lipidomics Tools including for Health and Disease; Plant Lipidomics; and Lipidomics on Cellular Membranes

Protein Carbonylation

Author : Joaquim Ros
ISBN : 9781119374961
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 84 MB
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Protein carbonylation has attracted the interest of a great number of laboratories since the pioneering studies at the Earl Stadtman’s lab at NIH started in early 1980s. Since then, detecting protein carbonyls in oxidative stress situations became a highly efficient tool to uncover biomarkers of oxidative damage in normal and altered cell physiology. In this book, research groups from several areas of interest have contributed to update the knowledge regarding detection, analyses and identification of carbonylated proteins and the sites where these modifications occur. The scientific community will benefit from these reviews since they deal with specific, detailed technical approaches to study formation and detection of protein carbonyls. Moreover, the biological impact of such modifications in metabolic, physiologic and structural functions and, how these alterations can help understanding the downstream effects on cell function are discussed. Oxidative stress occurs in all living organisms and affects proteins and other macromolecules: Protein carbonylation is a measure of oxidative stress in biological systems Mass spectrometry, fluorescent labelling, antibody based detection, biotinylated protein selection and other methods for detecting protein carbonyls and modification sites in proteins are described Aging, neurodegenerative diseases, obstructive pulmonary diseases, malaria, cigarette smoke, adipose tissue and its relationship with protein carbonylation Direct oxidation, glycoxidation and modifications by lipid peroxidation products as protein carbonylation pathways Emerging methods for characterizing carbonylated protein networks and affected metabolic pathways

Mass Spectrometry And Stable Isotopes In Nutritional And Pediatric Research

Author : Henk Schierbeek
ISBN : 9781119341246
Genre : Science
File Size : 39. 28 MB
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A guide for scientists, pediatricians and students involved in metabolic studies in pediatric research Addresses the availability of modern analytical techniques and how to apply these techniques in metabolic studies Covers the whole range of available mass spectrometric techniques used for metabolic studies including Stable Isotope Methodology Presents the relevance of mass spectrometry and stable isotope methodology in pediatric research covering applications in Nutrition, Obesity, Metabolic Disorders, and Kidney Disorders Focuses on the interactions between nutrients and the endogenous metabolism within the body and how these factors affect the health of a growing infant

Mass Spectrometry Based Lipidomics

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ISBN : OCLC:1028225626
Genre :
File Size : 63. 11 MB
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Abstract: Lipids, which have a core function in energy storage, signalling and biofilm structures, play important roles in a variety of cellular processes because of the great diversity of their structural and physiochemical properties. Lipidomics is the large‐scale profiling and quantification of biogenic lipid molecules, the comprehensive study of their pathways and the interpretation of their physiological significance based on analytical chemistry and statistical analysis. Lipidomics will not only provide insight into the physiological functions of lipid molecules but will also provide an approach to discovering important biomarkers for diagnosis or treatment of human diseases. Mass‐spectrometry‐based analytical techniques are currently the most widely used and most effective tools for lipid profiling and quantification. In this review, the field of mass‐spectrometry‐based lipidomics was discussed. Recent progress in all essential steps in lipidomics was carefully discussed in this review, including lipid extraction strategies, separation techniques and mass‐spectrometry‐based analytical and quantitative methods in lipidomics. We also focused on novel resolution strategies for difficult problems in determining C=C bond positions in lipidomics. Finally, new technologies that were developed in recent years including single‐cell lipidomics, flux‐based lipidomics and multiomics technologies were also reviewed.

Wiley Encyclopedia Of Chemical Biology

Author : Tadhg P. Begley
ISBN : 0471754773
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 70 MB
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The Wiley Encyclopedia of Chemical Biology is an authoritative new work whose goal is to illuminate the crucial role of chemistry and chemical techniques in the life sciences. The encyclopedia will adopt an inclusive editorial approach, encompassing fundamental and blue-sky science as well as those areas of research that have more immediate medical or commercial applications. The scope and structure of the work will reflect the multidimensional character of chemical biology, focusing in particular on the fundamental science of biological structures and systems, the use of chemical and biological techniques to elucidate that science, and the applications of this knowledge in areas as diverse as drug discovery, sensor technology, and catalysis. Major topics areas covered in the encyclopedia: Chemical Views of Biology Biomolecules within the Cell Chemistry of Biological Processes and Systems Chemical Biology of Cellular Compartments Synthetic Molecules as Tools for Chemical Biology Technologies and Techniques in Chemical Biology Applications of Chemical Biology


Author : Alejandro Cifuentes
ISBN : 9781118537350
Genre : Medical
File Size : 57. 70 MB
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Provides the latest "-omics" tools to advance the study of food and nutrition The rapidly emerging field of foodomics examines food and nutrition by applying advanced "-omics" technologies in order to improve people's health, well-being, and knowledge. Using tools from genomics, transcriptomics, epigenomics, proteomics, and metabolomics, foodomics offers researchers new analytical approaches to solve a myriad of current challenges in food and nutrition science. This book presents the fundamentals of foodomics, exploring the use of advanced mass spectrometry techniques in food science and nutrition in the post-genomic era. The first chapter of the book offers an overview of foodomics principles and applications. Next, the book covers: Modern instruments and methods of proteomics, including the study and characterization of food quality, antioxidant food supplements, and food allergens Advanced mass spectrometry-based methods to study transgenic foods and the microbial metabolome Mass spectrometry-based metabolomics in nutrition and health research Foodomics' impact on our current understanding of micronutrients (phenolic compounds and folates), optimal nutrition, and personalized nutrition and diet related diseases Principles and practices of lipidomics and green foodomics Use of chemometrics in mass spectrometry and foodomics The final chapter of Foodomics explores the potential of systems biology approaches in food and nutrition research. All the chapters conclude with references to the primary literature, enabling readers to explore individual topics in greater depth. With contributions from a team of leading pioneers in foodomics, this book enables students and professionals in food science and nutrition to take advantage of the latest tools to advance their research and open up new areas of food and nutrition investigation.


Author : Donald Armstrong
ISBN : STANFORD:36105131243250
Genre : Lipids
File Size : 59. 64 MB
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Annual Plant Reviews Biology Of Plant Metabolomics

Author : Robert D. Hall
ISBN : 9781444339949
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 12 MB
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Following a general introduction to the book, the first section of the book will include details of metabolomics of model species, including Arabidopsis, tomato and the legume Medicago. Chapters within the second section will consider the use and inter relationships of data integration, systems biology, genetics, genomics, metabolomics, chemometrics and biostatisitcs. The final section of the book will look at the use of metabolomics in food science, plant ecology, biodiversity and bioprocessing.Plant Metabolomicsis an essential purchase for plant scientists, plant geneticists and physiologists.

Metabolic Profiling Of Biologically Active Conjugated Dienes Using Diels Alder Derivatization And Electrospray Ionization Tandem Mass Spectrometry

Author : Pavel Andreevich Aronov
ISBN : UCAL:X78830
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File Size : 76. 81 MB
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Metabolomics In Practice

Author : Michael Lämmerhofer
ISBN : 9783527655885
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 70 MB
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Unlike other handbooks in this emerging field, this guide focuses on the challenges and critical parameters in running a metabolomics study, including such often-neglected issues as sample preparation, choice of separation and detection method, recording and evaluating data as well as method validation. By systematically covering the entire workflow, from sample preparation to data processing, the insight and advice offered here helps to clear the hurdles in setting up and running a successful analysis, resulting in high-quality data from every experiment. Based on more than a decade of practical experience in developing, optimizing and validating metabolomics approaches as a routine technology in the academic and industrial research laboratory, the lessons taught here are highly relevant for all systems-level approaches, whether in systems biology, biotechnology, toxicology or pharmaceutical sciences. From the Contents: * Sampling and Sample Preparation in Microbial Metabolomics * Tandem Mass Spectrometry Hyphenated with HPLC and UHPLC for Targeted Metabolomics * GC-MS, LC-MS, CE-MS and Ultrahigh Resolution MS (FTICR-MS) in Metabolomics * NMR-based metabolomics analysis * Potential of Microfluidics and Single Cell Analysis in Metabolomics * Data Processing in Metabolomics * Validation and Measurement Uncertainty in Metabolomic Studies * Metabolomics and its Role in the Study of Mammalian Systems and in Plant Sciences * Metabolomics in Biotechnology and Nutritional Metabolomics and more.

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