lipidomics of stem cells stem cell biology and regenerative medicine

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Lipidomics Of Stem Cells

Author : Alice Pébay
ISBN : 9783319493435
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 2 MB
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This book combines the current knowledge on the role of lipids in stem cell pluripotency and differentiation. It showcases various approaches to the study of lipids and focuses on various types of stem cells and specific lipids driving maintenance or differentiation. The volume includes chapters reviewing roles of specific lipids in pluripotency, neurogenesis and exocytosis as well as in cancer stem cells. Examples of different classes of lipids—such as sphingolipids, lysophospholipids, cannabinoids and neutral lipids—are described and illustrate the vast biological effects of this class of molecules. The international contributors are all recognized experts in their respective fields. Covering the various aspects of the topic, Lipidomics of Stem Cells provides an up-to-date snapshot—unique among the literature—of where the lipid world is in terms of understanding the roles of lipids in stem cell biology. It provides an essential reference for stem cell biologists, lipid biologists, development biologists, students, academics and clinicians in related areas.

Mesenchymal Stem Cell Derived Exosomes

Author : Yaoliang Tang
ISBN : 9780128004975
Genre : Medical
File Size : 27. 10 MB
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Mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes are at the forefront of research in two of the most high profile and funded scientific areas – cardiovascular research and stem cells. Mesenchymal Stem Cell Derived Exosomes provides insight into the biofunction and molecular mechanisms, practical tools for research, and a look toward the clinical applications of this exciting phenomenon which is emerging as an effective diagnostic. Primarily focused on the cardiovascular applications where there have been the greatest advancements toward the clinic, this is the first compendium for clinical and biomedical researchers who are interested in integrating MSC-derived exosomes as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool. Introduces the MSC-exosome mediated cell-cell communication Covers the major functional benefits in current MSC-derived exosome studies Discusses strategies for the use of MSC-derived exosomes in cardiovascular therapies

Stem Cells

Author : Department of Health and Human Services
ISBN : 1492901431
Genre : Medical
File Size : 50. 43 MB
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In February 2001 the Secretary of Health and Human Services requested that the National Institutes of Health prepare a summary report on the state of the science on stem cells. This report was developed in response to his request. It provides the current information about the biology of stem cells derived from all sources—embryo, fetal tissue, and adult. Since 1998, when human pluripotent stem cells were first isolated, research on stem cells has received much public attention, both because of its extraordinary promise and because of relevant legal and ethical issues. Underlying this recent public scrutiny is decades of painstaking work by scientists in many fields, who have been deciphering some of the most fundamental questions about life with the goal of improving health. In the last several decades, investments in basic research have yielded extensive knowledge about the many and complex processes involved in the development of an organism, including the control of cellular development. But many questions remain. How does a single cell—the fertilized egg—give rise to a complex, multi-cellular organism? The question represents a fundamental challenge in developmental biology. Researchers are now seeking to understand in greater detail the genetic factors that regulate cell differentiation in early development. Put simply, stem cells are self-renewing, unspecialized cells that can give rise to multiple types all of specialized cells of the body. The process by which dividing, unspecialized cells are equipped to perform specific functions—muscle contraction or nerve cell communication, for example—is called differentiation, and is fundamental to the development of the mature organism. It is now known that stem cells, in various forms, can be obtained from the embryo, the fetus, and the adult. The report is a review of the state of the science of stem cell research as of June 17, 2001. Included in this report is subject matter addressing stem cells from adult, fetal tissue, and embryonic sources. Because so much of the progress made to date was dependent on animal models, a significant emphasis is placed on understandings gained from mouse models of development and mouse stem cell research. The report also devotes substantial attention to scientific publications on the characterization of specialized cells developed from embryonic stem cells and the plasticity of adult stem cells. Both scientific and lay publications use a variety of terms to describe stem cells and their properties. For this reason, this report adopts a lexicon of terms and it is used consistently throughout. In several places in the report, discovery timelines are provided. The various sources of stem cells are described, as are the techniques used to isolate and develop them. A comprehensive listing of various stem cell isolation and characterizations is also included. In order to ensure the reader is provided information both about the basic biology of stem cells, and their therapeutic potential, the report contains several chapters focused on particular diseases which might benefit from stem cell research. These chapters on the use of hematopoietic stem cells, followed by focus features on specific nervous system diseases, diabetes, heart disease, and autoimmune diseases serve merely as examples of the many applications of stem cells that are being pursued. Also included are features that review aspects of stem cells as therapeutic delivery tools for gene therapy and, importantly, the safety considerations for developing stem cell-based therapies.

Chemical And Functional Genomic Approaches To Stem Cell Biology And Regenerative Medicine

Author : Sheng Ding
ISBN : 9780470199121
Genre : Medical
File Size : 46. 71 MB
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Scientists believe that stem cells have the potential to revolutionize the treatment of numerous diseases and conditions. This guide covers recent advances in technologies and their applications in stem cell biology, addressing the use of both embryonic and adult stem cells and discussing diverse technologies, including genome-wide expression analysis, informatics, chemical genomics, and more. Applications covered encompass self-renewal, differentiation, reprogramming, and regeneration in model organisms. This is a premier reference for practicing professionals involved in stem cell research and students.

Stem Cell Research

Author : Hal Marcovitz
ISBN : 1601521308
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 45. 61 MB
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Presents information on the stem cell research that scientists do, including the methods that they employ and the results that they achieve.

Advances In Pharmaceutical Cell Therapy Principles Of Cell Based Biopharmaceuticals

Author : Huss Ralf
ISBN : 9789814616805
Genre : Medical
File Size : 35. 86 MB
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This textbook is a comprehensive overview of the development of cell-based biopharmaceuticals. Beginning with the underlying biology of stem cell and cell-based products, it traces the long and complex journey from preclinical concept to initiation of a pivotal clinical trial and the potential business model behind it.The book also takes into consideration the different regulatory landscapes and their continuous evolution in Europe, North America and other parts of the world. The authors describe a path to manufacture a clinical grade therapeutic that passes all necessary quality measures as a robust and marketable product including an outlook on next generation products and innovative strategies.This reference book is a must-have guide for any professional already active in biopharmaceuticals and anyone interested in getting involved in a scientific, medical or business capacity.

Stem Cells In Regenerative Medicine

Author : Julie Audet
ISBN : 1617377848
Genre : Science
File Size : 57. 46 MB
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As regenerative medicine involves replacing diseased cells, tissues or organs, or repairing tissues in vivo, the manipulation of stem cells underlie its goals. In Stem Cells in Regenerative Medicine: Methods and Protocols, leading experts in the field provide an updated representation of the landscape of stem cell-based therapies in a wide spectrum of tissue systems and ontogenic stages, from the isolation and culture of stem cells to their actual use in vivo. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, these chapters include brief introductions to the topic, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, readily reproducible, step-by-step laboratory protocols, and tips for troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Comprehensive and easy-to-use, Stem Cells in Regenerative Medicine: Methods and Protocols is certain to contribute greatly to the definition of standardized procedures for the manipulation of somatic and embryonic stem cells in research and clinical applications.

Lipidomics

Author : Kim Ekroos
ISBN : 9783527655960
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 73 MB
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Focusing on the practical applications, this user-oriented guide presents current technologies and strategies for systems-level lipid analysis, going beyond basic research to concentrate on commercial uses of lipidomics in biomarker and diagnostic development, as well as within pharmaceutical drug discovery and development. The editor and authors have experience of the most recent analytical instruments and techniques, allowing them to provide here first-hand practical experience for newcomers to the field. The first half of the book covers current methodologies, ranging from global to targeted lipidomics and shotgun approaches, while the second part discusses the role of lipidomics in biomedical and pharmaceutical research, covering such diverse fields as inflammation, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular and neurological disease. Both small and large-scale, high-throughput approaches are discussed, resulting in an invaluable source for academic and industrial research and development.

Stem Cells Regenerative Medicine

Author : Krishnarao Appasani
ISBN : 1607618605
Genre : Science
File Size : 72. 78 MB
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Defined as, “The science about the development of an embryo from the fertilization of the ovum to the fetus stage,” embryology has been a mainstay at universities throughout the world for many years. Throughout the last century, embryology became overshadowed by experimental-based genetics and cell biology, transforming the field into developmental biology, which replaced embryology in Biology departments in many universities. Major contributions in this young century in the fields of molecular biology, biochemistry and genomics were integrated with both embryology and developmental biology to provide an understanding of the molecular portrait of a “development cell.” That new integrated approach is known as stem-cell biology; it is an understanding of the embryology and development together at the molecular level using engineering, imaging and cell culture principles, and it is at the heart of this seminal book. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine: From Molecular Embryology to Tissue Engineering is completely devoted to the basic developmental, cellular and molecular biological aspects of stem cells as well as their clinical applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. It focuses on the basic biology of embryonic and cancer cells plus their key involvement in self-renewal, muscle repair, epigenetic processes, and therapeutic applications. In addition, it covers other key relevant topics such as nuclear reprogramming induced pluripotency and stem cell culture techniques using novel biomaterials. A thorough introduction to stem-cell biology, this reference is aimed at graduate students, post-docs, and professors as well as executives and scientists in biotech and pharmaceutical companies.

Stem Cells And Regenerative Medicine

Author : Walter C. Low
ISBN : 9789812775771
Genre : Electronic books
File Size : 82. 74 MB
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The commercialization of biotechnology has resulted in an intensive search for new biological resources for the purposes of increasing food productivity, medicinal applications, energy production, and various other applications. Although biotechnology has produced many benefits for humanity, the exploitation of the planet's natural resources has also resulted in some undesirable consequences such as diminished species biodiversity, climate change, environmental contamination, and intellectual property right and patent concerns.This book discusses the role of biological, ecological, environmental, ethical, and economic issues in the interaction between biotechnology and biodiversity, using different contexts. No other book has discussed all of these issues in a comprehensive manner. Of special interest is their impact when biotechnology is shared between developed and developing countries, and the lack of recognition of the rights of indigenous populations and traditional farmers in developing countries by large multinational corporations.

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