lobbying and policy change who wins who loses and why

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Lobbying And Policy Change

Author : Frank R. Baumgartner
ISBN : 9780226039466
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 53. 92 MB
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During the 2008 election season, politicians from both sides of the aisle promised to rid government of lobbyists’ undue influence. For the authors of Lobbying and Policy Change, the most extensive study ever done on the topic, these promises ring hollow—not because politicians fail to keep them but because lobbies are far less influential than political rhetoric suggests. Based on a comprehensive examination of ninety-eight issues, this volume demonstrates that sixty percent of recent lobbying campaigns failed to change policy despite millions of dollars spent trying. Why? The authors find that resources explain less than five percent of the difference between successful and unsuccessful efforts. Moreover, they show, these attempts must overcome an entrenched Washington system with a tremendous bias in favor of the status quo. Though elected officials and existing policies carry more weight, lobbies have an impact too, and when advocates for a given issue finally succeed, policy tends to change significantly. The authors argue, however, that the lobbying community so strongly reflects elite interests that it will not fundamentally alter the balance of power unless its makeup shifts dramatically in favor of average Americans’ concerns.

Eu Lobbying Zwischen Interessenvertretung Und Korruption

Author : Bledar Milaqi
ISBN : 9783956364327
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 70. 51 MB
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Die Europäische Union (EU) erholt sich langsam von den Erfahrungen einer schweren Finanzkrise, die seit dem Vertrag von Maastricht wie nie zuvor, ein großes Fragezeichen hinter den Prozess der europäischen Integration gesetzt hat. Krisenzeiten, die gleichzeitig von wirtschaftlicher Regression begleitet werden, erwecken regelmäßig nationalistische Ressentiments, die in der Bevölkerung der Mitgliedstaaten (MS) zwangsläufig zu euroskeptischen Äußerungen führen. Ein besonderer Aspekt der EU, der europakritischen Debatten nicht entkommen kann, ist das Phänomen des EU-Lobbying. Die kontinuierliche Erweiterung der EU-Zuständigkeiten in den meisten Politikbereichen, die zunehmende Macht und Bedeutung der von der EU verabschiedeten Gesetze für die Nationalstaaten führten zur selben Zeit einen Wandel der Interessensvertretungslandschaft in Brüssel herbei. Um die EU-Institutionen herum ist aus einem Gemisch von Interessengruppen, eine regelrechte Industrie erwachsen. Das EU-Viertel stellt heutzutage einen hochkonzentrierten Ballungsraum des politischen Einflusses dar. Allerdings wird in den Nationalstaaten die direkte Einflussnahme von Lobbyisten auf die europäische politische Willensbildung als Bedrohung für die demokratischen Legitimität und die Transparenz der EU-Institutionen empfunden. Genauso wird der Begriff Lobbying in der breiten Öffentlichkeit ablehnend dargestellt und oftmals negativ mit Korruption und Intransparenz assoziiert. Diese Wahrnehmung beruht unter anderem auf der Beobachtung, dass verabschiedete Verordnungen und Richtlinien häufig das Ergebnis partikularer und nationaler Einzelbelange sind, die mit Hilfe bedenklicher Handlungen durchgesetzt wurden. In diesem Zusammenhang stellt sich die Frage, ob die Partizipation und Mitwirkung von Interessenvertretern auf europäischer Ebene eine Verbesserung oder Untergrabung des demokratischen Systems hervorruft? Die vorliegende Arbeit stellt einen Versuch dar, die Lobbystrukturen im Brüsseler EU-Viertel und den europäischen Entscheidungsfindungsprozess systematisch zu analysieren und auf die genannten Fragen ausführlich einzugehen.

Die Lobby Republik

Author : Hans-Martin Tillack
ISBN : 9783446248700
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 27. 17 MB
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Eine Party für den frischgekürten Bundespräsidenten, lukrative Jobangebote jenseits der politischen Karriere, gesponserte Reisen, exklusive Abendgesellschaften: Lobbyisten buhlen nach Kräften um die Gunst der Politiker. Wie sie vorgehen, um an wertvolle Informationen zu gelangen und die Interessen der eigenen Klientel durchzusetzen, ist nicht immer sauber. Hans-Martin Tillack, der diese Praktiken seit Jahren verfolgt, führt uns hinter die Kulissen der Berliner Politik, offenbart verborgene Vorgänge und nennt Namen. Für ihn ist klar: Es bedarf verbindlicher Verhaltensregeln für den Umgang mit Interessenvertretern – sonst droht unsere demokratische Kultur Schaden zu nehmen.

Politiker Compliance Als Zielgr E Des Lobbying

Author : Sabine Eckardt
ISBN : 9783834962416
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 87. 99 MB
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Sabine Eckardt entwickelt ein fünf-faktorielles Messinstrument um das Verhalten des Politikers zu Gunsten der Interessengruppe, die Politiker-Compliance, zu messen und zu steuern.

Lobbying And Policymaking

Author : Kenneth Godwin
ISBN : 9781452289342
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 55. 33 MB
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Built on interviews with over 100 lobbyists, Kenneth Godwin, Scott Ainsworth, and Erik Godwin show that much of the research on organized interests overlooks the lobbying of regulatory agencies even though it accounts for almost half of all lobbying—even though bureaucratic agencies have considerable leeway in the how they choose to implement law. This groundbreaking new book argues that lobbying activity is not mainly a struggle among competing interests over highly collective goods; rather, it's the public provision of private goods. Through a series of highly readable case studies, the authors employ both neopluralist and exchange perspectives to explore the lobbying activity that occurs in the later stages of the policymaking process which are typically less partisan, involve little conflict, and receive scant public attention. Lobbying and Policymaking: The Public Pursuit of Primvate Interests is an ideal way to expose students to cutting-edge research in an accessible, fascinating package.

Die Israel Lobby

Author : John J. Mearsheimer
ISBN : 3593383772
Genre : Israel
File Size : 54. 47 MB
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The Business Of America Is Lobbying

Author : Lee Drutman
ISBN : 9780190215538
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 29. 25 MB
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Corporate lobbyists are everywhere in Washington. Of the 100 organizations that spend the most on lobbying, 95 represent business. The largest companies now have upwards of 100 lobbyists representing them. How did American businesses become so invested in politics? And what does all their money buy? Drawing on extensive data and original interviews with corporate lobbyists, The Business of America is Lobbying provides a fascinating and detailed picture of what corporations do in Washington, why they do it, and why it matters. Prior to the 1970s, very few corporations had Washington offices. But a wave of new government regulations and declining economic conditions mobilized business leaders. Companies developed new political capacities, and managers soon began to see public policy as an opportunity, not just a threat. Ever since, corporate lobbying has become increasingly more pervasive, more proactive, and more particularistic. Lee Drutman argues that lobbyists drove this development, helping managers to see why politics mattered, and how proactive and aggressive engagement could help companies' bottom lines. All this lobbying doesn't guarantee influence. Politics is a messy and unpredictable bazaar, and it is more competitive than ever. But the growth of lobbying has driven several important changes that make business more powerful. The status quo is harder to dislodge; policy is more complex; and, as Congress increasingly becomes a farm league for K Street, more and more of Washington's policy expertise now resides in the private sector. These and other changes increasingly raise the costs of effective lobbying to a level only businesses can typically afford. Lively and engaging, rigorous and nuanced, The Business of America is Lobbying will change how we think about lobbying-and how we might reform it.

Environmental Policy Change In Emerging Market Democracies

Author : Jale Tosun
ISBN : 9781442699205
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 66. 47 MB
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This book examines environmental policy change in twenty-eight Central and Eastern European and Latin American countries against a background of significant political and economic transformation over the past two decades. Through cross-regional comparison and a multi-methods approach, Jale Tosun investigates changes in the regulation of air, soil, and water pollution, genetically modified corn, and the sustainable management of forests. Tosun also looks at the relationship between system transformation and the creation of environmental procuracies in both parts of the world. Environmental Policy Change in Emerging Market Democracies demonstrates that, although political and economic transformations have positively affected environmental policy in both regions, the extent of policy change varies considerably across Central and Eastern Europe and Latin America. At the same time, as Tosun argues, economic integration has acted as a major driver of a stronger governmental enforcement commitment as expressed by the creation of environmental procuracies.

Legislative Lobbying In Context

Author : Jan Beyers
ISBN : 9781317392880
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 55. 44 MB
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The lack of previous research into political interest groups and taking into account policy-specific and institutional context characteristics is largely due to research designs that have been primarily focused on a small number of policy debates, with the result that contextual characteristics were largely held constant. This book brings together articles from different modules that are part of a larger European Collaborative Research Project, INTEREURO, carried out by research teams in nine different countries under the auspices of the European Science Foundation. The main goal of the book is to analyse strategies, framing and influence processes for a set of 125 legislative proposals submitted by the European Commission, in an effort to better understand the involvement of interest organizations in the decision-making process of the EU. Contributors draw on sophisticated and innovative policy-driven samples of interest group mobilization, allowing them to account systematically for how policy-specific and institutional context factors shape mobilization, lobbying strategies and influence of interest groups on public policy debates in the EU. In this way, the book makes an important contribution to the study of interest groups in the EU and represents the breadth of positions taken in the current literature. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.

Lobbyists At Work

Author : Beth L. Leech
ISBN : 9781430245612
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 67. 61 MB
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"Lobbyists at Work is a must-read for anyone interested in the serious business of government. Leech's probing questions reflect her years of research tracking the real impact of money and influence on policy." —Thomas Hale Boggs, Jr. (Chairman, Patton Boggs LLP) Received wisdom has it that lobbyists run the American government on behalf of moneyed interests. But what makes lobbyists run, and how do they induce legislators and bureaucrats to do their bidding? These are questions for which even the harshest critics lack satisfying answers. Lobbyists at Work explores what lobbyists really do and why. It goes behind the scenes and brings back in-depth interviews with fifteen political advocates chosen to represent the breadth and diversity of the lobbying profession. The interviewees profiled in this book range from the top lobbyists-for-hire at the most powerful K Street firms to pro bono lobbyists for the disenfranchised and powerless. The roster spans all types of lobbyists working for all types of clients and seeking to influence all levels and branches of government. The permutations include business-lobbying-government, government-lobbying-government, government-to-business revolving door, regulatory lobbying, state and local lobbying, citizen-advocacy lobbying,single-issue lobbying, and multiple-issue lobbying. In colorful and sometimes hilarious detail, the interviewees take the reader through their arsenals of traditional and next-generation lobbying techniques, including face-to-face persuasion of elected officials and their staffs, educational campaigns and coalition-building, ghost-drafting complex legislation and regulation for government committees and agencies, contributions, and social media campaigns. In Lobbyists at Work, the normally self-effacing subjects open up about themselves and their profession: why they chose to become lobbyists, what motivates them to keep lobbying, how they cultivate their lobbying influence, how they adjust to changes in the rules affecting their lobbying methods, and what they actually do at work each day (and night). As an authority on lobbying respected in Washington for her impartiality, Professor Beth Leech elicits frank disclosures, career tips, and riveting stories about the good, the bad, and the ambivalent on both sides of the symbiotic relationship between government officials and lobbyists.

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