low temperature electronics physics devices circuits and applications

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Low Temperature Electronics

Author : Edmundo A. Gutierrez
ISBN : 0123106753
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36. 61 MB
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Low Temperature Electronics: Physics, Devices, Circuits, and Applications summarizes the recent advances in cryoelectronics starting from the fundamentals in physics and semiconductor devices to electronic systems, hybrid superconductor-semiconductor technologies, photonic devices, cryocoolers and thermal management. Furthermore, this book provides an exploration of the currently available theory, research, and technologies related to cryoelectronics, including treatment of the solid state physical properties of the materials used in these systems. Current applications are found in infrared systems, satellite communications and medical equipment. There are opportunities to expand in newer fields such as wireless and mobile communications, computers, and measurement and scientific equipment. Low temperature operations can offer certain advantages such as higher operational speeds, lower power dissipation, shorter signal transmission times, higher semiconductor and metal thermal conductivities, and improved digital and analog circuit performance. The computer, telecommunication, and cellular phone market is pushing the semiconductor industry towards the development of very aggressive device and integrated circuit fabrication technologies. This is taking these technologies towards the physical miniaturization limit, where quantum effects and fabrication costs are becoming a technological and economical barrier for further development. In view of these limitations, operation of semiconductor devices and circuits at low temperature (cryogenic temperature) is studied in this book. * It is a book intended for a wide audience: students, scientists, technology development engineers, private companies, universities, etc. * It contains information which is for the first time available as an all-in-one source; Interdisciplinary material is arranged and made compatible in this book * It is a must as reference source

Device And Circuit Cryogenic Operation For Low Temperature Electronics

Author : Francis Balestra
ISBN : 9781475733181
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 24. 47 MB
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Device and Circuit Cryogenic Operation for Low Temperature Electronics is a first in reviewing the performance and physical mechanisms of advanced devices and circuits at cryogenic temperatures that can be used for many applications. The first two chapters cover bulk silicon and SOI MOSFETs. The electronic transport in the inversion layer, the influence of impurity freeze-out, the special electrical properties of SOI structures, the device reliability and the interest of a low temperature operation for the ultimate integration of silicon down to nanometer dimensions are described. The next two chapters deal with Silicon-Germanium and III-V Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors, as well as III-V High Electron Mobility Transistors (HEMT). The basic physics of the SiGe HBT and its unique cryogenic capabilities, the optimization of such bipolar devices, and the performance of SiGe HBT BiCMOS technology at liquid nitrogen temperature are examined. The physical effects in III-V semiconductors at low temperature, the HEMT and HBT static, high frequency and noise properties, and the comparison of various cooled III-V devices are also addressed. The next chapter treats quantum effect devices made of silicon materials. The major quantum effects at low temperature, quantum wires, quantum dots as well as single electron devices and applications are investigated. The last chapter overviews the performances of cryogenic circuits and their applications. The low temperature properties and performance of inverters, multipliers, adders, operational amplifiers, memories, microprocessors, imaging devices, circuits and systems, sensors and read-out circuits are analyzed. Device and Circuit Cryogenic Operation for Low Temperature Electronics is useful for researchers, engineers, Ph.D. and M.S. students working in the field of advanced electron devices and circuits, new semiconductor materials, and low temperature electronics and physics.

Extreme Temperature And Harsh Environment Electronics

Author : Vinod Kumar Khanna
ISBN : 0750311568
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 72. 7 MB
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Electronic devices and circuits are employed by a range of industries in testing conditions from extremes of high or low temperature, in chemically corrosive environments, subject to shock and vibration or exposure to radiation. This book describes the diverse measures necessary to make electronics capable of coping with such situations as well as to gainfully exploit any new phenomena that take place only under these conditions.

Low Temperature Electronics And Low Temperature Cofired Ceramic Based Electronic Dvices

Author : Electrochemical Society. Meeting
ISBN : 1566774128
Genre : Ceramics
File Size : 51. 6 MB
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Microelectronics Technology And Devices Sbmicro 2003

Author : J. A. Martino
ISBN : 156677389X
Genre : Microelectronics
File Size : 36. 78 MB
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Extreme Environment Electronics

Author : John D. Cressler
ISBN : 9781351832809
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54. 46 MB
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Unfriendly to conventional electronic devices, circuits, and systems, extreme environments represent a serious challenge to designers and mission architects. The first truly comprehensive guide to this specialized field, Extreme Environment Electronics explains the essential aspects of designing and using devices, circuits, and electronic systems intended to operate in extreme environments, including across wide temperature ranges and in radiation-intense scenarios such as space. The Definitive Guide to Extreme Environment Electronics Featuring contributions by some of the world’s foremost experts in extreme environment electronics, the book provides in-depth information on a wide array of topics. It begins by describing the extreme conditions and then delves into a description of suitable semiconductor technologies and the modeling of devices within those technologies. It also discusses reliability issues and failure mechanisms that readers need to be aware of, as well as best practices for the design of these electronics. Continuing beyond just the "paper design" of building blocks, the book rounds out coverage of the design realization process with verification techniques and chapters on electronic packaging for extreme environments. The final set of chapters describes actual chip-level designs for applications in energy and space exploration. Requiring only a basic background in electronics, the book combines theoretical and practical aspects in each self-contained chapter. Appendices supply additional background material. With its broad coverage and depth, and the expertise of the contributing authors, this is an invaluable reference for engineers, scientists, and technical managers, as well as researchers and graduate students. A hands-on resource, it explores what is required to successfully operate electronics in the most demanding conditions.

Devices For Optoelectronics

Author : Leigh
ISBN : 082479432X
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 2 MB
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Offers coverage of optical devices utilized in communication and information processing systems, highlighting the physics of optoelectronics necessary for both hybrid and monolithic optical integrated circuits. The text aims to bridge the gap between thin-film switches and active semiconductors by analyzing lithium niobate as well as compound semiconductor devices, and includes discussion on optical transmitters, receivers and switches.

Power Electronics Device Applications Of Diamond Semiconductors

Author : Satoshi Koizumi
ISBN : 9780081021842
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61. 17 MB
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Power Electronics Device Applications of Diamond Semiconductors presents state-of-the-art research on diamond growth, doping, device processing, theoretical modeling and device performance. The book begins with a comprehensive and close examination of diamond crystal growth from the vapor phase for epitaxial diamond and wafer preparation. It looks at single crystal vapor deposition (CVD) growth sectors and defect control, ultra high purity SC-CVD, SC diamond wafer CVD, heteroepitaxy on Ir/MqO and needle-induced large area growth, also discussing the latest doping and semiconductor characterization methods, fundamental material properties and device physics. The book concludes with a discussion of circuits and applications, featuring the switching behavior of diamond devices and applications, high frequency and high temperature operation, and potential applications of diamond semiconductors for high voltage devices. Includes contributions from today's most respected researchers who present the latest results for diamond growth, doping, device fabrication, theoretical modeling and device performance Examines why diamond semiconductors could lead to superior power electronics Discusses the main challenges to device realization and the best opportunities for the next generation of power electronics

Ieee Circuits Devices

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822020364451
Genre : Electrical engineering
File Size : 80. 93 MB
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Mos Devices For Low Voltage And Low Energy Applications

Author : Yasuhisa Omura
ISBN : 9781119107354
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 66. 92 MB
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Helps readers understand the physics behind MOS devices for low-voltage and low-energy applications • Based on timely published and unpublished work written by expert authors • Discusses various promising MOS devices applicable to low-energy environmental and biomedical uses • Describes the physical effects (quantum, tunneling) of MOS devices • Demonstrates the performance of devices, helping readers to choose right devices applicable to an industrial or consumer environment • Addresses some Ge-based devices and other compound-material-based devices for high-frequency applications and future development of high performance devices. 'Seemingly innocuous everyday devices such as smartphones, tablets and services such as on-line gaming or internet keyword searches consume vast amounts of energy. Even when in standby mode, all these devices consume energy. The upcoming “Internet of Things” (IoT) is expected to deploy 60 billion electronic devices spread out in our homes, cars and cities. Britain is already consuming up to 16 per cent of all its power through internet use and this rate is doubling every four years. According to The UK’s Daily Mail May (2015), if usage rates continue, all of Britain's power supply could be consumed by internet use in just 20 years. In 2013, U.S. data centers consumed an estimated 91 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity, corresponding to the power generated by seventeen 1000-megawatt nuclear power plants. Data center electricity consumption is projected to increase to roughly 140 billion kilowatt-hours annually by 2020, the equivalent annual output of 50 nuclear power plants. (Natural Resources Defense Council, USA, Feb. 2015) All these examples stress the urgent need for developing electronic devices that consume as little energy as possible. The book “MOS Devices for Low-Voltage and Low-Energy Applications” explores the different transistor options that can be utilized to achieve that goal. It describes in detail the physics and performance of transistors that can be operated at low voltage and consume little power, such as subthreshold operation in bulk transistors, fully depleted SOI devices, tunnel FETs, multigate and gate-all-around MOSFETs. Examples of low-energy circuits making use of these devices are given as well. The book “MOS Devices for Low-Voltage and Low-Energy Applications” is a good reference for graduate students, researchers, semiconductor and electrical engineers who will design the electronic systems of tomorrow.' --- Dr. Jean-Pierre Colinge, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC) “The authors present a creative way to show how different MOS devices can be used for low-voltage and low-power applications. They start with Bulk MOSFET, following with SOI MOSFET, FinFET, gate-all-around MOSFET, Tunnel-FET and others. It is presented the physics behind the devices, models, simulations, experimental results and applications. This book is interesting for researchers, graduate and undergraduate students. The low-energy field is an important topic for integrated circuits in the future and none can stay out of this.” --- Prof. Joao A. Martino, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil

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