madder red a history of luxury and trade caucasus world

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Madder Red

Author : Robert Chenciner
ISBN : 9781135796129
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 23. 12 MB
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Madder red is an ancient dyestuff, extracted from the root of the madder plant, growing in many countries around the world. The secret and devilishly complex Oriental dyeing process to obtain the lustrous colour known as Turkey Red was avidly sought by Europeans, from the time before the fall of Ancient Rome. It was finally cracked by the French about 1760, who were able to dye wool, silk and cotton bright red. After the lowlands of the Caspian Caucasus had been subdued by the Russians in the early 1800s, madder was cultivated there and rapidly became the main crop. The quest for Turkey Red went hand in hand with an avalanche of scientific research, which not only improved the yield of dyestuff from the roots but led to its chemical synthesis and in 1870 the collapse of the world-wide madder industry. Many of the nascent dye companies grew into chemical giants of our time. Further regional and cultural background may be found in Chenciner's Daghestan: Tradition and Survival, also published in the Caucasus World series.

Orientalism In Early Modern France

Author : Ina Baghdiantz McCabe
ISBN : 9781845203740
Genre : History
File Size : 30. 30 MB
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Francis I's ties with the Ottoman Empire marked the birth of court-sponsored Orientalism in France. Under Louis XIV, French society was transformed by cross-cultural contacts with the Ottomans, India, Persia, China, Siam and the Americas. The consumption of silk, cotton cloth, spices, coffee, tea, china, gems, flowers and other luxury goods transformed daily life and gave rise to a new discourse about the 'Orient' which in turn shaped ideas about economy and politics, specifically absolutism and the monarchy. An original account of the ancient regime, this book highlights France's use of the exotic and analyzes French discourse about Islam and the 'Orient'.

The Kingdom Of Armenia

Author : M. Chahin
ISBN : 0700714529
Genre : History
File Size : 37. 52 MB
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While the majority of contemporary works on Armenia concentrate on the modern era, The Kingdom of Armenia takes its beginning in the third century BC, with the ancient literate peoples of Mesopotamia who had commercial interests in the land of Armenia, and continues with a comprehensive overview through to the end of the Middle Ages.

The Armenian Kingdom In Cilicia During The Crusades

Author : Jacob G. Ghazarian
ISBN : 0700714189
Genre : History
File Size : 51. 67 MB
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This unique study bridges the history of the Crusades with the history of Armenian nationalism and Christianity. To the Crusaders, Armenian Christians presented the only reliable allies in Anatolia and Asia Minor, and were pivotal in the founding of the Crusader principalities of Edessa, Antioch, Jerusalem and Tripoli. The Anatolian kingdom of Cilicia was founded by the Roupenian dynasty (mid 10th to late 11th century), and grew under the collective rule of the Hetumian dynasty (late 12th to mid 14th century). After confrontations with Byzantium, the Seljuks and the Mongols, the Second Crusade led to the crowning of the first Cilician king despite opposition from Byzantium. Following the Third Crusade, power shifted in Cilicia to the Lusignans of Cyprus (mid to late 14th century), culminating in the final collapse of the kingdom at the hands of the Egyptian Mamluks.

The Armenian Neume System Of Notation

Author : Robert Arshaki Atʻayan
ISBN : 0700706364
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 35. 98 MB
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From historical and aesthetic viewpoints alike, the study of the khaz (or neume) system of notation holds immense significance for Armenian and Byzantine music. Its development aided the Armenian people in their creation of a rich musical culture which, to this day, is largely inaccessible since this medieval notation has still not been fully deciphered. Focusing on such sacred texts as the Sharaknots, Khazgirk, Chashots, Gandzaran and Tagharan (Hymnals, Khaz-Books, Lectionary, Canticles and Chants), this unique study creates an overall picture of the khaz system - while at the same time reassessing the theories of western musicologists.

Samuel Richardson Dress And Discourse

Author : Kathleen Oliver
ISBN : 0230574521
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 60. 26 MB
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While dress is but one way of entering into a text, and a small point of entry at that, analysis of dress in Richardson`s novels provides us with insights into the nature of novel writing in eighteenth-century England; into the nature of Richardson`s novelistic project of constructing a legible domestic feminine body whose signification remains stable; and into the paradox that Richardson`s ideal, sensible (as possessed of sensibility) female body is ultimately coded as male. It also calls into question the whole construct of the `domestic woman` and what this construct means in terms of bourgeois ideology: Is the ideal domestic woman merely a man in drag?

Tattooed Mountain Women And Spoonboxes Of Daghestan

Author : Robert Chenciner
ISBN : STANFORD:36105122716306
Genre : Decoration and ornament
File Size : 88. 23 MB
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Beneath the rural Islamic society in ancient villages perched among the Great Causasus Mountains, animist tattoos on women and decorations on ritual spoon boxes share symbols that are believed to protect the heart and the family. Three experts have recorded this system of folk medicine.

Vor Ihren Augen Sahen Sie Gott

Author : Zora Neale Hurston
ISBN : 9783942374798
Genre : Literary Collections
File Size : 37. 25 MB
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Florida 1928. In einer einzigen Nacht erzählt Janie ihrer besten Freundin Pheoby wie sie aufbrach, ein anderes Leben zu führen, den viel jüngeren Tea Cake traf, endlich das Glück fand, und was geschah, als der große Hurrikan kam ... Von ihrer Reise kehrt Janie als ein neuer Mensch zurück - und mit ihr alle, die ihre Geschichte hören. Der Klassiker aus den USA, zum 120. Geburtstag der Autorin neu übersetzt, gehört zu den schönsten, traurigsten und herzergreifendsten Liebesgeschichten, die je geschrieben wurden.

Der Ritter Im Pantherfell

Author : Shota Rustaveli
ISBN : 9941134103
Genre :
File Size : 65. 62 MB
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Die Kunst Der K Nste

Author : Anita Albus
ISBN : 3821844612
Genre : Color in art
File Size : 32. 4 MB
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