magnetic resonance imaging physical principles and applications electromagnetism

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Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Author : Vadim Kuperman
ISBN : 9780080535708
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 34 MB
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This book is intended as a text/reference for students, researchers, and professors interested in physical and biomedical applications of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Both the theoretical and practical aspects of MRI are emphasized. The book begins with a comprehensive discussion of the Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) phenomenon based on quantum mechanics and the classical theory of electromagnetism. The first three chapters of this book provide the foundation needed to understand the basic characteristics of MR images, e.g.,image contrast, spatial resolution, signal-to-noise ratio, common image artifacts. Then MRI applications are considered in the following five chapters. Both the theoretical and practical aspects of MRI are emphasized. The book ends with a discussion of instrumentation and the principles of signal detection in MRI. Key Features * Clear progression from fundamental physical principles of NMR to MRI and its applications * Extensive discussion of image acquisition and reconstruction of MRI * Discussion of different mechanisms of MR image contrast * Mathematical derivation of the signal-to-noise dependence on basic MR imaging parameters as well as field strength * In-depth consideration of artifacts in MR images * Comprehensive discussion of several techniques used for rapid MR imaging including rapid gradient-echo imaging, echo-planar imaging, fast spin-echo imaging and spiral imaging * Qualitative discussion combined with mathematical description of MR techniques for imaging flow

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Author : Robert W. Brown
ISBN : 0471720852
Genre : Medical
File Size : 44. 77 MB
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Preceded by Magnetic resonance imaging: physical principles and sequence design / E. Mark Haacke ... [et al.]. c1999.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Author : Stewart C Bushong
ISBN : 9780323074087
Genre :
File Size : 70. 18 MB
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Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Physical and Biological Principles, 4th Edition offers comprehensive, well-illustrated coverage on this specialized subject at a level that does not require an extensive background in math and physics. It covers the fundamentals and principles of conventional MRI along with the latest fast imaging techniques and their applications. Beginning with an overview of the fundamentals of electricity and magnetism (Part 1), Parts 2 and 3 present an in-depth explanation of how MRI works. The latest imaging methods are presented in Parts 4 and 5, and the final section (Part 6) covers personnel and patient safety and administration issues. This book is perfect for student radiographers and practicing technologists preparing to take the MRI advanced certification exam offered by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT). ""I would recommend it to anyone starting their MRI training and anyone trying to teach MRI to others."" Reviewed by RAD Magazine, June 2015Challenge questions at the end of each chapter help you assess your comprehension.Chapter outlines and objectives assist you in following the hierarchy of material in the text."Penguin" boxes highlight key points in the book to help you retain the most important information and concepts in the text.NEW! Two MRI practice exams that mirror the test items in each ARRT category have been added to the end of the text to help you replicate the ARRT exam experience.NEW! Chapter on Partially Parallel Magnetic Resonance Imaging increases the comprehensiveness of the text.NEW! Updated key terms have been added to each chapter with an updated glossary defining each term.

Electromagnetics In Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Author : Christopher M. Collins
ISBN : 168174211X
Genre : MEDICAL
File Size : 90. 65 MB
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In the past few decades, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become an indispensable tool in modern medicine, with MRI systems now available at every major hospital in the developed world. But for all its utility and prevalence, it is much less commonly understood and less readily explained than other common medical imaging techniques. Unlike optical, ultrasonic, x-ray (including CT), and nuclear medicine-based imaging, MRI does not rely primarily on simple transmission and/or reflection of energy, and the highest achievable resolution in MRI is orders of magnitude smaller that the smallest wavelength involved. In this book, MRI will be explained with emphasis on the magnetic fields required, their generation, their concomitant electric fields, the various interactions of all these fields with the subject being imaged, and the implications of these interactions to image quality and patient safety. Classical electromagnetics will be used to describe aspects from the fundamental phenomenon of nuclear precession through signal detection and MRI safety. Simple explanations and Illustrations combined with pertinent equations are designed to help the reader rapidly gain a fundamental understanding and an appreciation of this technology as it is used today, as well as ongoing advances that will increase its value in the future. Numerous references are included to facilitate further study with an emphasis on areas most directly related to electromagnetics.

Electromagnetic Analysis And Design In Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Author : Jianming Jin
ISBN : 084939693X
Genre : Medical
File Size : 80. 5 MB
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This book presents a comprehensive treatment of electromagnetic analysis and design of three critical devices for an MRI system - the magnet, gradient coils, and radiofrequency (RF) coils. Electromagnetic Analysis and Design in Magnetic Resonance Imaging is unique in its detailed examination of the analysis and design of the hardware for an MRI system. It takes an engineering perspective to serve the many scientists and engineers in this rapidly expanding field. Chapters present: an introduction to MRI basic concepts of electromagnetics, including Helmholtz and Maxwell coils, inductance calculation, and magnetic fields produced by special cylindrical and spherical surface currents principles for the analysis and design of gradient coils, including discrete wires and the target field method analysis of RF coils based on the equivalent lumped-circuit model as well as an analysis based on the integral equation formulation survey of special purpose RF coils analytical and numerical methods for the analysis of electromagnetic fields in biological objects With the continued, active development of MRI instrumentation, Electromagnetic Analysis and Design in Magnetic Resonance Imaging presents an excellent, logically organized text - an indispensable resource for engineers, physicists, and graduate students working in the field of MRI.

Numerical Methods In Electromagnetism

Author : M. V. K. Chari
ISBN : 012615760X
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 54. 95 MB
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Electromagnetics is the foundation of our electric technology. It describes the fundamental principles upon which electricity is generated and used. This includes electric machines, high voltage transmission, telecommunication, radar, and recording and digital computing. This book will serve both as an introductory text for graduate students and as a reference book for professional engineers and researchers. This book leads the uninitiated into the realm of numerical methods for solving electromagnetic field problems by examples and illustrations. Detailed descriptions of advanced techniques are also included for the benefit of working engineers and research students. * Comprehensive descriptions of numerical methods * In-depth introduction to finite differences, finite elements, and integral equations * Illustrations and applications of linear and nonlinear solutions for multi-dimensional analysis * Numerical examples to facilitate understanding of the methods * Appendices for quick reference of mathematical and numerical methods employed

Spin Stand Microscopy Of Hard Disk Data

Author : Isaak D. Mayergoyz
ISBN : 0080467520
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 61 MB
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This book provides an in-depth exposition of spin-stand microscopy of hard disk data which is a new technique recently developed and extensively tested by the authors of the book. Spin-stand microscopy is the first magnetic imaging technique where imaging is performed ex-situ on a rotating disk mounted on a spin-stand. This technique is one of the fastest scanning-based microscopy techniques. It is non-invasive and has nano-scale resolution. For these reasons, it provides unique capabilities for the visualization of magnetization patterns recorded on hard disks. This book is self-contained and it covers in sufficient details the basic facts of magnetic data storage technology, the principles and theory of spin-stand microscopy, its experimental implementations, as well as its applications in hard disk diagnostics, imaging of overwritten patterns, computer forensics of hard disk files, and data-dependent magnetic thermal relaxations of recorded magnetization patterns. This book will be a valuable reference for the magnetic data storage community, magnetic microscopy professionals as well as engineers and scientists involved in computer data forensics, commercial data recovery, and the design of archival data storage systems. Conceptual novelty of the technique and the demonstration of its wide scope of applications Detailed exposition of the principles of spin-stand magnetic microscopy Comprehensive discussions of novel image reconstruction techniques Demonstration of high resolution spin-stand images of hard disk data Presentation of sector-by-sector ex-situ forensics of hard disk files Extensive studies of data-dependent thermal relaxations of magnetization patterns recorded on hard disks

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