marital agreements and private autonomy in comparative perspective

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Marital Agreements And Private Autonomy In Comparative Perspective

Author : Jens M Scherpe
ISBN : 9781847318862
Genre : Law
File Size : 49. 45 MB
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This book deals with a subject that has recently been the focus of debate and law reform in many jurisdictions: how much scope should spouses have to conclude agreements concerning their financial affairs - and under what circumstances should such agreements be binding and enforceable? These marital agreements include pre-nuptial, post-nuptial and separation agreements. The book is the result of a British Academy-funded research project which investigated and compared the relevant law of England and Wales, Australia, Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Ireland, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Scotland, Singapore, Spain, Sweden and the jurisdictions of the United States. In addition to chapters on these jurisdictions, the book includes a chapter on the 'English practitioner's view'. It also provides a comparative analysis of the different matrimonial property regimes and the rules on marital agreements that explores underlying themes and principlesand makes recommendations for regulating marital agreements. A key theme is the function and effect of marital agreements in the different jurisdictions. Thus, each chapter first explains the underlying 'default' rules for ancillary relief/matrimonial property and maintenance. It then analyses the current rules for marital agreements, and gives a brief account of the private international law rules. The book provides a comprehensive source of reference on ancillary relief/matrimonial property and maintenance and the rules on pre-nuptial, post-nuptial and separation agreements in 14 jurisdictions. It offers guidance for academics and practitioners dealing with international matters, and a basis for discussions on law reform. 'I applaud the vision and perseverance of Jens Scherpe in having conceived this book and, with so much distinguished help, in now bringing it to birth. I will be using it for many years and I warmly invite my fellow family lawyers across the world to do likewise.' Foreword by The Rt Hon Lord Wilson of Culworth, Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom

Staat Familie Individuum

Author : Katharina Hilbig-Lugani
ISBN : 3161530535
Genre : Law
File Size : 46. 15 MB
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English summary: Comparing different legal systems, Katharina Hilbig-Lugani examines in which family and quasi-family relationships the legal systems of Germany, England and Wales, France and Sweden allot maintenance obligations. She looks at how these maintenance obligations are legitimized as well as at whether existing maintenance obligations can either be modified, especially limited or suspended by agreement between the parties. She assesses the different legal systems in terms of their coherence and consistency and proposes new regulations for the private and autonomous framing of maintenance obligations. German description: Katharina Hilbig-Lugani behandelt rechtsvergleichend, in welchen familiaren und quasifamiliaren Beziehungen die Rechtsordnungen Deutschland, England und Wales, Frankreich und Schweden Unterhaltspflichten vorsehen, wie diese Unterhaltspflichten legitimiert sind sowie ob bestehende Unterhaltspflichten durch eine Vereinbarung der Parteien des Unterhaltsverhaltnisses modifiziert, insbesondere beschrankt oder ausgeschlossen werden konnen. Besonders beleuchtet sie dabei die verschiedenen Reaktionsmodi der Rechtsordnungen auf beschrankende Unterhaltsvereinbarungen sowie die Vor- und Nachteile der Zulassung von Unterhaltsvereinbarungen. Katharina Hilbig-Lugani pruft die Systeme auf ihre Koharenz und Widerspruchsfreiheit und unterbreitet Vorschlage zu einer Neuordnung der privatautonomen Gestaltbarkeit von Unterhaltspflichten.

Prenuptial Agreements And The Presumption Of Free Choice

Author : Sharon Thompson
ISBN : 9781782255581
Genre : Law
File Size : 76. 19 MB
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This book provides an alternative perspective on an issue fraught with difficulty – the enforcement of prenuptial agreements. Such agreements are enforced because the law acknowledges the rights of spouses to make autonomous decisions about the division of their property on divorce. Yet this book demonstrates that, in the attempt to promote autonomy, other issues, such as imbalance of power between the parties, become obscured. This book offers an academic and practical analysis of the real impact of prenuptial agreements on the relationships of those involved. Using a feminist and contractual theoretical framework, it attempts to produce a more nuanced understanding of the autonomy exercised by parties entering into prenuptial agreements. This book also draws on an empirical study of the experiences and views of practitioners skilled in the formation and litigation of prenuptial agreements in New York. Lastly, it explores how the court might address concerns regarding power and autonomy during the drafting and enforcement processes of prenuptial agreements, which in turn may enhance the role that 'prenups' can play in the judicial allocation of spousal property on the breakdown of marriage.

Lawyers And Mediators

Author : Mavis Maclean
ISBN : 9781509904839
Genre : Law
File Size : 62. 66 MB
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Do lawyers make matters worse, or do they provide information, advice and support which can help to prevent disputes arising or manage them when they do? Do mediators enable parties to communicate and reach agreements tailor-made to their needs? Or working outside the legal framework, do they find it difficult to protect weaker parties and access expert advice? What happens when lawyers become mediators? This book will describe the structure of service provision and the day-to-day work of lawyers, mediators, and lawyer mediators, drawing on empirical work carried out between 2013 and 2015 immediately after the recent changes to the management of divorce and separation within the family justice system. The reduction in legal aided help in 2013 and the failure of mediation to fill the gap in 2014?15 have given rise to a difficult debate. This book aims to provide an account of some of the practical effects of these policies through a description of the daily work of practitioners in the sector. It raises the question of whether we need to choose between traditional legal services and the new processes of private ordering or whether intermediate positions might be possible.

Contractualisation Of Family Law Global Perspectives

Author : Frederik Swennen
ISBN : 9783319172293
Genre : Law
File Size : 87. 17 MB
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This volume presents global and comparative perspectives on the perpetual pendular movement of family law between status and contract. It contributes to the topical academic debate on ‘family law exceptionalism’ by exploring the blurred lines between public law, private law and family law, and sheds light on the many shades of grey that exist. The contributions focus on both substantive and procedural family law on parents and children and on life partners, with particular attention for contractual arrangements of family formations and of conflict resolution. The hypothesis underlying all contributions was the trend towards contractualisation of family law. A convergent research outcome resulting from the comparison of national reports was the ambivalent position of family law in legal systems worldwide. That comparison shows that, whereas family law is clearly moving towards contract with regard to old family formations, the contrary is true for new family formations. The movement towards contract is rarely considered to be contractualisation pur sang, with civil effect. The movement towards status, finally, does not necessarily witness ‘family law exceptionalism’ vis-à-vis private law, in view of the increasing State interventionism in private law relations in general. In sum, as the volume shows, the high permeability of the demarcations between the State, the family and the market impedes a categorial approach. This volume is based on the general and selected national reports on the topic “Contractualisation of Family Law” that were presented at the XIXth International Congress of Comparative Law in Vienna in July 2014.

Die Rechtsstellung Nichtehelicher Lebensgemeinschaften

Author : Jens M. Scherpe
ISBN : 3161487052
Genre : Law
File Size : 54. 16 MB
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Die Existenz nichtehelicher Lebensgemeinschaften in verschiedensten Formen in den westlichen Ländern ist ein unumstößliches Faktum. Für diese Lebensgemeinschaften bestehen eine Vielzahl von Rechtsproblemen, so insbesondere bei der Auflösung der Lebensgemeinschaft durch Trennung oder Tod und bei nichtehelichen Kindern. Wie weit sollen Regelungen greifen, insbesondere in Hinblick darauf, dass viele dieser Menschen sich bewusst gegen eine enge Rechtsbeziehung entschieden haben? Eine mögliche künftige Regelung steht daher zwischen dem Schutzbedürfnis der schwächeren Partei und der Kinder einerseits und der Privatautonomie andererseits. Der Band enthält u.a. Analysen zum rechtlichen Status nichtehelicher Gemeinschaften in zwölf Staaten und will vor dem Hintergrund der Bildung erster Strukturen eines "europäischen Familienrechts" ein Modell für Deutschland entwickeln helfen.Mit Beiträgen von:Katharina Boele-Woelki und Wendy Schrama, Nina Dethloff, Anatol Dutta, Frederique Ferrand, Cristina Gonzalez Beilfuss, Winifred H. Holland, Dubravka Hrabar, Owen Jessep, Michaela Kreyenfeld und Dirk Konietzka, Monika Lüke, Ingrid Lund-Andersen, Dieter Martiny, Walter Pintens, Vesna Rijavec und Suzana Kraljic, Eva Ryrstedt, Jens M. Scherpe, Eberhard Schockenhoff, Stephan Wagner, Marina Wellenhofer, Nadjma Yassari

Transsexualit T Staatsangeh Rigkeit Und Internationales Privatrecht

Author : Jürgen Basedow
ISBN : 3161484991
Genre : Law
File Size : 31. 44 MB
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English summary: The Max Planck Institute for Foreign Private and Private International Law has conducted an analysis of the legal status of transsexuals in Europe America and Australia. The book is based on an expert opinion for the German constitutional court, in view of the constitutional challenge of the German law on transsexuals. It was submitted, that the requirement of German nationality for legal recognition of a gender change in Germany violated the German constitution. The expert opinion states that this requirement not only violates the German constitution, but also the European Convention on Human Rights. The authors suggest alternatives to the current legal rule. German description: Das Buch geht auf ein Gutachten zuruck, das vom Max-Planck-Institut fur auslandisches und internationales Privatrecht im April 2004 fur das Bundesverfassungsgericht erstattet wurde. Anlass war ein konkretes Normenkontrollverfahren, in dem das Gericht vor die Frage gestellt wurde, ob es mit dem Gleichheitssatz des Grundgesetzes vereinbar sei, dass nach dem deutschen Transsexuellengesetz nur deutsche Staatsburger oder Personen mit deutschem Personalstatut den Antrag auf Anerkennung einer Geschlechtsumwandlung stellen durfen.Zur Klarung dieser Frage wird zunachst der verfassungsrechtliche Rahmen auf der Grundlage fruherer Urteile des BVerfG skizziert. Es folgen Darstellungen der Rechtslage in 18 Landern (Europa, Australien, Amerika) mit einer zusammenfassenden Analyse sowie eine Untersuchung von Urteilen des EuGHMR zur Europaischen Menschrechtskonvention (EMRK) und des EuGH. Schliesslich werden Alternativen zur bestehenden deutschen Regelung aufgezeigt. Im Ergebnis zeigt sich, dass die in Frage stehende Norm des deutschen Transsexuellengesetzes gegen das Grundgesetz und gegen die EMRK verstosst, so dass eine neue Regelung nach dem Vorbild der geschilderten Alternativen geschaffen werden sollte.

Family History Revisited

Author : Richard Wall
ISBN : 0874136873
Genre : Literary Collections
File Size : 32. 27 MB
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This collection of original essays by the leading scholars on the historical study of the family covers topics ranging from the timing of marriage and chldbearing to love, family relations, gender roles, aging, the relations between generations, and family and household dynamics among various social classes. The essays point to new directions in the field by examining the dimensions of family relations such as the role of love in the life of peasants, the interaction of children born out of wedlock with their fathers, the impact of property on family relations and the role of culture, as well as social structure in explaining family and life course patterns. Essays by Tamara Hareven and Peter Laslett discuss general developments in this field and their relationship to the larger understanding of social change.

Lehrbuch Des Pandektenrechts

Author : Bernhard Windscheid
ISBN : DMM:057001315747
Genre : History
File Size : 41. 67 MB
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Der Selbstmord Eine Erz Hlung In Verse

Author :
ISBN : BL:A0018458779
Genre :
File Size : 31. 92 MB
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