materials science for dentistry woodhead publishing series in biomaterials

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Materials Science For Dentistry

Author : B W Darvell
ISBN : 9780081010327
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73. 67 MB
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Materials Science for Dentistry, Tenth Edition, is a standard resource for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in dentistry. It provides fundamental coverage of the materials on which dentistry depends, covering the structure and chemistry that govern the behavior and performance of materials. Particular classes of materials include gypsum, polymers, acrylic, cements, waxes, ceramics and metals. Other chapters review surfaces, corrosion, mixing, casting, cutting and bonding, and mechanical testing. This updated edition, which includes substantial chapters on chemistry, has been extensively revised with new material on temporary restoration resins, hydraulic silicate cements and the practical aspects of wetting surfaces. Mindfully written to provide explanations for behavior, formulation, clinical and laboratory instructions and procedures, there is no comparable resource for researchers, students, teachers and practitioners in the field of dentistry. Presents the most comprehensive and detailed book on dental materials science Includes new material that covers wetting, mechanics, zirconia, and fibers Contains a new chapter on chemistry Developed by an experienced international expert with feedback and input from practicing scientists, clinicians, instructors and students

Biocompatibility Of Dental Biomaterials

Author : Richard Shelton
ISBN : 9780081009437
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 45. 44 MB
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Biocompatibility of Dental Biomaterials details and examines the fundamentals of biocompatibililty, also including strategies to combat it. As biomaterials used in the mouth are subject to different problems than those associated with the general in vivo environment, this book examines these challenges, presenting the latest research and forward-thinking strategies. Explores the fundamentals of dental biomaterials and their compatibility Presents a thorough review of material specific issues

Material Tissue Interfacial Phenomena

Author : Paulette Spencer
ISBN : 9780081003411
Genre : Medical
File Size : 68. 3 MB
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Material-Tissue Interfacial Phenomena: Contributions from Dental and Craniofacial Reconstructions explores the material/tissue interfacial phenomena using dental and craniofacial reconstructions as a model system. As the mouth is a particularly caustic environment, the synthetic and/or bio-enabled materials used to repair damaged tissues and restore form, function, and esthetics to oral structures must resist a variety of physical, chemical, and mechanical challenges. These challenges are magnified at the interface between dissimilar structures such as the tooth/material interface. Interfacial reactions at the atomic, molecular, and nano-scales initiate the failure of materials used to repair, restore, and reconstruct dental and craniofacial tissues. Understanding the phenomena that lead to failure at the interface between dissimilar structures, such as synthetic materials and biologic tissues, is confounded by a variety of factors that are thoroughly discussed in this comprehensive book. Provides a specific focus on the oral environment Combines clinical views and basic science into a useful reference book Presents comprehensive coverage of material-interfacial phenomena within the oral environment

Surgical Techniques In Total Knee Arthroplasty And Alternative Procedures

Author : Saverio Affatato
ISBN : 9781782420385
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89. 42 MB
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Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is commonly considered to be a reliable procedure, with high implant survival rates at 10 to 15 years of follow-up. The goal of total knee replacement surgery is to relieve pain and obtain better knee function. This is achieved by ensuring correct patient selection, pre-operative deformity, implant design and accurate surgical techniques. This book covers a range of techniques for the realisation of functional joint motion and stability. The first part of the book will describe fundamentals in total knee arthroplasty and alternative procedures. The second half will look at surgical techniques and considerations whilst the final chapters will address future trends and challenges in the field of knee surgery. This book will be an essential reference for academics, orthopaedic surgeons, and those training in medicine, physiatry and rheumatology.

Modelling Degradation Of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices

Author : J Pan
ISBN : 9781782420255
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 30. 89 MB
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The use of bioresorbable polymers in stents, fixation devices and tissue engineering is revolutionising medicine. Both industry and academic researchers are interested in using computer modelling to replace some experiments which are costly and time consuming. This book provides readers with a comprehensive review of modelling polymers and polymeric medical devices as an alternative to practical experiments. Chapters in part one provide readers with an overview of the fundamentals of biodegradation. Part two looks at a wide range of degradation theories for bioresorbable polymers and devices. The final set of chapters look at advances in modelling biodegradation of bioresorbable polymers. This book is an essential guide to those concerned with replacing tests and experiments with modelling. Provides a comprehensive mathematical framework for computer modelling of polymers and polymeric medical devices that can significantly reduce the number of experiments needed. Reviews the fundamental methods of modelling degradation, and applies these to particular materials including amorphous bioresorbable polyesters, semicrystalline biodegradable polyesters, and composite materials made of biodegradable polyesters and triclcium phosphates

Biomedical Textiles For Orthopaedic And Surgical Applications

Author : Todd Blair
ISBN : 9781782420262
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 64. 89 MB
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Recent concerns over the possible effects of metal-on-metal orthopaedic implants and the evolution of more natural structures made from fibre have made medical device manufacturers consider the potential of fibre. Textiles offer the potential to replace traditional materials with novel fibres which are more suitable for many load bearing applications. Orthopaedics, in particular, is embracing textile technology for repairing, replacing, and regenerating integral pieces of the skeletal system and its associated components. This important new book will provide readers with a comprehensive overview of the role biomedical textiles can play in the orthopaedic field. Chapters in part one will discuss the fundamentals of textiles for orthopaedic applications. Part two will cover textiles for implantable orthopaedic applications whilst the final set of chapters will discuss the role of textiles in orthopaedic tissue engineering. Provides a comprehensive overview of the role biomedical textiles can play in the orthopaedic field

The Hip Resurfacing Handbook

Author : K De Smet
ISBN : 9780857096203
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68. 38 MB
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Hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA) using metal-on-metal bearings is an established but specialised technique in joint surgery. Based on the experience of leading experts in the field, The hip resurfacing handbook provides a comprehensive reference for all aspects of this important procedure. The first part of the book reviews and compares all the major hip resurfacing prostheses, their key design features, relevant surgical techniques and clinical results. Part two discusses clinical follow-up of the hip resurfacing patient, including pre- and post-operative examination, acoustic phenomena and rehabilitation. It also covers the use of techniques such as radiography and metal ion measurement, as well as bone scans, ultrasound, CT, MRI, PET and DEXA, to evaluate hip resurfacings. Part three reviews best practice in surgical technique, including the modified posterior and anterior approaches, as well as instrumentation, anaesthesia and revision surgery. Based on extensive retrieval studies, Part four includes examples of the main failure modes in HRA. The final part of the book includes patients’ own experiences, a comparison of HRA with total hip arthroplasty (THA), regulatory issues and relevant web sites. Comprehensive in its scope and authoritative in its coverage, The hip resurfacing handbook is a standard work for orthopaedic surgeons and all those involved in HRA. A standard work for orthopaedic surgeons and all those involved in HRA Reviews and compares all the major hip resurfacing prostheses, their key design features, relevant surgical techniques and clinical results Clinical follow-up of the patient is discussed

Bioinspired Materials For Medical Applications

Author : Lígia Rodrigues
ISBN : 9780081007464
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 46. 63 MB
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Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications examines the inspiration of natural materials and their interpretation as modern biomaterials. With a strong focus on therapeutic and diagnostic applications, the book also examines the development and manipulation of bioinspired materials in regenerative medicine. The first set of chapters is heavily focused on bioinspired solutions for the delivery of drugs and therapeutics that also offer information on the fundamentals of these materials. Chapters in part two concentrate on bioinspired materials for diagnosis applications with a wide coverage of sensor and imaging systems With a broad coverage of the applications of bioinspired biomaterials, this book is a valuable resource for biomaterials researchers, clinicians, and scientists in academia and industry, and all those who wish to broaden their knowledge in the allied field. Explores how materials designed and produced with inspiration from nature can be used to enhance man-made biomaterials and medical devices Brings together the two fields of biomaterials and bioinspired materials Written by a world-class team of research scientists, engineers, and clinicians

Biokompatibilit T Zahn Rztlicher Werkstoffe

Author : Gottfried Schmalz
ISBN : 3437051903
Genre :
File Size : 32. 90 MB
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Fundiert: Ein internationales Herausgeber- und Autorenteam hat erstmalig das in wissenschaftlichen Veröffentlichungen vorliegende Wissen gesammelt, bewertet, strukturiert und mit eigenen Ergebnissen erweitert. Umfassend: Amalgam, Komposit-Kunststoffe, Zinkphosphatzement, Glasionomerzement, Werkstoffe zur Pulpaüberkappung und Wurzelkanalfüllung, Dentallegierungen, Polymethylmethacrylat-Kunststoffe, allergische Reaktionen, berufliche Exposition ... mit Grundlagenwissen, aktuellen Erkenntnissen und praktischen Hinweisen. Konkret: Welche Erkenntnisse gibt es? Welche sind wissenschaftlich abgesichert? Welche Konsequenzen ergeben sich? Wie berate ich den Patienten? Biokompatibilität zahnärztlicher Werkstoffe - neben technischen und ästhetischen Anforderungen an zahnärztliche Werkstoffe die dritte Säule bei Auswahl der Werkstoffe, Beratung des Patienten und Qualitätssicherung.

Shape Memory Polymers For Biomedical Applications

Author : L Yahia
ISBN : 9780857097057
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73. 81 MB
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Shape memory polymers (SMPs) are an emerging class of smart polymers which give scientists the ability to process the material into a permanent state and predefine a second temporary state which can be triggered by different stimuli. The changing chemistries of SMPs allows scientists to tailor important properties such as strength, stiffness, elasticity and expansion rate. Consequently SMPs are being increasingly used and developed for minimally invasive applications where the material can expand and develop post insertion. This book will provide readers with a comprehensive review of shape memory polymer technologies. Part 1 will discuss the fundamentals and mechanical aspects of SMPs. Chapters in part 2 will look at the range of technologies and materials available for scientific manipulation whilst the final set of chapters will review applications. Reviews the fundamentals of shape memory polymers with chapters focussing on the basic principles of the materials Comprehensive coverage of design and mechanical aspects of SMPs Expert analysis of the range of technologies and materials available for scientific manipulation

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