# mathematics in india

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## Mathematics In India

**Author :**Kim Plofker

**ISBN :**0691120676

**Genre :**History

**File Size :**79. 26 MB

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Based on extensive research in Sanskrit sources, Mathematics in India chronicles the development of mathematical techniques and texts in South Asia from antiquity to the early modern period. Kim Plofker reexamines the few facts about Indian mathematics that have become common knowledge--such as the Indian origin of Arabic numerals--and she sets them in a larger textual and cultural framework. The book details aspects of the subject that have been largely passed over in the past, including the relationships between Indian mathematics and astronomy, and their cross-fertilizations with Islamic scientific traditions. Plofker shows that Indian mathematics appears not as a disconnected set of discoveries, but as a lively, diverse, yet strongly unified discipline, intimately linked to other Indian forms of learning. Far more than in other areas of the history of mathematics, the literature on Indian mathematics reveals huge discrepancies between what researchers generally agree on and what general readers pick up from popular ideas. This book explains with candor the chief controversies causing these discrepancies--both the flaws in many popular claims, and the uncertainties underlying many scholarly conclusions. Supplementing the main narrative are biographical resources for dozens of Indian mathematicians; a guide to key features of Sanskrit for the non-Indologist; and illustrations of manuscripts, inscriptions, and artifacts. Mathematics in India provides a rich and complex understanding of the Indian mathematical tradition. **Author's note: The concept of "computational positivism" in Indian mathematical science, mentioned on p. 120, is due to Prof. Roddam Narasimha and is explored in more detail in some of his works, including "The Indian half of Needham's question: some thoughts on axioms, models, algorithms, and computational positivism" (Interdisciplinary Science Reviews 28, 2003, 1-13).

## The Mathematics Of Egypt Mesopotamia China India And Islam

**Author :**Victor J. Katz

**ISBN :**0691114854

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**54. 7 MB

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In recent decades it has become obvious that mathematics has always been a worldwide activity. But this is the first book to provide a substantial collection of English translations of key mathematical texts from the five most important ancient and medieval non-Western mathematical cultures, and to put them into full historical and mathematical context. The Mathematics of Egypt, Mesopotamia, China, India, and Islam gives English readers a firsthand understanding and appreciation of these cultures' important contributions to world mathematics. The five section authors--Annette Imhausen (Egypt), Eleanor Robson (Mesopotamia), Joseph Dauben (China), Kim Plofker (India), and J. Lennart Berggren (Islam)--are experts in their fields. Each author has selected key texts and in many cases provided new translations. The authors have also written substantial section introductions that give an overview of each mathematical culture and explanatory notes that put each selection into context. This authoritative commentary allows readers to understand the sometimes unfamiliar mathematics of these civilizations and the purpose and significance of each text. Addressing a critical gap in the mathematics literature in English, this book is an essential resource for anyone with at least an undergraduate degree in mathematics who wants to learn about non-Western mathematical developments and how they helped shape and enrich world mathematics. The book is also an indispensable guide for mathematics teachers who want to use non-Western mathematical ideas in the classroom.

## Mathematics In India Meeting The Challenge

**Author :**

**ISBN :**UOM:39015061014174

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**86. 2 MB

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## Ancient Indian Leaps Into Mathematics

**Author :**B.S. Yadav

**ISBN :**0817646957

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**88. 49 MB

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This book presents contributions of mathematicians covering topics from ancient India, placing them in the broader context of the history of mathematics. Although the translations of some Sanskrit mathematical texts are available in the literature, Indian contributions are rarely presented in major Western historical works. Yet some of the well-known and universally-accepted discoveries from India, including the concept of zero and the decimal representation of numbers, have made lasting contributions to the foundation of modern mathematics. Through a systematic approach, this book examines these ancient mathematical ideas that were spread throughout India, China, the Islamic world, and Western Europe.

## Journal Of National Academy Of Mathematics India

**Author :**

**ISBN :**UOM:39015085238098

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**52. 60 MB

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## Mathematical Achievements Of Pre Modern Indian Mathematicians

**Author :**T.K Puttaswamy

**ISBN :**9780123979384

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**40. 24 MB

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Mathematics in India has a long and impressive history. Presented in chronological order, this book discusses mathematical contributions of Pre-Modern Indian Mathematicians from the Vedic period (800 B.C.) to the 17th Century of the Christian era. These contributions range across the fields of Algebra, Geometry and Trigonometry. The book presents the discussions in a chronological order, covering all the contributions of one Pre-Modern Indian Mathematician to the next. It begins with an overview and summary of previous work done on this subject before exploring specific contributions in exemplary technical detail. This book provides a comprehensive examination of pre-Modern Indian mathematical contributions that will be valuable to mathematicians and mathematical historians. Contains more than 160 original Sanskrit verses with English translations giving historical context to the contributions Presents the various proofs step by step to help readers understand Uses modern, current notations and symbols to develop the calculations and proofs

## Cultural Foundations Of Mathematics

**Author :**C. K. Raju

**ISBN :**8131708713

**Genre :**Calculus

**File Size :**86. 2 MB

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The Volume Examines, In Depth, The Implications Of Indian History And Philosophy For Contemporary Mathematics And Science. The Conclusions Challenge Current Formal Mathematics And Its Basis In The Western Dogma That Deduction Is Infallible (Or That It Is Less Fallible Than Induction). The Development Of The Calculus In India, Over A Thousand Years, Is Exhaustively Documented In This Volume, Along With Novel Insights, And Is Related To The Key Sources Of Wealth-Monsoon-Dependent Agriculture And Navigation Required For Overseas Trade - And The Corresponding Requirement Of Timekeeping. Refecting The Usual Double Standard Of Evidence Used To Construct Eurocentric History, A Single, New Standard Of Evidence For Transmissions Is Proposed. Using This, It Is Pointed Out That Jesuits In Cochin, Following The Toledo Model Of Translation, Had Long-Term Opportunity To Transmit Indian Calculus Texts To Europe. The European Navigational Problem Of Determining Latitude, Longitude, And Loxodromes, And The 1582 Gregorian Calendar-Reform, Provided Ample Motivation. The Mathematics In These Earlier Indian Texts Suddenly Starts Appearing In European Works From The Mid-16Th Century Onwards, Providing Compelling Circumstantial Evidence. While The Calculus In India Had Valid Pramana, This Differed From Western Notions Of Proof, And The Indian (Algorismus) Notion Of Number Differed From The European (Abacus) Notion. Hence, Like Their Earlier Difficulties With The Algorismus, Europeans Had Difficulties In Understanding The Calculus, Which, Like Computer Technology, Enhanced The Ability To Calculate, Albeit In A Way Regarded As Epistemologically Insecure. Present-Day Difficulties In Learning Mathematics Are Related, Via Phylogeny Is Ontogeny , To These Historical Difficulties In Assimilating Imported Mathematics. An Appendix Takes Up Further Contemporary Implications Of The New Philosophy Of Mathematics For The Extension Of The Calculus, Which Is Needed To Handle The Infinities Arising In The Study Of Shock Waves And The Renormalization Problem Of Quantum Field Theory.

## Indian Mathematics An Introduction

**Author :**Ashok Jhunjhunwala

**ISBN :**8122405738

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**24. 64 MB

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This Book Taps The Mathematical Traditions Of India For Some Simple And Elegant Methods Of Performing Arithmetic Calculations. There Are Techniques For Multiplication, Division, Squaring, Square-Rooting And Factorisation That, Once Mastered, Are Faster Than The Conventional Approaches Currently In Wide Use. Errors Arising Out Of Carelessness In Calculation Were Apparently A Problem Faced By Our Ancestors Too! They Devised An Amazingly Simple Technique To Catch Such Errors. These Techniques Are Presented In This Book In A Lucid Manner, With A Large Number Of Examples To Illustrate The Basic Ideas And Elaborate On Their Variations. The Use Of Sanskrit Terms Has Been Minimised. Most Of The Methods Described Are General And Work For All Numbers, Not Just For Special Cases. The Mixed-Number, Or Mishrank, Which Contains Both Positive And Negative Digits, Is Extremely Useful In Simplifying Calculations And Is Widely Used In This Book. The Reader Will Find That Ideas Such As These Can Be Effectively Grafted To The Conventional Methods.The Book Will Interest A Wide Audience. Students Will Benefit The Most, Since They Can Easily Make The Methods Of This Book Their Own. They Will Soon Find That Much Of Their Arithmetic Can Be Performed Orally. Adults Will Find It A Pleasure To Discover New And Elegant Ways Of Doing Things They Already Know. The Computer Enthusiast May Find Hidden In The Simple Methods Ideas To Speed-Up Machine Computation. Finally, The Mathematically-Inclined May Find Their Curiosity Sufficiently Aroused To Go Beyond This Book And Delve Deeper Into The Indian Mathematical Legacy.

## Contributions To The History Of Indian Mathematics

**Author :**Gérard G. Emch

**ISBN :**8185931585

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**71. 72 MB

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Contributed articles presented at the AMS-India Mathematics Conference, held at Bangalore in December 2003.

## Applied Mathematics

**Author :**Susmita Sarkar

**ISBN :**9788132225478

**Genre :**Mathematics

**File Size :**54. 4 MB

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The book is based on research presentations at the international conference, “Emerging Trends in Applied Mathematics: In the Memory of Sir Asutosh Mookerjee, S.N. Bose, M.N. Saha and N.R. Sen”, held at the Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Calcutta, during 12–14 February 2014. It focuses on various emerging and challenging topics in the field of applied mathematics and theoretical physics. The book will be a valuable resource for postgraduate students at higher levels and researchers in applied mathematics and theoretical physics. Researchers presented a wide variety of themes in applied mathematics and theoretical physics—such as emergent periodicity in a field of chaos; Ricci flow equation and Poincare conjecture; Bose–Einstein condensation; geometry of local scale invariance and turbulence; statistical mechanics of human resource allocation: mathematical modelling of job-matching in labour markets; contact problem in elasticity; the Saha equation; computational fluid dynamics with applications in aerospace problems; an introduction to data assimilation, stochastic analysis and bounds on noise for Holling type-II model, graph theoretical invariants of chemical and biological systems; strongly correlated phases and quantum phase transitions of ultra cold bosons; and the mathematical modelling of breast cancer treatment.